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Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf

Iolanda Pensa
Iolanda Pensa
Iolanda PensaResearcher and art critic at SUPSI University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland

Iolanda Pensa, Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content, Maind - Master in Interaction Design, SUPSI, 09/10/2023.

Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf

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Open
How to OpenYour Content
How to Re-Use Open Content
Iolanda Pensa, iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch, MAIN, Mendrisio, 09/10/2023, CC BY-SA 4.0 and CC BY 4.0
Introduction
1. Free ≠ Open
2. We live in a world of all rights reserved
3. “Open” has a series of advantages
We live in a world of
all rights reserved
If there is nothing
it means that all rights are reserved
All rights reserved
Tutti i diritti riservati
Some rights reserved
Alcuni diritti riservati
Personal use
Exceptions
( i.e. citation, right of information…)
Some didactic and research uses
If you want to open content you need to explicitly authorize it
(with a license or in your terms and conditions)
Free ≠ Open

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Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf

  • 1. Open How to OpenYour Content How to Re-Use Open Content Iolanda Pensa, iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch, MAIN, Mendrisio, 09/10/2023, CC BY-SA 4.0 and CC BY 4.0
  • 2. Introduction 1. Free ≠ Open 2. We live in a world of all rights reserved 3. “Open” has a series of advantages
  • 3. We live in a world of all rights reserved
  • 4. If there is nothing it means that all rights are reserved
  • 5. All rights reserved Tutti i diritti riservati Some rights reserved Alcuni diritti riservati Personal use Exceptions ( i.e. citation, right of information…) Some didactic and research uses If you want to open content you need to explicitly authorize it (with a license or in your terms and conditions)
  • 7. In the Open Movement Free means Freedom And it requires the use of open licenses, open tools and open and libre software
  • 8. Free and Open with open and libre software Not really “free” and proprietary Audacity BigBlueButton Cryptopad Firefox Framadate Internet Archive Jitsi LibreOf fi ce LimeSurvey (for surveys) Mastodon Matrix (chat) OpenStreetMap Peertube Thunderbird (Telegram client) Wikidata Wikimedia Commons Wikipedia Wikisource Wikivoyage Zenodo Zotero Academia.edu ChatGPT Doodle Dropbox Figma Google Google Analytics Google maps Google drive Eventbrite Facebook iCloud (Apple) Instagram Linkedin ResearchGate Skype Slack Teams TikTok Twitter Youtube Whatsapp Zoom Proprietary tools do not allow access to the code and this doen’t allow to guarantee privacy, the correct use of data and future access to content and tools. https://workspace.wikimedia.it/s/3YGmiSn4t3YZyE9
  • 10. Commercial ≠ Proprietary Also open tools can be commercial tools (i.e. customized services, assistance, speci fi c developments…)
  • 13. Visibility Why “open" Participation Innovation Sustainability (Open data/software) Research Transparency/ quality FAIR principles CARE principles Faro Convention Open Government Open Access Open Data Open Science
  • 14. Wikimedia Commons Immagini e video WikiData collegamenti interwiki e informazioni statistiche Wikipedia 400 milioni di lettori 280 versioni linguistiche 70.000 volontari 30 milioni di articoli Wikisource Documenti, pubblicazioni e manoscritti I PROGETTI WIKIMEDIA ////////////////////////// I contenuti dei progetti Wikimedia sono liberi. Chiunque può usarli e modificarli per fini commerciali e non (citando la fonte e condividendoli con la stessa licenza Creative Commons). Wiki voyage Informazioni turistiche OpenStreetMap Mappa con dati georeferenziati Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects are websites managed by online communities. Last update February 2023 https://stats.wikimedia.org/#/all-projects Wikimedia Foundation is the institution supporting Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects and managing their servers. Data items that anyone can edit Open linked data 102 million items Under the open tool CC0 Wikidata Wikimedia Commons OpenStreetMap Wikisource Wikivoyage the free worldwide travel guide that you can edit. License CC BY-SA A freely usable map built by a community of mappers that contribute and maintain data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations, and much more, all over the world. freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute 90 million files Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar the free library that anyone can improve Wikipedia the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit 60 million articles 331 linguistic editions 25 billion visualisations per month 200 million registered users 300’000 active contributors Open license CC BY-SA 3.0 a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites Internet Archive An existing, open and free ecosystem of resources maintained by open multilingual international communities of volunteers Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar
  • 15. Connected to the world and multilingual Active communities of contributors Contributing in fi lling the Knowledge gaps Impressive visibility and access Content available for any reuse An existing, open and free ecosystem of resources maintained by open multilingual international communities of volunteers
  • 16. GLAMVisual Tool (SUPSI support WMCH, 2016-2017). Concept I. Pensa, design G. Profeta. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research:GLAM_visual_tool Visibility, access and serving all communities around the world The views of The Met collection increased from 2 million views to 10 million views in 1 year through Wikimedia Common. Creating Access beyond metmuseum.org:The Met Collection on Wikipedia, 2018 https://www.metmuseum.org/blogs/now-at-the-met/2018/open-access-at-the-met-year-one Wikimedia and The Met:A Shared DigitalVision, 2018 https://www.metmuseum.org/blogs/now-at-the-met/2018/wikimedia-and-the-met-digital-vision
  • 17. “The big opportunity with open licenses is far more practical: it has the potential to dramatically increase the impact, reach and scale of the ideas we invest in…” The Shuttleworth Foundation, 2008
  • 18. How to open your content
  • 19. who owns the copyright Grantmakers can request that research results are released under an open license and published in open access. In any case inform everyone and explain why you are choosing an open license. The copyright can be owned by the author or authors.All authors have to agree on the license. The copyright can be owned by the institutions employing the authors. Include the license of content produced by a project directly in the project description. Publishers can request all elusive rights. But you don’t necessarily have to give them. Not all content is under copyright. Data, and non original works are not under copyright and after 70 years from the death of an author content enters the public domain. You can always ask for an authorization
  • 20. The Open Science Training Handbook, https://book.fosteropenscience.eu/, Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication (CC0 1.0 Universal). Principi FAIR (Findable,Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) Findable / Rintracciabilità: identi fi catori, metadati, repertori indicizzabili Accessible/ Accessibilità: metadati con protocolli standard, formati aperti, Interoperability / Interoperabile: i metadati in formati standard interrogabili e indicizzabili da qualsiasi altro sistema informativo Reusable / Riutilizzabilità: licenze chiare che ne consentano il riutilizzo e la ricombinazione, espressi con linguaggi riconosciuti e comprensibili
  • 21. Easy to find Easy to cite Easy to (re)use Include how you want content to be cited (write the exact reference) Add attribution in the metadata Use a unique identifier (DOI, ISBN) Use and include the open license cc0, cc by, cc by-sa Add instructions to facilitate reuse and edit Use repositories which remain open (non commercial) Open formats Allow to add content and interoperability (= collaborative work) Store content where people can find it Content and format editable Allow commercial use Store content where potential users are Free access Access without registration Use metadata (data understandable by computers) What “Open” means Research ethic always requires you to cite sources, even if the license doesn’t require it Archive it for >10 years All associated data accessible
  • 22. Easy to find Easy to cite Easy to (re)use Include how you want content to be cited (write the exact reference) Add attribution in the metadata Use a unique identifier (DOI, ISBN) Use and include the open license cc0, cc by, cc by-sa Add instructions to facilitate reuse and edit Use repositories which remain open (non commercial) Open formats Allow to add content and interoperability (= collaborative work) Store content where people can find it Content and format editable Allow commercial use Store content where potential users are Free access Access without registration Use metadata (data understandable by computers) Open Science - What “open” means Research ethic always requires you to cite sources, even if the license doesn’t require it Archive it for >10 years All associated data accessible Check with other authors and supervisors, policies, other agreements and ethical issues
