World War II Battles-Pacific


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  • World War II Battles-Pacific

    1. 1. Pacific Theater
    2. 2. By: Lauren, Vince, and Pat
    3. 3. <ul><li>The whole conflict of Pearl Harbor started with the embargo of the United States with the Japanese Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>After an Imperial Council, the Japanese government allowed a conquest of Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile, at Pearl Harbor the Army and Navy intelligence unit picked up that the Japanese might be trying to pull a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>In the early months of 1941, there was already tactical planning beginning for the attack on Pearl Harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese strategists agreed that the whole U.S. Pacific Fleet would have to be destroyed to begin their plans for Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Pilots for the attack actually started training for the raid in September. </li></ul><ul><li>On November 22, a large Japanese force gathered at the Southern Kuriles lead by Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>From the Southern Kuriles the fleet would have to travel 3,500 miles to their point 275 miles north of Pearl Harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>Early on December 2, the date was set for the raid to begin and they planned for December 7. </li></ul><ul><li>The first Japanese planes were set to fly over Pearl Harbor at 7:55 a.m. local time. </li></ul><ul><li>The plan was set so the ships would all be at rest on Sunday and the men would be ashore having breakfast or relaxing on their ships. </li></ul><ul><li>At 7:02, an American temporary radar post observed the fleet as blips on the radar and when he relayed the message it was thought that the blips were American bombers due back from the west coast. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>The Japanese fighters and bombers attacked the neat row of ships at Wheeler Field and the Naval Air Station. </li></ul><ul><li>The torpedo planes attacked Battleship Row devastating all of them in thirty minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>The last Japanese planes withdrew at 9:45 a.m., but not after hitting all the harbors, airfields, and shore installations. </li></ul><ul><li>2,403 Americans were left dead after the attack and another 1,178 were left wounded. </li></ul><ul><li>The West Virginia , Arizona , and California were sunk and the Oklahoma was left capsized. </li></ul><ul><li>Also the Tennessee , Nevada , Maryland , and Pennsylvania were damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese only lost 29 airplanes, five midget submarines, and one full sized submarine. </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>December 8, 1941, the Japanese forces invaded Thailand and took control. </li></ul><ul><li>On December 18, 1941, the Japanese invaded the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong. </li></ul><ul><li>They took the city on Christmas Day and any soldiers that they captured were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>On December 23, 1941, the Americans were forced to surrender Wake Island to the Japanese forces. </li></ul>
    7. 8. By: Taylor, Vince, and Alex L.
    8. 9. <ul><li>January 2 nd 1942 - Manila surrenders to Japanese Army. </li></ul><ul><li>May 4 th – May 8 th 1942 - American and Japanese fight the Battle of the Coral Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>June 3 rd – June 6 th 1942 - Japanese surrender at the Battle of Midway. </li></ul><ul><li>August 7 th 1942 - U.S. marines arrive in Guadalcanal. </li></ul><ul><li>November 1 st 1942 - U.S. troops invade Bougainville beginning “island hoping”. </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>Japanese planned to land troops on the huge island of New Guinea, near Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans found out about plans by decoding secret Japanese messages. </li></ul><ul><li>America sent carriers Lexington and Yorktown to intercept the invasion, which was guarded by three Japanese carriers. </li></ul><ul><li>On May 7 th and 8 th , planes form carriers attack each other. The ships were 200 miles apart. </li></ul><ul><li>When it was over, the Lexington was destroyed. One Japanese carrier sank and another was heavily damaged. </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>This battle started on June 3 rd , 1942 when the Japanese invaded. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. had three carriers Yorktown, Hornet, and Enterprise. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. planes bombed carrier with planes refueling and rearming their bombs. </li></ul><ul><li>Two carriers burned and sank. The third carrier had no power. Finally the fourth carrier tried to escape but was found and destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>This battle ended three days later on June 6 th . </li></ul>
    11. 12. By: Jackie, Justin, and Evan
    12. 13. <ul><li>American offensive for the fall called for a strike at Tarawa. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a chance of low tides so that the landing crafts might run ashore. </li></ul><ul><li>So the Admiral took a risk and he lost. </li></ul><ul><li>First wave of Marines went in on the trackers that Marines called LVT’s </li></ul><ul><li>Marines had to wade in hundreds of yards under fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Only half of them made it alive. </li></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>The Island had been pounded for hours from the sea and was bombed for a full week. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly all of the killing had been done by the Marines. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost was awful: 991 Marines dead and 2,311 wounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Before any soldiers went ashore, the Navy threw 15,000 tons of explosives. </li></ul>
    14. 15. Chris M. Alex W. Dave G.
    15. 16. <ul><li>One of the most dramatic and significant naval engagements of the Pacific War. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. carrier planes found the Central Force and sank the huge battleship Mushashi </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese used for the first time their kamikaze squadrons. </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese retreated from the battle. </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle for Leyte Gulf so badly weakened the Japanese Navy that it no longer represented a serious challenge to Allied control of the Pacific. </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>US had a plan to sink everything they see. </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Navy had a plan to save ammo for the capitol ships. </li></ul><ul><li>The Americans were sinking large numbers of Japanese transports and military ships as well. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the war, the American fleet submarines had sunk 51% of the total tonnage of all enemy ships sunk. </li></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Thousands of Filipino Americans volunteered for military service immediately after Pearl Harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>On April 22, 1942, the First Filipino Infantry Battalion was activated at Camp San Luis Obispo in California, under the command of three Filipino officers and an American colonel. </li></ul><ul><li>The role of Filipinos in the war was to have pre-invasion intelligence operations. </li></ul>
    18. 19. <ul><li>30,000 soldiers held Saipan. The civilian population was indoctrinated that the Americans would rape the women, kill the children and leave no one alive. </li></ul><ul><li>The US Marines were under fire as soon as the landings started on June 15, 1944. </li></ul><ul><li>2,000 Marines were casualties, but 20,000 were ashore by nightfall. </li></ul><ul><li>The battle for Saipan was over by June 20. </li></ul><ul><li>The island was in Allied hands. Saipan was declared secure on June 22. </li></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>The landings began on July 21, 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>The fighting was savage, knowing that the next two days would be a slow march inland by the invading Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>5000 Japanese charged the American lines, which resulted in the death of over 2500 Japanese. </li></ul><ul><li>The last Japanese soldier on Guam did not surrender until the 1970's. </li></ul>
    20. 21. <ul><li>&quot;Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 19, 1944.&quot; Discovering U.S. History. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Junior. Gale. ANCILLAE ASSUMPTA ACADEMY. 4 Apr. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Filipino Americans in World War II.&quot; Discovering Multicultural America. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Junior. Gale. ANCILLAE ASSUMPTA ACADEMY. 4 Apr. 2008 </li></ul>
    21. 22. Angelica, Katie, Adam
    22. 23. <ul><li>The city of Hiroshima was attacked on August 6, 1945 at 8:15 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>A B-29 bomber of Group 509 of the United States Army Air Force dropped the atomic bomb nicknamed “Little Boy.” </li></ul><ul><li>The aircraft was commanded by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets. </li></ul><ul><li>The death total was 140,000 by the end of 1945. The cause of this was the long term radiation. </li></ul>
    23. 24. <ul><li>Nagasaki was bombed on August 9, 1945 at 11:02 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>The crew’s first target was Kokura, but it was completely blocked by haze and cloud cover. Their secondary target was Nagasaki. </li></ul><ul><li>This city was also covered with clouds, but the crew used a less accurate radar system to drop the bomb. </li></ul><ul><li>The bomb was less destructive then the Hiroshima bomb because of Nagasaki’s hilly terrain. </li></ul>
    24. 25. <ul><li>U.S 6 th Army landed at Lingayen Gulf in Luzon on January 9. It was the largest ground campaign of the Pacific War. It lasted until July 1. </li></ul>
    25. 26. <ul><li>Monday, February 19, 1945 was D day for invasion of Iwo Jima. The first attack waves were the 4 th and 5 th Marine Divisions. Eight thousand marines poured onto the shore. </li></ul><ul><li>Six hundred marines died on the first day. After 48 hours of fighting, the reserve 3 rd Marine Division was sent into action. </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Suribachi fell to the Marines on February 23. In five days of fighting, the Americans suffered six thousand casualties, sixteen hundred dead. </li></ul><ul><li>In their final tally, the marines lost more than they killed, but they had taken the island. </li></ul>
    26. 27. <ul><li>The marines landed on Okinawa on Easter Sunday morning April 1, 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>They raided the shore with very little resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>The island of Okinawa lays 340 miles south from the mainland of Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>The marines cleared the entire end of the island by April 13. </li></ul><ul><li>The toughest fighting came at Mt. Yae Take. </li></ul><ul><li>The Marines eventually took the island. </li></ul>
    27. 28. <ul><li>This presentation was done by the Class of 2008. Perhaps future classes will add to it… </li></ul>