CSSPs are demand driven and are integrated with all segments of society with a goal of doing policy oriented research and capacity building. They are also supported by researchers in DC both within DSG and by other divisions.
Shenggen closing remarks
Food Secure Arab World A Roadmap for Policy & Research Shenggen Fan IFPRI Director GeneralIFPRI-UNESCWA Conference: Food Secure Arab World—A Roadmap for Policy & ResearchUnited Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia; Beirut, 6-7 February 2012
Why Now?• The 2008 food crisis put food security very high on the agenda of Arab governments• Food insecurity contributed to the Arab Awakening• Food insecurity and poverty are likely higher than suggested by official data• New window of opportunity for change
What We Already Know• The region’s food insecurity, malnutrition and poverty are high• The region will face even more challenges in the future• Region’s food security is closely linked with global market• High unemployment, especially among the youth• Agriculture, particularly smallholder agriculture, still has a large role to play in reducing hunger, malnutrition and poverty• Food sovereignty” or “self-sufficiency” is NOT a solution• Poor governance, weak institutions and capacity
What Is New• Food-water-energy nexus with focus on renewable energy• Focus on macro- and household-level food security• Rise of the triple nutrition burden (malnutrition, obesity, micronutrient deficiency)• Expected strong impacts of climate change, especially on the poor (farm and non-farm)• Income from off-farm employment has become more important, even in rural areas and for the poor• Fish production has a great potential and will have to come from aquaculture• Lack of timely and reliable data on poverty, hunger, malnutrition, government spending, etc.
The Way Forward• Reposition agriculture for broad development outcomes: food security, conflict resilience, employment, nutrition, health, land/water saving and low carbon – cross-sectoral impact• A collaborative regional approach (trade and establishment of regional storage facilities, etc.)• Improve data transparency and information• Understand implementation and policy making process• Support country/region led development process
Support Country-led Development Process Ministries Local think• Timely, policy relevant tanks, NARS research results • Capacity building• Improved access to • Collaboration information and data Country Strategy • Sharing lessons across• Policy dialogue countries Support Program Universities Civil society • Collaboration • Farmers • Sharing lessons across • Local Businesses countries • NGOs
Especially Needed: Smart Strategic Partnerships• Smart strategic partnerships are needed all the way from conceptualization to impact• Strengthened cooperation between International and regional organizations (UN ESCWA, Arab League, etc.)• Inclusive partnerships (government, CSO, NGO, etc.)• National partnership especially crucial for most food insecure countries (Yemen, Sudan, Egypt, Morocco, etc.)• Towards an Arab Food Security Partnership Network• This conference has been a great opportunity to enhance existing partnerships and develop new ones