Protestant
Reformation

Ch. 1
Sec. 3
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
 Lawyer

turned monk
 Justification by faith
 Dispute with Pope Leo X over church
abuses
 On...
Luther’s Protest
 Church

sold indulgences to pay for St.
Peter’s Basilica
 In 1520 Luther was condemned and
his works b...
Spread of
Protestantism
John Calvin

Ch. 1 Sec. 4

Henry VIII
Church of England
 Henry

VIII wanted a male heir so he
wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine
 Catherine was the Aunt to...
Church of England
 Under

Edward VI, Protestant ideas
entered the Church of England
 Mary tried to restore Catholicism
...
Calvinists (1541)
 John

Calvin formed the very
conservative Calvinists in Switzerland
 Geneva became a theocracy
 God ...
Other Protestant
Movements
 Anabaptists
Baptized

as adults
Separate church and state
 Viewed
Led

as radicals

to Me...
Catholic
Reformation
Ignatius Loyola

Council of Trent
Reaffirming Catholicism
 Council

of Trent reaffirmed what
protestants had challenged
 Eliminated abuses by clergy and
r...
Fallout from the
Reformations
 Jesuits

helped spread Catholicism
and educated many around the world
 Division arose bet...
Baroque Art
 Emotion,

complexity,
exaggeration
 Peter Paul Rubensartist
 Lorenzo Bernini-St.
Peter’s Square
Reformation
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Reformation

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Reformation

  1. 1. Protestant Reformation Ch. 1 Sec. 3
  2. 2. Martin Luther (1483-1546)  Lawyer turned monk  Justification by faith  Dispute with Pope Leo X over church abuses  On October 31st, 1517 Luther nailed the 95 Theses on the church door in Wittenberg
  3. 3. Luther’s Protest  Church sold indulgences to pay for St. Peter’s Basilica  In 1520 Luther was condemned and his works banned  In 1521 Luther was excommunicated  Translated the New Testament into German-(significance?)
  4. 4. Spread of Protestantism John Calvin Ch. 1 Sec. 4 Henry VIII
  5. 5. Church of England  Henry VIII wanted a male heir so he wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine  Catherine was the Aunt to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Pope needed for protection  Henry passed the Act of Supremacy in 1534 Separated from the Catholic Church
  6. 6. Church of England  Under Edward VI, Protestant ideas entered the Church of England  Mary tried to restore Catholicism  Elizabeth I introduced a moderate blend of both called Anglicanism.  Puritans wanted to “purify” Church of England of Catholicism
  7. 7. Calvinists (1541)  John Calvin formed the very conservative Calvinists in Switzerland  Geneva became a theocracy  God determined events-predestination  Spread quickly Presbyterians-Scotland Huguenots-France  Philosophies led to later revolutions
  8. 8. Other Protestant Movements  Anabaptists Baptized as adults Separate church and state  Viewed Led as radicals to Mennonites, Amish, Quakers, Baptists
  9. 9. Catholic Reformation Ignatius Loyola Council of Trent
  10. 10. Reaffirming Catholicism  Council of Trent reaffirmed what protestants had challenged  Eliminated abuses by clergy and required them to attend seminary  Latin Vulgate Bible only accepted  Inquisition did more to attack heresy and instituted censorship to fight the influx of new ideas
  11. 11. Fallout from the Reformations  Jesuits helped spread Catholicism and educated many around the world  Division arose between Catholics and Protestants-Peace of Augsburg  Many rulers chose Protestantism for their people as a way to promote the economy and keep money out of Italy
  12. 12. Baroque Art  Emotion, complexity, exaggeration  Peter Paul Rubensartist  Lorenzo Bernini-St. Peter’s Square

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