Intro to the reformation

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Intro to the reformation

  1. 1. Do Now<br />How could the changes in Europe during the Renaissance lead to changes in Religious belief?<br />
  2. 2. The Reformation<br />
  3. 3. What is the Reformation?<br />An attempt to reform Christianity<br />Led to many new forms of Christianity called Protestant<br />Led to religious division in Western Europe<br />
  4. 4. Early Reformation Leaders<br />Martin Luther<br />German Priest<br />Wrote the 95 Theses<br /> John Wycliffe<br />Considered first Protestant<br />Translated Bible into English<br />Wanted to remove Church property in England<br />John Huss <br />Influenced by Wycliffe’s ideas<br />Converted many Czechs who tied Catholicism to their rulers<br />
  5. 5. 95 Theses<br />List of theological ideas created by Martin Luther<br />Meant as an invitation to debate<br />Went against the idea of indulgences<br />Copies quickly spread through Europe<br />Reached Italy within a year<br />
  6. 6. New Forms of Christianity<br />Lutherans<br />Founded by Martin Luther<br />Anglicans<br />Church of England<br />Calvinists<br />Founded by John Calvin<br />Predestination<br />Anabaptists<br />Adult Baptism<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Reaction of the Church<br />Counter-Reformation/Catholic Reformation<br />Council of Trent<br />Declared Need for some reform; no more absent Bishops<br />Formation of the Jesuits<br />Influence in Education<br />Start of the Roman Inquisition <br />
  9. 9. Religious Wars<br />The Peasants War<br />Largest Rebellion before the French Revolution<br />Poor Germans argued using ideas from Lutheranism<br />Eighty Years War<br />Revolt of the Netherlands from Spain<br />Converted conquered areas to Calvinism<br />
  10. 10. Religious Wars<br />Thirty Years War<br />Started when the Holy Roman Emperor tried to make the Empire Catholic<br />15% to 30% of German population killed<br />Last of the major religious wars in Europe<br />French Wars of Religion<br />1562 to 1598<br />Conflict between Huguenots and Catholics<br />Huguenots were eventually granted some rights<br />
  11. 11. Why did the Reformation take place?<br />The Printing Press<br />Vernacular Bible<br />Corruption in the Church<br />Sale of indulgences<br /> Conflict between Kings and the Pope<br />New Ideas of the Renaissance<br />Humanism<br />
  12. 12. Writing Assignment<br />Pretend you are Martin Luther or a Catholic Bishop<br />Depending on your role write a criticism or defense of selling indulgences<br />Two paragraphs five to eight sentences each.<br />

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