Strengthnening Family Resilience Through Social Work Practice....Jacob Islary


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Strengthnening Family Resilience Through Social Work Practice....Jacob Islary

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Strengthnening Family Resilience Through Social Work Practice....Jacob Islary

  1. 1. Strengthening Family Resilience through Social Work Practice: A Theoretical Discourse Jacob Islary and Shagun Saklani PhD Scholars TISS, Mumbai
  2. 2. Family <ul><li>A fundamental unit of society </li></ul><ul><li>An ecological perspective </li></ul><ul><li>A sociological perspective </li></ul><ul><li>The structural-functional perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Play a dual role </li></ul><ul><li>Janzen and Harris (1980) concept of homeostasis </li></ul>
  3. 3. Resilience <ul><li>Is a dynamic process encompassing positive adaption within the context of significant adversity </li></ul><ul><li>Is characterized by the positive end of the distribution of developmental outcomes among individuals at high risk (Rutter 1897, 1990, in Luthar et al. 2000: 544) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be assessed on their levels of optimism , resourcefulness , determination , sense of belonging and communication patterns </li></ul>
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Changing perspectives on resilience <ul><li>Resilience was viewed as inborn or acquired on one's own </li></ul><ul><li>Walsh (2002) stated that it is equally affected by factors like socioeconomic disadvantages , urban poverty , community violence , chronic illness , and catastrophic life events </li></ul><ul><li>An interplay of risk and protective processes over time, involving individual, family, and larger socio-cultural influences (Rutter 1987) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Resilience at various levels <ul><li>Resilience and individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience and families </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience and community </li></ul>
  7. 7. Family through the lens of Social Work Practice <ul><li>Locates the family in the centre of the unit of attention or the field of action </li></ul><ul><li>Based as on systems approach, human beings can be understood and helped only in the context of the intimate and powerful human systems of which they are a part </li></ul>
  8. 8. SWP…Contd… <ul><li>Social work practice concerned with transactions among persons , family and environment and wide range of strategies for assessment and intervention which may strengthen or change those transactions (Hartman and Laird 1988:4) </li></ul>
  9. 9. SWP is concerned with the relationship between people and their environment  
  10. 10. SWP helps enhances resilience <ul><li>Case work, Group work and Community Organization & Development Practices (CODP) </li></ul><ul><li>SWP places itself on the assumption that group life plays inseparable role in a person’s life </li></ul><ul><li>Its goal is enhancing and enriching the quality of life for individuals and families. </li></ul><ul><li>Not only understands the complex family system but also equally understands the complex interactions between the family and their ecological milieu. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social Psychology Approach to family <ul><li>Looks at family as a unit made up of individuals who feel , think , and behave in a manner influenced by host of factors in and around them </li></ul><ul><li>These, as caused by presence of others - actual or implied, can be positively influenced by social work practice </li></ul><ul><li>SWP promotes social change , problem solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance ‘well-being’ (IFSW 2000) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Social Psychology (Contd…) <ul><li>Focus of social psychology is the individual ; it aims at understanding how most people would act on a given situation (Worchel et al. 2000: 4–5) </li></ul><ul><li>It attempts to identify what would be the most likely response within the given situation, and how this situation affects the most likely response </li></ul><ul><li>Case Work seems to be most appropriate SW-Method </li></ul>
  13. 13. Structural Functional vs Social Psychology <ul><li>Understand family structure, composition, kinship, caste types, its power relations , roles and functions </li></ul><ul><li>Good for understanding inter-relations and how equilibrium of the family as a system can be maintained- within and without </li></ul><ul><li>Understand family as a semi-opened structure influenced by environment </li></ul><ul><li>Takes family as composite of individuals who feel, think and behave </li></ul>
  14. 14. Structural Functional vs Social Psychology <ul><li>Takes family as a stable unit and does not offer explanation for how family grows as a unit and its members change and grow. </li></ul><ul><li>Sees family as a dynamic and constantly influenced by internal as well as external factors </li></ul>This is where social work which believes in possibility for change aligns with Social Psychology for intervention- individually and in groups
  15. 15. ‘ Subtle’ Points to remember in Social Psychological Approach to Family <ul><li>With Families (works on assumptions): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>family is a semi-open system whose thoughts, feelings and behaviour are influenced by external stimulus, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is a complex interplay of internal dynamics that involves each member of family in relation to each other and the external environment, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>family do influence the nature of external stimulus and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>family have positive adaptive capacity to spring back from adverse situation </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Thank You