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More reported speech

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  2. 2. “ COMMANDS” (Órdenes) <ul><li>We change the imperative form into an infinitive. We use a reporting verb that expresses command like tell or order. Don’t forget to include the indirect object </li></ul>Direct speech Imperative ‘ Stop speaking in class’ Reported speech Tell+ infinitive She told me to stop speaking in class. Direct speech Negative imperative ‘ don’t eat in class!’ the teacher said Reported speech Tell+ negative imperative The teacher told us not to eat in class.
  3. 3. “ Offers” (Ofrecimientos) <ul><li>We used “offer” when they offer us something </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Would you like a cup of tea ? &quot; she said </li></ul><ul><li>She offered me (to have)a cup of tea. </li></ul>Direct speech Will/would + like + ? “ would you like a cup of tea” She said Reported speech Offer + objects + noun She offered me a cup of tea Direct speech Could (Modal verb) Se utiliza (Offer + object + noun)
  4. 4. “ Suggestions”( sugerencias) <ul><li>Estructure: Suggest/recommend + Gerund / noun / Pronoun or “that”clause </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions can be expressed by: </li></ul><ul><li>- Let’s…? </li></ul><ul><li>- Why don’t we…? </li></ul><ul><li>- Shall we…? </li></ul><ul><li>- Why not….? </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>-&quot;Let´s go out&quot; Peter said to me. (Direct speech) </li></ul><ul><li>-Peter suggested going out. (Reported speech) </li></ul><ul><li> - Peter suggested that we go out. (Reported </li></ul><ul><li>speech) </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ Ask ”( Beg someone to do something) <ul><li>Estructure: Ask + indirect object / infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>This is not a question, but a request or demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Could you show me your passport, please?” he said </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me to show him my passport. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Can you open the door, please?” She said </li></ul><ul><li>She asked him to open the door. </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Advice” (consejos) <ul><li>In this case we use the verbs advise + object + infinitive. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>- “You should study harder if you want to pass the test” (Direct speech) </li></ul><ul><li>- She advised me to study harder if I wanted to pass the test” (Reported speech) </li></ul><ul><li>-In negative sentences we use “not” in front of the infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Don´t be late tomorrow&quot;  she advised me. (D.Speech). </li></ul><ul><li>She advised me not to be late the following day. (Reported speech) </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Warn” (Advertir) <ul><li>We use “warn” in reported speech when we warn people about something </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Don’t swim out too far, boys”, I said </li></ul><ul><li>He warned the boys not to swim out too far. </li></ul>Bill: &quot;Don't drink so much or you'll get drunk!&quot; Bill: &quot;¡No bebas tanto que te vas a emborrachar!“ Bill warned Jack not to drink too much Bill le advirtió a Jack que no bebiera demasiado
  8. 8. “ Apologies” (disculpas) and “Complaints” (Quejas) <ul><li>We use “apologize” in reported speech when we apologize and “complain” to complain about something. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Karen: &quot;I am very sorry for having insulted you in that way“ She apologized to her friend for having insulted her. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This milkshake is too sweet!”, she said </li></ul><ul><li>She complained about the milkshake </li></ul><ul><li>She complained that the milkshake was too sweet. </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ Remind” (recordatorio) <ul><li>Structure: </li></ul><ul><li>Remind +Sb (somebody) +to –inf </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Jack: &quot;Hey, Bill. Don't forget to mail this letter today!&quot; Jack: &quot;Oye, Bill. ¡No te olvides de enviar esta carta hoy!&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Jack reminded Bill to mail that letter that day Jack le recordó a Bill que enviara una carta ese día </li></ul>
  10. 10. Verbs used in reported speech <ul><li>Verbs: advise, ask, beg, command, encourage, entreat, forbid, implore, invite, order, remind, request, urge, warn, threaten, promise, refuse, </li></ul><ul><li>Structure: </li></ul><ul><li>Remind +Sb (somebody) +to –inf </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>“ go on, apply for the job,” he said </li></ul><ul><li>He encouraged me to apply for the job </li></ul>
  11. 11. Change the following from direct into Reported Speech <ul><li> ” If I were you, I’d stop taking tranquilizers,” I said </li></ul><ul><li>I advised him to stop taking tranquilizers. </li></ul><ul><li> “ Sorry, I didn't want to be late,&quot; He said </li></ul><ul><li>He apologized for being late. </li></ul><ul><li> &quot;The food is horrible,&quot; he said </li></ul><ul><li>He complained the food was horrible. </li></ul><ul><li> “ Please, don’t take any risks,” said his wife. </li></ul><ul><li>His wife begged him not to take any risks.   </li></ul><ul><li> Don’t forget to order the wine,” said he. </li></ul><ul><li>He reminded me to order the wine. </li></ul><ul><li> “ Eat much because you are very thin,” my friend told me </li></ul><ul><li>My friend advised me to eat much because I was very thin. </li></ul><ul><li> ““ Let’s stop now” Mary suggested </li></ul><ul><li>Mary suggested stopping then. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Change the following from direct into Reported Speech <ul><li> He said, “lie down, Tom” </li></ul><ul><li>He told Tom to lie down. </li></ul><ul><li> ” You had better not leave the car unlocked,” the police officer said. </li></ul><ul><li>The police officer advised me not to leave the car unlocked. </li></ul><ul><li> “ Be careful crossing roads,” she said. </li></ul><ul><li>She advised me to be careful crossing roads. </li></ul><ul><li> ” Would you like to have lunch with me on Sunday?”, he asked. </li></ul><ul><li>He invited me to have lunch with him on Sunday. </li></ul><ul><li> ” Could you translate this for me, please?” I asked my friend. </li></ul><ul><li>I asked my friend to translate that for me </li></ul>
  13. 13. Change the following sentences from Reported Speech into direct speech <ul><li>Tom suggested his girlfriend climbing to the top. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shall we climb to the top?” Tom asked his girlfriend. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let’s climb to the top” </li></ul><ul><li>Tom invited Ann to come for a drive the following day. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Would you like to go for a drive tomorrow, Ann?” Tom asked. </li></ul><ul><li>She promised to be a quick as she could. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I will be as quick as I can,” she promised.   </li></ul><ul><li>She told John not to be ridiculous. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Don’t be so ridiculous, John!” </li></ul><ul><li>He asked where she was going. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where are you going?” He said. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me if I knew Bill. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do you know Bill?” He said. </li></ul><ul><li>The travel agent wanted to know whether I would go by air or sea. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Will you go by air or sea?” the travel agent said. </li></ul>
  14. 14. THE END