  • 23. We live in a world of all rights reserved
  • 24. If nothing is written, it means that all rights are reserved
  • 25. All rights reserved Tutti i diritti riservati Some rights reserved Alcuni diritti riservati Personal use Exceptions ( i.e. citation, right of information…) Some didactic and research uses If you want to open content you need to explicitly authorize it (with a license or in your terms and conditions)
  • 26. Source: BrigitteVézina, Creative Commons, 2023, CC BY
  • 27. Source: BrigitteVézina, Creative Commons, 2023, CC BY
  • 28. Source: BrigitteVézina, Creative Commons, 2023, CC BY Not considered Open You always need to allow all uses (also commercial) and derivative works Open Licenses and Tools
  • 29. When © all rights are reserved When nothing is written Prohibiting derivative works Prohibiting commercial use CC 0 CC BY CC BY-SA Requiring attribution of data It is always necessary to indicate the authorisation on content and – to be interoperable with the Wikimedia projects and OpenSteetMap and to be Open – it is necessary to always allow modi fi cations and commercial reuse MIC BY NC Open licenses and open tools
  • 30. CC 0 (o analoga) Creative Commons Zero CC BY (or analog) Creative Commons Attribution CC BY-SA Creative Commons (or analog) Attribution Share-Alike The license used by Wikipedia The license recommended for researchers The open tool used by Wikidata, recommended for data Licenses and tools compatible with the Wikimedia projects
  • 31. how to release content with an open license Legal value (you need to provide a link to the full text of the license) Understandable by computers (deve essere nei metadati o inserita con codice html) Understandable by humans (Creative Commons license with logo and link) Add the license to publications, websites, documents, projects… You need to specify the license (with a logo) You need to specify the attribution. You need to provide a link to the full license. You need to include the license and the attribution in the metadata. https://creativecommons.org/choose/
  • 32. Guided instructions on Creative Commons Website https://creativecommons.org/choose/ 1.You select the license 2.You provide information about how you want to be attributed The step-by-step process provides you an HTML string you can put in the footer of your website
  • 33. Author, title, institution, date, DOI, license. The attribution is how you want people to cite you work. It needs to be included in the metadata. It be a short sentence, easy to copy and paste, and easy to use as a reference. Example: How to cite: Iolanda Pensa, Open: How to OpenYour Content and How to Re-Use Open Content, Mendrisio, MAIND, 2023, [if available add a DOI], CC BY 4.0. Always include the attribution, the recommendation “How to cite” and the full credits You can provide a longer sentence with “How to cite”: include it in the first page. In another page provide full credits (team, funders, logos…). Include the attribution in the metadata. Remember to include all authors and supervisors
  • 34. Metdata data understandable by a computer often you don’t see them they are inside the document (provided for example by using a html code on a website) they facilitate the work of search-engines Include the metadata In the metadata include at least ● the license ● the attribution
  • 35. Per i testi, un pdf è meglio di un documento scansionato ma non è gran che. Meglio Markdown (se semplice) o Asciidoc (se complesso) o LaTeX o tutt’al più Word. Formato aperto significa fornire i sorgenti. Use open and standard formats Open and standard formats means I don’t need to buy the software to be albe to open and use the file and the data
  • 36. Images bitmap png, jpg, jpeg Vectorial images svg Audio ogg, fl ac Video webm, ogv, mpg, mpeg Texts documents txt, odt, pdf Presentations odp Spreadsheet csv, ods Compressed zip, tar.gz 3D stl Proprietary / Patented Open Suggested software mp3 ogg, fl ac, ... Audacity mp4 webm, ogv, mpg, mpeg, ... Kdenlive, Openshot, ... rar zip, tar.gz, ... 7-ZIP, ... xls, xlsx ods, csv LibreO ffi ce Calc doc, docx odt LibreO ffi ce Writer mov webm, ogv, ... Kdenlive, Openshot, ... eps, psd xcf GIMP ppt, pptx odp LibreO ffi ce Impress 3ds stl Blender Use open and standard formats https://workspace.wikimedia.it/s/3YGmiSn4t3YZyE9
  • 37. Unless differently stated in Publications, articles, papers, signed texts, videos, audios, educational resources in Institutional websites Documents by others Digital reproductions of work, photographic collections, scanned books, digitalized documents… Software Use a speci fi c open license for software Signed works Data and metadata Data produced by research, metadata, internal documents (policies, regulations…) in Collaborative projects When involving volunteers in Sharing content
