Reported speech

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Reported speech

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECHIES “MONTE NARANCO” 2012/20131ºBACHILLERATO AGERMÁN IGLESIASÁLVAREZ
  2. 2. Direct and reported speech.Introduction There are two ways of relating what a personhas said: direct and indirect. In direct speech we repeat the originalspeaker’s exact words:Example:He said: “I have lost my umbrella.” In indirect speech we give the exact meaningof a remark or a speech, without necessarilyusing the speaker’s exact words:Example: He said (that) he had lost hisumbrella.
  3. 3. Can you see the difference? “I´m going to call the police!” said the man. The man said that he was going to call thepolice. The man said he was going to call the police. Which are the differences between the firstand the second sentence? And between thesecond and the third?
  4. 4. Reported statements: tensechanges.
  5. 5. Tense changes: examples. “I’m watching you”  He said that he waswatching me. “I have lost my keys”  He said that the hadlost his keys. “We will go to the cinema”  They said thatthey would go to the cinema. “I must do my homework”  She said that hadto do her homework.
  6. 6. Reported statements: otherchanges Pronouns usually change:a) “I have lost my wallet” : He said that he hadlost his wallet Place expressions usually change:a) “I like this picture” : He said that he liked thatpicture. There are modal verbs that don’t change:a) We might come: They said that they mightcome.
  7. 7. Say vs. tellTELL SOMEONE SOMETHING SAY SOMETHING
  8. 8. Reported questions.VERB + SUBJECT (direct question)SUBJECT + VERB (indirect question)He asked (me) how I was. How are you?He asked (me) how was I.
  9. 9. Reported questions. Wh- elements. Who, why, when, how, what… don’t change. Why are you crying?He asked him why she was crying. How tall is she?He asked me how tall she was.
  10. 10. Reported questions. If questions. Wh- elements don’t appear. We have to use if/whether when we report thequestion. Are you guilty? He asked her.He asked her if she was guilty. Do you like being here? She asked him.She asked him if he liked being there.
  11. 11. Reported commands.IMPERATIVE FORM (direct question)SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT +INFINITIVEHe ordered them to sit down. Sit down!He ordered to sit down them.
  12. 12. Reported commands.IMPERATIVE FORM (negative)SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + NOT +INFINITIVEHe told her not to shout at him.Don’t shout at me!He told her to not shout at him.
  13. 13. Reported suggestions. 1º Option.SUGGESTION (direct question)SUBJECT + VERB + THAT +PROPOSITIONHe suggested that we went for a walk.“Let’s go for a walk”He suggested that we going for a walk.
  14. 14. Reported suggestions. 2º option.SUGGESTION (direct question)SUBJECT + VERB(rep) + VERB(-ing)+ PROPOSITIONShe suggested relaxingWhy don’t we relax?She suggesting relaxed
  15. 15. Reporting verbs. We can use different reporting verbs,depending on the sittuation. Different structures are required to use theseverbs.
  16. 16. Reporting verbs.VERB + THAT…ADMIT SAY INSIST EXPLAINREPLY SUGGEST RECCOMEND“Take some extra money”.He suggested that I took some extra money.
  17. 17. Reporting verbs.VERB + OBJECT + INFINITIVE…ASK TELL ORDER INVITEREMIND ADVISE“Please go away”He asked her to go away.
  18. 18. Reporting verbs.VERB + INFINITIVE…AGREE DECIDE OFFER PROMISEREFUSE THREATEN“I’ll do it”She agreed to do it.
  19. 19. Reporting verbs.VERB + VERB (-ing)…APOLOGIZE (FOR) RECOMMENDSUGGEST“I’m sorry that I did it”She apologized for doing it.
  20. 20. Let’s practice! "Im hungry," Tom said.Tom said that he was hungry. "They were living in Chicago when their son was born,"she said.She said that they had been living in Chicago when theirson was born. Sarah asked, "Are you busy tonight”?Sarah asked me if I was busy tonight. "I am working in a hospital," she said.She said that she was working in a hospital. "We made a great dinner last night," he said.He said that they had made a great dinner last night.
  21. 21. Let’s practice! "I have been to India three times," Melissa said.Melissa said that she had been to India three times. "We have been waiting for the tickets for three hours,"they said.They said that they had been waiting for the tickets forthree hours. He asked, "Had you ever been to New York before?“He asked me if I had ever been to New York before. "I am from Australia," Pam said.Pam said she is from Australia. "You must drive slowly here," the police officer said.The police officer said I had to drive slowly there.

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