Schwartz 1992+A spiritual life, A varied life, A world of beauty, A world at peace,Accepting my portion in life, Ambition, An exciting life, Authority,Broadmindedness, Capable, Choosing own goals, Cleanliness,Creativity, Curiousity, Daring, Detachment, Devout, Enjoying life,Equality , Family security, Forgiving, Freedom, Health,Helpfulness, Honesty, Honouring of parents and elders, Humble,Independence, Influence, Inner harmony, Intelligence, Loyalty,Mature love, Meaning in life, Moderation, National security,Obedience, Pleasure, Politeness, Preserving my public image,Protecting the environment, Reciprocation of favours, Respect fortradition, Responsibility, Self-discipline, Self-indulgence, Self-respect, Sense of belonging, Social justice, Social order, Socialpower, Social recognition, Success, True friendship, Unity withnature, Wealth, Wisdom.
1. We each hold all the values2. Values behaviours3. Values can be engaged4. The see-saw effect5. The bleed-over effect
Seesaw EffectEngaging one set of values suppresses and discourages conflictingvalues, and associated attitudes and behaviours.
VolunteeringMaio et al. (2009)Subjects sorted adjectives, items of furniture and either:- Benevolence-related words (forgiving, helpful, honest)- Achievement-related words (ambitious, capable, successful)- Food related words (control)
Timevolunteered4540353025201510 5 0 Benevolence Words Control Achievement Words
1. How values work2. How values fluctuate3. From theory to practice 4. What we’re noticing
Frames• chunks of factual and proceduralknowledge in dialogue with values• Reinforced through repetition• Shapes thinking and responses
Framing: what’s implied Public money vs. Taxpayers money Tax relief vs. Tax cut Charity vs. Justice Rogue traderFraming: metaphor Nanny State Mother Earth A Few Bad ApplesFraming: experience & engagement Participation vs. hierarchy
1. How values work 2. How values fluctuate3. From theory to practice 4. What we’re noticing