  • 38. You plan to make a commercial use and you don’t want other make a commercial use. You have an exclusive agreement with a company. You plan to resell the work, product or service to a company and the company can require it exclusive rights. Keep the commercial monopoly Allow commercial use You are not planning to make a commercial use. You have already earned money from this service or products and it is unlikely you will gain money again from it. You are interested others make a commercial use (i.e. distribution on books and magazines) You use a different business model. To consider for • Collaborations with companies • Services and products developed by students (check the role of multiple authors and tutors) • Research projects conceived to produce new products and services designed for the market Content produced with public fundings (public money public results) Content not designed for commercial use All academic content (literature review, research…) A selection of your content
  • 39. Report with license CC BY License CC BY You can fi nd the “How to cite this report” with included the DOI
  • 42. Brochure of swissuniversities with the license CC BY
  • 43. Open How to OpenYour Content How to Re-Use Open Content Iolanda Pensa, iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch, MAIN, Mendrisio, 09/10/2023, CC BY-SA 4.0 and CC BY 4.0 Those slides are released with a double license CC BY-SA and CC BY
  • 44. How to re-use open content
  • 45. always attribute the work of others Author, title, institution, date, license. Author, title, institution, date, license. The attribution is how authors want their content to be cited. Attribute work and provide sources even if the license doesn’t requite it (citing sources is connected to the research ethics / research integrity). You need to attribute everything: images, texts, videos, audio, dataset, the involvement of others… You can add captions near the image or at the end, with a reference to the page number or the minute of a video or audio…
  • 46. Documentazione che non è coperta dal diritto d’autore (dati, opere non originali) o in pubblico dominio (70 anni dopo la morte dell’autore) La tua documentazione (foto, testi, video…). Attenzione che non deve contenere materiale di altri e immagini di persone che non hanno autorizzato la loro presenza If content is owned by other institutions and people you can ask a written permission or you can ask them to release content with open licenses Some uses are allowed as exceptions. You can always cite short texts. Content can be managed by copyright collecting agency and it is required an agreement and payment (in Switzerland ProLitteris manages texts and images; SSA for theatre and multimedia; SUISA for music; SUISSIMAGE form fi lm; SWISSPERFORM Which documentation you can use Documentazione rilasciata con licenze libere o con termini e condizioni che te ne permettano l’uso. Se non c’è scritto niente considera che sia © all rights reserved Your content Public domain or not covered by copyright With open license and or terms and conditions which allows you With a written authorization Agreement (and payment) with copyright collecting agencies Exception: citations, education, research Sempre – SEMPRE – attribuire il materiale / citare la fonte!
  • 47. Presentation of Creative Commons licenses by BrigitteVézina, 2023. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Open_Science_for_Arts,_Design_and_Music/Training Are you making a derivative work or a collection A derivative work A collection
  • 48. Presentation of Creative Commons licenses by BrigitteVézina, 2023. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Open_Science_for_Arts,_Design_and_Music/Training To make a collection
  • 49. Presentation of Creative Commons licenses by BrigitteVézina, 2023. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Open_Science_for_Arts,_Design_and_Music/Training To make a derivative work
  • 50. Presentation of Creative Commons licenses by BrigitteVézina, 2023. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Open_Science_for_Arts,_Design_and_Music/Training To make a derivative work
  • 51. Wikimedia ecosystem - Wikimedia projects and Open Street Map Google Advanced Search: https://www.google.com/advanced_search Europeana https://www.europeana.eu/en OER Commons: https://www.oercommons.org/ Openverse https://openverse.org/ Internet Archive: https://archive.org/ Digital Public Library of America: https://dp.la/ Global Digital Library: https://digitallibrary.io/ Flickr Commons: https://www. fl ickr.com/commons Unsplash: https://unsplash.com/ Where to fi nd open content