Revolutions 2010

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Revolutions 2010

  1. 1. Recap:What causes revolutions?
  2. 2. French Revolution• Why? absolutism, hunger, debts and philosophers• Who? King Louis XVI & “Madame Deficit”, USA!,Robespierre, peasants & middle class
  3. 3. French Rev.: Effects/Significance• new form of gov. (temporarily)• ends feudalism; people gain rights• bloodshed! Great Fear and Reign of Terror• serves as an example for other nations• changes balance of power in Europe
  4. 4. Mexican Revolution 1910-20• Why? Dictator Diaz and land• Who? Madero, Zapata, andVilla• “tierra y libertad”
  5. 5. Effects/Significance• big move towards democracy• rights for the masses• land reform• change in relationship w/ the United States
  6. 6. • Why? “Peace, Land and Bread”• Who? Nicholas II, Bolsheviks, Lenin, and StalinRussian Revolution
  7. 7. Effects/Significance• Communism• five year plans• WW II• Cold War
  8. 8. Chinese Revolutions• Why? emperor, nationalism, lack of landownership, and concentration of wealth• Who? SunYat-sen, Mao Zedong, Red Guard, andpeasants
  9. 9. Effects/Significance• communism!• socioeconomic reforms• Great Leap Forward• Cultural Revolution• Korean War• death of millions!!!
  10. 10. Indian Revolution• Why? British imperialism and desire to protectculture and resources• Who? Gandhi, Nehru and the Indian NationalCongress
  11. 11. Effects/Significance• Beginning of the end of British Imperialism• India regains independence• leads to the creation of Pakistan & Bangladesh
  12. 12. Cuban Revolution• Why? Dictator Fulgencio Batista and the U.S. gov.• HUGE gap between the rich and poor• Who? Fidel Castro, Ernesto “Che” Guevara andpeasants
  13. 13. Effect/Significance• Communism• fear of ”another Cuba”• revolutionary icons• C.I.A. operations• Cuban Missile Crisis!
  14. 14. South Africa• Cause: apartheid, self-rule, individual politicaland economic rights, int’l pressure• Who? Nelson Mandela, ANC, F.W. deKlerk• violent and nonviolent protests
  15. 15. Effects/Significance• End of the legacy of imperialism in S.Africa• everyone can vote!• equality!• Nobel Peace Prizes• no retribution
  16. 16. What Causes Revolutions?• land (Russia, Mexico, Cuba, France)• hunger (Russia, China, Mexico, France)• end of dictators/monarchy (Russia, Cuba, China,Mexico, France)• self rule/determination (Cuba, India, S.Africa)• ideology (Russia, China, Cuba, France, S.Africa)• desire for peace (Russia)

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