SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 33
Download to read offline
Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap
as an Open Research Infrastructure
Iolanda Pensa, iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch
senior research and head of Culture and territory research area at SUPSI - Institute of Design
chair Wikimedia Italia
February 2024, FOSDEM, Bruxelles, CC BY-SA 4.0
Wikimedia Commons
Immagini e video
WikiData
collegamenti interwiki e
informazioni statistiche
Wikipedia
400 milioni di lettori
280 versioni linguistiche
70.000 volontari
30 milioni di articoli
Wikisource
Documenti,
pubblicazioni e
manoscritti
I PROGETTI WIKIMEDIA
//////////////////////////
I contenuti dei progetti Wikimedia
sono liberi. Chiunque può usarli e
modificarli per fini commerciali e non
(citando la fonte e condividendoli con
la stessa licenza Creative Commons).
Wiki voyage
Informazioni turistiche
OpenStreetMap
Mappa con dati georeferenziati
Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects are websites managed by online communities. Last update February 2024 https://stats.wikimedia.org/#/all-projects
Wikimedia Foundation is the institution supporting Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects and managing their servers.
Data items that anyone can edit
Open linked data
108 million items
Under the open tool CC0
Wikidata
Wikimedia Commons
OpenStreetMap
Wikisource
Wikivoyage
the free worldwide travel guide
that you can edit.
License CC BY-SA
A freely usable map built by a
community of mappers that contribute
and maintain data about roads, trails,
cafés, railway stations, and much
more, all over the world.
freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute
100 million files
Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar
the free library that anyone can
improve
Wikipedia
the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit
60 million articles
326 linguistic editions
29 billion visualisations per month
110 million registered users
300’000 active contributors
Open license CC BY-SA 3.0
a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites
Internet Archive
An existing, open and free ecosystem of resources maintained by open multilingual international communities of volunteers
Files in public
domain, CC0, CC
BY, CC BY-SA
and similar
Connected to the world
and multilingual
Active communities of
contributors
(Citizen science)
Contributing in
fi
lling
the knowledge gaps
Content available for
any reuse
An existing, open and free ecosystem of resources maintained by open multilingual international communities of volunteers
FAIR principles
(Quality of data)
Open Access
(for GLAMs and research)
CARE principles
(Responsibilities and ethics)
Sustainability
(Open data/software)
Open Government
(Public money public data)
Impressive visibility
and access
https://scholia.toolforge.org/
Already a research infrastructure, in particular Wikidata
2015
Mietchen D, Hagedorn G,Willighagen
E, Rico M, Gómez-Pérez A,Aibar E,
Rafes K, Germain C, Dunning A,
Pintscher L, Kinzler D (2015) Enabling
Open Science:Wikidata for Research
(Wiki4R). Research Ideas and
Outcomes doi: 10.3897/rio.1.e7573
2019
Farda-Sarbas, M & Müller-Birn, C
(2019) Wikidata from a Research
Perspective - A Systematic Mapping
Study of Wikidata
2022
Zhao , F (2022) A systematic review of
Wikidata in Digital Humanities
projects. Digital Scholarship in the
Humanities, 2023, 38, 852–874 https://
doi.org/10.1093/llc/fqac083
Advance access publication 28
December 2022
Recommendations about the use of
Wikidata in DH digital humanities:
1. Utilize domain sources in
comparison or complement with
Wikidata […] Wikidata serves as a
supplement to domain-speci
fi
c
resources and is a signi
fi
cant
resource for projects that require
niche or cross-domain resources.
2. Encourage domain communities to
co-develop practices, tactics, and
strategies to interact with Wikidata.
3. Design work
fl
ows that coordinate
technical and labour resources from
projects and Wikidata.A work
fl
ow
design that optimizes technical
support from both Wikidata and
the project’s technicians, as well as
the human participation of domain
experts, project users, and
crowdsourcing forces on Wikidata
or the project’s own platforms is
essential for taming Wikidata’s
ambivalent nature and maximizing
its potentials for DH initiatives.
Create Wiki4R an innovative virtual
research environment (VRE) for Open
Science at scale, engaging both
professional researchers and citizen
data scientists in new and potentially
transformative forms of collaboration.
It is based on the realizations that
1. the structured parts of the Web
itself can be regarded as aVRE
2. such environments depend on
communities,
3. closed environments are limited in
their capacity to nurture thriving
communities.
Wiki4R will therefore integrate
Wikidata, the multilingual semantic
backbone behind Wikipedia, into
existing research processes to enable
transdisciplinary research and reduce
fragmentation of research in and
outside Europe.
It might be valuable to see more use
cases from other disciplines, such as
social sciences or humanities. It might
be valuable, for example, to use
Wikidata in educational or museum
settings.
Advantages
1. Infrastructure for images, data,
sources, audio, content, documents,
maps
2. Heritage, museums, GLAMs (and
GLAMs have to produce research)
3. Visualizing and monitoring
knowledge
Challenges
1. Copyright management and
restrictions to public domain -
Authorizations and procedures
2. Collaborating :)
3. Expertise to scale
Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open Research Infrastructure
for arts, humanities and social sciences
In the examples please refer to the Wikidata item to access source code and full credits
Spaces of culture, creativity and expression of Ticino on OpenStreetMap – I luoghi di cultura, creatività ed espressione del
Ticino su OpenStreetMap – Try the edit button / Prova il tasto modi
fi
ca, 2018.
Wikidata:Q124403789
Project page on Wikipedia in Italian with list based on Wikidata of cultural spaces
Database provided by the Ticino Canton in Switzerland
Project page on Wikipedia in Italian with a list of cultural and artistic spaces More data uploaded on OpenStreetMap
1. Infrastructure for images, data, sources, audio, content, documents, maps
The countries promoting the contest Wiki Loves Monuments 2010-2013 and documenting with a total of 900’000 images cultural heritage around the world, 2014, cc by-sa.
2. Heritage - Wiki Loves Monuments international contest
Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it
Data-driven community engagement per Wiki Loves Monuments, 2022. Wikidata:Q117287812
Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it
Data-driven community engagement per Wiki Loves Monuments, 2022. Wikidata:Q117287812
Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it
Data-driven community engagement per Wiki Loves Monuments, 2022. Wikidata:Q117287812
