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Hazard Communication and General Safety Training


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Hazard Communication and General Safety Training

  1. 1. Presented by: Hazard Communication And General Safety Awareness Francois D. Song, Ph.D.
  2. 2. Hazard Communication Standard General Awareness Why is this so important
  3. 3. Course Overview <ul><li>It’s Your Responsibility! </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation and Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Spills/ Emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution Prevention </li></ul>
  4. 4. It’s Your Responsibility!
  5. 5. Regulation and Policy
  6. 6. Regulation and Policy OPA
  7. 7. Regulation and Policy <ul><li>What can happen if you’re not </li></ul><ul><li>in compliance? </li></ul><ul><li>Fines </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecution </li></ul>
  8. 8. Regulation and Policy <ul><li>[Georgia Southern University is committed to protecting the environment and health of the community ] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicable Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution Prevention Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continual Improvement of Environmental Systems] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>[ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comply with regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimize impact to environment and community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continually reduce impacts through pollution prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate and train on programs and procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor performance] </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Regulation and Policy <ul><li>Deficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Poor housekeeping in Shops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Notification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Department Chair and Legal Counsel] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Warning Memo </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[Research Funds in jeopardy] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Correction, with costs assessed to department or college </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closure of Shop </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Enforcement
  10. 10. Shop Waste Management
  11. 11. Shop Waste Management <ul><li>THE GOALS: </li></ul><ul><li>Define waste </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss proper management of different types of waste </li></ul>
  12. 12. Laboratory Waste Management What is Waste
  13. 13. Hazardous Waste Management
  14. 14. Hazardous Waste Identification <ul><li>Corrosive </li></ul><ul><li>Ignitable </li></ul><ul><li>Reactive </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic </li></ul><ul><li>or if </li></ul><ul><li>Listed </li></ul>Wastes are considered hazardous if they exhibit one or more of the following characteristics:
  15. 15. How Do I Know? <ul><li>Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provides information on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>safe handling and disposal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>physical properties and hazards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>safe storage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>internet references </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>many more on page 18 of guidebook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call ESS Department at 486-7161 for more information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call manufacturer or supplier of product </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Waste Characterization <ul><li>Checklist in Guidebook (RCRA)  </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed waste? </li></ul><ul><li>Specific hazardous wastes? </li></ul><ul><li>Radioactive Waste? </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Questions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call EES @486-7161 </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Container Management <ul><li>Containers should be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatible with waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs to be clean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sturdy, leak proof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed, tight-fitting cap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under control of person producing waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labeled with hazardous waste label </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Hazardous Waste Labeling <ul><li>Labels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify hazardous waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List all components and their percentages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify hazard properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name, location, and phone number of person responsible for waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove other extraneous labels </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Hazardous Waste Accumulation Area <ul><li>Located in Shop </li></ul><ul><li>Mark area clearly </li></ul><ul><li>Proper containers and labels </li></ul><ul><li>Segregate incompatibles </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary containment for liquid containers </li></ul><ul><li>Spill kit </li></ul><ul><li>Only one container of each hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum storage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>55 gallons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 quart acutely hazardous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post emergency information </li></ul>
  20. 20. Pick-up and Disposal <ul><li>[ESS is responsible for retrieval, transport and disposal </li></ul><ul><li>When full, arrange for immediate removal </li></ul><ul><li>Call the Safety Department at 486-7161 </li></ul><ul><li>Container must be properly labeled </li></ul><ul><li>Pick-up must be supervised by a knowledgeable user </li></ul>
  21. 21. Chemical Clean-Out
  22. 22. Chemical Clean-Out <ul><li>Inventory all unwanted chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Fill out “Laboratory Clean-out Form” </li></ul><ul><li>Mail or call Safety </li></ul><ul><li>ESS will collaborate with you </li></ul><ul><li>SAFETY FIRST! </li></ul>
  23. 23. Biological Waste Management
  24. 24. Biological Waste Management <ul><li>Biomedical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>biohazardous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>infectious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pathological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ sharps” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Animal </li></ul>
  25. 25. Biomedical Waste Packaging <ul><li>Double-lined red biohazard bags </li></ul><ul><li>In rigid containers </li></ul><ul><li>Within weight limits </li></ul><ul><li>Double tape bags when full </li></ul><ul><li>Label with college label obtained from Coordinating Dept </li></ul><ul><li>Close container and triple tape seams </li></ul><ul><li>Notify ESS @ 486-7161 </li></ul>Good practice: Autoclave infectious waste
  26. 26. Pharmaceutical Waste Management <ul><li>What is pharmaceutical waste? </li></ul><ul><li>Separate from regular trash </li></ul><ul><li>Label </li></ul><ul><li>Call the Safety Department at 486-7161 for disposal </li></ul>
  27. 27. Chemical Spill / Emergency Response
  28. 28. Chemical Spill / Emergency Response <ul><li>What would you do </li></ul><ul><li>in the event of a spill? </li></ul>
  29. 29. Chemical Spill / Emergency Response <ul><li>Assess hazards and dangers — if unknown, assume the worst and evacuate </li></ul><ul><li>Call 9911 </li></ul><ul><li>Wait to Assist Public Safety and ESS Responders </li></ul><ul><li>Contain or limit the spill if it is very small </li></ul><ul><li>Call 486-7161for ESS personnel to clean-up spill and provide medical attention </li></ul><ul><li>Notify Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Complete and Accident Report </li></ul>
  30. 30. Pollution Prevention Disposal EPA’s Pollution Prevention Hierarchy Source Elimination and Reduction Recycling and Reuse Treatment
  31. 31. Pollution Prevention Strategy <ul><li>Reduced scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“micro scale” experiments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced toxicity/chemical substitution </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse & recovery of lab chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Detoxification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lab experiments that produce a less toxic/hazardous substance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer modeling & simulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>demo experiments vs. chemical usage </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Where to Get Help <ul><li>To get help, or to learn more: </li></ul><ul><li>Call the Safety Department at 486-7161 </li></ul><ul><li>List of environmental resources in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Web </li></ul></ul>It’s your responsibility!