What’s Next For The Newly Independent Reader


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  • What’s Next For The Newly Independent Reader

    1. 1. WHAT’S NEXT FOR THE NEWLY INDEPENDENT READER? Easy Readers and Transitional Books
    2. 2. Easy Readers <ul><li>Definition: larger typeface, fewer words on each page, controlled vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>History: relatively new to children’s publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Hersey – Life magazine article </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Dr. Seuss and The Cat in the Hat <ul><li>Published in 1957 in response to Hersey’s article </li></ul><ul><li>Houghton Mifflin’s list of 237 easy to read words </li></ul><ul><li>First Example of engaging creative text with controlled vocabulary and exciting illustrations in a unified work </li></ul>
    4. 4. Little Bear by Elise Minarik <ul><li>1957 – Harper and Row came out with “I Can Read Series” </li></ul><ul><li>Short, easy to read chapters, designed like a chapter book instead of a picture book </li></ul><ul><li>Set the standard for transitional literature </li></ul>
    5. 5. Frog and Toad by Arnold Lobel <ul><li>1970 series started </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguished writing and exemplary art </li></ul><ul><li>Singled out for both Caldecott and Newbery Awards </li></ul>
    6. 6. Components of “Easy Readers”
    7. 7. 1. Content <ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence Length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrations </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Vocabulary <ul><li>Sight words </li></ul><ul><li>1 st / 2 nd grade level </li></ul><ul><li>Short words, easy to decode </li></ul><ul><li>Longer compound words with illustrations to support understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Natural language of child </li></ul>
    9. 9. Sentence Length <ul><li>Short declarative sentences </li></ul><ul><li>5 words or less for earliest, 10 words for more confident </li></ul><ul><li>Alternating sentence length </li></ul><ul><li>Longer sentences if broken into smaller parts </li></ul>
    10. 10. Plot <ul><li>2-3 main characters </li></ul><ul><li>Fast moving, clear direct action </li></ul><ul><li>Not much description </li></ul><ul><li>4-6 chapters, action on each page </li></ul><ul><li>Action verbs move plot </li></ul><ul><li>Characters are developed through interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Surprises mix with predictability </li></ul>
    11. 11. Illustrations <ul><li>Pictures on each page </li></ul><ul><li>Varying sizes from page to page </li></ul><ul><li>Context clues </li></ul>
    12. 12. 2. Design <ul><li>Typeface = 18 pts </li></ul><ul><li>Words / line = 2-10 </li></ul><ul><li>New line for new sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Word space wide and clear </li></ul><ul><li>Line space = to type size </li></ul><ul><li>Lines per page = < 16 </li></ul><ul><li>White space substantial for resting eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Illustration placement= every double-page spread for eye rest and picture clues (complement not compete) </li></ul>
    13. 13. LEVELS <ul><li>Three levels based upon difficulty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Level One - First Grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“I Can Read” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level Two – Second Grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“I Can Read” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level Three – Third Grade + </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“I Am Reading” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Examples of Level One Books
    15. 15. Examples of Level Two Books
    16. 16. Examples of Level Three Books
    17. 17. TRANSITIONAL BOOKS <ul><li>“Stepping Stone” series </li></ul><ul><li>Short developmental stage </li></ul><ul><li>Gain reading confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Choose books based upon interest and genres </li></ul>
    18. 18. Characteristics <ul><li>Larger typeface </li></ul><ul><li>Lines per page < 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Words per sentence = 8-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of white space </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer illustrations </li></ul><ul><li>Longer chapters </li></ul><ul><li>Justified margins </li></ul><ul><li>Resemble chapter books </li></ul>
    19. 19. Examples of Transitional Books
    20. 20. Theodor Geisel Award <ul><li>The Theodor Seuss Geisel Award is given annually to the author(s) and illustrator(s) of the most distinguished American books for beginning readers published in English in the United States during the preceding year.   </li></ul><ul><li>Books that demonstrate creativity and imagination to engage children in reading, receive a bronze medal.  Honor Book authors and illustrators receive certificates, </li></ul><ul><li>The award was established in 2004 and first presented in 2006. </li></ul>
    21. 21. 2009 Geisel Award Winners 2009 Medal winner 2009 Honor Books