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Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield. Swiss Researching Africa Days, Bern, 17/10/2014. 
Iolanda Pensa - SUPSI Universit...
Michel Foucault’s power and knowledge 
Sarat Maharaj’s art and knowledge production 
Achille Mbembe’s borders Marc Augé’s ...
Representations of Africa 
Historiography 
Self-representation 
Background knowledge 
Dissemination of academic knowledge ...
© Information Architects, Web Trand Map 2007/V2, 2007.
Wikipedia as a new continent, participating with a growing role in shaping culture and local cultures, and contributing to...
Wikipedia Zero. Access to Wikipedia on mobile phones for free. 
Distribution of offline Wikipedia on DVD, USB key and in c...
© Bili Bidjocka, Ecriture Infinie, http://www.ecritureinfinie.org.
Correcting a mistake on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledg...
Adding text to an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Kno...
© Chacho Pueble, his great-aunt and photos by his sister Lula, http://www.behance.net/gallery/Grandmother-Tips/2392946.
Why
Wikipedia editors. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc...
Spacial distribution of edits for Wikipedia in English. Erik Zachte, May 2011, cc by-sa.
© Mounir Fatmi, G8 Les balais, 2004, installation. 
2
Chris Harrison, WikiViz, 2006. 
3
How
I. 
People and institutions do not need to become 
Wikipedias to contribute. 
The license Creative Commons Attribution-Sha...
Chimurenga Library, 2007-2008. A project promoted by Chimurenga and supported by lettera27/WikiAfrica, GNU GPL / cc by-sa.
Brooklyn Museum 
Feed My Starving Children 
International Institute for ! 
Communication and Development 
AfricaFilms.tv 
...
Raccolte Extraeuropee del Castello Sforzesco, Milano, 2012, Raccolte civiche Extraeuropee, Castello Sforzesco, Milano. Ima...
The National Archives UK, Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
National Gallery of Zimbabwe, Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
WIKIPEDIA PRIMARY SCHOOL 
Providing on Wikipedia the information necessary to complete the cycle of primary 
education in ...
Mounir Fatmi, Les connexions, 2003-2004, installation. 
It is not a fight against 
Wikipedia. 
It is a fight with Wikipedi...
Extra
DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
The countries promoting the contest Wiki Loves Monuments 2010-2013 and documenting with a total of 900’000 images cultural...
“The big opportunity with open licenses is far more practical: 
it has the potential to dramatically increase the impact, ...
The Africa Centre in Cape Town South Africa promoting “WikiAfrica: Increasing the the quality and quantity of African cont...
© Tsesler & Voichenko, Welcome, Minsk, Road sign.
Iolanda Pensa - io@pensa.it - http://iopensa.it 
DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share...
Permissions - Wikimedia Commons <permissions-commons@wikimedia.org> 
I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole own...
Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield
Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield
Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield
Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield
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Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield

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Iolanda Pensa, Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield. Swiss Researching Africa Days, Bern, 16/10/2014.

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Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield

  1. 1. Wikipedia as a new cultural battlefield. Swiss Researching Africa Days, Bern, 17/10/2014. Iolanda Pensa - SUPSI University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland Artwork: © Yinka Shonibare, Scramble for Africa, 2000 in Looking Both Ways: Art of the Contemporary African Diaspora. Commissioned by and courtesy Museum for African Art NY.