Current results of the project Empowering Italian GLAMs updated November 2023 https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Empowering_Italian_GLAMs
Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it
2. GLAMs - Empowering Italian GLAMs
6.810 Wikidata item
Data monitored and
improved
Combined with national
Italian statistics and
information related to
wikiGLAM projects
215 new
museums…
230 museums started the
form
113 museums have
endorsed the project
47 institutions have
shared images
16 institutions which did
not want to participate
8 institutions withdrew
from the process
1.134 museums already
involved by Wikimedia
Italia in Wiki Loves
Monuments
5 case studies
Museo Egizio
Museums of Reggio Emilia
Museums of Modena
Ecomuseo delle Grigne
Museo delle Marionette
di Palermo
And a series of qualitative
interviews with other
museums
4.344 museums
contacted
Number of museums
added to the database of
contacts and contacted
Email sent by Region
(
fi
rst round). Second
round planned for
September
Empowering Italian GLAMs / Tutti
i musei su Wikipedia, 2022-2024
Wikidata:Q114454495
http://www.wikimedia.it/musei
Online form (at the moment in Italian) to review Wikidata and upload authorizations and images
Direct involvement of GLAMs
Tommaso Messina with Enrico Bertacchini, Empowering Italian GLAMs, https://public.tableau.com/views/monitoraggio_0_3/overview?:language=it-
IT&:display_count=n&:origin=viz_share_link, January 2024
Wikipedia and the Italian school – Wikidata:Q117279813 - https://itwiki-scuola-italiana.toolforge.org/?lang=en
Wikipedia and the school in Uruguy – Wikicurrícula Uy – Wikidata:Q124041029 – https://wikicurricula.wikimedistas.uy/
3.Visualizing and monitoring knowledge
Wikipedia and the Italian school – Wikidata:Q117279813 - https://itwiki-scuola-italiana.toolforge.org/?lang=en
Wikipedia and the school in Uruguy – Wikicurrícula Uy – Wikidata:Q124041029 – https://wikicurricula.wikimedistas.uy/
Wikipedia Primary School, visualization by Giovanni Profeta and Iolanda Pensa, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa, 2015 and 2016.
Wikidata:Q117379085
Taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use.
Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone,
also for commercial purposes.
1. Copyright management and authorizations
Really, taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use.
Authorization
from the owner
List of monuments
Georeferentiating
the monument
Authorization
from the artist
Authorization from institutions
overseeing heritage
Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone,
also for commercial purposes.
Authorization to access
the building or the
artwork and take photos
Rights of the
photographer
Other legislations
Rights of authors
Rights of photographers
Rights of the artist or
architect which has
produced the artwork or
the building
Owner
Restrictions related to
commercial use of digital
reproductions
√ Authorization of the
photographer (CC0, CC
BY, CC BY-SA)
Upload on Wikimedia
Commons by the
photographer (selecting
the open license or tool)
√ No reproduction rights
√ The owner allows to
enter the building and
take photos
√ > 70 years after his/her
death
√ Freedom of panorama
for exteriors
√ Authorization
√ Legislations without
restrictions
√ Freedom of panorama
for exteriors
√ Authorizations
The complexity of opening cultural heritage
Identify heritage
Access to a database of
cultural heritage
√ Access to a database in
CC0 with upload on
Wikidata
√ Creation of a new
database on WikiData
! Mobile A2K
Culture and Safety in Africa
Mobile Access to Knowledge: Culture and Safety in Africa. Documenting and assessing the impact of cultural events and public
art on urban safety, 2011-2013 - Wikidata:Q117288467
Culture and Safety in Africa, 2015-2017. - Wikidata:Q117287742 - All content released under the CC BY-SA all license
Categories on Wikimedia Commons Items on Wikidata
Articles on Wikipedia in French
Articles on Wikipedia in English
List on Wikipedia in English
Images on Wikimedia Commons
Alioum Moussa, La passerelle, Bessengue, Douala Cameroon, 2005, produced by doual’art.
Permissions - Wikimedia Commons <permissions-commons@wikimedia.org>
I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole owner of the exclusive
copyright of WORK [ insert link ].
I agree to publish that work under the free license Creative Commons
attribution share-alike 3.0.
I acknowledge that I grant anyone the right to use the work in a commercial
product, and to modify it according to their needs.
I am aware that I always retain copyright of my work, and retain the right to be
attributed in accordance with the license chosen. Modi
fi
cations others make to
the work will not be attributed to me.
I am aware that the free license only concerns copyright, and I reserve the
option to take action against anyone who uses this work in a libelous way, or in
violation of personality rights, trademark restrictions, etc.
I acknowledge that I cannot withdraw this agreement, and that the work may or
may not be kept permanently on a Wikimedia project.
DATE, NAME OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER
Wikimedia Commons
Immagini e video
WikiData
collegamenti interwiki e
informazioni statistiche
Wikipedia
400 milioni di lettori
280 versioni linguistiche
70.000 volontari
30 milioni di articoli
Wikisource
Documenti,
pubblicazioni e
manoscritti
I PROGETTI WIKIMEDIA
//////////////////////////
I contenuti dei progetti Wikimedia
sono liberi. Chiunque può usarli e
modificarli per fini commerciali e non
(citando la fonte e condividendoli con
la stessa licenza Creative Commons).
Wiki voyage
Informazioni turistiche
OpenStreetMap
Mappa con dati georeferenziati
Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects are websites managed by online communities. Last update February 2023 https://stats.wikimedia.org/#/all-projects
Wikimedia Foundation is the institution supporting Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects and managing their servers.
Data items that anyone can edit
Open linked data
102 million items
Under the open tool CC0
Wikidata
Wikimedia Commons
OpenStreetMap
Wikisource
Wikivoyage
the free worldwide travel guide
that you can edit.
License CC BY-SA
A freely usable map built by a
community of mappers that contribute
and maintain data about roads, trails,
cafés, railway stations, and much
more, all over the world.
freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute
90 million files
Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar
the free library that anyone can
improve
Wikipedia
the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit
60 million articles
331 linguistic editions
25 billion visualisations per month
200 million registered users
300’000 active contributors
Open license CC BY-SA 3.0
a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites
Internet Archive
2. Collaborating - Working with rules, policies and communities
