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COP 22 Side Event: Youth Engagement in Climate-Smart Agriculture in Africa presentations


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CCAFS side event at the COP22 on 'Youth Engagement in Climate-Smart Agriculture in Africa' combined presentations.

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COP 22 Side Event: Youth Engagement in Climate-Smart Agriculture in Africa presentations

  1. 1. Some examples Youth Engagement in CSA in East Africa
  2. 2. Youth CSA activities CCAFS is working with youth groups in East Africa: Smart farms – combination of CSA practices −Greenhouse production of tomatoes & green beans for better disease and pest control, continuous production to meet market demand and water efficiency. −Irrigation - Rain water harvesting irrigation (RWHI) −Aquaculture - fish farming for improved nutrition and income  Improved small ruminants - uptake of resilient breeds of goats (Galla) and sheep (Red Maasai) -  Agroforestry- Integrating fruit trees and multipurpose trees for fodder and fuel wood, and tree nurseries  Climate Information Service (CIS) – Informed farm decisions
  3. 3. Greenhouse production of tomatoes (4 youth groups in Nyando) – Kamula, Onyuongo, Obinju and Kapsokale)
  4. 4. Youth group members pruning their crop in the greenhouse
  5. 5. Drip irrigation – vegetable production (Kales, black nightshade, cabbages).
  6. 6. Youth involved in horticulture for income generation
  7. 7. Pest control for better yield
  8. 8. Aquaculture - youth embrace fish farming for nutrition and income
  9. 9. Tree nurseries integrating fruit trees & multipurpose trees for income
  10. 10. Fruit trees – Pawpaw and Avocado for income
  11. 11. Water harvesting for irrigation
  12. 12. Resilient livestock —drought tolerant Galla Goats & Red Maasai Sheep
  13. 13. Climate information services – youths embrace CIS for better informed farm decisions
  14. 14. Thank you
  15. 15. COP22 side event: Youth engagement in climate-smart agriculture in Africa, Date: Tuesday, November 15, 2016 Time: 10:00 – 11:30 GMT + 1, Venue: Africa Pavillion, Salle 2 ( Blue Zone)
  16. 16. Mainstreaming youth in Climate Smart Agriculture as an opportunity for employment
  17. 17. WHAT IS CSAYN? The CSAYN is a group of volunteers (based in eight countries in SSA, also USA and Europe)- linked across the world via an online platform to share findings and seek advice for their practical projects - that have a strong interest in CSA and the environment.
  18. 18. MISSION STATEMENT ❑ Raise awareness on CSA among young men and women (aged 15- 24)to enable them to make sustainable decisions for the future in the agriculture sector. ❑ Create awareness of the related present and future threats related to climate change and agriculture. ❑ Make youth aware of the contributions they can make in the agriculture sector for a better future, especially through the application of climate-smart practices in both agriculture & forestry. ❑ Fast change of behavior; youth as vectors of change: Youth take good practices & knowledge to their families at home and thus change society.
  19. 19. VISION STATEMENT The CSAYN aims to engage its target groups through information dissemination by using existing knowledge materials on CSA to increase the capacities of members, using media and other publication institutions to spread the news. Budget ? Myrad of Climate Funds, but nobody paid us or reserved money for youth or too unpredictable.
  20. 20. TARGET COUNTRIES ❑Togo (CSA pilot country for East Africa); ❑Nigeria (CSA pilot country for West Africa); ❑Cameroon (CSA pilot country for Central Africa) and ❑Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). ❑Where will the money come from?
  21. 21. CSAYN PAST PROGRAMS ❑2014 - Inception of CSAYN in Cameroon as the HQ ❑2014 - DRC (Central African ),Togo (East Africa), Nigeria (West Africa) ❑2014 - Planning meetings in Canada (Americas) being the technical HQ ❑2014 - CSAYN was well represented at the UN Climate Summit
  22. 22. CSAYN PAST PROGRAMS ❑ 2015 - CSAYN Global Coordination Unit (GCU) signed the United Nations Zero Hunger Challenge Pledge (ZHC) towards promoting the campaign among all CSAYN countries & beyond ❑ 2015 - call to applications for Country Coordinators (CC) was launched after which most volunteers were identified to support our activities at country-level as focal points. ❑ Nice, everybody wants to be on the picture with us / youth, but when does the money follow for youth if we are so important to provoke change in society for the better? ❑ Our Future? Adults caused the problems? Where’s our money?
  23. 23. CSAYN CURRENT PROGRAMS In margin of the transition from Millennium Development Goals to the New Development Agenda; commonly known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Agenda 2030 CSAYN designed a program titled: African Youth for the SDGs Training (AYSDGT) with the following objectives ... Where will the money come from?
  24. 24. CSAYN ACTIVITIES IN PICTURES Launch Nigeria Climate Smart Agriculture Youth Network
  25. 25. UN Observance Day
  27. 27. DRC LAUNCH
  29. 29. CAMEROON INCEPTION OF THE AYSDGT AYSDGT = African Youth for the SDG Training
  31. 31.
  33. 33. Thank you & be practical Where is our Money? Invest in Youth led Climate Actions Annual budget please per country or COP22 is a failure ! Climate Smart Agriculture Youth Network
  34. 34. THANK YOU!!!
  35. 35. Presented at COP 22 Side Event in African Pavilion, Salle 2 in Marrakech, Morocco on November 15, 2016 38 Youth Engagement in Climate Smart Agriculture in Africa by DybornChibonga,NASFAMCEO Member of WorldFarmers’Organisation(WFO)
  36. 36. Outline of Presentation  Perceptions of Smallholder Agriculture in Africa  Why Engagement of Youth in Agriculture  Challenges of Youth participation in CSA  Recommendations  Conclusion 39
