Elements of Short Stories Urban Prep Academy English Survey 1 9th Grade
Elements of a Short Story A short story is a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting.
PlotThe chain of related events that takeplace in a story.Built around conflict , which is astruggle between opposing forces.
Plot at a Glance climax falling action rising action resolutionexposition
Exposition- gives the background of the storyRising Action- introduces complications; builds suspenseClimax- the turning point of the story suspense reaches its peakFalling Action and Resolution resolves the conflict usually ties up loose ends
The plot of a short story centersaround conflict. Conflict is astruggle between opposingforces.Complications build the reader’sexcitement.
Types of Conflict•External -Man v Man -Man v Nature -Man v Obstacle or Society•Internal -Man v Himself
Methods of Characterization Creating Believable Characters Indirect Direct – physical appearance – the narrator’s direct – speech, thoughts, comments about a feelings, or actions of character the character – speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of other characters
Types of Characters•Main or Minor•Protagonist or Antagonist•Round or Flat•Dynamic or Static•*Stereotypes=Stock Characters*
Setting= time and place -puts the reader in the story by giving the reader the feeling of being in the situation. -creates atmosphere by thepositive or negative feelingsassociated with the place.
Point of View or . . .(Who’s telling this storyanyway?)-the vantage point from which the storyis told.-determines how much we, the readers,know about the characters.
1st Person• Narrator is a character in the story.•Narrator uses first-person pronouns, I,me, my, we, us, our to refer to himself orherself.•Narrator knows the thoughts andfeelings of one character and speaksdirectly to reader.
3rd Person Limited•Narrator does not participate in action ofstory.•Narrator does not refer to himself orherself.•Narrator knows the thoughts and feelingsof one character, but readers are able tomaintain some emotional distance from thecharacter.
3rd Person Omniscient•Narrator does not participate in action ofstory.•Narrator does not refer to himself orherself.•Narrator knows the thoughts and feelingsof all characters; readers get insight intoseveral characters.
A symbol is a person, aplace, an activity, or anobject that stands forsomething beyond itself.
ThemeIn literature, theme is a perception about life orhuman nature that the writer wants to share with thereader.In most cases, the theme is not stated directly butmust be inferred.Themes can be revealed by - a story’s title - key phrases and statements about big ideas - the ways the characters change and the lessons they learn about life.