Building family competence:A proactive measure to prevent elder abuse and neglect     Sreedhanya H Thekkedath PhD Scholar
Contents  <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Elder abuse and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Problem perspectives of elderly...
Introduction <ul><li>Demography of Ageing </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the world population is elderly  </li></ul><ul><li>proj...
Elder Abuse and Neglect <ul><li>Theoretical Premises of Elder Abuse and Neglect </li></ul><ul><li>risk factors associated ...
Critical conceptual frameworks   <ul><li>Dependency and exchange relationships   </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclic theory of violen...
Conceptualization of elder abuse Risk vulnerability model   :   Rose and Killin   Vulnerability Internal: Elder as a Sourc...
Problem Perspectives of Elderly <ul><li>Economic Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and Ageing </li></ul><ul><li>Health Pro...
Experience of abuse and neglect   <ul><li>An elder is physically abused when she is not attended by her caregivers who are...
Perpetrators of elder abuse   <ul><li>Studies are unanimous in victimizing family caregivers as the critical sources of el...
Caregivers’ perspectives on elder care   <ul><li>G roups of themes precedes to elder abuse and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>d...
Care giver stress and elder abuse <ul><li>Depression leads to caregiver stress, which is a strong predictor of elder abuse...
Family competence <ul><li>Family Competence is the ability of a family to get along and function productively through prob...
Initiative for developing family competence (kerala context) <ul><li>Economic security   </li></ul><ul><li>Health aspect <...
Conclusion  <ul><li>Need for an integrated approach </li></ul><ul><li>Support groups  </li></ul><ul><li>Formal support ser...
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Building Perspective On Elder Abuse And Neglect In India...Sreedhanya.

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Building Perspective On Elder Abuse And Neglect In India...Sreedhanya.

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  • It would be very important in present day social context to also conceive specific projects that can not only address the problem but also bring about greater focus to the problem of elder abuse and its etiology as a social problem and the 'raison de etre for such abysmal neglect of elders by younger family members
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Building Perspective On Elder Abuse And Neglect In India...Sreedhanya.

  1. 1. Building family competence:A proactive measure to prevent elder abuse and neglect   Sreedhanya H Thekkedath PhD Scholar
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Elder abuse and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Problem perspectives of elderly </li></ul><ul><li>Experience of abuse and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Caregivers’ perspective on elder care </li></ul><ul><li>Care giver stress and elder abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Family competence </li></ul><ul><li>Initiatives for developing family competence (kerala context – policy review) </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Demography of Ageing </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the world population is elderly </li></ul><ul><li>projected to increase by 21% in 2051. </li></ul><ul><li>India accommodates 76 million elderly persons above 60 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Elderly population in Kerala would increase from 2.2 million in 1986 to 8.3 million in 2026 (Rajan, 1986 ). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elder Abuse and Neglect <ul><li>Theoretical Premises of Elder Abuse and Neglect </li></ul><ul><li>risk factors associated to elder abuse and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>(a) victim-perpetrator dependency (b) perpetrator deviance, (c) victim disability, (d) care-giver stress, and (e) social isolation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Critical conceptual frameworks <ul><li>Dependency and exchange relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclic theory of violence </li></ul><ul><li>Elder Impairment Theory </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conceptualization of elder abuse Risk vulnerability model : Rose and Killin Vulnerability Internal: Elder as a Source Elder demographics Elder cognitive status Elder functional status Elder psychological status Elder health status Elder social support Risk isk Risk External: In environment/Not part of elder Caregiver demographic information Caregiver burden Caregiver functional status Caregivers’ social support Caregiver psychological health Elder Mistreatment Physical mistreatment nt Sexual mistreatment Psychological mistreatment Financial mistreatment Neglect
  7. 7. Problem Perspectives of Elderly <ul><li>Economic Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and Ageing </li></ul><ul><li>Health Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Health </li></ul>
  8. 8. Experience of abuse and neglect <ul><li>An elder is physically abused when she is not attended by her caregivers who are in most cases family members. </li></ul><ul><li>They need timely care (a) when they experience a simple head ache or back ache and cold (b) if family members or caregivers are not taking the elderly to doctor when sick (c) when elderly are not served meals (d) do not help elderly with personal chores in spite of the elderly assisting in the family chores </li></ul>
  9. 9. Perpetrators of elder abuse <ul><li>Studies are unanimous in victimizing family caregivers as the critical sources of elder abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter in law and son emerged as the major abusers </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of concern, respect for elderly and lack of caring attitude by daughter in law, sons and so on </li></ul>
  10. 10. Caregivers’ perspectives on elder care <ul><li>G roups of themes precedes to elder abuse and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>demanding behaviours of older people; </li></ul><ul><li>selfishness and self centeredness; </li></ul><ul><li>rigid and opinionated; </li></ul><ul><li>authoritarian nature; </li></ul><ul><li>nagging and criticizing; </li></ul><ul><li>interfering; and </li></ul><ul><li>being jealous and impatient. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Care giver stress and elder abuse <ul><li>Depression leads to caregiver stress, which is a strong predictor of elder abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Perception of situation by caregivers linked to abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Seem to be helpless and isolated from the society </li></ul><ul><li>I ncompetent in handling the issues related to elderly </li></ul>
  12. 12. Family competence <ul><li>Family Competence is the ability of a family to get along and function productively through problem solving, organization and providing a positive emotional climate </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain family as a unit through out the life cycle, family members must provide physical and psychological (care) help to each other </li></ul>
  13. 13. Initiative for developing family competence (kerala context) <ul><li>Economic security </li></ul><ul><li>Health aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Panchayati raj institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Non Governmental Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Legal protection </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>Need for an integrated approach </li></ul><ul><li>Support groups </li></ul><ul><li>Formal support services (Affordable home care services) </li></ul><ul><li>Expand existing programs for caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>   Encourage employers to assist in providing relief to family caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>Offer tax relief to family caregivers </li></ul>
  15. 15. Thank You

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