TIDAL ENERGY – ITS PROCESSES AND FUTURE PROSPECTS IN PAKISTAN BY: MAJIDA ISLAM
INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Four major Drivers of Growth </li></ul><ul><li>a.  Energy  b . SME  c.  I.T  d.  Agriculture </li></u...
ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCES <ul><li>Availability of High Potential of renewable energy resources in Pakistan e.g. </li></ul><...
TIDAL ENERGY TIDAL POWER SOMETIMES CALLED TIDAL ENERGY IS A FORM OF HYDROPOWER THAT EXPLOITS THE MOVEMENT OF WATER CAUSED ...
TIDAL PROCESS FLOW
WORKING METHODOLOGY <ul><li>Storage of Water </li></ul><ul><li>Special Structure / Tidal Lagoons </li></ul><ul><li>High / ...
CATEGORIES OF TIDAL POWER <ul><li>TIDAL STREAM GENERATORS </li></ul><ul><li>  Make use of Kinetic Energy from moving  </li...
ENVRONMENTAL IMPACTS <ul><li>Different environmental impacts on different sites </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Knowledge : Effe...
PROS AND CONS <ul><li>No Emissions </li></ul><ul><li>No Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>No Fossil Fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Rene...
PROSPECTS OF TIDAL ENERGY IN PAKISTAN <ul><li>170Km available creek system of Indus Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Flow of water ...
<ul><li>Baluchistan </li></ul><ul><li>Sonmiani Hor and Kalmat Khor are good prospects </li></ul><ul><li>Development of tid...
OPERATING TIDAL POWER SCHEMES <ul><li>Rance Tidal Power Plant at La Rance France  ( 1960-1966 ) – 240MW Capacity </li></ul...
CONCLUSION <ul><li>Global Development of Tidal Technology at France , UK, Canada and former Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li...
CONCLUSION <ul><li>Tidal Energy can be focused as an alternate source of Energy in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Environmenta...
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Tidal Energy By Majida Islam

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Tidal Energy By Majida Islam

  1. 1. TIDAL ENERGY – ITS PROCESSES AND FUTURE PROSPECTS IN PAKISTAN BY: MAJIDA ISLAM
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Four major Drivers of Growth </li></ul><ul><li>a. Energy b . SME c. I.T d. Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough quantity of conventional </li></ul><ul><li>energy sources available since 1947. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations of Conventional Energy sources </li></ul><ul><li>Import dependence for energy </li></ul><ul><li>requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Growing world opinion for alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Eco friendly solution </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development of country </li></ul>
  3. 3. ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCES <ul><li>Availability of High Potential of renewable energy resources in Pakistan e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil Fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear plants </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Energy </li></ul><ul><li>City Solid Wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Wood wastes from Furnitures </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Forestry Wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Slurry from farms </li></ul><ul><li>Waste from Chicken farms </li></ul>
  4. 4. TIDAL ENERGY TIDAL POWER SOMETIMES CALLED TIDAL ENERGY IS A FORM OF HYDROPOWER THAT EXPLOITS THE MOVEMENT OF WATER CAUSED BY TIDAL CURRENTS OR THE RISE AND FALL IN SEA LEVELS DUE TO TIDES .
  5. 5. TIDAL PROCESS FLOW
  6. 6. WORKING METHODOLOGY <ul><li>Storage of Water </li></ul><ul><li>Special Structure / Tidal Lagoons </li></ul><ul><li>High / Low Tides </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Pressure Difference </li></ul><ul><li>Turbines at Outlets </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Effective and Economical Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Site Selection Criteria </li></ul>
  7. 7. CATEGORIES OF TIDAL POWER <ul><li>TIDAL STREAM GENERATORS </li></ul><ul><li> Make use of Kinetic Energy from moving </li></ul><ul><li>water current to Power Turbines. </li></ul><ul><li>BARRAGE TIDAL POWER </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of Potential Energy from the </li></ul><ul><li>difference in height ( or head ) between </li></ul><ul><li>high and low tides </li></ul>
  8. 8. ENVRONMENTAL IMPACTS <ul><li>Different environmental impacts on different sites </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Knowledge : Effects of changing tides on Aquatic and Shoreline Ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Prediction: Building of Barrages may effect sedimentation and turbidity of water within basins. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on Plants and animals </li></ul><ul><li>Restriction on movement of aquatic organisms </li></ul>
  9. 9. PROS AND CONS <ul><li>No Emissions </li></ul><ul><li>No Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>No Fossil Fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable clean energy </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in nuclear waste. </li></ul><ul><li>365 days/24hr operational plant </li></ul><ul><li>Free and Abundant fuel ( Water ) </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive civil infrastructure & Time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements and research needed for </li></ul><ul><li>Cost effective solution </li></ul>
  10. 10. PROSPECTS OF TIDAL ENERGY IN PAKISTAN <ul><li>170Km available creek system of Indus Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Flow of water with high velocity during flood in Creek system </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Oceanography says sea water inundates up to 80Km at some places due to tidal fluctuations </li></ul><ul><li>2-5 meters tidal heights at Korangi creek and over 5 meters at Sir Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Can produce 1100KW Power from a/m sites </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Baluchistan </li></ul><ul><li>Sonmiani Hor and Kalmat Khor are good prospects </li></ul><ul><li>Development of tidal Energy plants at Pakistan Coast could uplift socio-economic conditions of costal population of Pakistan </li></ul>PROSPECTS OF TIDAL ENERGY IN PAKISTAN
  12. 12. OPERATING TIDAL POWER SCHEMES <ul><li>Rance Tidal Power Plant at La Rance France ( 1960-1966 ) – 240MW Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Annapolis Royal Generating Station in North America – 1984 – 18MW Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Small Power Plant at Kislaya Guba on Barents Sea in former Soviet Union – 0.5 MW Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>China has developed several small Tidal Power projects and one large facility at Jiangxia and at mouth of Yalu. </li></ul>
  13. 13. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Global Development of Tidal Technology at France , UK, Canada and former Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Development actions needed to reduce construction costs, increasing output and reducing uncertainties on environmental impact. </li></ul>
  14. 14. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Tidal Energy can be focused as an alternate source of Energy in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impacts of Tidal process is much more smaller than using convetional fuels such as fossil fuels and nuclear plants etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Tidal Power alone cannot fulfills complete demand however can be helpful to overcome the problem of shortage. </li></ul>

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