  2. 2. Michel Foucault’s power and knowledge Sarat Maharaj’s art and knowledge production Achille Mbembe’s borders Marc Augé’s non-places Edward Said’s Orientalism Jean-Loup Amselle’s connections Homi K. Bhabha’s location of culture Frantz Fanon’s colonial violence and weight Arjun Appadurai’s cultural dimensions of globalization Saskia Sassen’s global city V.Y. Mudimbe’s invention of Africa We need to rewrite history Rasheed Araeen Tirdad Zolghadr’s approach to art and exhibitions Heather Ford’s missing Wikipedians Mathieu O’Neil’s cyberchiefs Mark Graham’s Africa on Wikipedia Steven Weber’s open source production Don Tapscott and Anthony Williams’s Wikinomics Maja van der Velden’s contact zone on Wikipedia Yochai Benkler’s networked social production and open collaboration
  3. 3. Representations of Africa Historiography Self-representation Background knowledge Dissemination of academic knowledge Colonial and post-colonial archives Authorship Languages Sources Restitution Power Control Licenses Reaching the public Oral sources Niche Mobile phones Connectivity ICT Availability of sources Access to sources Access to data Internet Research ethics Culture Relationships Academic credits with institutions and governments History Contemporary society Intercultural dialogue Geographic dynamics Anthropology Geography Africa in public domain content (-early XX century) uploaded on Wikipedia Sharing knowledge and problematic content which it is not easy to share (art from secret societies, human remains, content not contextualized…)
  4. 4. © Information Architects, Web Trand Map 2007/V2, 2007.
  5. 5. Wikipedia as a new continent, participating with a growing role in shaping culture and local cultures, and contributing to cultural processes.
  6. 6. Wikipedia Zero. Access to Wikipedia on mobile phones for free. Distribution of offline Wikipedia on DVD, USB key and in classrooms. Credits: Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  7. 7. © Bili Bidjocka, Ecriture Infinie, http://www.ecritureinfinie.org.
  8. 8. Correcting a mistake on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  9. 9. Adding text to an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  10. 10. © Chacho Pueble, his great-aunt and photos by his sister Lula, http://www.behance.net/gallery/Grandmother-Tips/2392946.
  11. 11. Why
  12. 12. Wikipedia editors. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa. 1
  13. 13. Spacial distribution of edits for Wikipedia in English. Erik Zachte, May 2011, cc by-sa.
  14. 14. © Mounir Fatmi, G8 Les balais, 2004, installation. 2
  15. 15. Chris Harrison, WikiViz, 2006. 3
  16. 16. How
  17. 17. I. People and institutions do not need to become Wikipedias to contribute. The license Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  18. 18. Chimurenga Library, 2007-2008. A project promoted by Chimurenga and supported by lettera27/WikiAfrica, GNU GPL / cc by-sa.
  19. 19. Brooklyn Museum Feed My Starving Children International Institute for ! Communication and Development AfricaFilms.tv Gambia National Museum Zanzibar National Museum Phuthidikabo Museum, Seychelles People Defense ! Mochudi, Botswana Forces Museum (SPDF) Uganda National Museum Orange and Orange Foundation (free Wikipedia on mobile phones) Creative Commons affiliate Event: conference/training/workshop Presentations and events Research Archives Notebooks (Detour, myDetour, WikiAfrica special editions) Wiki Loves Monuments Sustainable Sanitation Alliance Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Western Province Government – Department of museums - 28 museums in Western Cape Province, South Africa, Bartolomeu Dias Museum, Beaufort-West Museum, Caledon Museum, Cango Caves Museum, Cape Medical Museum, CP Nel Museum, Drostdy Museum, Fransie Pienaar Museum, Genadendal Mission Museum, George Museum, Groot-Brakrivier Museum, Hout Bay Museum, Huguenot Memorial Museum, Jan Dankaert Museum, Koopmans De Wet House Museum, Montagu Museum, Old Harbour Museum, Paarl Museum, Robertson Museum, SA Fisheries Museum, Sendinggestig(Missionary)Museum, Shipwreck Museum, Simon's Town Museum, Stellenbosch Museum, Transport Riders Museum, Wellington Museum, Wheat Industry Museum, Worcester Museum Dataset of administrations in Botswana Sungani Zakwathu Cultural Heritage Promotions! Postal Museum, Matengatenga, Malawi WikiAfrica/Share Your Knowledge 2006-2012. Status report, 2013, cc by-sa. http://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Case_studies/WikiAfrica/Share_Your_Knowledge/Institutions
  20. 20. Raccolte Extraeuropee del Castello Sforzesco, Milano, 2012, Raccolte civiche Extraeuropee, Castello Sforzesco, Milano. Images and catalogue on Wikimedia Commons while the collection was not onlin We inkoimr eedxihai bCitoemd,m 2o01n2s,, cccc bbyy--ssaa..
