Fitango Education          Health Topics                              Arthritishttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85
Overview   Arthritis   encompasses over 120 diseases and conditions   that affect joints, the   surrounding tissues, and o...
Overview   arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis   and fibromyalgia. Other   types include lupus, juvenile rh...
Overview   developing arthritis, prevalence of this disease is   higher among women than   among men.http://www.fitango.co...
Symptoms               **Rheumatoid arthritis**   is an autoimmune disease involving chronic   inflammation. The inflammat...
Symptoms               **Rheumatoid arthritis**   spreads to other joint tissues. Outgrowths of the   inflamed tissue may ...
Symptoms               **Rheumatoid arthritis**   joints, commonly the small joints of the hands and   wrists. Although it...
Symptoms                   **Osteoarthritis**    causes degeneration of joint cartilage and changes   in   underlying bone...
Symptoms                   **Osteoarthritis**   Osteoarthritis is known by many other names   including degenerative joint...
Symptoms                   **Osteoarthritis**   also affects finger joints, the joint at the base of   the thumb and the j...
Symptoms                    **Fibromyalgia**   is a pain syndrome involving muscle and muscle   attachment areas. Common s...
Symptoms                    **Fibromyalgia**   syndrome.   **Gout**    is one of the few types of arthritis where the   ca...
Symptoms                    **Fibromyalgia**   connective tissue, joint spaces, or both. Uric acid is   a byproduct of the...
Symptoms                    **Fibromyalgia**   uric acid or if the kidneys do not eliminate enough   uric acid from the bo...
Symptoms                        **Lupus**   is a disorder of the immune system known as an   autoimmune disease. In autoim...
Symptoms                        **Lupus**   tissues and organs. Lupus can affect many parts of   the body, including the  ...
Symptoms                        **Lupus**   remission. Symptoms include extreme   fatigue, painful or swollen joints   (ar...
Symptoms                 **Juvenile Rheumatoid   Arthritis   (JRA)**   is the most common form of arthritis in children. I...
Symptoms                 **Juvenile Rheumatoid   persistent and cause joint and tissue damage in   other children. JRA can...
Symptoms                 **Juvenile Rheumatoid   alteration or change in growth. Other symptoms   include joint stiffness ...
Symptoms                 **Juvenile Rheumatoid   surrounding the involved joints. However, because   JRA affects each chil...
Risks   Non-Modifiable Risk Factors   Certain risk factors for arthritis   are considered to be non-modifiable. They inclu...
Risks   1. Gender   Nationally, women age 15 years and   older, account for 60% of arthritis cases. During   1989-1991, ar...
Risks   among women age 15 and older.3Among people   with osteoarthritis,   patterns of joint involvement also demonstrate...
Risks   2. Age   Half of the elderly population of   the United States is affected by arthritis and the   risk of developi...
Risks   women, with 8.6 % of women ages 15-44, 33.5 %   for women aged 45-64, and 55.8 %   for women aged 65 or older repo...
Risks   Osteoarthritis is more common among males than   females under age 45 and more   common among females than among m...
Risks   genes may be associated with the development of   some forms of arthritis, such   as rheumatoid arthritis and lupu...
Risks   females with the syndrome of bony nodes usually   in the   joints of the fingers;   people with congenital or deve...
Risks   osteoarthritis);   people with prior inflammatory joint disease (gout   or   rheumatoid arthritis); and   people w...
Risks   The exact role of genetics and its   interaction with other factors has not been   determined.   Modifiable Risk F...
Risks   predispose the risk of developing arthritis but offer   the greatest opportunity   for prevention if avoided or ov...
Risks   Maintaining an appropriate weight or   reducing weight to a recommended level lowers a   persons risk for some for...
Risks   hip osteoarthritis. Obesity   is a strong risk factor for both sexes with respect to   unilateral and bilateral   ...
Risks   In longitudinal studies, obesity   predicts the development of knee osteoarthritis in   both sexes. An increase in...
Risks   symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in women. In one   study, women who lost as   little as 11 pounds reduced their ri...
Risks   Although regular physical activity   is associated with physical and mental health   benefits, an estimated 29% of...
Risks   their peer group. Furthermore, being inactive may   increase arthritis problems.   An appropriate exercise program...
Risks   Because of these symptoms, people with arthritis   are significantly less   physically active than the rest of the...
Risks   for a variety of other diseases, including premature   death, heart disease,   diabetes, high blood pressure, colo...
Risks   Some demographic factors, such as   lower levels of education and lower income, are   associated with arthritis. T...
Treatment   The science and research supporting   prevention and treatment of arthritis and related   diseases are relativ...
Treatment   at-risk as well as what management interventions   can be effectively employed   for people with many forms of...
Treatment   they believe arthritis is an inevitable consequence   of aging. To the contrary,   there are many strategies t...
Treatment   nutrition and moderate physical activity to   maintain a healthy body weight.   Precautions should be taken to...
Treatment   diagnosis by a health care professional is a key   component of effective   treatment. Fundamental interventio...
Treatment   are beneficial to people with arthritis. They include   range-ofmotion,   strengthening, and endurance exercis...
Treatment   inflammation associated with the disease. Other   treatment recommendations   include rest at appropriate time...
Myths   Myth:   There is nothing that a person can do for arthritis.   Fact:   Some forms of arthritis, e. g. osteoarthrit...
Myths   prevented. Although no "magic bullet"   exists, research shows   that early diagnosis and appropriate management  ...
Myths   One intervention in particular, the Arthritis Self-   Help Course   (ASHC), has been shown to reduce pain by 20%  ...
Myths   There are a number of modifiable and   nonmodifiable risk factors.   Modifiable risk factors for arthritis include...
Myths   Arthritis is an inevitable part of aging.Fact:   If this were true, most older adults and no   children, would hav...
Arthritis
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Arthritis

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Arthritis
encompasses over 120 diseases and conditions that affect joints, the
surrounding tissues, and other connective tissues. The most common types of
arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia. Other
types include lupus, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, gout, bursitis, rheumatic
fever and Lyme disease to mention a few. While anyone can be at risk for
developing arthritis, prevalence of this disease is higher among women than
among men.

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Arthritis

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Arthritishttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85
  2. 2. Overview Arthritis encompasses over 120 diseases and conditions that affect joints, the surrounding tissues, and other connective tissues. The most common types ofhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 1
  3. 3. Overview arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia. Other types include lupus, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, gout, bursitis, rheumatic fever and Lyme disease to mention a few. While anyone can be at risk forhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 2
  4. 4. Overview developing arthritis, prevalence of this disease is higher among women than among men.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 3
  5. 5. Symptoms **Rheumatoid arthritis** is an autoimmune disease involving chronic inflammation. The inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis begins in the synovial membranes andhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 4
  6. 6. Symptoms **Rheumatoid arthritis** spreads to other joint tissues. Outgrowths of the inflamed tissue may invade and damage the cartilage in the joints and erode bone, leading to joint deformities. Clinical symptoms include stiffness, pain, swelling of multiplehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 5
  7. 7. Symptoms **Rheumatoid arthritis** joints, commonly the small joints of the hands and wrists. Although it primarily affects the joints, rheumatoid arthritis can also affect connective tissue throughout the body and cause disease in a variety of organs, including the lungs, heart, and the eyes.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 6
  8. 8. Symptoms **Osteoarthritis** causes degeneration of joint cartilage and changes in underlying bone and supporting tissue, which leads to joint pain and stiffness, movement problems and activity limitation.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 7
  9. 9. Symptoms **Osteoarthritis** Osteoarthritis is known by many other names including degenerative joint disease, arthrosis, osteoarthrosis or hypertrophic arthritis. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint, but it commonly occurs in the hip, knees and spine. Ithttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 8
  10. 10. Symptoms **Osteoarthritis** also affects finger joints, the joint at the base of the thumb and the joint at the base of the big toe. It rarely affects the wrist, elbows, shoulders, ankles or jaw, except as a result of unusual stress or injury.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 9
  11. 11. Symptoms **Fibromyalgia** is a pain syndrome involving muscle and muscle attachment areas. Common symptoms include widespread pain throughout the muscles of the body, fatigue, sleep disorders, headaches, and irritable bowelhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 10
  12. 12. Symptoms **Fibromyalgia** syndrome. **Gout** is one of the few types of arthritis where the cause is known. It results from deposits of needle-like crystals of uric acid in thehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 11
  13. 13. Symptoms **Fibromyalgia** connective tissue, joint spaces, or both. Uric acid is a byproduct of the breakdown of purines or waste products in the body. Normally uric acid breaks down in the blood and is eliminated in urine. When the body increases its production ofhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 12
