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Fantasy+And+Scifi 1

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Fantasy and Science Fiction in Young Adult Literature

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Fantasy+And+Scifi 1

  1. 1. Fantasy and Science Fiction “ If a story is set in a universe that follows the same rules as ours, it’s science fiction. If it’s set in a universe that doesn’t follow our rules, it’s fantasy” -- Orson Scott Card
  2. 2. Which is it? <ul><li>How can we tell the difference between fantasy and science fiction? </li></ul><ul><li>Why should we? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where it all began… <ul><li>The Roots of Fantasy </li></ul><ul><li>Folktales, fables, fairy tales and legends </li></ul><ul><li>King Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>Celtic legends “Mabinogion” </li></ul><ul><li>Brothers Grimm, Anderson, Perrault </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who’s Who of Fantasy Literature <ul><li>Rudyard Kipling </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis Carroll </li></ul><ul><li>L. Frank Baum </li></ul><ul><li>J.R.R. Tolkien </li></ul><ul><li>C.S. Lewis </li></ul><ul><li>Ursula LeGuin </li></ul><ul><li>Anne McCaffrey </li></ul><ul><li>Robin McKinley </li></ul><ul><li>J.K. Rowling </li></ul><ul><li>Philip Pullman </li></ul>
  5. 5. Conventions and Traditions <ul><li>Internally consistent </li></ul><ul><li>Magical </li></ul><ul><li>Dragons, unicorns, vampires, ghosts </li></ul><ul><li>Quests </li></ul><ul><li>Universal truths </li></ul><ul><li>Wide age appeal </li></ul>
  6. 6. Importance of Fantasy <ul><li>“Fantasy is our world turned upside down” </li></ul><ul><li>Pure escapism </li></ul><ul><li>Pass on customs and traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Respond to the unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Imagination </li></ul>
  7. 7. Subgenres of Fantasy <ul><li>Literary fantasy </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure fantasy </li></ul><ul><li>Series fantasy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Evaluating Fantasy <ul><li>Gradual move from reality to fantasy </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Real Objects </li></ul><ul><li>Consistence </li></ul><ul><li>Original Plots </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Truths </li></ul>
  9. 9. Now for Science Fiction… “Where No One has Gone Before” <ul><li>Includes paraphernalia of science </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres to natural law </li></ul><ul><li>Presents a speculated world. </li></ul><ul><li>Futuristic </li></ul><ul><li>Adventurous </li></ul><ul><li>“What if…” </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Beginning of Science Fiction <ul><li>Jonathan Swift – Gulliver’s Travels (1726) </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Shelley – Frankenstein (1818) </li></ul><ul><li>Jules Verne – Voyage to the Center of the Earth (1864) and Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fathers of Science Fiction <ul><li>Isaac Asimov – “Foundation” series </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur C. Clark – 2001 : A Space Odyssey </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Heinlein -- Stranger in a Strange Land </li></ul><ul><li>Ray Bradbury – The Martian Chronicles </li></ul>
  12. 12. Value of Science Fiction <ul><li>Develops the imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Offers challenges and hope </li></ul><ul><li>Offers possibility for change </li></ul>

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