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John Locke Philosophy


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John Locke Philosophy

  1. 1. John Locke Saad Nikki Mohit
  2. 2. Rationalist or Empiricist <ul><li>Locke believed that we gain knowledge by experience, this is called empiricism </li></ul><ul><li>Locke agreed with Aristotle that we are not born with innate ideas, and that we learn through experience </li></ul>
  3. 3. Issues with Knowledge <ul><li>Locke’s theory was that the only way we learn is by tasting, smelling, touching, and hearing the external world </li></ul><ul><li>Locke believed that there were two types of ideas, Simple and Complex </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple ideas are easy sensations like feeling a hot stove </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex ideas are a grouping of simple ideas like when you look at a banana, you see it is yellow (color) it is mushy (texture) it is sweet (taste) these ideas form the idea of a banana </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ideas that are nonmaterial were also explained by simple ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you imagine a griffin, you have put together the parts of different animals the body of a lion, the head, wings, and talons of an eagle </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Locke stated that all things have primary and secondary qualities </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary: height and weight (undeniable truths) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary: rely on subjective or personal judgments (color, taste and sound) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. From Sense Experience to Ideas Sense Experience Sensation Impression in the Mind Reflection Idea You touch ice Cold Ice is cold Ice = cold If you touch ice, it will be cold
  5. 5. Responding to? Different from? <ul><li>Locke disagreed with Rene Descartes, he believed that humans are born without any knowledge of the world </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Descartes borrowed ideas from Plato, he believed that we are all born with innate ideas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Locke agreed with Aristotle’s theory that humans are born with a clean slate, and that we learn while we grow, experiencing the world as we go </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aristotle believed that we gain knowledge by experiencing the world with our senses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Vocabulary SENSE: Sight, hearing, smell, taste, or touch SENSATION: The operation or function of the senses; perception or awareness of stimuli through the senses REFLECTION: Thinking about what you experienced, processing the information IMPRESSION: The first and immediate effect of an experience or perception upon the mind QUALITIES: Essential or distinctive characteristic, property, or attribute