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Open Archives & Open Access


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Open archives as an international Open access movement

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Open Archives & Open Access

  1. 1. Open Archives & Open Access Mokhtar BEN HENDA Bordeaux Montaigne University 31 October 2019
  2. 2. The editorial paradox!
  3. 3. The solution: the Open Access (OA)!  The OA solution originated in the creation of a database named HEP-TH BY by the physicist Paul Ginsparg on August 16, 1991  Intention: the members of the small community of researchers specialized in the physics of High Energy could exchange quickly their scientific output. Open Access  Since 1997, 50 000 physicists have been using the same type of databases  Hep-th will be later replaced by arXiv
  4. 4. What is open access (OA)?  Free online copies of peer-reviewed journal articles, conference papers, technical reports, theses, working papers…  No licensing restrictions  Used freely for research, teaching and other purposes An Open access digital archive using open source software An e-print repository Peer-reviewing SmitaChandra
  5. 5. What a repository is? What it is not?  IT IS  An Open access institutional (or topic) repository  A set of services for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by the university community members  A means to make research results freely available online to the whole research community  A repository where contents are freely available for use  IT IS NOT  It is not self-publishing, nor a way to bypass peer-review and publication,  It is not a sort of second-class publishing route SmitaChandra
  6. 6. Institutional Repositories  Centered around a university (otheracademic institution) and contain items which are the scholarly output of that institution  In addition to published works, an IR may include preprints,theses & dissertations, images, data sets, working papers, course material, oranything elseacontributordeposits  Typically motivated by a commitmentto open access  Institutions are logical implementers ofrepositories because theycan take responsibilities SmitaChandra
  7. 7. IRs & Digital Libraries  Are organized around a particularinstitutional community  Oftenaredependentupon the voluntary contribution of materials by scholars for the content in theircollection  Are mainly repositories and therefore may only offerlimited userservices Institutional Repositories Digital Libraries  May be built around any number of organizing principles (often topic, subject, or discipline)  Arethe productof a deliberate collection development policy  Typically include an important service aspect (reference and research assistance, interpretive content, or specialresources.) SmitaChandra
  8. 8. Benefits of setting up an institutional repository Forresearchers  Increases citation for authors  24-hour access through any web-enabled device  Life’s work in one location  Persistent URLs For librarians  Provides new ways forarchiving & preserving valuablework  Time-saving and cost-effective  Reduce duplication of records SmitaChandra
  9. 9. What type of content can be deposited? Faculty  Pre-prints, post-prints, research findings, working papers, technical  reports, conference papers  Multimedia, videos, teaching materials, learning objects  Datasets (scientific, demographic, etc.) and otherancillary research material  Web-based presentations, exhibits,etc. Students  Theses and dissertations  Projects and portfolios  Awarded research  Performances and recitals SmitaChandra
  10. 10. Open access benefits
  11. 11. The impact of Open Access
  12. 12. Starting & Maintaining an IR  Steps to Building an IR 1. Justify the relevance to the institution and contributors 2. Developa policy framework. Howwill we find this contentand whatwill wedowith it? 3. Build the infrastructure Bonus: Get institutional support and amandate. SmitaChandra
  13. 13. Starting & Maintaining an IR IR Technology  IR software (OpenSource/Commercial)  OAI-PMH harvesting protocol/software(Free)  Intel/Pentium servers forIR  Linux/Red Hat OS, MySQL/PostGreDBMS, Apache/Tomcat web server, Perl/Java(Free) SmitaChandra
  14. 14. Four Widely Used Systems  Digital commons  Produced by Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress), focused onmaintaining scholarly output.  Not opensource.  E-prints  Developed at the University of Southampton (UK). Widely considered to be the least complex of the major repository software platforms.  Fedora  Developed at Cornell and University of Virginia. Based on a framework known as the Flexible Extensible Digital Object and Repository Framework.  Dspace  Designed by MIT and Hewlett-Packard to manage the intellectual output of research institutions and provide for long-term preservation. SmitaChandra
  15. 15. Subject Based Repositories Definition : Subject repositories are archives which collect and manage material relating to one or more related subject areas. A number currently exist mainly within science subjects. Subject repositories often managed by anindividual for agroup SmitaChandra (eg. Paul Ginsparg)
  16. 16. Subject Based Repositories Significant subject repositories:  ArXiv - (physics, mathematics, non- linear science and computer science)  Cogprints - (Cognitive sciences including psychology, neuroscience, linguistics and other related areas)  CiteSeer - (computer science)  PubMedCentral - (US National Library of Medicine's digital archive of life sciences journal literature.  PhilSci Archive - / (philosophy of science)  E-LIS - (library and information science) SmitaChandra
