CLOCKSS: Time and Places for Community-Based Archiving

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A presentation given by Peter Burnhill at IFLA 2010, Gothenburg, Sweden

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  • 08/03/10
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  • 08/03/10 Began as joint initiative by libraries and publishers Project to examine problem and define roles &responsibilities ALA awarded the ALCTS Outstanding Collaboration Citation in June 2007 CLOCKSS is legal entity & live as cooperative service Publishers contract to deliver content; libraries to be ‘keep safe’ Robust: Lots of copies keep stuff safe – it does, it really does! Content held in steward libraries, world-wide 11 long-lived libraries distributed across the globe Open (free) Access to abandoned/orphaned content Using well-tested LOCKSS technology prize-winning open source software from Stanford
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  • CLOCKSS: Time and Places for Community-Based Archiving

    1. 1. CLOCKSS: Time and Places for Community-Based Archiving Peter Burnhill University of Edinburgh IFLA 2010 www.clockss.org
    2. 2. The Problem <ul><li>What was in print , with copies on the shelves of many libraries, now is in digital form & at risk of loss </li></ul><ul><li>Continuity of access into the future matters for libraries and their patrons </li></ul><ul><li>To solve this problem, we need cooperative action and the time is now… </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    3. 3. Twelve Things About CLOCKSS <ul><li>Began as joint initiative/project by libraries and publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Now cooperative service activity, and a legal entity </li></ul><ul><li>Digital content is held in steward libraries, world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>Abandoned/orphaned content is Open (free) Access </li></ul><ul><li>Uses well-tested LOCKSS technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-maintenance: Lots Of Copies Keep Stuff Safe! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both CLOCKSS and LOCKSS are award-winning  </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    4. 4. CLOCKSS & LOCKSS www.clockss.org Best Research - Proceedings of the 19th ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles, 2004 a Private LOCKSS Network CLOCKSS accorded the first ALA ALCTS ( Association for Library Collections & Technical Services ) Outstanding Collaboration Award in June 2007
    5. 5. Twelve Things About CLOCKSS (continued) <ul><li>International community-governed archive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia/Pacific, Europe & North America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World’s leading publishers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shared governance by libraries and publishers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50:50, with no single veto allowed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advisory Council for supporting libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable financial model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raising endowment; drive down costs & offer low fees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating success! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-journal content saved: from alert to delivery as open access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You can get involved to support CLOCKSS </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    6. 6. Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS <ul><li>Content held at steward libraries, world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>International community-governed archive </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment </li></ul><ul><li>Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    7. 7. www.clockss.org Asia/Pacific Australian National University University of Hong Kong, China National Institute of Informatics, Japan Europe University of Edinburgh, UK Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy North America University of Alberta, Canada Indiana University Rice University Stanford University University of Virginia OCLC Global, Decentralized Stewardship
    8. 8. Decentralized Preservation www.clockss.org Libraries preserving content across the globe insures against geo-physical and geo-social risk as well as technical challenge of medium
    9. 9. Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS <ul><li>Content held at steward libraries, world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>International community-governed archive </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment </li></ul><ul><li>Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    10. 10. Governed by the Community <ul><li>CLOCKSS is a tax-exempt, 501(c)3, not-for-profit organization </li></ul>www.clockss.org 1/2 libraries + Advisory Council 1/2 publishers Governing Board
    11. 11. Governing Board (11 + 11) <ul><li>Publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Wiley-Blackwell </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor & Francis </li></ul><ul><li>Springer </li></ul><ul><li>SAGE Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford University Press </li></ul><ul><li>Nature Publishing Group </li></ul><ul><li>IOP Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Elsevier </li></ul><ul><li>Atypon </li></ul><ul><li>American Physiological Society </li></ul><ul><li>American Medical Association </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Australian National University </li></ul><ul><li>University of Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Japan National Institute of Informatics </li></ul><ul><li>Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore </li></ul><ul><li>University of Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>OCLC </li></ul><ul><li>University of Alberta </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana University </li></ul><ul><li>Rice University </li></ul><ul><li>Stanford University </li></ul><ul><li>University of Virginia </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    12. 12. Advisory Council <ul><li>Voice in CLOCKSS Archive governance </li></ul><ul><li>Each supporting library has one delegate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It could be You! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meets quarterly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtually, by geographic regions to start </li></ul></ul>www.clockss.org
    13. 13. Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS <ul><li>Content held at steward libraries, world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>International community-governed archive </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment </li></ul><ul><li>Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    14. 14. Aim to Raise Endowment <ul><li>Only sensible way to sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do only what is essential to drive down costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be free of need to spend money on marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objective is to use endowment benefits to cover operating costs & to reduce fees even further </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To allow more libraries to participate at lower fees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To address un-served and under-served groups </li></ul></ul>www.clockss.org
    15. 15. Low Fees www.clockss.org Library fees start at $450/year Publisher fees start at $200/year discounts for groups of libraries are available We keep costs low so everyone can participate have already lowered fees once
    16. 16. Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS <ul><li>Content held at steward libraries, world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>International community-governed archive </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment </li></ul><ul><li>Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    17. 17. Free (Open) Access at CLOCKSS <ul><li>Governing Board agrees when content is “triggered” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when no longer available from any publisher </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons license is assigned </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Orphaned content is made freely available to all </li></ul><ul><ul><li>for all time! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content released via EDINA & Stanford University Library </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 titles now on open access! </li></ul>www.clockss.org
    18. 18. Demonstrated Success! ‘Triggered’ Content now Open Access <ul><li>Graft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Auto/Biography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brief Treatment & Crisis Intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OUP </li></ul></ul>www.clockss.org Open Access as cost-effective preservation strategy
    19. 19. The Four Unique Benefits of CLOCKSS <ul><li>Content held at steward libraries, world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>International community-governed archive </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment </li></ul><ul><li>Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content </li></ul>www.clockss.org we need cooperative action and the time is now… [email_address]
    20. 20. Brief Note on UK LOCKSS Alliance www.clockss.org
    21. 21. Questions Welcome! Thank you. www.clockss.org [email_address]
    22. 22. Low Library Participation Fees <ul><li>Materials Budgets Annual Contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Under $1 million $450 </li></ul><ul><li>$1 - 2 million $600 </li></ul><ul><li>$2 - 3 million $1,200 </li></ul><ul><li>$3 - 4 million $1,800 </li></ul><ul><li>$4 - 5 million $2,400 </li></ul><ul><li>$5 - 7 million $3,000 </li></ul><ul><li>$7 - 9 million $4,200 </li></ul><ul><li>$9 - 11 million $5,400 </li></ul><ul><li>$11 - 13 million $6,600 </li></ul><ul><li>$13 - 15 million $7,800 </li></ul><ul><li>$15 - 20 million $9,000 </li></ul><ul><li>$20 - 25 million $12,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Over $25 million $15,000 </li></ul>www.clockss.org

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