A dysfunctional family is one in which the relationships between the parents and children are strained and unnatural.
Have you ever wondered what causes young children to get involved with drugs? Many people blame the children’s influence such as television shows they watch and music they listen to. Even though music and television do have an influence on their behavior, it all begins at home. Parents are looked at as being, or should be, role models for their children. Unfortunately many parents become absorbed in themselves becoming selfish and forget about the little eyes that are watching them. Being part of a dysfunctional family forces a child into having childhood trauma. The trauma inflicted on the child is anywhere from verbal and physical abuse to watching the parent on drugs abuse their drug of choice. It all begins at home.
A weakness to this article is the possibility of the adolescents not truthfully answering the questions. The adolescents could fear confidentiality, embarrassed, or fear. This article found that adolescents with substance abuse in only one family generation experienced more emotional distress than those with substance use patterns consistent across generations. Why do you think that would be?
A survey was administered to find out if the adults grew from a child in a household that was dysfunctional to substance abusing adults. There was a correlation to early drug initiation to problems in their adulthood. This article proved that early childhood experiences with drugs most likely will result in adulthood abusing substances. The one major problem about self reporting is how truthful are the participants being. Some participants could have suppressed memories, could not or chose not to remember certain events. Also there could be questions that do not relate to the participants or they do not understand the question. Children mimic what they see at home.
I would think that being in a family home that is not very functional would have to be in part because of a parent turns “off” from the family and focuses on their drug of choice. I have learned that this is not always the case. A dysfunctional family does not have the positive support for each other. They also don’t have boundaries to follow and don’t receive the attention that a functional family should have.
If a child is only shown how to be physically violent, they only know how to be aggressive. Being in a dysfunctional home can teach the children to not properly respond to their emotions. They are constantly exposed to negativity. They resort to drugs to help escape from the reality of their home life.
I had the chance to talk to a 15 year old boy who is currently involved in family therapy who comes from a very dysfunctional family and home environment. He swears it has helped him come a long way. He knows he still has a way to go in therapy. It has helped him deal with his drug problem, anxiety problem, and his suicidal ideations.
It is not just one characteristic that sends a child into exploring the world of drugs. There are many factors that play in that role. All the factors outline a dysfunctional family. One or more family members are abusing substances. There is minimal, if at all, parental support and monitoring of the children. There is also parent-child conflict. I know a family that does not spend quality time together at all. The parents sit in front of the computer and play on facebook while their oldest boy is smoking cigarettes on the side of the house and the youngest girl is cutting up their new bed sheets. The kids seek attention from their parents and the only way they are paid attention to is when they are doing something they know they are not supposed to be doing.
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The Dysfunctional Family<br />Argosy University<br />Amber Eckert<br />
Why do young children get involved with drugs?<br />Childhood trauma<br />Children’s role models<br />The parent’s actions<br />Why?<br />
SA Brown study-<br />Life events of adolescents in relation to personal and parental substance abuse<br />138 adolescent participants<br />Self report<br />Adolescents with Substance Abusing Parents<br />
Children start abusing drugs as young as 14 years old<br />Children are watching their parents behavior.<br />Dysfunctional Families<br />
The problem behind the problem<br />Article about underlying issues of a substance abuser<br />Dysfunctional doesn’t always relate to drugs<br />Dysfunctional Families<br />
Dysfunctional family linked to child aggression<br />Hostile environment<br />Child taught how to negatively handle frustration<br />Child Aggression<br />
Does it work?<br />According to Rowe and Liddle, it does<br />A longitudinal study needs to be done<br />More insight on how to improve family therapies<br />Family Therapy<br />
Many factors that turn kids to drugs<br />Some factors are<br />Family substance use<br />Parental support and monitoring<br />Parent-child conflict<br />Family life events<br />Factors<br />
Brown, S.A. (1989) Life Events of Adolescents in Relation to Personal and Parental Substance Abuse, American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 484-489<br />Capuzzi, D. & Stauffer, M. (2008) Foundations of Addictions Counseling. Pearson. NJ.<br />Dube, S.R., Felitti, V.J., Dong, M., Chapman, D.P., Giles, W.H., Anda, R.F. (2003) Childhood Abuse, Neglect, and Household Dysfunction and the Risk of Illicit Drug Use. Pediatrics, 111, 564-572<br />Fields, R. (2010). Drugs in perspective: Causes, assessment, family, prevention, intervention,<br /> treatment7th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.<br />Matthews, D.W. (1993). Dysfunctional Families: The Problem Behind the Problem. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, HE-410-4, 1-4<br />McAdams, C.R., Foster, V.A., Dotson-Blake, K., Brendel, J.M. (2009) Dysfunctional Family Structures and Aggression in Children: A Case for School-Based, Systemic Approaches with Violent Students, Journal of School Counseling, 7, 1-33<br />Miller, G. (2005). Learning language of addiction counseling (2nd, ed). John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ.<br />Rowe, C.L. and Liddle, H.A. (2003) Substance Abuse. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 29, 97-120<br />Weinberg, N.Z., Rahdert, E., Colliver, J.D., Glantz, M.D. (1998). Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Review of the Past 10 Years, The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 3, 252-261<br />Wills, T.A., and Yaeger, A.M. (2003) Family Factors and Adolescent Substance Use, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 222-226<br /> <br />References<br />