Files in public
domain, CC0, CC
BY, CC BY-SA
and similar
No original research (WP:NOR)
Declare con
fl
icts of interest and potential con
fl
icts of interest (WP:COI)
Neutral point of view (WP:NPOV)
Encyclopedic content only (notable WP:N)
If Wikipedia doesn’t know it, probably most people don’t know it
Carful with bunch applauds!
Careful in margining content!
Use existing proprieties
Make sure content is open or it has a clear
open license (in the source or send an of
fi
cial
permission)!
Carful with bunch applauds!
Careful in margining content!
Check proprieties
Don’t add relevant data only on
your personal Umap :(
In the mirror of the past:
rediscovering identity and form
in antiquity.The graphic corpus of
TitoVespasiano Paravicini
between Renaissance and neo-
Renaissance
Wikidata:Q124401882
3. Expertise to scale
Advantages
1. Infrastructure for images, data,
sources, audio, content, documents,
maps
2. Heritage, museums, GLAMs (and
GLAMs have to produce research)
3. Visualizing and monitoring
knowledge
Challenges
1. Copyright management and
restrictions to public domain -
Authorizations and procedures
2. Collaborating :)
3. Expertise to scale
Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open Research Infrastructure
for arts, humanities and social sciences
In the examples please refer to the Wikidata item to access source code and full credits
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research_infrastructures_for_social_sciences_and_humanities
Landscape analysis of SSH research infrastructures on Wikidata
Upload on
Wikimedia
Commons
Create
appropriate
categories
following good
practices
Connect
categories to
Wikidata
Connect
Wikidata with
categories
Content on Wikimedia Commons
Clearing of rights and preparing the authorizations
Agreement on the use open licenses and tools
Presenting the initiative on Wikimedia Commons / meta-wiki
Add an image
to Wikidata (and
Wikipedia) is not
available
Visualize
and monitor
the availability of
images on
Wikidata
Upload,
improve and
curate data on
Wikidata
Query data or
export data for
queries
Visualize and
analyze data
Collect new data
Export
data and code
and archive them
permanently
with a DOI
Wikidata as an Open Research Infrastructure
Agreement on the open tool CC0
Presenting the initiative on Wikidata / meta-wiki
Monitor
changes on
Wikidata and
participate in
discussions
Update the
presentation
online with the
results
Invite
communities to
contribute
Make
a list of
keywords and
key concepts
related to the
research
Check on
Wikipedia the
existence of
related articles
Analyze
the quality of
related articles
(images,
references,
text)
Eventually
create new
articles based on
the literature
review
Identify
relevant sources
(literature
review)
Background knowledge on Wikipedia
Agreement on the use open licenses and tools
Presenting the initiative on Wikipedia / meta-wiki
Monitore
changes on
Wikipedia and
participate in
discussions Improve
existing articles
based on sources
YES
Use Wikipedia to develop and
share the literature review
Cite the work of others
NO
Do not use Wikipedia to
strengthen the visibility of your
own theory
The Wikimedia and OpenStreetMap projects are websites based on Free and open software (https://wikitech.wikimedia.org/wiki/
Wikitech:Cloud_Services_Terms_of_use#4.3_Open_Source_and_proprietary_software).All their data (texts, images, transcriptions, maps, liked data)
are available with open tools and licenses (such as public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC Y-SA and alike, in accordance with the Berlin Declaration).These
websites already produce citizen science: Wikidata hosts structured data created, uploaded and integrated by communities; Wikisource hosts
documents and texts digitalized, shared, transcribed and reviewed by communities; OpenStreetMaps allows to visualize geographical data collected
and updated by communities which are event trained by the UN and even intervene during emergencies;Wikipedia communicates science and refers
to scienti
fi
c literature and Wikimedia Commons collects images and multimedia
fi
les created or uploaded by the communities.
These are the largest open data infrastructures in the world and the largest communities already active and involved in the production of open data
and open software.
At the moment researchers tend to use the content of the Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as a source of information for their research
(liked open data from Wikidata, images from Wikimedia Commons, texts from Wikipedia and Wikisource and background maps from
OpenStreetMap). Collaboration is rarely reciprocal: researchers do not usually enrich data on these websites and do not use these infrastructure to
for queries. When uploading data on the Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap, this activity is only considered as dissemination, without
acknowledging its value for the co-production of research and for developing reproducible data analysis.
Using a free, existing research infrastructure already maintained by wide communities is an effective and sustainable strategy to produce open science,
make data fully accessible and co-produce with citizens new content, fully available for reuse and new research. Basing research queries on these
platforms allows to reproduce them; content changes over time, but it is always possible to reproduce queries focusing on speci
fi
c timeframes.
This presentation focuses on data related to cultural heritage supporting studies in the
fi
elds of museology, art, art history and history of architecture.
It refers to examples drawn from the experience of Italian cultural heritage visualizations based on Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons (produced
within the project Wiki Loves Monuments in Italy https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it/), from the experience of improving data about over 4000 Italian
museums (produced within the project Empowering Italian GLAMs https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Empowering_Italian_GLAMs), from the upload of
cultural sites of the Ticino region in Switzerland, from the upload of works of the architect Tito Vespasiano Paravicini and public art of Douala in
Cameroon.
Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open
Research Infrastructure
The Wikimedia and OpenStreetMap projects are an existing
free software infrastructure that already produces citizen
science and can be used by researchers to share and co-
produce data and to produce - and reproduce - the results of
research. The presentation speci
fi
cally refers to the potential
of data related to cultural heritage for studies in the
humanities and in particular in museology, art, art history and
history of architecture.
Iolanda Pensa, chair Wikimedia Italia / SUPSI,
February 2024, FOSDEM, Bruxelles, CC BY-SA 4.0
Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open
Research Infrastructure

More Related Content

Similar to Pensa-FOSDEM-2024_V2.pdf

Pensa-Wikipedia and history.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia and history.pdfPensa-Wikipedia and history.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia and history.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...meemoo, Vlaams instituut voor het archief
 
100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projects
100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projects100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projects
100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projectsIolanda Pensa
 
Crowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature Recordings
Crowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature RecordingsCrowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature Recordings
Crowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature Recordingsmaartenbrinkerink
 
Connected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia Sverige
Connected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia SverigeConnected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia Sverige
Connected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia SverigeRCAHMW
 
Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - Packed
 Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - Packed Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - Packed
Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - PackedOpen Knowledge Belgium
 
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification...
Linked Open Data  Publications through  Wikidata &  Persistent Identification...Linked Open Data  Publications through  Wikidata &  Persistent Identification...
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification...PACKED vzw
 
From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.
From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.
From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.Elena Lagoudi
 
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?Milena Popova
 
Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...
Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...
Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...PaolaMarchionni
 
Contributing to the global commons: Repositories and Wikimedia
Contributing to the global commons: Repositories and WikimediaContributing to the global commons: Repositories and Wikimedia
Contributing to the global commons: Repositories and WikimediaNick Sheppard
 
Digital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework Programme
Digital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework ProgrammeDigital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework Programme
Digital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework Programmelocloud
 
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?Europeana
 
ALIADA Project. AtCult
ALIADA Project. AtCultALIADA Project. AtCult
ALIADA Project. AtCultaliada project
 
Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...
Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...
Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...Iolanda Pensa
 
20190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_201920190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_2019Samuel Donvil
 
20190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_201920190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_2019PACKED vzw
 

Similar to Pensa-FOSDEM-2024_V2.pdf (20)

Pensa-Wikipedia and history.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia and history.pdfPensa-Wikipedia and history.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia and history.pdf
 
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification in...
 
100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projects
100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projects100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projects
100,000 institutions on the Wikimedia projects
 
Crowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature Recordings
Crowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature RecordingsCrowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature Recordings
Crowdsourcing Descriptions for Nature Recordings
 
Connected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia Sverige
Connected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia SverigeConnected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia Sverige
Connected Open Heritage - John Andersson; Executive Director, Wikimedia Sverige
 
Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - Packed
 Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - Packed Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - Packed
Open Culture - How Wiki loves art and data - Packed
 
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification...
Linked Open Data  Publications through  Wikidata &  Persistent Identification...Linked Open Data  Publications through  Wikidata &  Persistent Identification...
Linked Open Data Publications through Wikidata & Persistent Identification...
 
From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.
From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.
From digital to social collections. A short story of collections online.
 
ucl
uclucl
ucl
 
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
 
Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...
Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...
Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation ...
 
Contributing to the global commons: Repositories and Wikimedia
Contributing to the global commons: Repositories and WikimediaContributing to the global commons: Repositories and Wikimedia
Contributing to the global commons: Repositories and Wikimedia
 
Digital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework Programme
Digital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework ProgrammeDigital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework Programme
Digital Cultural Heritage and the new EU Framework Programme
 
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
Open Cultural Data: Where is the value?
 
ALIADA Project. AtCult
ALIADA Project. AtCultALIADA Project. AtCult
ALIADA Project. AtCult
 
Shifting minds open belgium 2019
Shifting minds open belgium 2019Shifting minds open belgium 2019
Shifting minds open belgium 2019
 
20190304 shifting minds open belgium 2019
20190304 shifting minds open belgium 201920190304 shifting minds open belgium 2019
20190304 shifting minds open belgium 2019
 
Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...
Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...
Wikipedia at "Heritage Commons", the conference of the Italian Presidency of ...
 
20190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_201920190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304_shifting_minds_open_belgium_2019
 
20190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_201920190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_2019
20190304 shifting minds_open_belgium_2019
 

More from Iolanda Pensa

Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024
Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024
Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024Iolanda Pensa
 
Open access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturali
Open access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturaliOpen access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturali
Open access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturaliIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdfPensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Wikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdf
Wikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdfWikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdf
Wikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdf
Pensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdfPensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdf
Pensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf
Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdfPensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf
Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa_Open-come diventare open.pdf
Pensa_Open-come diventare open.pdfPensa_Open-come diventare open.pdf
Pensa_Open-come diventare open.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Certificazione formatori.pdf
Pensa-Certificazione formatori.pdfPensa-Certificazione formatori.pdf
Pensa-Certificazione formatori.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Decolonizing museums.pdf
Pensa-Decolonizing museums.pdfPensa-Decolonizing museums.pdf
Pensa-Decolonizing museums.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdf
Pensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdfPensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdf
Pensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Wikipedia and cultural tourism
Wikipedia and cultural tourismWikipedia and cultural tourism
Wikipedia and cultural tourismIolanda Pensa
 
The participation at future Wikimania
The participation at future WikimaniaThe participation at future Wikimania
The participation at future WikimaniaIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdf
Pensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdfPensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdf
Pensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Iolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luce
Iolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luceIolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luce
Iolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luceIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa Wikipedia and Cultural Tourism
Pensa Wikipedia and Cultural TourismPensa Wikipedia and Cultural Tourism
Pensa Wikipedia and Cultural TourismIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdfPensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-WLM Torino.pdf
Pensa-WLM Torino.pdfPensa-WLM Torino.pdf
Pensa-WLM Torino.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Pensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdfPensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdfIolanda Pensa
 
Open Science bibliotecari SUPSI
Open Science bibliotecari SUPSIOpen Science bibliotecari SUPSI
Open Science bibliotecari SUPSIIolanda Pensa
 
Open Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe Lunch
Open Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe LunchOpen Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe Lunch
Open Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe LunchIolanda Pensa
 

More from Iolanda Pensa (20)

Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024
Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024
Il patrimonio culturale su Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia 2024
 
Open access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturali
Open access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturaliOpen access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturali
Open access, Creative Commons e Wikipedia per le istituzioni culturali
 
Pensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdfPensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Bando MAB e Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
 
Wikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdf
Wikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdfWikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdf
Wikipedia-licenze-glossa.pdf
 
Pensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdf
Pensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdfPensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdf
Pensa-OS-ADM-swissuniversities_2023.pdf
 
Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf
Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdfPensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf
Pensa-Open: How to Open Your Content and How to Re-Use Open Content.pdf
 
Pensa_Open-come diventare open.pdf
Pensa_Open-come diventare open.pdfPensa_Open-come diventare open.pdf
Pensa_Open-come diventare open.pdf
 
Pensa-Certificazione formatori.pdf
Pensa-Certificazione formatori.pdfPensa-Certificazione formatori.pdf
Pensa-Certificazione formatori.pdf
 
Pensa-Decolonizing museums.pdf
Pensa-Decolonizing museums.pdfPensa-Decolonizing museums.pdf
Pensa-Decolonizing museums.pdf
 
Pensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdf
Pensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdfPensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdf
Pensa-Guido_Torino Tech Week 2023.pdf
 
Wikipedia and cultural tourism
Wikipedia and cultural tourismWikipedia and cultural tourism
Wikipedia and cultural tourism
 
The participation at future Wikimania
The participation at future WikimaniaThe participation at future Wikimania
The participation at future Wikimania
 
Pensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdf
Pensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdfPensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdf
Pensa-Open Access e comunicazione istituzionale.pdf
 
Iolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luce
Iolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luceIolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luce
Iolanda Pensa, Wikipedia, Festival della luce
 
Pensa Wikipedia and Cultural Tourism
Pensa Wikipedia and Cultural TourismPensa Wikipedia and Cultural Tourism
Pensa Wikipedia and Cultural Tourism
 
Pensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdfPensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdf
Pensa-Wikipedia_turismo.pdf
 
Pensa-WLM Torino.pdf
Pensa-WLM Torino.pdfPensa-WLM Torino.pdf
Pensa-WLM Torino.pdf
 
Pensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdfPensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
Pensa-Empowering Italian GLAMs.pdf
 
Open Science bibliotecari SUPSI
Open Science bibliotecari SUPSIOpen Science bibliotecari SUPSI
Open Science bibliotecari SUPSI
 
Open Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe Lunch
Open Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe LunchOpen Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe Lunch
Open Science for Arts, Design and Music IDe Lunch
 

Recently uploaded

Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Kaya Weers
 
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality AssuranceInflectra
 
Glenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security Observability
Glenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security ObservabilityGlenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security Observability
Glenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security Observabilityitnewsafrica
 
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyesHow to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyesThousandEyes
 
All These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDF
All These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDFAll These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDF
All These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDFMichael Gough
 
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Jeffrey Haguewood
 
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architecturesQCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architecturesBernd Ruecker
 
The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...
The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...
The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...Wes McKinney
 
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Mark Simos
 
Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...
Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...
Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...Nikki Chapple
 
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotesMuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotesManik S Magar
 
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdfGenerative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdfIngrid Airi González
 
Bridging Between CAD & GIS: 6 Ways to Automate Your Data Integration
Bridging Between CAD & GIS:  6 Ways to Automate Your Data IntegrationBridging Between CAD & GIS:  6 Ways to Automate Your Data Integration
Bridging Between CAD & GIS: 6 Ways to Automate Your Data Integrationmarketing932765
 
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxAna-Maria Mihalceanu
 
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better StrongerModern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Strongerpanagenda
 
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024TopCSSGallery
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...BookNet Canada
 
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Hiroshi SHIBATA
 
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#Karmanjay Verma
 
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...itnewsafrica
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
 
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
 
Glenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security Observability
Glenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security ObservabilityGlenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security Observability
Glenn Lazarus- Why Your Observability Strategy Needs Security Observability
 
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyesHow to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
 
All These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDF
All These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDFAll These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDF
All These Sophisticated Attacks, Can We Really Detect Them - PDF
 
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
 
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architecturesQCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
 
The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...
The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...
The Future Roadmap for the Composable Data Stack - Wes McKinney - Data Counci...
 
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
 
Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...
Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...
Microsoft 365 Copilot: How to boost your productivity with AI – Part two: Dat...
 
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotesMuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
 
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdfGenerative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
 
Bridging Between CAD & GIS: 6 Ways to Automate Your Data Integration
Bridging Between CAD & GIS:  6 Ways to Automate Your Data IntegrationBridging Between CAD & GIS:  6 Ways to Automate Your Data Integration
Bridging Between CAD & GIS: 6 Ways to Automate Your Data Integration
 
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
 
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better StrongerModern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
 
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
 
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
 
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
 
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...
 

Pensa-FOSDEM-2024_V2.pdf

  • 1. Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open Research Infrastructure Iolanda Pensa, iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch senior research and head of Culture and territory research area at SUPSI - Institute of Design chair Wikimedia Italia February 2024, FOSDEM, Bruxelles, CC BY-SA 4.0
  • 2. Wikimedia Commons Immagini e video WikiData collegamenti interwiki e informazioni statistiche Wikipedia 400 milioni di lettori 280 versioni linguistiche 70.000 volontari 30 milioni di articoli Wikisource Documenti, pubblicazioni e manoscritti I PROGETTI WIKIMEDIA ////////////////////////// I contenuti dei progetti Wikimedia sono liberi. Chiunque può usarli e modificarli per fini commerciali e non (citando la fonte e condividendoli con la stessa licenza Creative Commons). Wiki voyage Informazioni turistiche OpenStreetMap Mappa con dati georeferenziati Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects are websites managed by online communities. Last update February 2024 https://stats.wikimedia.org/#/all-projects Wikimedia Foundation is the institution supporting Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects and managing their servers. Data items that anyone can edit Open linked data 108 million items Under the open tool CC0 Wikidata Wikimedia Commons OpenStreetMap Wikisource Wikivoyage the free worldwide travel guide that you can edit. License CC BY-SA A freely usable map built by a community of mappers that contribute and maintain data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations, and much more, all over the world. freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute 100 million files Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar the free library that anyone can improve Wikipedia the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit 60 million articles 326 linguistic editions 29 billion visualisations per month 110 million registered users 300’000 active contributors Open license CC BY-SA 3.0 a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites Internet Archive An existing, open and free ecosystem of resources maintained by open multilingual international communities of volunteers Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar
  • 3. Connected to the world and multilingual Active communities of contributors (Citizen science) Contributing in fi lling the knowledge gaps Content available for any reuse An existing, open and free ecosystem of resources maintained by open multilingual international communities of volunteers FAIR principles (Quality of data) Open Access (for GLAMs and research) CARE principles (Responsibilities and ethics) Sustainability (Open data/software) Open Government (Public money public data) Impressive visibility and access
  • 4. https://scholia.toolforge.org/ Already a research infrastructure, in particular Wikidata
  • 5. 2015 Mietchen D, Hagedorn G,Willighagen E, Rico M, Gómez-Pérez A,Aibar E, Rafes K, Germain C, Dunning A, Pintscher L, Kinzler D (2015) Enabling Open Science:Wikidata for Research (Wiki4R). Research Ideas and Outcomes doi: 10.3897/rio.1.e7573 2019 Farda-Sarbas, M & Müller-Birn, C (2019) Wikidata from a Research Perspective - A Systematic Mapping Study of Wikidata 2022 Zhao , F (2022) A systematic review of Wikidata in Digital Humanities projects. Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, 2023, 38, 852–874 https:// doi.org/10.1093/llc/fqac083 Advance access publication 28 December 2022 Recommendations about the use of Wikidata in DH digital humanities: 1. Utilize domain sources in comparison or complement with Wikidata […] Wikidata serves as a supplement to domain-speci fi c resources and is a signi fi cant resource for projects that require niche or cross-domain resources. 2. Encourage domain communities to co-develop practices, tactics, and strategies to interact with Wikidata. 3. Design work fl ows that coordinate technical and labour resources from projects and Wikidata.A work fl ow design that optimizes technical support from both Wikidata and the project’s technicians, as well as the human participation of domain experts, project users, and crowdsourcing forces on Wikidata or the project’s own platforms is essential for taming Wikidata’s ambivalent nature and maximizing its potentials for DH initiatives. Create Wiki4R an innovative virtual research environment (VRE) for Open Science at scale, engaging both professional researchers and citizen data scientists in new and potentially transformative forms of collaboration. It is based on the realizations that 1. the structured parts of the Web itself can be regarded as aVRE 2. such environments depend on communities, 3. closed environments are limited in their capacity to nurture thriving communities. Wiki4R will therefore integrate Wikidata, the multilingual semantic backbone behind Wikipedia, into existing research processes to enable transdisciplinary research and reduce fragmentation of research in and outside Europe. It might be valuable to see more use cases from other disciplines, such as social sciences or humanities. It might be valuable, for example, to use Wikidata in educational or museum settings.
  • 6. Advantages 1. Infrastructure for images, data, sources, audio, content, documents, maps 2. Heritage, museums, GLAMs (and GLAMs have to produce research) 3. Visualizing and monitoring knowledge Challenges 1. Copyright management and restrictions to public domain - Authorizations and procedures 2. Collaborating :) 3. Expertise to scale Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open Research Infrastructure for arts, humanities and social sciences In the examples please refer to the Wikidata item to access source code and full credits
  • 7. Spaces of culture, creativity and expression of Ticino on OpenStreetMap – I luoghi di cultura, creatività ed espressione del Ticino su OpenStreetMap – Try the edit button / Prova il tasto modi fi ca, 2018. Wikidata:Q124403789 Project page on Wikipedia in Italian with list based on Wikidata of cultural spaces Database provided by the Ticino Canton in Switzerland Project page on Wikipedia in Italian with a list of cultural and artistic spaces More data uploaded on OpenStreetMap 1. Infrastructure for images, data, sources, audio, content, documents, maps
  • 8. The countries promoting the contest Wiki Loves Monuments 2010-2013 and documenting with a total of 900’000 images cultural heritage around the world, 2014, cc by-sa. 2. Heritage - Wiki Loves Monuments international contest
  • 9. Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it Data-driven community engagement per Wiki Loves Monuments, 2022. Wikidata:Q117287812
  • 10. Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it Data-driven community engagement per Wiki Loves Monuments, 2022. Wikidata:Q117287812
  • 11. Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it Data-driven community engagement per Wiki Loves Monuments, 2022. Wikidata:Q117287812
