1OverviewBacterial gastroenteritis is inflammation of thestomach and intestines caused by bacteria.
2SymptomsSymptoms depend on the type of bacteria thatcaused the sickness. All types of food poisoningcause diarrhea.Other symptoms include:-- Abdominal cramps
3Symptoms-- Abdominal pain-- Bloody stools-- Loss of appetite-- Nausea andvomiting
4DiagnosesYour health care provider will examine youfor signs of food poisoning, such as pain in thestomach and signs your bodydoes not have as much water and fluids as itshould. This is called dehydration.
5DiagnosesLaboratory tests may be done on the food or astool sample to determine what germ is causingyour symptoms. However, thesetests do not always show the cause of thediarrhea.Tests may also be done to look for white
6Diagnosesblood cells in the stool, a sign of infection.
7TreatmentYou will usually recover from the most commontypes of bacterial gastroenteritis in a couple ofdays. The goal is to make youfeel better and avoid dehydration.
8TreatmentDrinking enough fluids and learning what toeat will help keep you or your child comfortable.You may need to:-- Manage the diarrhea-- Control nausea and vomiting-- Get plenty of
9TreatmentrestIf you have diarrhea and are unable to drinkor keep down fluids because of nausea orvomiting, you may need fluidsthrough a vein (IV). This is especially true for youngchildren.
10TreatmentIf you take diuretics ("waterpills"), talk to your health care provider. You mayneed to stop takingthe diuretic while you have diarrhea. Never stop orchange medications withoutfirst talking to your health care provider.
11TreatmentAntibiotics are usually not prescribed formost common types of bacterial gastroenteritis,unless the diarrhea is verysevere.You can buy medicines at the drugstore thatcan help stop or slow diarrhea.
12Treatment-- Do not use thesemedicines without talking to your health careprovider if you have bloodydiarrhea, a fever, or the diarrhea is severe.-- Do not give thesemedicines to children.
13CausesBacterial gastroenteritis can affect oneperson or a group of people who all ate thesame food. It more commonlyoccurs after eating at picnics, school cafeterias,large social functions, or
14Causesrestaurants.The germs may get into your food (calledcontamination) in different ways:-- Meat or poultrymay come into contact with bacteria from theintestines of an animal being
15Causesprocessed-- Water that isused during growing or shipping may containanimal or human waste-- Improper foodhandling or preparation in grocery stores,restaurants, or homes
16CausesFood poisoning often occurs from eating ordrinking:-- Any food preparedby someone who did not wash their handsproperly-- Any food prepared
17Causesusing unclean cooking utensils, cutting boards, orother tools-- Dairy products orfood containing mayonnaise (such as coleslaw orpotato salad) that have beenout of the refrigerator too long
18Causes-- Frozen orrefrigerated foods that are not stored at the propertemperature or are notreheated properly-- Raw fish oroysters
19Causes-- Raw fruits orvegetables that have not been washed well-- Raw vegetable orfruit juices and dairy products (look for the word"pasteurized" tomake sure the food is safe to eat or drink)
20Causes-- Undercooked meatsor eggs-- Water from a wellor stream, or city or town water that has not beentreatedMany different types of bacteria can cause
21Causesbacterial gastroenteritis, including:-- Campylobacterjejuni (see: Campylobacter enteritis)-- E. coli (see: E. coli enteritis)-- Salmonella (see: Salmonella enteritis)
22Causes-- Shigella (see: Shigella enteritis)-- Staphylococcus-- YersiniaYou should be better in a few days withouttreatment.
23CausesCertain rare types of E. coli cancause severe anemia oreven kidney failure.Call for an appointment with your health careprovider if you have:
24Causes-- Blood or pus inyour stools, or your stool is black-- Diarrhea with afever above 101°F (100.4°F in children)-- Recently traveled
25Causesto a foreign country and developed diarrhea-- Stomach pain thatdoes not go away after a bowel movement-- Symptoms ofdehydration (thirst, dizziness, light-headedness)
26CausesAlso call your doctor if:-- The diarrhea getsworse or does not get better in 2 days for an infantor child, or 5 days foradults-- A child over 3
27Causesmonths old has been vomiting for more than 12hours; in younger babies, call assoon as vomiting or diarrhea begins