World War II   Leaders Battles Maps  
Joseph Stalin <ul><ul><li>Born in Gori, Georgia in 1879. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last name means ‘steel’ in Russian. </...
Benito Mussolini <ul><ul><li>Born in Italy in 1883 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established the Fascist Party in Italy in 19...
 
Adolf Hitler <ul><ul><li>Hitler followed a path similar to Mussolini. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His NAZI party had total ...
Rome-Berlin Axis Alliance between Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) in 1936. These fascist dictators believed that th...
 
 
Munich Conference
Oops…..   <ul><ul><li>“ My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Ge...
Imperial Japan <ul><ul><li>Japanese military leaders had increased control in post WW I Japan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
 
 
 
 
Non-aggression pact <ul><ul><li>Germany and Soviet Union sign in 1939. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agree not to attack one ...
 
 
The Concept of Blitzkrieg <ul><ul><li>Airforce attacks enemy front-line and rear positions, main roads, airfields and comm...
<ul><ul><li>Infantry and other support units attack enemy flanks in order to link up with other groups to complete the att...
 
 
Selective Training and Service Act <ul><ul><li>Passed by Congress on September 14, 1940 becoming the first peacetime draft...
Election of 1940 Roosevelt = 54.7% (449) Willkie = 44.7% (82)
 
August 1941 This meeting between Winston Churchill and FDR set the basis for the  United Nations.
 
 
 
Battle of Stalingrad <ul><ul><li>July 1942 – February 1943 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloodiest battle in the history of w...
Important Generals
Operation Torch <ul><ul><li>November 1942  – Allied invasion of Axis controlled North Africa led by American Gen. Eisenhow...
 
<ul><ul><li>Allies attack the so called  ‘soft under belly’  of Hitler’s Europe = Italy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasi...
Tuskegee Airmen <ul><ul><li>First African American military aviators in the US armed forces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33...
Nisei Battalion <ul><ul><li>442nd Regimental Combat Team of the US Army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was an Asian American u...
Navajo Code Talkers <ul><ul><li>Served in the Marine Corps in WW II. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Navajo language to tr...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Doolittle’s Raid <ul><ul><li>The April 1942 air attack on Japan, launched from the aircraft carrier  Hornet. </li></ul></u...
 
The Battle of Coral Sea <ul><ul><li>The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought between the Japanese and Allied navies from  Ma...
 
The Battle….. <ul><ul><li>In the spring of 1942, Japanese forces planned to invade southern New Guinea, a move designed to...
 
Significance  <ul><ul><li>The Battle of the Coral Sea was important for several reasons.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I...
Battle Of Midway   <ul><ul><li>Decisive US victory –June 1942 at Midway Atoll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American codebrea...
 
Kamikaze <ul><ul><li>Means “Divine Wind” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide attacks by warplanes from the Empire of Japan ...
Battle Of Iwo Jima   <ul><ul><li>Key island that could provide airbases to begin bombing Japanese mainland. </li></ul></ul...
 
Battle Of Okinawa   <ul><ul><li>Largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>April – June...
 
Manhattan Project <ul><ul><li>Codename for a project conducted during WW II to develop the first atomic bomb. </li></ul></...
 
Project Leaders <ul><ul><li>Under control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie ...
Project Success <ul><ul><li>The Manhattan Project will eventually produce 3 bombs:   The Gadget, Little Boy   and Fat Man ...
Trinity Test <ul><ul><li>The first test of an atomic weapon. (Successful) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducted by the Unit...
 
 
Hiroshima <ul><ul><li>August 6, 1945. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-29 Superfortres the Enola Gay drops 1st atomic bomb in ...
 
Nagasaki <ul><ul><li>August 9, 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-29 Superfortress  Bockscar , flown by Major Charles W. Sw...
 
Japanese Surrender <ul><ul><li>September 2, 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tokyo Bay, Japan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A...
 