  14. 14. Symptoms **Fibromyalgia** uric acid or if the kidneys do not eliminate enough uric acid from the body, levels build up. This is called hyperuricemia and is neither a disease nor considered dangerous. On the other hand, if excess uric acid crystals form as a result of hyperuricemia, gout can develop.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 13
  15. 15. Symptoms **Lupus** is a disorder of the immune system known as an autoimmune disease. In autoimmune diseases, the body harms its own healthy cells and tissues. This leads to inflammation and damage to various bodyhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 14
  16. 16. Symptoms **Lupus** tissues and organs. Lupus can affect many parts of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels, and brain. It is characterized by periods of illness, called flares, and periods of wellness, orhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 15
  17. 17. Symptoms **Lupus** remission. Symptoms include extreme fatigue, painful or swollen joints (arthritis), unexplained fever, skin rashes, and kidney problems. There is no cure for lupus.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 16
  18. 18. Symptoms **Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)** is the most common form of arthritis in children. It may be a mild condition that causes few problems over time, but it can be much morehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 17
  19. 19. Symptoms **Juvenile Rheumatoid persistent and cause joint and tissue damage in other children. JRA can produce serious complications in more severe cases. The most common features of JRA are joint inflammation, joint contracture (stiff, bent joint), joint damage and/orhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 18
  20. 20. Symptoms **Juvenile Rheumatoid alteration or change in growth. Other symptoms include joint stiffness following rest or decreased activity level (also referred to as morning stiffness or gelling), and weakness in muscles and other soft tissueshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 19
  21. 21. Symptoms **Juvenile Rheumatoid surrounding the involved joints. However, because JRA affects each child differently, a child may not experience all of these changes. Children also vary in the degree to which they are affected by any particular symptom.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 20
  22. 22. Risks Non-Modifiable Risk Factors Certain risk factors for arthritis are considered to be non-modifiable. They include gender, age and genetic predisposition as detailed below.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 21
  23. 23. Risks 1. Gender Nationally, women age 15 years and older, account for 60% of arthritis cases. During 1989-1991, arthritis was the most common self-reported chronic condition and cause of activity limitationhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 22
  24. 24. Risks among women age 15 and older.3Among people with osteoarthritis, patterns of joint involvement also demonstrate differences among the sexes, with females on average having more joints involved and more frequent complaints of morning stiffness and joint swelling.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 23
  25. 25. Risks 2. Age Half of the elderly population of the United States is affected by arthritis and the risk of developing arthritis increases with age. Self-reported arthritis increases directly with age forhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 24
  26. 26. Risks women, with 8.6 % of women ages 15-44, 33.5 % for women aged 45-64, and 55.8 % for women aged 65 or older reporting symptoms. Prevalence rates of rheumatoid arthritis are two to three times greater among females than males.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 25
  27. 27. Risks Osteoarthritis is more common among males than females under age 45 and more common among females than among males after the age of 54. 3. Genetic Predisposition Research indicates that certainhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 26
  28. 28. Risks genes may be associated with the development of some forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Groups at high-risk of osteoarthritis include:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 27
  29. 29. Risks females with the syndrome of bony nodes usually in the joints of the fingers; people with congenital or developmental diseases of bones and joints (congenital hip subluxation and ipsilateral hiphttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 28
  30. 30. Risks osteoarthritis); people with prior inflammatory joint disease (gout or rheumatoid arthritis); and people with metabolic diseases (hyperparathyroidism, hypothyroidism and chrondocalcinosis).http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 29
  31. 31. Risks The exact role of genetics and its interaction with other factors has not been determined. Modifiable Risk Factors Certain other conditions mayhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 30
  32. 32. Risks predispose the risk of developing arthritis but offer the greatest opportunity for prevention if avoided or overcome through simple and sustained interventions: 1. Overweight/Obesityhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 31
  33. 33. Risks Maintaining an appropriate weight or reducing weight to a recommended level lowers a persons risk for some forms of arthritis. Obesity is a major risk factor for the development and progression of osteoarthritis of the knee and is associated with an increased prevalence ofhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 32
  34. 34. Risks hip osteoarthritis. Obesity is a strong risk factor for both sexes with respect to unilateral and bilateral knee osteoarthritis. It is estimated that obesity accounts for 19% of osteoarthritis of the knees.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 33
  35. 35. Risks In longitudinal studies, obesity predicts the development of knee osteoarthritis in both sexes. An increase in weight is significantly associated with increased pain in weight-bearing joints while weight loss has been proven to decrease the risk of developinghttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 34
  36. 36. Risks symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in women. In one study, women who lost as little as 11 pounds reduced their risk of developing osteoarthritis of the knee by half. Obesity is also a risk factor for gout in men. 2. Inactivityhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 35
  37. 37. Risks Although regular physical activity is associated with physical and mental health benefits, an estimated 29% of New York adults are inactive during their leisure time. Evidence indicates that people with arthritis are less physically active and less physically fit thanhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 36
  38. 38. Risks their peer group. Furthermore, being inactive may increase arthritis problems. An appropriate exercise program is very important for people with arthritis. Physical symptoms of arthritis include pain, loss of joint motion, and fatigue.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 37
  39. 39. Risks Because of these symptoms, people with arthritis are significantly less physically active than the rest of the adult population, even after taking their disability into consideration. This level of inactivity also puts them at riskhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 38
  40. 40. Risks for a variety of other diseases, including premature death, heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, colon cancer, overweight, depression, and anxiety. 3. Low Level of Education and Lower Incomehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 39
  41. 41. Risks Some demographic factors, such as lower levels of education and lower income, are associated with arthritis. The mechanism by which these factors increase the risk of arthritis is not clear.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 40
  42. 42. Treatment The science and research supporting prevention and treatment of arthritis and related diseases are relatively new. As has already been stated, however, much is already known concerning who ishttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 41
  43. 43. Treatment at-risk as well as what management interventions can be effectively employed for people with many forms of the disease. People with arthritis often do not think that anything can be done to help them. They may not seek medical attention becausehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 42
  44. 44. Treatment they believe arthritis is an inevitable consequence of aging. To the contrary, there are many strategies that can be followed to prevent arthritis or to ease its debilitating effects. Arthritis prevention, for example, focuses on goodhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 43
  45. 45. Treatment nutrition and moderate physical activity to maintain a healthy body weight. Precautions should be taken to avoid repetitive joint use, and sport and work-related injuries. For those living with arthritis, properhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 44
  46. 46. Treatment diagnosis by a health care professional is a key component of effective treatment. Fundamental interventions include good nutrition and moderate physical activity. In the area of physical activity, three types of exerciseshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 45
  47. 47. Treatment are beneficial to people with arthritis. They include range-ofmotion, strengthening, and endurance exercises. In other areas, there are many arthritis medications that have been successful in reducing the pain andhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 46
  48. 48. Treatment inflammation associated with the disease. Other treatment recommendations include rest at appropriate times, heat or cold therapies, devices such as splints and braces, and surgery when indicated.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 47
  49. 49. Myths Myth: There is nothing that a person can do for arthritis. Fact: Some forms of arthritis, e. g. osteoarthritis of the knee, can behttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 48
  50. 50. Myths prevented. Although no "magic bullet" exists, research shows that early diagnosis and appropriate management can help reduce the consequences associated with many types of arthritis. Medication, physical activity, and surgery are effective interventions that make a difference.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 49
  51. 51. Myths One intervention in particular, the Arthritis Self- Help Course (ASHC), has been shown to reduce pain by 20% and physician visits by 40%. -- Myth: There arent any risk factors for arthritis.Fact:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 50
  52. 52. Myths There are a number of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors for arthritis include weight, a sedentary lifestyle, and low level of education while non- modifiable risk factors include gender, age, and genetic predisposition.Myth:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 51
  53. 53. Myths Arthritis is an inevitable part of aging.Fact: If this were true, most older adults and no children, would have arthritis. However, nearly half of the elderly population never experiences these conditions. And, an estimated 285,000 children are affected.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=85 52

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