Session 2 omer zafar


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Session 2 omer zafar

  1. 1. IFAD’s Investments for Food Security in the Arab World Omer Zafar Near East, North Africa and Europe Division International Fund for Agricultural Development Food Secure Arab World – A Roadmap for Policy & Research Beirut, 6-7 February 2012
  2. 2. Cereals demand and supply in Arab Countries Cereal demand and supply in Arab countries (2000 – 2030)
  3. 3. IFAD’s investments to improve food security managing natural resources increasing agriculture productivity promoting rural finance upgrading value chains creating economic opportunities public-private partnerships
  4. 4. Natural resource management - waterWater scarcity 75% decline in per capita renewable water resources since 1950 projected further 40% decline in water resources by 2050IFAD’s investments Improved Water Management LocalAppropriate Water InstitutionsTechnologies Infrastructure (WUAs)
  5. 5. Natural resource management - waterIFAD investments include: soil and water conservation rainwater harvesting alternative water resources distribution systems on-farm water use efficiency livestock water points
  6. 6. Natural resource management - land Syria: investing in land reclamation through de-rocking total area reclaimed is more than 700,000 hectares, or 12% of total cultivable area IFAD investments contributed to de- rocking 180,000 hectares directly benefitting 70,000 households, doubling arable land in targeted areas
  7. 7. Natural resource management - rangelandsStatus: rangelands are at risk of degradation, with economic lossesIFAD investments include: deferred grazing veterinary services linking pastoralists’ institutions withshrub plantation genetics improved services and reseeding water availability markets Resource Resource Institutional Conservation Management Support
  8. 8. Increasing agricultural productivityStatus cereals yields are 50% of world average cereals productivity growth is declining horticulture productivity growth is relatively good
  9. 9. Increasing agricultural productivityIFAD investments include: R&D partnerships improved varieties improved management practices demonstration plots & field schools increased private sector role Agricultural Extension DeliveryTechnologies Services Systems Increased Agricultural Productivity
  10. 10. Promoting rural finance  support access to a variety of financial services  promote a range of financial institutions and modalities  support demand-driven and innovative approaches  encourage market-based approaches  focus on sustainability and poverty outreach  promote an enabling environment for rural finance
  11. 11. Promoting rural finance:Sanadiq in Syria, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen
  12. 12. Promoting rural finance:Sanadiq in Syria Achievements  76 sanadiq created, with 13,500 members (45% women)  22,000 loans disbursed, amounting to USD 17 million  loans are short-term with maximum one year duration  investments in agriculture, livestock, off-farm micro-businesses Way Forward  legalisation of sanduq as financial institution  creation of Apex institution for financial and other services  linkages for refinancing from financial institutions  innovative forms of capitalisation
  13. 13. Promoting rural finance:Refinancing Smallholders (producers associations) Financial loan Ministry of Refinancing loan InstitutionsIFAD Markets repayment Finance Facility repayment loan forward repayment contract Agribusiness (enterprises)
  14. 14. Promoting rural finance:Refinancing Refinancing helps financial institutions to:  increase rural outreach and attract new clients  adapt financial products to rural demand  invest own funds and leverage additional funds  introduce innovative collateral requirements (e.g forward contracts) Way Forward  diversify financial instruments (micro-leasing, equity financing)  technical assistance to mobilise deposits and savings (exit strategy)
  15. 15. Promoting rural finance:Equity financing temporary strategic investments in rural enterprises (often family-owned or cooperative) with market demand, growth potential and job creation; combined with non-financial advisory services (managerial, technical, market access); the foundation is the value chain approach (agriculture, fisheries, livestock, off-farm and non-farm sectors) economic benefits for the rural poor through backwards linkages with producers, job creation for unemployed and under-employed, and rural economic multiplier effects
  16. 16. Creating economic opportunities - investmentsMarket driven investments to promote economic opportunities and create jobs selected value chains with comparative advantage, market demand and growth potential (agriculture, livestock, fisheries, non-farm) broad range of rural financial services (savings & credit groups, microfinance, debt finance, refinancing, equity financing) market-derived infrastructure development linked to the selected value chains producers’ associations and win-win contractual arrangements with processors, traders and markets agribusiness development (SMEs linked to smallholders and/or creating job opportunities) and non-farm enterprises
  17. 17. Creating economic opportunities - services Services for smallholders  smallholder producers’ associations  climate-smart, environmentally-friendly technologies  access to a range of financial services  access to technical and business services  GGAP training and certification  skills development and rural labour market intermediation Services for enterprises  access to a range of financial services  access to managerial, business, technical services  HACCP / ISO compliance and certification  market promotion
  18. 18. Upgrading agricultural value chains:operational experiences Services: Financial Business Marketing Market promotion HACCP / ISO Services: PA support Producers forward Agribusiness Market Technology Association contract (enterprises) (domestic; export) (smallholders) Financial Business GGAP Market-derived Infrastructure
  19. 19. IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region  IFAD’s active portfolio in the region covers 10 borrowing/recipient countries and amounts to USD 930 million  of this, USD 450 million is financed by IFAD and USD 480 million by cofinanciers (domestic & external)  this portfolio is now directly reaching some 2.9 million poor rural people across about 3,100 communities  as such, the active portfolio is reaching 2.4% of the rural population or 6.5% of the rural poor in borrowing/recipient countries  in 2011, the average investment cost (loan/grant) per beneficiary amounted to about USD 52
  20. 20. IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region: some results 380,000 ha of land under improved management practices 250,000 ha of land under irrigation scheme constructed or rehabilitated 220 livestock water points constructed or rehabilitated 3,200 drinking water systems constructed or rehabilitated
  21. 21. IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region: some results 270,200 poor rural people in strengthened community organisations 32,000 poor rural people in savings and credit groups 23,500 poor rural people trained in income generating activities 20,500 poor rural people trained in post- production, processing and marketing
  22. 22. IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region:some results 1,500 km of roads constructed or rehabilitated
  23. 23. IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region: some results 1,400 savings and credit groups formed and/or strengthened 460 savings and credit groups with women in leadership positions
  24. 24. IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region:Partnerships (selected) Cofinancing  Islamic Development Bank  OPEC Fund for International Development  World Bank  Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development  Global Environmental Facility  borrowing/recipient Governments  private sector such as commercial banks and investors  beneficiaries Knowledge  UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia  International Center for Agriculture Research in Dry Areas  International Center for Biosaline Agriculture  International Food Policy Research Institute  Food and Agriculture Organisation  National agriculture research institutes
  25. 25. Thank you