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PowerPoint 1


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PowerPoint 1

  1. 1. United States Involvement In WWII<br />
  2. 2. United States' Role Prior to Pearl Harbor<br />Supply Britain with weapons, food, and planes.<br />Aid China and France in similar fashion.<br />Help the Allied nations develop propaganda. <br />Totally cutting Japan’s petroleum supply. <br />Supplying drill instructors to the Allied forces.<br />Selling oil to Germany’s enemies.<br />
  3. 3. United States Reaction to Pearl Harbor<br />Instant declaration of war on Japan.<br />Heightened military presence in the Pacific.<br />Reactivation of the draft and volunteer offices.<br />War declared on Germany four days after.<br />Women began manufacturing supplies for war.<br />Japanese Americans forced into internment camps.<br />
  4. 4. Early U.S. Battles After Pearl Harbor<br />Battle of the Philippines. <br />Battle of Wake Islands.<br />Dutch East Indies campaign battles.<br />Solomon Islands and New Guinea campaign.<br />Battle of the Coral Sea.<br />Battle of Midway and Aleutian Islands. <br />
  5. 5. Early U.S. Battles in the European Theater<br />Invasion of French North Africa campaign.<br />Invasion of Sicily campaign.<br />Invasion of mainland Italy campaign.<br />All campaigns were coalition efforts with the British and Canadians. <br />The first invasion was in 1942, and the last in 1943. <br />
  6. 6. Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)<br />Initial invasion was on Tuesday June 6, 1944.<br />Coalition effort between American, British, Canadian, and Free French troops.<br />Over 24,000 airborne troops and 160,000 amphibious troops landed at Normandy.<br />Beach sectors were named: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword.<br />Of the 10,000 German soldiers, an estimated 4,000-9,000 ended up being casualties.<br />
  7. 7. Operation Market Garden<br />Took place between September 17-25, 1944.<br />Was a coalition effort between the Americans, British, and French.<br />Was the largest airborne operation ever.<br />Allied forces dropped directly into the Netherlands and Germany.<br />Resulted as a total blunder for the Allied forces, suffering more than 15,000 casualties.<br />
  8. 8. General Patton in North Africa<br />Took command of the Western Task Force of the U.S. Army in November of 1942.<br />Pioneered the use of light airplanes for reconnaissance.<br />First U.S. General to receive a medal from a foreign leader.<br />Defeated the German General Rommel in less than three months. <br />Pushed the Germans out of North Africa in about six months.<br />Fun Fact: My great-uncle was one of Patton’s drivers in North Africa.<br />
  9. 9. Battle of Iwo Jima<br />Known as Operation Detachment, took place between February 19-March 26, 1945. <br />Goal was to seize three important airfields on the island.<br />Over 70,000 U.S. Marines stormed the island; with about 20,000 Japanese soldiers defending it. <br />Was the fiercest and longest (35 days) battle in the Pacific Theater.<br />The famous picture of five Marines raising the American flag took place on the highest mountain on the fifth day.<br />
  10. 10. General MacArthur “Island Hopping”<br />Used by the Allied forces in the Pacific Theater.<br />Perfected by General MacArthur.<br />Idea was to ignore heavily fortified Japanese positions, and to capture smaller, more strategic islands.<br />Captured many important islands, including the Philippine Islands.<br />Used this tactic for close to four years.<br />
  11. 11. Battle of Saipan<br />Fought from June 15-July 9, 1944. <br />Commanding U.S. Generals were Lt. Gen. Holland Smith and Lt. Gen. Richmond K. Turner. <br />U.S. Marines forced the Japanese to retreat by July 7.<br />Of the 71,000 Marines that landed on Saipan, 10,000 died.<br />Many Japanese civilians were killed, but mostly by suicide. <br />
  12. 12. Battle of the Bulge<br />Began Dec. 16, 1944 and ended Jan. 25, 1945.<br />Took place in the Ardennes Forest of Belgium.<br />Of the four U.S. generals, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and General Patton commanded.<br />The point of the battle was to capture the city of Bastogne. <br />The battle was the largest and bloodiest that the U.S. had ever fought. <br />
  13. 13. Becoming Allies With Russia<br />We became allies in 1942.<br />The deal that was made between FDR and Stalin was that a second front would be opened in France.<br />With no chance of losing the war now, both sides went on full attack.<br />But the Russians wanted the atomic bomb technology, which made the U.S. uneasy. <br />
  14. 14. Liberation of Paris<br />U.S. forces liberated Paris in August of 1944.<br />The liberation started with an attack on a German garrison by the French Resistance Army.<br />After many attacks by U.S. forces and the French Resistance, the Germans surrendered the city on August 25, 1944.<br />Because of this victory, the French people became grateful to the U.S. forces.<br />
  15. 15. V-E Day and Dropping of the Bombs<br />V-E Day, or Victor in Europe Day, took place on May 8, 1945.<br />This is the day the Allied forces accepted the unconditional surrender of the Nazi Army.<br />On August 6, 1945, the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.<br />On August 8, 1945, the U.S. dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki.<br />With these two bombs, the unconditional surrender of the Japanese army was solidified. <br />
  16. 16. Impact of U.S. Victory<br />The economy boomed, along with the standard of living.<br />The U.S. became a powerhouse nation, with the strongest military.<br />The technology of the hydrogen bomb was our knock out punch.<br />National morale sky rocketed.<br />Relations with many countries grew stronger. <br />