  21. 21. The National Archives UK, Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  22. 22. National Gallery of Zimbabwe, Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  23. 23. WIKIPEDIA PRIMARY SCHOOL Providing on Wikipedia the information necessary to complete the cycle of primary education in the languages used by the different education systems. RESEARCH PROBLEM https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School - April 2014 The research is developed within a Swiss-South African cooperation lead by the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI) and the University of Cape Town, in partnership with Wikimedia Switzerland and the Africa Centre based in Cape Town, and with the support of SNF and the South African National Research Foundation (NRF).! Iolanda Pensa (principal investigator Switzerland), Tobias Schönwetter (principal investigator South Africa), Luca Botturi, Davide Fornari, Giancarlo Gianocca, Isla Haddow-Flood, Erica Litrenta, Giovanni Profeta, Kelsey Wiens. Wikipedia is meant to be an educational tool and it is currently available online, via mobile phones and offline. Experiences have shown that, once accessible, Wikipedia does not provide information that responds directly to curriculum-based questions. The project relies on Wikipedia as an existing and growing resource, it solves the need for an encyclopedia capable of responding to curriculum-based questions, and it fosters Wikipedia content, quality and outreach. THE PROJECT RESEARCH TEAM The research project developed within a Swiss-South African cooperation (2014-2017) focuses on the theoretical frame of Wikipedia Primary School and in developing and evaluating a system to assess Wikipedia articles for primary education and to involve a wide network of scholars and contributors in their production. ! More specifically the project aims at:! 1. Bridging Wikipedia and primary education. This objective implies to move the Wikipedia community towards a focus on primary education, and at the same time to strengthen the capacity of the education ecosystem to contribute to Wikipedia, and in general to open collaborative knowledge. 2. Enriching Wikipedia with new content relevant to primary education. This objective implies an assessment of the articles produced. 3. Fostering the development of translations and new content in different Wikipedia linguistic editions. This objective implies the release of existing educational resources (OER in cc by or cc by-sa), the production of datasets and the involvement of the Wikimedia movement. 4. Verifying and evaluating the use of Wikipedia as a source of information for primary education. This objective implies the involvement of stakeholders and data analysis. Wikipedia Primary School contributes to universal primary education and to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG2: Achieve Universal Primary Education). Even if it is scalable and international, the project is conceived primarily to address African countries and languages. II.
  24. 24. Mounir Fatmi, Les connexions, 2003-2004, installation. It is not a fight against Wikipedia. It is a fight with Wikipedia, for all its 400 million growing readers, and for knowledge. Iolanda Pensa - io@pensa.it - http://iopensa.it
  25. 25. Extra
  26. 26. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  27. 27. The countries promoting the contest Wiki Loves Monuments 2010-2013 and documenting with a total of 900’000 images cultural heritage around the world, 2014, cc by-sa.
  28. 28. “The big opportunity with open licenses is far more practical: it has the potential to dramatically increase the impact, reach and scale of the ideas we invest in…” ! The Shuttleworth Foundation, 2008
  29. 29. The Africa Centre in Cape Town South Africa promoting “WikiAfrica: Increasing the the quality and quantity of African content on Wikipedia”.
  30. 30. © Tsesler & Voichenko, Welcome, Minsk, Road sign.
  31. 31. Iolanda Pensa - io@pensa.it - http://iopensa.it DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  32. 32. Permissions - Wikimedia Commons <permissions-commons@wikimedia.org> I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole owner of the exclusive copyright of WORK [ insert link ]. ! I agree to publish that work under the free license Creative Commons attribution share-alike 3.0. ! I acknowledge that I grant anyone the right to use the work in a commercial product, and to modify it according to their needs. ! I am aware that I always retain copyright of my work, and retain the right to be attributed in accordance with the license chosen. Modifications others make to the work will not be attributed to me. ! I am aware that the free license only concerns copyright, and I reserve the option to take action against anyone who uses this work in a libelous way, or in violation of personality rights, trademark restrictions, etc. I acknowledge that I cannot withdraw this agreement, and that the work may or may not be kept permanently on a Wikimedia project. ! DATE, NAME OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER

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