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mLearning : Habitus and Field Activities


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This presentation discusses using mobile technology for field learning activities and multimodal presentations. It offers background on mobile learning and then transitions into activities and sequences for teachers and learners to begin conducting their own field research in the Humanities. It is intended to transform habitus for learners, to make connections through mobile technology, and to compose meaning in multimodal ways.

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mLearning : Habitus and Field Activities

  1. 1. mLearning: Habitus and FieldActivitiesMichael Sean GallagherInstitute of Education, University of London @mseangallagher
  2. 2. What is mlearning? “tools such as computers and mobile phones function as interactive agents in the process of coming to know, creating a human-technology system to communicate, to mediate agreements between learners and to aid recall and reflection”  (Sharples, 2005, 7)
  3. 3. What is Mlearning? Technology includes (but not limited to):  Tablets  Phones  GPS devices  MP3 Players  Laptops * * Criteria for inclusion: Does the technology transform the habitus?
  4. 4. What is Mlearning? Habitus: a structure of the mind characterized by a set of acquired schemata, sensibilities, dispositions and taste. “That which is mobile is not knowledge or information, but is the individual’s habitus.”  (Kress, Pachler)
  5. 5. What is mlearning? “the ability to bring things into conjunction which might have previously have been relatively difficult to join” (Kress, Pachler)
  6. 6. Mlearning for General Education  Content Access  Literacy  Assessment  News  Administration  Collaboration  Composition/Curation
  7. 7. Mlearning for Primary Education• Writing• Mathematics• Reading• Media Creation/Curation• Reflection/Composition *• Assessment• Administration• Collaboration
  8. 8. Mlearning for Secondary Education Access/Administration Literacy/Numeracy Discipline specific investigations Field Activities Media Creation/Curation Reflection/Composition * Test Preparation Collaboration“For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn bydoing them.” ― Aristotle
  9. 9. Mlearning for Higher Education Access/Administration Data Collection/Field Activities Media Creation/Curation Composition/Reflection Data Management Collaboration Dissemination
  10. 10. mLearning for Developing Nationsm4d  Literacy  Agriculture  Health  Governance  Disaster Response and Relief  Learning  Finance (M-Pesa)
  11. 11. Scope and Significance New modes for new media and theoretical positions New methods of selection New mechanisms for demonstrating knowledge Reinvestment in the local and the geographical All require reflective activities
  12. 12. Multimodality First, multimodality assumes that representation and communication always draw on a multiplicity of modes, all of which contribute to meaning Second, multimodality assumes that resources are socially shaped over time to become meaning making resources that articulate the meanings demanded by different communities. Third, people orchestrate meaning through their selection and configuration of modes*Taken from MODE MultimodalityGlossary
  13. 13. Multimodality & Mobile: For Learners  What media/modes are you including? Why?  What is their social significance (to the discipline, classmates, society)?  How will they be arranged/orchestrated?  Why did you choose this layout? What does it emphasize or foreground?  What is your position (theory, opinion, thesis)?  How is your position linked to your composition?  What tools and technologies will you use to present this? * Reflection=Evidence of Learning
  14. 14. Composing w/mobile: Sequence1. Research questions2. Theoretical positioning3. Methods of selection (media, theory, modes, tools)4. Layout/Design5. Tools *6. Workflow/Timeline7. Data collection and curation8. Field Notes9. Analysis, Assembly and Reflection10. Dissemination*never forget data management
  15. 15. Presentation of Meaning ‘Containers’ for mobile  Montage  Collage  Mosaic  Maps (GPS)  Remixes  Mashups  Blog posts “…completely at odds with our modern visual experience, because everything today is based on montage”- Esa-Pekka Salonen
  16. 16. Mobile Tools for Composition My Mobile Toolkit
  17. 17. Mobile Field Diaries“I never travel without my diary. One should always have somethingsensational to read in the train”-Oscar Wilde
  18. 18. Mobile Vantage Points: Place1. Choose a research question (what do you want to know?)2. Research that question (person, locale, street, idea)3. Choose media to collect and tell the story4. Choose a vantage point from which to explore the place 1. Individual (personal history, famous artist, past civilization) 2. Idea, artwork, or architecture 3. Neighborhood, street, environment (aural, visual, sensory landscapes)5. Collect Data and Reflect in Field Diaries
  19. 19. Mobile Composition ExamplesSeoul
  20. 20. Mobile Composition ExamplesSeoul
  21. 21. Mobile Composition ExamplesNew York
  22. 22. Mobile Composition ExamplesHelsinki Image from KFP
  23. 23. Mobile Field Activities Helsinki  What fields or fields of study (art, literature, history, architecture, biology, botany)?  What vantage point (person, neighborhood, idea, architecture, etc.)?  What do we want to know (research questions)?  What media would tell that story?  What data do we need to collect?  What tools will we use? Image from Axilera
  24. 24. Before the Field Diaries: QuestionsTools Have you tested the tools? Where is the data stored? Can you export the data? Does it have location (GPS) coordinates?Storage and Presentation Where will this media be collected and composed? Where will it be presented? Blog? Private vs. public? How will others interact with your presentation? Blog comments?
  25. 25. Field Diaries: QuestionsReflective What inspired you to collect this data at this location? What does it mean to you? How does it advance your research question? How would I assess work created this way?Practical What difficulties did you experience collecting the data? What tools might have better served your needs? How are you going to disseminate this media?
  26. 26. Post-Field Diaries: Questions What media will I use to present my composition? What will I foreground? Background? What tools will I use to assemble this composition? How will I disseminate it?
  27. 27. mLearning: Habitus and FieldActivitiesMichael Sean GallagherInstitute of Education, University of London @mseangallagher