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Injury is the #1 killer of children and teens in the United States. In 2009, more than 9,000 youth age 0-19 died from unintentional injuries in the United States. Millions more children suffer injuries requiring treatment in the emergency department. Leading causes of child injury include motor vehicle crashes, suffocation, drowning, poisoning, fires, and falls.1 Child injury is predictable and preventable. It is also among the most under-recognized public health problems facing our country today.
Progress has been made in preventing child injury. Child injury death rates have decreased 29% in the last decade.2 Yet injury is still the leading cause of death for children and teens. More can be done to keep our children safe.

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  1. 1. EducationHealth TopicsSafety
  2. 2. 1OverviewInjury is the #1 killer of children and teens in theUnited States. In 2009, more than 9,000 youth age0-19 died from unintentional injuries in the UnitedStates. Millions more children suffer injuriesrequiring treatment in the emergency department.Leading causes of child injury include motorvehicle crashes, suffocation, drowning, poisoning,fires, and falls.1 Child injury is predictable andpreventable. It is also among the most under-recognized public health problems facing ourcountry tod
  3. 3. 2OverviewProgress has been made in preventing child injury.Child injury death rates have decreased 29% in thelast decade.2 Yet injury is still the leading cause ofdeath for children and teens. More can be done tokeep our children safe.
  4. 4. 3BurnsWe all want to keep our children safe and secureand help them live to their full potential. Knowinghow to prevent leading causes of child injury, likeburns, is a step toward this goal.Every day, over 300 children ages 0 to 19 aretreated in emergency rooms for burn-relatedinjuries and two children die as a result of beingburned.
  5. 5. 4BurnsYounger children are more likely to sustain injuriesfrom scald burns that are caused by hot liquids orsteam, while older children are more likely tosustain injuries from flame burns that are causedby direct contact with fire.Thankfully, there are ways you can help protect thechildren you love from burns.Prevention Tips
  6. 6. 5Burns**To prevent burns from fires:****Be alarmed**Install and maintain smoke alarms in your home—on every floor and near all rooms family memberssleep in. Test your smoke alarms once a month tomake sure they are working properly.
  7. 7. 6Burns**Have an escape plan**Create and practice a family fire escape plan, andinvolve kids in the planning. Make sure everyoneknows at least two ways out of every room andidentify a central meeting place outside.
  8. 8. 7Burns**Cook with care**Use safe cooking practices, such as never leavingfood unattended on the stove. Also, supervise orrestrict children’s use of stoves, ovens, ormicrowaves.
  9. 9. 8Burns**To prevent burns from scalding water:****Check water heater temperature**
  10. 10. 9Burns**To prevent burns from scalding water:**Set your water heater’s thermostat to 120 degreesFahrenheit or lower. Infants who aren’t walking yetcan’t get out of water that may be too hot, andmaintaining a constant thermostat setting can helpcontrol the water temperature throughout yourhome—preventing it from getting too high.
  11. 11. 10DrowningWe all want to keep our children safe and secureand help them live to their full potential. Knowinghow to prevent leading causes of child injury, likedrowning, is a step toward this goal.
  12. 12. 11DrowningWhen most of us are enjoying time at the pool orbeach, injuries aren’t the first thing on our minds.Yet, drownings are the leading cause of injurydeath for young children ages 1 to 4, and threechildren die every day as a result of drowning.Thankfully, parents can play a key role in protectingthe children they love from drowning.
  13. 13. 12DrowningPrevention Tips**Learn life-saving skills**Everyone should know the basics of swimming(floating, moving through the water) andcardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
  14. 14. 13Drowning**Fence it off**Install a four–sided isolation fence, with self–closing and self–latching gates, around backyardswimming pools. This can help keep children awayfrom the area when they aren’t supposed to beswimming. Pool fences should completely separatethe house and play area from the pool.
  15. 15. 14Drowning**Make life jackets a "must." **Make sure kids wear life jackets in and aroundnatural bodies of water, such as lakes or the ocean,even if they know how to swim. Life jackets can beused in and around pools for weaker swimmerstoo.
  16. 16. 15Drowning**Be on the look out**When kids are in or near water (includingbathtubs), closely supervise them at all times.Adults watching kids in or near water should avoiddistracting activities like playing cards, readingbooks, talking on the phone, and using alcohol ordrugs.
  17. 17. 16FallsWe all want to keep our children safe and secureand help them live to their full potential. Knowinghow to prevent leading causes of child injury, likefalls, is a step toward this goal.
  18. 18. 17FallsFalls are the leading cause of non-fatal injuries forall children ages 0 to 19. Every day, approximately8,000 children are treated in U.S. emergencyrooms for fall-related injuries. This adds up toalmost 2.8 million children each year.Thankfully, many falls can be prevented, andparents and caregivers can play a key role inprotecting children.
  19. 19. 18FallsPrevention Tips**Play safely**Falls on the playground are a common cause ofinjury. Check to make sure that the surfaces underplayground equipment are safe, soft, and well-maintained (such as wood chips or sand, not dirtor grass).
  20. 20. 19Falls**Make your home safer**Use home safety devices, such as guards onwindows that are above ground level, stair gates,and guard rails. These devices can help keep abusy, active child from taking a dangerous tumble.
  21. 21. 20Falls**Keep sports safe**Make sure your child wears protective gear duringsports and recreation. For example, when in-lineskating, use wrist guards, knee and elbow pads,and a helmet.
  22. 22. 21Falls**Supervision is key**Supervise young children at all times around fallhazards, such as stairs and playground equipment,whether you’re at home or out to play.
  23. 23. 22PoisoningWe all want to keep our children safe and secureand help them live to their full potential. Knowinghow to prevent leading causes of child injury, likepoisoning, is a step toward this goal.
  24. 24. 23PoisoningEvery day, over 300 children in the United Statesages 0 to 19 are treated in an emergencydepartment, and two children die, as a result ofbeing poisoned. It’s not just chemicals in yourhome marked with clear warning labels that can bedangerous to children.
  25. 25. 24PoisoningEveryday items in your home, such as householdcleaners and medicines, can be poisonous tochildren as well. Active, curious children will ofteninvestigate—and sometimes try to eat or drink—anything that they can get into.Thankfully, there are ways you can help poison-proof your home and protect the children youlove.Prevention Tips
  26. 26. 25Poisoning**Lock them up**Keep medicines and toxic products, such cleaningsolutions, in their original packaging wherechildren can’t see or get them.
  27. 27. 26Poisoning**Know the number**Put the nationwide poison control center phonenumber, 1-800-222-1222, on or near everytelephone in your home and program it into yourcell phone. Call the poison control center if youthink a child has been poisoned but they are awakeand alert; they can be reached 24 hours a day,seven days a week. Call 911 if you have a poisonemergency and your child has collapsed or is notbreathing.
  28. 28. 27Poisoning**Read the label**Follow label directions and read all warnings whengiving medicines to children.
  29. 29. 28Poisoning**Don’t keep it if you don’t need it**Safely dispose of unused, unneeded, or expiredprescription drugs and over the counter drugs,vitamins, and supplements. To dispose ofmedicines, mix them with coffee grounds or kittylitter and throw them away. You can also turnthem in at a local take-back program or duringNational Drug Take-Back events.
  30. 30. 29Read Traffic InjuriesWe all want to keep our children safe and secureand help them live to their full potential. Knowinghow to prevent leading causes of child injury, likeroad traffic injuries, is a step toward this goal.
  31. 31. 30Read Traffic InjuriesEvery hour, nearly 150 children between ages 0and 19 are treated in emergency departments forinjuries sustained in motor vehicle crashes. Morechildren ages 5 to 19 die from crash-relatedinjuries than from any other type of injury.Thankfully, parents can play a key role in protectingthe children they love from road traffic injuries.
  32. 32. 31Read Traffic InjuriesPrevention TipsOne of the best protective measures you can takeis using seat belts, child safety seats, and boosterseats that are appropriate for your child’s age andweight.
  33. 33. 32Read Traffic Injuries**Know the Stages:****Birth through Age 2 **
  34. 34. 33Read Traffic Injuries**Know the Stages:**– Rear-facing child safety seat. For the bestpossible protection, infants and children should bekept in a rear-facing child safety seat, in the backseat buckled with the seat’s harness, until theyreach the upper weight or height limits of theirparticular seat. The weight and height limits onrear-facing child safety seats can accommodatemost children through age 2, check the seat’sowner’s manual for details.
  35. 35. 34Read Traffic Injuries**Between Ages 2-4/Until 40 lbs**– Forward-facing child safety seat. When childrenoutgrow their rear-facing seats (the weight andheight limits on rear-facing car seats canaccommodate most children through age 2) theyshould ride in forward-facing child safety seats, inthe back seat buckled with the seat’s harness, untilthey reach the upper weight or height limit of theirparticular seat (usually around age 4 and 40pounds; many newer seats have higher weightlimits-check the seat’s owner’s manual for details).
  36. 36. 35Read Traffic Injuries**Between Ages 4-8 OR Until 49" Tall**– Booster seat. Once children outgrow theirforward-facing seats (by reaching the upper heightand weight limits of their seat), they should ride inbelt positioning booster seats. Remember to keepchildren in the back seat for the best possibleprotection.
  37. 37. 36Read Traffic Injuries**After Age 8 AND/OR 49" Tall**– Seat belts. Children should use booster seatsuntil adult seat belts fit them properly. Seat beltsfit properly when the lap belt lays across the upperthighs (not the stomach) and the shoulder belt fitsacross the chest (not the neck). When adult seatbelts fit children properly they can use the adultseat belts without booster seats. For the bestpossible protection keep children in the back seatand use lap-and-shoulder belts.
  38. 38. 37Read Traffic Injuries**Back Seat is Safest. **All children younger than 13 years should ride inthe back seat. Airbags can kill young children ridingin the front seat. Never place a rear-facing car seatin the front seat or in front of an air bag. Placechildren in the middle of the back seat whenpossible, because it is the safest spot in thevehicle.
  39. 39. 38Read Traffic Injuries**Sign a Driving Agreement**If you’re a parent of a teen who is learning todrive, sign an agreementwith them to limit riskydriving situations, such as having multiple teenpassengers and driving at night.
  40. 40. 39Read Traffic Injuries**Helmets can Help**Children should wear an appropriate helmet anytime they are on a motorcycle, bicycle, skateboard,scooter, or skates.
  41. 41. 40Sports InjuriesWe all want to keep our children safe and secureand help them live to their full potential. Knowinghow to prevent injuries from sports and recreationactivities, one of the leading causes of child injury,is a step toward this goal.
  42. 42. 41Sports InjuriesTaking part in sports and recreation activities is animportant part of a healthy, physically activelifestyle for kids. But injuries can, and do, occur.More than 2.6 million children 0-19 years old aretreated in the emergency department each yearfor sports and recreation-related injuries.
  43. 43. 42Sports InjuriesThankfully, there are steps that parents can take tohelp make sure kids stay safe on the field, thecourt, or wherever they play or participate insports and recreation activities.Prevention Tips
  44. 44. 43Sports Injuries**Gear up**When children are active in sports and recreation,make sure they use the right protective gear fortheir activity, such as helmets, wrist guards, kneeor elbow pads.
  45. 45. 44Sports Injuries**Use the right stuff**Be sure that sports protective equipment is ingood condition and worn correctly all the time—for example, avoid missing or broken buckles orcompressed or worn padding. Poorly fittingequipment may be uncomfortable and may notoffer the best protection.
  46. 46. 45Sports Injuries**Practice makes perfect**Have children learn and practice skills they need intheir activity. For example, knowing how to tacklesafely is important in preventing injuries in footballand soccer. Have children practice proper form –this can prevent injuries during baseball, softball,and many other activities. Also, be sure to safelyand slowly increase activities to improve physicalfitness; being in good condition can protect kidsfrom injury.
  47. 47. 46Sports Injuries**Pay attention to temperature**Allow time for child athletes to gradually adjust tohot or humid environments to prevent heat-related injuries or illness. Parents and coachesshould pay close attention to make sure thatplayers are hydrated and appropriately dressed.
  48. 48. 47Sports Injuries**Be a good model**Communicate positive safety messages and serveas a model of safe behavior, including a wearinghelmet and following the rules.
  49. 49. 48SuffocationWe all want to keep our children safe and secureand help them live to their full potential. Knowinghow to prevent the leading causes of child injury,like suffocation, is a step toward this goal.
  50. 50. 49SuffocationWhen a child is unable to breath, also known assuffocation, it can be scary. Infants are most at riskfor suffocation while sleeping. Toddlers are morelikely to suffocate from choking on food and otherobjects, like small toys.Thankfully, parents can play a key role in protectingthe children they love from suffocation.
  51. 51. 50SuffocationPrevention TipsCreate a safe sleepingenvironment. Place infants on their backs on a firmsurface every time they are laid down for sleep.The safest place for infants to sleep is in a crib orbassinet—not in the same bed as parents. Keepsoft objects like stuffed animals, blankets, andloose bedding out of cribs. Do not put objects suchas mobiles above cribs.
  52. 52. 51SuffocationStay safe during meal and play time. Cut or breakage-appropriate food into small bite-size pieces.Always supervise infants or young children duringmealtime. Encourage children to chew their foodthoroughly and to swallow it before talking orlaughing. Also, children should not eat whileplaying or running. Read the age recommendationsand choking hazard labels on toy packaging todetermine suitable toys for children.
  53. 53. 52SuffocationLearn basic first aid and CPR. Knowing how tosafely remove food and small objects from theairway and how to perform cardiopulmonaryresuscitation (CPR) can save a child’s life. Learnbasic first aid and CPR and get recertified every 2years.
  54. 54. 53ResourcesMedlineSafe Kids USA