Narrative elements


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The narrative elements

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Narrative elements

  1. 1. Narrative Elements
  2. 2. There are 7 elements of narrative <ul><li>Plot </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul><ul><li>Point of View </li></ul><ul><li>Literary Devices </li></ul>
  3. 3. Plot <ul><li>What happens in the story; events that occur </li></ul><ul><li>from beginning to end. </li></ul>Conflict A struggle between forces . 1) Human vs. Human 2) Human vs. Nature 3) Human vs. Society 4) Human vs. Her/Himself
  4. 4. Setting <ul><li>when and where the story occurs (time and place) </li></ul><ul><li>P lace : geographical location ; w here is the action of the story taking place? </li></ul><ul><li>T ime : w hen is the story taking place? (historical period, time of day, year, etc . ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Setting <ul><li>W eather C onditions : i s it rainy, sunny, stormy, etc? </li></ul><ul><li>S ocial C onditions : w hat is the daily life of the characters like? Does the story mention the speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc. of a particular place)? </li></ul><ul><li>M ood or A tmosphere : w hat feeling is created during the story?  Is it bright and cheerful or dark and frightening? This element of the setting can evolve throughout the story. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Character <ul><li>Protagonist: </li></ul><ul><li>the character whose actions form the basis of the plot </li></ul><ul><li>the main character, the “ hero ” </li></ul><ul><li>Antagonist: </li></ul><ul><li>character who opposes the protagonist and or creates obstacles for him/her </li></ul><ul><li>forces that work against the protagonist ’ s success (e.g. protagonist ’ s own character traits) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Character <ul><li>Dynamic (or Round) character : </li></ul><ul><li>A complex, multidimensional , developed, embodying a number </li></ul><ul><li>of qualities and traits </li></ul><ul><li>A character that changes throughout the story </li></ul><ul><li>(complex, many sides) </li></ul><ul><li>Static (or Flat) character : </li></ul><ul><li>A character that never changes (one-sided) </li></ul><ul><li>Embody or represent a single characteristic, trait, or idea, or at </li></ul><ul><li>least a small number of such qualities </li></ul>
  8. 8. Atmosphere <ul><li>Mood pervading the story </li></ul><ul><li>The feeling aroused in the reader by the setting, plot, characters and devices (e.g. feeling of horror, uneasiness, peace) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Theme <ul><li>The main point or central concept around which the story is focused. </li></ul><ul><li>Statement about life or human nature conveyed or implied through the story </li></ul><ul><li>Can be the author ’ s message or central insight that s/he is trying to communicate through the story </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of themes include: love, betrayal, friendship, war, etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Point of View <ul><li>Method of narration </li></ul><ul><li>First person narrator: “ I ” </li></ul><ul><li>Told from a highly personal perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Third person narrator: “ He ” , “ She ” </li></ul><ul><li>Told from an outside narrator who is not a character in the story </li></ul>
  11. 11. Point of View Continued <ul><li>O mniscient : means &quot;all-knowing,&quot; and the narrator in such a circumstance can direct the reader's attention to the inner thoughts of any of the characters and controls the sources of information </li></ul>
  12. 12. Point of View <ul><li>Third Person: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L imited O mniscient : what the narrator knows and sees is restricted to what one central character can know and see.  This limited perspective can explain things differently from a first person point of view . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O bjective : the most &quot;drastic&quot; third person point of view ; t he narrator disappears, and t here is no way of entering the minds of the characters.  The reader is permitted t o view the plot only externally, from the outside.  Because its technique resembles drama, this point of view is often referred to as &quot;dramatic.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Literary Devices <ul><li>Part of the style of a piece of writing, used to make it more interesting. Examples include: imagery, symbolism, humour, dramatic irony, figurative language (e.g. metaphor, simile), flashback, foreshadowing, etc. </li></ul>