  • 12. Current results of the project Empowering Italian GLAMs updated November 2023 https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Empowering_Italian_GLAMs Visualizations by DenstiyDesign (Politecnico di Milano) / Wikimedia Italia CC BY 26 March 2023 - https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it 2. GLAMs - Empowering Italian GLAMs 6.810 Wikidata item Data monitored and improved Combined with national Italian statistics and information related to wikiGLAM projects 215 new museums… 230 museums started the form 113 museums have endorsed the project 47 institutions have shared images 16 institutions which did not want to participate 8 institutions withdrew from the process 1.134 museums already involved by Wikimedia Italia in Wiki Loves Monuments 5 case studies Museo Egizio Museums of Reggio Emilia Museums of Modena Ecomuseo delle Grigne Museo delle Marionette di Palermo And a series of qualitative interviews with other museums 4.344 museums contacted Number of museums added to the database of contacts and contacted Email sent by Region ( fi rst round). Second round planned for September Empowering Italian GLAMs / Tutti i musei su Wikipedia, 2022-2024 Wikidata:Q114454495
  • 13. http://www.wikimedia.it/musei Online form (at the moment in Italian) to review Wikidata and upload authorizations and images Direct involvement of GLAMs
  • 14. Tommaso Messina with Enrico Bertacchini, Empowering Italian GLAMs, https://public.tableau.com/views/monitoraggio_0_3/overview?:language=it- IT&:display_count=n&:origin=viz_share_link, January 2024
  • 15. Wikipedia and the Italian school – Wikidata:Q117279813 - https://itwiki-scuola-italiana.toolforge.org/?lang=en Wikipedia and the school in Uruguy – Wikicurrícula Uy – Wikidata:Q124041029 – https://wikicurricula.wikimedistas.uy/ 3.Visualizing and monitoring knowledge
  • 16. Wikipedia and the Italian school – Wikidata:Q117279813 - https://itwiki-scuola-italiana.toolforge.org/?lang=en Wikipedia and the school in Uruguy – Wikicurrícula Uy – Wikidata:Q124041029 – https://wikicurricula.wikimedistas.uy/
  • 17. Wikipedia Primary School, visualization by Giovanni Profeta and Iolanda Pensa, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa, 2015 and 2016. Wikidata:Q117379085
  • 18. Taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes. 1. Copyright management and authorizations
  • 19. Really, taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Authorization from the owner List of monuments Georeferentiating the monument Authorization from the artist Authorization from institutions overseeing heritage Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  • 20. Authorization to access the building or the artwork and take photos Rights of the photographer Other legislations Rights of authors Rights of photographers Rights of the artist or architect which has produced the artwork or the building Owner Restrictions related to commercial use of digital reproductions √ Authorization of the photographer (CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA) Upload on Wikimedia Commons by the photographer (selecting the open license or tool) √ No reproduction rights √ The owner allows to enter the building and take photos √ > 70 years after his/her death √ Freedom of panorama for exteriors √ Authorization √ Legislations without restrictions √ Freedom of panorama for exteriors √ Authorizations The complexity of opening cultural heritage Identify heritage Access to a database of cultural heritage √ Access to a database in CC0 with upload on Wikidata √ Creation of a new database on WikiData
  • 21. ! Mobile A2K Culture and Safety in Africa Mobile Access to Knowledge: Culture and Safety in Africa. Documenting and assessing the impact of cultural events and public art on urban safety, 2011-2013 - Wikidata:Q117288467 Culture and Safety in Africa, 2015-2017. - Wikidata:Q117287742 - All content released under the CC BY-SA all license
  • 22. Categories on Wikimedia Commons Items on Wikidata Articles on Wikipedia in French Articles on Wikipedia in English List on Wikipedia in English Images on Wikimedia Commons Alioum Moussa, La passerelle, Bessengue, Douala Cameroon, 2005, produced by doual’art.
  • 23. Permissions - Wikimedia Commons <permissions-commons@wikimedia.org> I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole owner of the exclusive copyright of WORK [ insert link ]. I agree to publish that work under the free license Creative Commons attribution share-alike 3.0. I acknowledge that I grant anyone the right to use the work in a commercial product, and to modify it according to their needs. I am aware that I always retain copyright of my work, and retain the right to be attributed in accordance with the license chosen. Modi fi cations others make to the work will not be attributed to me. I am aware that the free license only concerns copyright, and I reserve the option to take action against anyone who uses this work in a libelous way, or in violation of personality rights, trademark restrictions, etc. I acknowledge that I cannot withdraw this agreement, and that the work may or may not be kept permanently on a Wikimedia project. DATE, NAME OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER
  • 24.
  • 25. Wikimedia Commons Immagini e video WikiData collegamenti interwiki e informazioni statistiche Wikipedia 400 milioni di lettori 280 versioni linguistiche 70.000 volontari 30 milioni di articoli Wikisource Documenti, pubblicazioni e manoscritti I PROGETTI WIKIMEDIA ////////////////////////// I contenuti dei progetti Wikimedia sono liberi. Chiunque può usarli e modificarli per fini commerciali e non (citando la fonte e condividendoli con la stessa licenza Creative Commons). Wiki voyage Informazioni turistiche OpenStreetMap Mappa con dati georeferenziati Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects are websites managed by online communities. Last update February 2023 https://stats.wikimedia.org/#/all-projects Wikimedia Foundation is the institution supporting Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects and managing their servers. Data items that anyone can edit Open linked data 102 million items Under the open tool CC0 Wikidata Wikimedia Commons OpenStreetMap Wikisource Wikivoyage the free worldwide travel guide that you can edit. License CC BY-SA A freely usable map built by a community of mappers that contribute and maintain data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations, and much more, all over the world. freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute 90 million files Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar the free library that anyone can improve Wikipedia the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit 60 million articles 331 linguistic editions 25 billion visualisations per month 200 million registered users 300’000 active contributors Open license CC BY-SA 3.0 a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites Internet Archive 2. Collaborating - Working with rules, policies and communities Files in public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA and similar No original research (WP:NOR) Declare con fl icts of interest and potential con fl icts of interest (WP:COI) Neutral point of view (WP:NPOV) Encyclopedic content only (notable WP:N) If Wikipedia doesn’t know it, probably most people don’t know it Carful with bunch applauds! Careful in margining content! Use existing proprieties Make sure content is open or it has a clear open license (in the source or send an of fi cial permission)! Carful with bunch applauds! Careful in margining content! Check proprieties Don’t add relevant data only on your personal Umap :(