  37. 37. Perceptions of Smallholder Agriculture in Africa • Farming can be a backbreaking and labour-intensive chore for many families and the millions of African smallholder farmers • The average age of a farmer anywhere in the world is 60 years old. • For a very important sector that feeds the world and ensures our food and nutritional security, this is an alarming piece of statistics and is a cause for concern. • But government leaders, policymakers, development workers, and other important stakeholders are now sitting up and listening. 40
  38. 38. Why Engagement of Youth in Agriculture • Agriculture is now being modernized and receiving the attention that would make it as the next driver of development in sub-Saharan Africa. • One that will ensure that Africa becomes the next bread basket of the world and encourage the productive engagement of marginal groups such as women and youth in agricultural value chains. • And that can help transform the sector into a more vibrant and attractive occupation for the teeming African youths. 41
  39. 39. 42 Challenges of Youth participation in CSA Lack of enabling policy environment and platforms for youth engagement in CSA • Regional, national and international policies do not reflect the need for consistent and comprehensive approaches for engaging young people in developing the agricultural sector, addressing climate change, and safeguarding food security. • Few incentives for youth to take advantage of the available opportunities and the potential of new technologies aimed at recuperating agricultural productivity.
  40. 40. 43 Challenges of Youth participation in CSA... Lack of Research for Development in CSA • CSA requires research in order to further develop and constantly incorporate new innovations. • Young professionals are at the helm of research as the future of the agriculture sector. • However, research opportunities in CSA are not always well presented to the youth, and tools and knowledge on CSA are not well developed and shared. • Investment in education, capacity development and communication would go a long way towards engaging the youth in CSA.
  41. 41. 44 Challenges of Youth participation in CSA... Lack of access to productive resources for CSA • Land ownership is an Africa-wide challenge, as older males tend to own or control the land. • As land is the major requirement for CSA, the youth need access to this resource. • In addition to land, CSA practices and technologies require other major investments, requiring coordinated financial mechanisms from different sources.
  42. 42. Recommendations  There is a need to make CSA activities attractive and accessible to the youth.  This means exploring and introducing more business and market-oriented approaches to agriculture for youth engagement in the sector,  Making the agricultural sector a more productive and attractive profession.  Government, Private Sector and Development Partners need to play a central role in the development of CSA technologies  Especially in creating new employment opportunities for young people,  Nurturing linkages between education and business,  Improving access to markets, financial services and innovation,  The transfer of technology and skills. 45
  43. 43. Recommendations…  Existing good practice cases on CSA must be documented and shared for the benefit of the youth.  Mobilizing and organizing youth farmers into cooperatives and associations to benefit from economies of scale. 46
  44. 44.  The world has undergone significant transformation in the way business is done.  Almost everything is technologically enhanced and requiring creativity every now and then if one is to stay in business.  New markets and niches in the agricultural sector offer young people opportunities for improving their livelihoods and ensuring food and nutrition security. 47 Conclusions
  45. 45. Zikomo Thank You! 48 “The future belongs to the organized!”
  46. 46. Olu Ajayi PhD Marakech, Morocco 15 November, 2016 Opportunities and Incentives for Youth to engage in CSA in Africa
  47. 47. Technical Centre for Agricultural and rural Cooperation (CTA) Mission: to advance food and nutrition security, increase prosperity & encourage sound NRM in ACP. CTA operates under the framework of the Cotonou Agreement between ACP and EU.
  48. 48. Approach 5 Promoting agriculture as a sustainable business that can create value for smallholder producers, provide jobs for women and youth, produce nutritious and healthy food for people, and serve as an engine for inclusive growth.
  49. 49. Climate variability (& change) is critical to agriculture in ACP region because smallholder farms are rainfed  Distribution of impact- smallholder & female with lowest capacity to adapt are disproportionally impacted  Mid-season drought and weather extreme are the “new normal”? What we know….
  50. 50. From “problems” to “solutions”....... Much information about challenges...but relatively less on solutions Proven specific solutions that benefit smallholder farmers?  Issues to ponder: ‒ Their adoption & impact? ‒ How to upscale proven CSA solutions?
  51. 51. “Climate solutions that work for farmers” - a compilation of stories from the field Scaling up Climate Smart Agricultural Solutions for smallscale farmers in Southern African region
  52. 52. Opportunities & Incentives  Demographic changes & emergence of consumers conscious of food quality & environ footprints.  Role models of successful youth in agric: “Agriculture/CSA is cool!”. Harnessing the power of ICTs- mobile apps to help farmers make informed decision Agriculture /CSA is on the radar once opportunities
  53. 53. Opportunities & Incentives  Bottom line: agriculture/csa must be profitable Policies and institutional context
  54. 54. Thank you Merci beaucoup CTA operates under the framework of the Cotonou Agreement and is funded by the EU.