Emergency

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Emergency

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4 – EMERGENCY
  2. 2. DEFINITIONSudden, unexpected, or impending situation that may cause injury, loss of life, damage to the property, and/or interference with the normal activities of a person or firm and which, therefore, requires immediate attention and remedial action.
  3. 3. TYPES OF EMERGENCY1. Fire2. Explosion3. blackout/electrical/power failure4. Accident release of hazardous substance/pollutant5. Natural disaster/event6. Bomb threat7. Hysteria8. Drowning
  4. 4. EMERGENCYPREPAREDNESS RESPONSE (ERP)
  5. 5. CONTAIN OF ERP1. Planning2. Practicing3. Evaluating4. Adjusting
  6. 6. 1.PLANNINGAccess an interactive decision tooldesigned to assist emergencypreparedness and recoveryplanners in determining how togain access to and use healthinformation about persons withdisabilities or others consistent withthe Privacy Rule.
  7. 7. 1.PLANNINGPlanning must contains:1. Types of emergency2. Determine emergency response procedure3. Determine the shut down procedure of critical plant operation4. Procedures for after emergency evacuation situation
  8. 8. 1.PLANNING5. Identify roles and responsibilities ERP team6. Determine procedure for emergency7. Means of communication
  9. 9. 2. PRACTICINGTo ensure the success of this program, the company should:a)require the broad participation of employees;b)maintain ongoing promotion and training;c)carry out simulations and evaluation exercises to test emergency plans;d)disseminate information on other incidents
  10. 10. 3.EVALUATINGAn annual evaluation of theeffectiveness of the EmergencyPreparedness Plan undertaken willinclude performance measures,using the previous year’s quarterlyreports; recommendation from thecorporate governance;
  11. 11. 3.EVALUATING Thisevaluation will include statistical trends.ensure the success of this program, the company should:a)require the broad participation of employees;b)maintain ongoing promotion and training;c) carry out simulations and evaluation exercises to test emergency plans;d)disseminate information on other incidents
  12. 12. 4. ADJUSTINGAfter evaluating performance, theemergency preparedness andrespond can adjust ERP plan basedon weakness show at performancemeasure.
  13. 13. EMERGENCY PLANNING STRATERGY
  14. 14. 1.EMERGENCY PLANNING POLICYEvery organization should have a policy reflecting its commitment to emergency response planning. The policy is usually signed by the senior most people within the organization.
  15. 15. EXAMPLE OF EMERGENCY PLANNING POLICY
  16. 16. 2.EMERGENCY PLANNING TEAM The Emergency Planning Team is responsible for the development and administration of the emergency response plan
  17. 17. PLANNING TEAM The team:a) Emergency Planning Coordinator - Responsible for overseeing the development and maintenance of the planb) Emergency Planning Committee - ensure that the plan accurately reflects the needs of the organization
  18. 18. 3.LEGISLATION & CODE OF PRACTICELEGISLATIONidentify all federal, provincial and municipal regulations which apply to their operation and contact regulatory agencies to identify requirements and obtain advice.
  19. 19. 3.LEGISLATION & CODE OF PRACTICECODE OF PRACTICEIn addition, some types of industries are required to follow procedures recommended in codes of practice. These industry associations must be contacted to identify appropriate codes.
  20. 20. 4.RISK ASSESSMENTThe risk assessment is the basis for theemergency plan although thisinformation is not physically part of theplan. Keep the results of this process onfile.
  21. 21. TIPS
  22. 22. ACTION REQUIRE (RISK ASSESMENT) Identify Hazard Evaluate Risk Evaluate consequences
  23. 23. 5.PLANNING ANALYSIS The risk assessment has demonstrated which hazards represent the most serious risks and should therefore receive planning priority. The next step is review each hazard (beginning with the highest risk) to assemble the information that will become the emergency response plan.
  24. 24. 6.DEVELOP PROCESSThe completed planning analysis provides a complete listing of all the actions necessary for any emergency - essentially a number of hazard-specific emergency plans.
  25. 25. STAGE PROCESS1) Developing procedures for each action2) Separating procedures into those that pertain to all emergencies (Generic emergency plan) and those that apply to specific hazards (Contingency plans).
  26. 26. EXAMPLE
  27. 27. 7. ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE A rapid yet thorough situation assessment is essential to ensure that appropriate and sufficient resources are brought to bear on the emergency.
  28. 28. PLANNING TIPS
  29. 29. 8. ACTIVATION Regardless of the location of the emergency, the procedure should indicate where to call in an emergency and who is responsible for receiving the information.In most situations this will require access to a 24 hour telephone number or radio location.
  30. 30. TIPS
  31. 31. 9. EVACUATION PROCEDURE A safe and rapid evacuation is necessary to ensure that casualties are avoided during an emergency.Evacuation routes and procedures should be established in the plan and implemented through signage and training around the workplace.
  32. 32. TIPS
  33. 33. 10. RESOURCE MOBILIZATIONAfter an initial assessment of the need forpersonnel and equipment has been madeand key personnel have been alerted,resources need to be assembled in acoordinated manner
  34. 34. TIPS
  35. 35. 11.REPORTINGDuring a typical emergency response,reports will have to be made to bothinternal and external parties to aid in theresponse operation or, as in some cases,are a legislated requirement.

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