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chap 4 presentation

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  1. 1. <ul><li>OSTEOARTHRITIS </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 4 Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Samson Vas </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthrosis, and osteoarthritis are all the same disease characterized by the joint cartilage breakdown causing painful and stiff joints. </li></ul><ul><li>Osteoarthritis commonly causes disability. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but there are effective treatment options. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Osteoarthritis often only strikes one joint, usually a joint that bear a lot of stress such as the hip, back, knee, or hand joints. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms include pain, painful use of the joint, painful periods after the joint has been used, joint discomfort during significant changes in the weather, swelling in a joint, stiffness of the joint, bony lumps in the hand and finger joints, a decreased amount of joint flexibility. </li></ul>
  4. 10. The Warning Signs of Osteoarthritis <ul><li>Steady or intermittent pain in a joint. </li></ul><ul><li>Stiffness in a joint after getting out of bed or sitting for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling or tenderness in one or more joints. </li></ul><ul><li>A crunching feeling or the sound of bone rubbing on bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Hot , red , or tender ? Probably not osteoarthritis. Check with your doctor about other causes, such as rheumatoid arthritis. </li></ul>
  5. 11. Diagnosis <ul><li>No single test can diagnose osteoarthritis. Most doctors use a combination of the following methods to diagnose the disease and rule out other conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical history :. The doctor can give a better assessment if the patient gives a good description of pain, stiffness, and joint function, and how they have changed over time. </li></ul><ul><li>X rays :. X rays of the affected joint can show such things as cartilage loss, bone damage, and bone spurs. </li></ul>
  6. 12. Diagnosis (contd.) <ul><li>Physical examination : The doctor will check the patient's general health, including checking reflexes and muscle strength. Joints bothering the patient will be examined. </li></ul><ul><li>Other tests :. Another common test is called joint aspiration, which involves drawing fluid from the joint for examination. </li></ul>
  7. 15. Treatment Guidelines <ul><li>Most successful treatment programs involve a combination of treatments tailored to the patient's needs, lifestyle, and health. Osteoarthritis treatment has four general goals: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve joint care through rest and exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain an acceptable body weight </li></ul><ul><li>Control pain with medicine and other measures </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve a healthy lifestyle </li></ul>
  8. 16. Treatment Approaches to Osteoarthritis <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Weight control </li></ul><ul><li>Rest and joint care </li></ul><ul><li>Pain relief techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative therapies </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul>