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Binding Time Harold Innis And The Balance Of New Media

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Binding Time Harold Innis And The Balance Of New Media

  1. 1. Improvements in communication...make for increased difficulties of understanding. —Harold Innis, The Bias of Communication
  2. 2.  Examines the extent to which Innis’s concepts about media still apply today.
  3. 3.  November 5, 1894 – November 8, 1952  University of Toronto  Canadian economist and communications theorist  And the author of seminal works on Canadian economic history and on media and communication theory  Innis's communications writings explore the role of media in shaping the culture and development of civilizations.  Approach to understanding the social significance of all kinds of media  How different media relate to space and time
  4. 4.  Space-binding  Time-binding
  5. 5. Space-binding media Time-binding media  Extend influence of  Influence cultural meanings over distances, patterns in duration helping to build empires,  Examples: saga, poems and develop cohesion published, books, across space archives, university…  Example: newspaper, commercial printings, the telegraph, radio…
  6. 6. Time-binding media Space-binding media  include clay or stone tablets,  are more ephemeral. They hand-copied manuscripts on include modern media such parchment or vellum and oral as radio, television, and mass sources such as Homer's epic circulation newspapers which convey information that is poems. These are intended to meant to reach as many as carry stories and messages possible over long distances, that last for many but will not last long in time. generations, but tend to  Space-binding media reach limited audiences. facilitate rapid change,  While time-binding media materialism, secularism and favour stability, community, empire. tradition and religion,
  7. 7.  To what extent is historical knowledge not merely preserved, but shaped by the archive and its means of selecting, storing and presenting information?
  8. 8.  Properties of media substrates: media materiality  Encoding conventions: language and genre  Social and political arrangements using media for particular purposes
  9. 9.  Different substances have distinctive properties that support different styles of communicating and, most importantly, each tends to have a bias towards either space or time.  Media which emphasize time are those which are durable in character such as parchment, clay and stone. The heavy materials are suited to the development of architecture and sculpture.  Media which emphasize space are apt to be less durable and light in character such as papyrus and paper.
  10. 10.  Innis examines a second level in the patterning of media in the languages, scripts, and genres of content
  11. 11.  Innis argued that the predominant media of a civilization both cause and so provide evidence of, the distinctive character of that society. Each medium is selected and developed because it suits particular interests within that society. These choices of media reinforce, and sometimes transform that society.  Civilisation can be measured by their balance between managing time and controlling space.
  12. 12. Digital Media on the Digital media on the experience of Space experience of Time  Accelerating  Structuring our globalization relationships with both  Shifting boundaries the future and the past between work and home life  ... …
  13. 13.  Digitized artifacts can seem to be largely virtualized  Materiality of media  The relation of digital media to space and time
  14. 14.  Instant feedback  Responsive environment  Social interaction
  15. 15.  Interconnected components comprised of many different material—metals, paper cards, magnetic surfaces, semiconductors, radio, and optical wavelengths.  The physical storage media deteriorate quite quickly making data unreadable within only a few years. 1) Floppy disks are unreliable after 5 years 2) Hard disk after twenty or thirty years 3) Optical media such as CD-rs and data DVDs not much longer than that
  16. 16.  Web2.0: Blogs Social networking Media sharing Wikis and collaborative writing Make distance events and historical texts present in everyday life
  17. 17.  In each case, while there is present- mindedness, there is also a time- binding record of the present being created
  18. 18.  1. the dominant time-binding media of our ‘civilisation’ operates paradoxically to both diversify and homogenise cultural patterns over time.  2. cultural practices such as calculation, writing, photography, play, and moving image were gradually appropriated by digital media.  3. the digitisation of many cultural records has made many archives ubiquitously accessible.  4.the invention of computers has been a response to concerns about the neglect of time

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