  17. 17. OpenDOAR – Directory of Open Access Repositories  The OpenDOAR service  provides a quality-assured listing of open access repositories around the world.  OpenDOAR staff harvest and assign metadata to allow categorisation and analysis to assist the wider use and exploitation of repositories.  Each of the repositories has been visited by OpenDOAR staff to ensure a highdegree of quality and consistency in the information provided  OpenDOAR is maintained by SHERPA consortium staff at the University of Nottingham, UK SmitaChandra
  18. 18. ROAR- Registry of Open Access Repositories ROAR aims to monitoroverall growth in the numberof eprint archivesand to maintain a list of EPrints sites Searchable international registry charting the growth of open access mandates adopted by universities, research institutions and research funders ROAR Materials Archiving Policies – ROARMAP ( SmitaChandra
  19. 19. Open Archives Initiative (OAI) OAI  OAI has its roots in the open access and institutional repository movements  A major development aimed at heightening interoperability and providing more targeted access to scholarly electronic full texts.  An international movement with guidelines and recommendations OAI 1999: Convention de Santa Fe pour l’accès ouvert 2002 : Initiative de Budapest pour l'accès ouvert (BOAI) ; 2003/06 : Déclaration de Bethesda pour la publication en accès ouvert ; 2003/10 : Déclaration de Berlin sur l‘accès ouvert aux connaissances dans les sciences et les humanités OER 2007 : Déclaration du Cap sur l’Éducation libre, 2009 : Déclaration de Dakar sur les Ressources éducatives libres 2011 : Lignes directrices de l'UNESCO et du Commonwealth of Learning sur les REL dans l’enseignement supérieur 2012 : Déclaration de Paris sur les REL 2017 : Plan d’action de Ljubljana sur les REL.
  20. 20. Open Archives Initiative (OAI)  Develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content  OA-PMH  Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a computer protocol developed by the Open Archives Initiative to collect and exchange metadata of open resources
  21. 21. Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002)  New guidelines developed by leaders of the Open Access movement,  Two complementary strategies:  I. Self-Archiving: – First, scholars need the tools and assistance to deposit their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives, a practice commonly called, self-archiving.  II. Open-access Journals: – Second, scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals committed to open access, and to help existing journals that elect to make the transition to open access.
  22. 22. Gold and Green OA publishing  Gold OA - uses a funding model that does not charge readersortheirinstitutions foraccess (e.g. Ariadne)  Green OA - authors publish papers in oneof the 25,000 orsorefereed journals inall disciplinesand thenself- archive these papers in open access/digital/institutional repositories.
  23. 23. Open access journals  Free, unrestricted online access to research outputs such as journal articles and books  The biggest catalogue of Open Access Journals: DOAJ  DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)  A bibliographic database that lists online scientific journals that meet quality and open access criteria: full text articles; open access items; items whose quality is controlled.  Journals are indexed after careful review and only after having fulfilled certain basic criteria  Getting indexed in DOAJ increases journal visibility, fosters trust, improves citations, attracts submissions
  24. 24. Why does indexing in DOAJ matter?  A standard for OA quality:  journals approved by DOAJ are considered to meet ethical and quality standards (against predator journals/editors)  A 3X increase in journal traffic:  After being indexed in DOAJ, journals witness a 3X increase in website traffic, which translates to better visibility and more exposure. An increase in traffic helps attract better authors and quality submissions  DOAJ metadata is freely and widely available:  When you submit your article metadata to DOAJ, it is distributed to all major aggregators, university libraries and many research organizations. This improves your content’s reach manifold  Promotes Open Access:  DOAJ is working to promote open access as a sustainable model for scholarly publishing. Which is why it helps put the spotlight on high quality, peer-reviewed OA journals
  25. 25. What is DOAJ?  DOAJ (The Directory of Open Access Journals)  A service that indexes high quality, peer reviewed Open Access research journals, periodicals and their articles' metadata.  The Directory aims to be comprehensive and cover all open access academic journals that use an appropriate quality control system  Not limited to particular languages, geographical region, or subject areas.  The Directory aims to increase the visibility and ease of use of open access academic journals—regardless of size and country of origin— thereby promoting their visibility, usage and impact.
  26. 26. DOAJ Impact
  27. 27. DOAJ CC oriented licencing
  28. 28. How to Get Your Journal Articles Indexed in DOAJ  Step I: Check your eligibility criteria  Filling the application for DOAJ indexation ( See the GUIDE  Step II: Handy checklist before you send in your application  Comply with Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing  Step III: Applying for DOAJ indexing
  29. 29. Plan S
  30. 30. Lists of Open access journals  APAnnexPublisher  Wikipedia list (thematic)  OMICS International  Open library of humanities  Scimago Journalsand Country Rank (H Index) The h-index is an author-level metric that attempts to measure both the productivity and citation impact of the publications of a scientist or scholar.
  31. 31. Some OA references  ArXiv:  HAL-CCSD: