Unit 2 - Reformation

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Unit 2 - Reformation

  1. 1. So You Say You Want a Revolution? Bronx Lab School Global History 10 Unit 2
  2. 2. The Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Began by Martin Luther when he posted his 95 Theses in 1517, the Reformation resulted in the establishment of churches not under the Pope’s authority </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic vs Protestant </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where are we?
  4. 4. What was it like? <ul><li>In Europe, the Church has been unified since the first centuries A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical structure, with Pope at top (then Cardinals, Bishops, Priests) </li></ul><ul><li>Pope gets authority directly from God, therefore word of pope is like word of God (Infallibility) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Key Ideas <ul><li>Protestantism (Lutheran) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizes sale of indulgences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salvation through faith alone (Not faith and ‘good acts’) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Church teachings based solely on Bible (Not Bible+Pope) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All people of faith are equal (no hierarchy) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Key Ideas <ul><li>Protestantism (Calvinism) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salvation is pre-determined (predestination) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who goes to heaven/hell is already set </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The few who are saved are ‘The Elect’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideal government is a ‘Theocracy’ (Government guided by religion) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Key Ideas <ul><li>Printing Press and Spread of Ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press in 1440’s (though invented 400 years earlier in China) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for spread of ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for Bible to be widely distributed </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Our Key Questions <ul><li>What is being created or investigated? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the revolution or change? </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is being created or investigated? <ul><li>Created? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New forms of religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition in Europe for believers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Investigated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who has access to the truth </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What is the revolution or change? <ul><li>Before: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe united under one religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious wars between Christians and non-Christians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No religious pressure to be able to read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bible only in Latin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe divided between Catholics/Protestants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centuries of Religious warfare (Ireland today) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Added focus on education to read the Bible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bible in all languages </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Key People <ul><li>Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><li>John Calvin </li></ul><ul><li>Johannes Gutenberg </li></ul>
  12. 12. Martin Luther <ul><li>What did he create/investigate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New form of Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For what change was he responsible? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bringing of Protestant Reformation </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. John Calvin <ul><li>What did he create/investigate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Christian ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For what change was he responsible? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calvinism - foundation of much American Religion </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Johannes Gutenberg <ul><li>What did he create/investigate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Printing Press using Movable Type </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For what change was he responsible? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass spread of ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed for spread of Renaissance and Reformation ideas </li></ul></ul></ul>

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