  • 26. In the mirror of the past: rediscovering identity and form in antiquity.The graphic corpus of TitoVespasiano Paravicini between Renaissance and neo- Renaissance Wikidata:Q124401882 3. Expertise to scale
  • 27. Advantages 1. Infrastructure for images, data, sources, audio, content, documents, maps 2. Heritage, museums, GLAMs (and GLAMs have to produce research) 3. Visualizing and monitoring knowledge Challenges 1. Copyright management and restrictions to public domain - Authorizations and procedures 2. Collaborating :) 3. Expertise to scale Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open Research Infrastructure for arts, humanities and social sciences In the examples please refer to the Wikidata item to access source code and full credits
  • 29. Upload on Wikimedia Commons Create appropriate categories following good practices Connect categories to Wikidata Connect Wikidata with categories Content on Wikimedia Commons Clearing of rights and preparing the authorizations Agreement on the use open licenses and tools Presenting the initiative on Wikimedia Commons / meta-wiki Add an image to Wikidata (and Wikipedia) is not available Visualize and monitor the availability of images on Wikidata
  • 30. Upload, improve and curate data on Wikidata Query data or export data for queries Visualize and analyze data Collect new data Export data and code and archive them permanently with a DOI Wikidata as an Open Research Infrastructure Agreement on the open tool CC0 Presenting the initiative on Wikidata / meta-wiki Monitor changes on Wikidata and participate in discussions Update the presentation online with the results Invite communities to contribute
  • 31. Make a list of keywords and key concepts related to the research Check on Wikipedia the existence of related articles Analyze the quality of related articles (images, references, text) Eventually create new articles based on the literature review Identify relevant sources (literature review) Background knowledge on Wikipedia Agreement on the use open licenses and tools Presenting the initiative on Wikipedia / meta-wiki Monitore changes on Wikipedia and participate in discussions Improve existing articles based on sources YES Use Wikipedia to develop and share the literature review Cite the work of others NO Do not use Wikipedia to strengthen the visibility of your own theory
  • 32. The Wikimedia and OpenStreetMap projects are websites based on Free and open software (https://wikitech.wikimedia.org/wiki/ Wikitech:Cloud_Services_Terms_of_use#4.3_Open_Source_and_proprietary_software).All their data (texts, images, transcriptions, maps, liked data) are available with open tools and licenses (such as public domain, CC0, CC BY, CC Y-SA and alike, in accordance with the Berlin Declaration).These websites already produce citizen science: Wikidata hosts structured data created, uploaded and integrated by communities; Wikisource hosts documents and texts digitalized, shared, transcribed and reviewed by communities; OpenStreetMaps allows to visualize geographical data collected and updated by communities which are event trained by the UN and even intervene during emergencies;Wikipedia communicates science and refers to scienti fi c literature and Wikimedia Commons collects images and multimedia fi les created or uploaded by the communities. These are the largest open data infrastructures in the world and the largest communities already active and involved in the production of open data and open software. At the moment researchers tend to use the content of the Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as a source of information for their research (liked open data from Wikidata, images from Wikimedia Commons, texts from Wikipedia and Wikisource and background maps from OpenStreetMap). Collaboration is rarely reciprocal: researchers do not usually enrich data on these websites and do not use these infrastructure to for queries. When uploading data on the Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap, this activity is only considered as dissemination, without acknowledging its value for the co-production of research and for developing reproducible data analysis. Using a free, existing research infrastructure already maintained by wide communities is an effective and sustainable strategy to produce open science, make data fully accessible and co-produce with citizens new content, fully available for reuse and new research. Basing research queries on these platforms allows to reproduce them; content changes over time, but it is always possible to reproduce queries focusing on speci fi c timeframes. This presentation focuses on data related to cultural heritage supporting studies in the fi elds of museology, art, art history and history of architecture. It refers to examples drawn from the experience of Italian cultural heritage visualizations based on Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons (produced within the project Wiki Loves Monuments in Italy https://data.wikilovesmonuments.it/), from the experience of improving data about over 4000 Italian museums (produced within the project Empowering Italian GLAMs https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Empowering_Italian_GLAMs), from the upload of cultural sites of the Ticino region in Switzerland, from the upload of works of the architect Tito Vespasiano Paravicini and public art of Douala in Cameroon. Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open Research Infrastructure
  • 33. The Wikimedia and OpenStreetMap projects are an existing free software infrastructure that already produces citizen science and can be used by researchers to share and co- produce data and to produce - and reproduce - the results of research. The presentation speci fi cally refers to the potential of data related to cultural heritage for studies in the humanities and in particular in museology, art, art history and history of architecture. Iolanda Pensa, chair Wikimedia Italia / SUPSI, February 2024, FOSDEM, Bruxelles, CC BY-SA 4.0 Wikimedia projects and OpenStreetMap as an Open Research Infrastructure