Bureaupathologies
OVERVIEW
What are bureaupathologies?
What are examples of
bureaupathologies?
Why is it necessary to address
them?
What...
Bureau-WHAT?!
Bureaupathologies refer to patterns
of behavior that bureaucracies are
observed to exhibit
More recently, ...
Examples:
Red Tape
Graft and Corruption
“Spoils” System
Cronyism
Nepotism
Etc.
Wanted: Reform
Reform is urgently needed in the
bureaucracy
Public goods and services have to be
delivered
Government s...
Reinventing
Gov’t
Many attempts have been made
to reform the bureaucracy
One of the most recent influential
paradigms fo...
Reinventing
Gov’t
Reengineering government to
become “catalytic”
Empowerment of local
communities in the delivery of
ser...
Reinventing
Gov’t
Shift from ruler- to mission-
oriented government
Liberalization of budgetary policies
Problems
Lack of political will
Inadequacy of the justice system
Reorientation of the punishment
and reward system
Lac...
Problems
Lack of political will
Inadequacy of the justice system
Reorientation of the punishment
and reward system
Lac...
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Bureaupathologies

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Lecture slide deck on "Bureaupathologies" (a related topic to Bureaucracy).

This was for a class on Philippine Politics and Governance that I taught between 2003-2005.

http://brianbelen.blogspot.com

Published in: Education, Travel, Business
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  • Bureaupathology is a term that was coined in the 1960s
    Side note:
    1.) Bureaucracies tend to become inefficient because they are outpaced by change. As noted, two of the main characteristics of bureaucracies are their operational jurisdiction and adherence to rules of operation. The problem arises when adhering to either renders a bureaucracy unable to effectively operate.
    2.) Also, the trouble really is that government is not designed to be efficient. Because the logic of governance entails checks and balances, procedures are often laid on in a manner that is meant to provide reasonable delay and effort to get things done within the government mechanism
  • Red Tape
    Pertains to lengthy procedures that generally delay the actual delivery of a service (i.e. forms to fill out etc.)
    Such procedures often become entry points for graft and corruption to take place
    Spoils system
    Refers to the tendency of incumbents to give out positions for reasons other than merit once in office
    Definitely a form of patronage
    Cronyism = generally, giving government positions/perks to people close to the incumbent not on the basis of merit but on familiarity
    Nepotism = giving government positions/perks to those related to the incumbent
  • Context of governance:
    Decentralization of power and devolution of services
    Rise of credible NGOs and of civil society in general
    Information revolution
    Integration of regional economies
    Globalization in general
  • “Reinventing Government” was one of the more influential policy initiatives undertaken by the Clinton administration.
    - Key terms are “reinventing” and “reengineering”
    In a sense, it does entail making government work more like a private corporation.
    - Private sector was first to “reinvent” and “reengineer” itself
  • Catalytic Government
    i.e. catalyst
    Steering vs. Rowing  entails determining government priorities and streamlining activities
    Entails incorporating other institutions to assist in the delivery of services
    Aids in the specialized delivery of services
    Empowerment of local communities
    Giving local communities a sense of participation and ownership in the delivery of services
    Insittutionalizing competition
    i.e. Encouraging competition between government and private sector entities that deliver government services (as well as between government entities itself) should promote efficiency and innovation.
  • Ruler- to mission-oriented governance
    Often, bureaucrats are out to please their superiors and not their beneficiaries
    As such, they seldom live up to the mission for which their office was created
    Liberalization of budgetary policies
    - Meaning that if a government department generates funds from operations, it should be allowed to keep that money within the department to fund new projects rather than surrender the money then ask for additional disbursements
  • Bureaupathologies

    1. 1. Bureaupathologies
    2. 2. OVERVIEW What are bureaupathologies? What are examples of bureaupathologies? Why is it necessary to address them? What are some proposals of bureaucratic reform?
    3. 3. Bureau-WHAT?! Bureaupathologies refer to patterns of behavior that bureaucracies are observed to exhibit More recently, the term has come to mean the tendency of bureaucracies to act dysfunctionally and inefficiently
    4. 4. Examples: Red Tape Graft and Corruption “Spoils” System Cronyism Nepotism Etc.
    5. 5. Wanted: Reform Reform is urgently needed in the bureaucracy Public goods and services have to be delivered Government support is more crucial than ever in an increasingly globalized world The context of governance has changed
    6. 6. Reinventing Gov’t Many attempts have been made to reform the bureaucracy One of the most recent influential paradigms for bureaucratic reform is the “reinventing government” framework (Osborne and Gaebler)
    7. 7. Reinventing Gov’t Reengineering government to become “catalytic” Empowerment of local communities in the delivery of services Institutionalizing competition in the delivery of services
    8. 8. Reinventing Gov’t Shift from ruler- to mission- oriented government Liberalization of budgetary policies
    9. 9. Problems Lack of political will Inadequacy of the justice system Reorientation of the punishment and reward system Lack of clear standards of performance Details of implementation?
    10. 10. Problems Lack of political will Inadequacy of the justice system Reorientation of the punishment and reward system Lack of clear standards of performance Details of implementation?

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