 
 
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World War II

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Great resource for World War II, this is a combination of several presentations...it has leaders, battles, maps, Atomic Bomb, etc

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World War II

  1. 1. World War II Leaders Battles Maps  
  2. 2. Joseph Stalin <ul><ul><li>Born in Gori, Georgia in 1879. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last name means ‘steel’ in Russian. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seized power in USSR after Lenin’s death in 1924. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled with an iron fist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Millions of Russians were purged </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapidly industrialized the Soviet Union during the 30’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What was the cost of this? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USSR became a police state and people lost rights. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Benito Mussolini <ul><ul><li>Born in Italy in 1883 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established the Fascist Party in Italy in 1921. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as “Il Duce” or the Leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why was Mussolini able to seize absolute power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic problems in Italy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of communism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promise of national glory </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Adolf Hitler <ul><ul><li>Hitler followed a path similar to Mussolini. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His NAZI party had total power in Germany. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as Der Fuehrer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used poor economic conditions to establish the 3rd Reich. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How long was it supposed to last? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1000 years </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Rome-Berlin Axis Alliance between Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) in 1936. These fascist dictators believed that the world would revolve around the “Rome-Berlin Axis”.
  6. 9. Munich Conference
  7. 10. Oops….. <ul><ul><li>“ My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time.” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Imperial Japan <ul><ul><li>Japanese military leaders had increased control in post WW I Japan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor Hirohito </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Hideki Tojo was Prime Minister. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Admiral Yamamoto planned the attack on Pearl Harbor. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 16. Non-aggression pact <ul><ul><li>Germany and Soviet Union sign in 1939. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agree not to attack one another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This shocked the world: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? Fascists and communists work together . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret provision was the dividing of Poland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, Hitler knew he would eventually invade Soviet Union. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 19. The Concept of Blitzkrieg <ul><ul><li>Airforce attacks enemy front-line and rear positions, main roads, airfields and communication centers. At the same time infantry attacks on the entire frontline (or at least at main places) and engages enemy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This restrains the enemy from knowing where the main force will attack and makes it impossible to prepare any defenses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrated tank units breakthrough main lines of defense and advance deeper into enemy territory, while following mechanized units pursuit and engage defenders preventing them from establishing defensive positions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infantry continues to engage enemy to misinform and keep enemy forces from withdrawing and establishing effective defense . </li></ul></ul>
  11. 20. <ul><ul><li>Infantry and other support units attack enemy flanks in order to link up with other groups to complete the attack and eventually encircle the enemy and/or capture strategic position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanized groups spearhead deeper into the enemy territory outflanking the enemy positions and paralyzing the rear preventing withdrawing troops and defenders from establishing effective defensive positions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main force links up with other units encircling and cutting off and killing the enemy </li></ul></ul>
  12. 23. Selective Training and Service Act <ul><ul><li>Passed by Congress on September 14, 1940 becoming the first peacetime draft in US history. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This Selective Service Act required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men aged 18 to 45 were made liable for military service </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 24. Election of 1940 Roosevelt = 54.7% (449) Willkie = 44.7% (82)
  14. 26. August 1941 This meeting between Winston Churchill and FDR set the basis for the United Nations.
  15. 30. Battle of Stalingrad <ul><ul><li>July 1942 – February 1943 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloodiest battle in the history of warfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 million casualties </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German commander Paulus surrendered in Jan 1943. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of German loss: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turning point of the war in Eastern Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germany would never go on offensive again against the USSR </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 31. Important Generals
  17. 32. Operation Torch <ul><ul><li>November 1942 – Allied invasion of Axis controlled North Africa led by American Gen. Eisenhower. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German Afrika Korps led by Field Marshall Erwin ‘Desert Fox’ Rommel surrenders in May 1943 </li></ul></ul>
  18. 34. <ul><ul><li>Allies attack the so called ‘soft under belly’ of Hitler’s Europe = Italy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of Sicily in 1943 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allies controlled Sicily by August of 1943 and then started the drive up the Italian peninsula. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When will all of Italy be liberated? END OF WAR </li></ul></ul>Operation Husky
  19. 35. Tuskegee Airmen <ul><ul><li>First African American military aviators in the US armed forces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>332nd fighter group; Col. Benjamin O. Davis was commander. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent record as fighter escorts in European Theatre. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Redtail Angels” or “Black Birdmen” </li></ul></ul>
  20. 36. Nisei Battalion <ul><ul><li>442nd Regimental Combat Team of the US Army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was an Asian American unit composed of mostly Japanese Americans who fought in Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The families of many of its soldiers were subject to internment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The unit became the most highly decorated regiment in the history of the United States Armed Forces, including 21 Medal of Honor recipients . </li></ul></ul>
  21. 37. Navajo Code Talkers <ul><ul><li>Served in the Marine Corps in WW II. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Navajo language to transmit messages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Navajo code talkers took part in every assault the U.S. Marines conducted in the Pacific from 1942 to 1945. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Japanese never were able to break the code. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 46. Doolittle’s Raid <ul><ul><li>The April 1942 air attack on Japan, launched from the aircraft carrier Hornet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle, was the most daring operation yet undertaken by the US in the young Pacific War. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It demonstrated that Japan was vulnerable to air attack and provided an opportunity for U.S. retaliation for Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 48. The Battle of Coral Sea <ul><ul><li>The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought between the Japanese and Allied navies from May 4 through May 8, 1942 in the Coral Sea, about 500 miles northeast of Australia.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occurring only six months after the surprise attack at Pearl Harbor, it was one of the first naval battles fought in the Pacific during World War II. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 50. The Battle….. <ul><ul><li>In the spring of 1942, Japanese forces planned to invade southern New Guinea, a move designed to knock Australia and New Zealand out of the war.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Allies, including the United States, Australia , and Great Britain , gathered a large fleet to thwart the invasion.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That evening, with the battle roughly a draw, both sides retreated but would meet again a month later at the decisive Battle of Midway, 3,000 miles away in the Hawaiian Islands . </li></ul></ul>The most significant Allied loss during the battle was the sinking of the American carrier, USS Lexington .
  25. 52. Significance <ul><ul><li>The Battle of the Coral Sea was important for several reasons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It was the first pure carrier-vs-carrier battle in history as neither surface fleet sighted the other.  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Though a draw, it was an important turning point in the war in the Pacific because, for the first time, the Allies had stopped the Japanese advance. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 53. Battle Of Midway <ul><ul><li>Decisive US victory –June 1942 at Midway Atoll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American codebreakers were able to determine the date + location of attack. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four Japanese aircraft carriers were sunk in exchange for one American. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The heavy losses in carriers and aircrews permanently weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 55. Kamikaze <ul><ul><li>Means “Divine Wind” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide attacks by warplanes from the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First used at Battle of Leyte Gulf (Philippines) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A total of 57 ships were sunk by the Kamikazes. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 56. Battle Of Iwo Jima <ul><ul><li>Key island that could provide airbases to begin bombing Japanese mainland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of the more than 18,000 Japanese soldiers present at the beginning of the battle, only 216 were taken prisoner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans killed (6800) greater than the total on D-Day </li></ul></ul>
  29. 58. Battle Of Okinawa <ul><ul><li>Largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>April – June 1945. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>110,000 Japanese soldiers were killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is this an indicator of? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How hard an invasion of mainland Japan would be. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 60. Manhattan Project <ul><ul><li>Codename for a project conducted during WW II to develop the first atomic bomb. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The project's roots lay in fears that Nazi Germany was developing nuclear weapons of its own. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It resulted in the creation of production and research sites that operated in secret. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 62. Project Leaders <ul><ul><li>Under control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 63. Project Success <ul><ul><li>The Manhattan Project will eventually produce 3 bombs: The Gadget, Little Boy and Fat Man </li></ul></ul>
  33. 64. Trinity Test <ul><ul><li>The first test of an atomic weapon. (Successful) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducted by the United States on July 16, 1945. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White Sands, New Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oppenheimer quote: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Now I become Death, the destroyer of worlds . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birth of the Atomic Age. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 67. Hiroshima <ul><ul><li>August 6, 1945. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-29 Superfortres the Enola Gay drops 1st atomic bomb in history. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Codenamed Little Boy . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Col. Paul Tibbets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroyed about 70% of the city. </li></ul></ul>
  35. 69. Nagasaki <ul><ul><li>August 9, 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-29 Superfortress Bockscar , flown by Major Charles W. Sweeney, carried the bomb code-named &quot;Fat Man“. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Original target was Kokura, switched because of cloud cover. </li></ul></ul>
  36. 71. Japanese Surrender <ul><ul><li>September 2, 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tokyo Bay, Japan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aboard the USS Missouri </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Japanese delegation surrendered to Gen Douglas MacArthur . </li></ul></ul>

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