Locke, John


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An overview of Locke's life and works.

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Locke, John

  1. 1. Born : August 29,1632 Wrington, Somerset, England Died : October 28, 1704 Essex, England John Locke 1
  2. 2. Growing Up <ul><li>John Locke's father was also named John Locke and his mother was Agnes Keene. </li></ul><ul><li>He grew up in a small cottage by a church in Wrington, Somerset, near Bristol. </li></ul><ul><li>The family moved to Pensford where Locke grew up in Belluton. </li></ul>2 John Locke’s House
  3. 3. Education <ul><li>In 1647, Locke began to attend the prestigious Westminster School in London. </li></ul><ul><li>He was accepted to Christ Church, Oxford in 1652. </li></ul><ul><li>Became part of the English Royal Society </li></ul><ul><li>Received both a bachelor’s and master’s degree in 1658. </li></ul><ul><li>Locke focused mainly on medical study. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelor of medicine (1674) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Started focusing on writing more than medical study. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Met in Shaftesbury‘s house about the “Essay” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Met to form the Carolinas </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Interests <ul><li>John Locke had three main interests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epistemological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific </li></ul></ul>3
  5. 5. Political (Interests Continued) <ul><li>John Locke was against Absolute monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposed the divine right of kings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believed the humans should protect their natural rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Had a goal to prove that the government was unjust. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Epistemological (Interests Continued) <ul><li>The concept of epistemology is basically how our mind works and how to improve it. </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke mentions and describes in-depth how people should live </li></ul><ul><li>“ An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” is a good example of this concept. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Scientific (Interests Continued) <ul><li>Locke was influenced by Robert Boyle </li></ul><ul><li>Locke argued the theory of matter in the “Essay ” . </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locke states that every physical thing is composed of sub-microscopic properties, which are classified as two kinds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>primary, shape and size </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>secondary, color and taste </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. John Locke’s Major Works <ul><li>(1689) “A Letter Concerning Toleration” </li></ul><ul><li>(1690) “ A Second Letter Concerning” Toleration </li></ul><ul><li>(1692) “ A Third Letter for Toleration” </li></ul><ul><li>(1689) “Two Treatises of Government” </li></ul><ul><li>(1690) “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” </li></ul><ul><li>(1693) “Some Thoughts Concerning Education” </li></ul><ul><li>(1695) “ The Reasonableness of Christianity, as Delivered in the Scriptures” </li></ul><ul><li>(1695) “ The Reasonableness of Christianity” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Most Influential Works <ul><li>“ An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Second Treatise of Civil Government” </li></ul><ul><li>“ A Letter Concerning Toleration” </li></ul>
  10. 10. “ An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” <ul><li>The Essay was a close examination of the human mind. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When man is born, his mind is blank,and is filled in throughout time like a new notebook, where observations of the world are recorded for future reference. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His theory was that the mind should be completely filled with information through the use of the five senses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This information is taken for future reference that can be applied to every day decisions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gaining wisdom through proper rearing (“Some Thoughts Concerning Education”) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. “ The Second Treatise of Civil Government” <ul><li>The first treaty argues Robert Filmer’s view about how man is born a slave to the natural born king. </li></ul><ul><li>The second is Locke’s opinion on the political upheaval. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundation for the modern day government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Democracies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Locke also states that humans no what is right and wrong. </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ A Letter Concerning Toleration” <ul><li>It argues the new understanding of the relationship between government and religion. </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke states that in order to have a civilized society there must be a unity of religion and people. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite his strong belief in tolerance, he absolutely despised Catholics and Atheists </li></ul><ul><li>His hatred spawned from a fear that Catholicism might take over England, therefore, suggesting that toleration for all religions should be allowed. </li></ul>
  13. 13. John Locke’s Contribution to Society <ul><li>John Locke played a key role in making our world the way it is today. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He contributed to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern day thought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sources <ul><li>&quot;John Locke.&quot; Blupete. 2006. 9 May 2007< http://www. blupete .com/Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Locke. htm #Government >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ John Locke.” The Locke page. 2008. 26 Febuary 2008< http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/locke.html >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ John Locke.” Epistemelinks. 2008. 26 Febuary 2008 < http://www.epistemelinks.com/Main/Philosophers.aspx?PhilCode=Lock >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ John Locke.” The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2006. 26 Febuary 2008< http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/l/locke.htm > </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Locke portrait (1) : < http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/hst/scientific-identity/fullsize/SIL14-L005-05a.jpg >. </li></ul><ul><li>House of John Locke (2): < http://www.ashrare.com/33401.jpg >. </li></ul><ul><li>Books (3): < http://www.nyla.org/content/user_4/NYLA_Stock_OldBooks_SM.jpg >. </li></ul>