Local Government

12,954 views

Published on

Lecture slide deck on Local Government.

This was for a class on Philippine Politics and Governance that I taught between 2003-2005.

http://brianbelen.blogspot.com

Published in: Education, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

Local Government

  1. 1. LLOCALOCAL GGOVERNMENTOVERNMENT
  2. 2. OVERVIEWOVERVIEW • What do we mean by localWhat do we mean by local government(s)?government(s)? • What is the rationale behindWhat is the rationale behind local governance?local governance?
  3. 3. REVIEWREVIEW • Governments are eitherGovernments are either unitaryunitary oror federalfederal –Unitary = Centralized under aUnitary = Centralized under a national governmentnational government –Federal = Both an overridingFederal = Both an overriding national federal gov’t andnational federal gov’t and autonomous local gov’tsautonomous local gov’ts
  4. 4. REVIEWREVIEW • The Philippines is a unitary stateThe Philippines is a unitary state –Power emanates from a centralPower emanates from a central Executive, Legislature andExecutive, Legislature and JudiciaryJudiciary –Nevertheless, there are still localNevertheless, there are still local governments under this nationalgovernments under this national governmentgovernment
  5. 5. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate entities to national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political power over a fixedpolitical power over a fixed territoryterritory
  6. 6. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entitiessubordinate entities to nationalto national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political power over a fixedpolitical power over a fixed territoryterritory
  7. 7. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate entities to national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political powerpolitical power over a fixedover a fixed territoryterritory
  8. 8. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate entities to national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political power over apolitical power over a fixedfixed territoryterritory
  9. 9. CHARACTERISTICSCHARACTERISTICS • Tiers of local authorityTiers of local authority • Different from fieldDifferent from field organizationsorganizations • General purpose authoritiesGeneral purpose authorities • Municipal corporationsMunicipal corporations
  10. 10. DECENTRALIZATIONDECENTRALIZATION DeconcentrationDeconcentration –Administrative in natureAdministrative in nature –Transfer of function toTransfer of function to regional/local institutionsregional/local institutions DevolutionDevolution –Political in naturePolitical in nature –Transfer of power to regional/localTransfer of power to regional/local institutionsinstitutions
  11. 11. RATIONALERATIONALE • DebureaucratizationDebureaucratization • SubsidiaritySubsidiarity • Stakeholdership and ParticipatoryStakeholdership and Participatory GovernanceGovernance • IdentityIdentity • AccountabilityAccountability
  12. 12. RA7160RA7160 • Decentralization in theDecentralization in the Philippines was effected byPhilippines was effected by RA7160RA7160 • The local government code isThe local government code is the framework for localthe framework for local governance in the Philippinesgovernance in the Philippines

×