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  1. 1. Calgary, Alberta, Canada “ The Heart of the New West”
  2. 2. Calgary’s Population <ul><li>Population of 1.04 million </li></ul><ul><li>(Metro pop. of 1.16 million) </li></ul><ul><li>= very few suburbs compared to many other cities </li></ul><ul><li>3rd largest city in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Currently fastest-growing major city in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Population density of 3,522.9/sq mi (relatively spread out) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Calgary’s Physical Geography <ul><li>Located at the transition zone between the Canadian Rockies and the Great Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Hilly topography </li></ul><ul><li>Two major rivers run through the city- the Bow River and the Elbow River </li></ul>
  4. 4. Calgary’s Climate <ul><li>Semi-arid, highland continental </li></ul><ul><li>Highly variable </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily influenced by Rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>4 seasons but short spring and autumn </li></ul><ul><li>Jan avg. high- 27 degrees F, avg. low- 5 degrees F </li></ul><ul><li>July avg. high- 73 degrees F, avg. low 49 degrees F </li></ul>
  5. 5. History of Calgary <ul><li>First settled by Europeans in 1875, incorporated as a city in 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>Grew into a commercial and agricultural center after Canadian Pacific Railway constructed </li></ul><ul><li>Slow growth for many years </li></ul>Calgary as it appeared in 1885
  6. 6. The Oil Boom Oil first discovered in Alberta in 1902 1947- Huge reserves discovered near Calgary The city's economy grew when oil prices increased with the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. (Its population also grew) The city’s economy was so closely tied to the oil industry that the city's boom peaked with the average annual price of oil in 1981 Today the city’s economy is still heavily dependent on the oil industry
  7. 7. Explosive Growth <ul><li>The population increased by 272,000 in the eighteen years between 1971 and 1989 and another 345,000 in the next eighteen years </li></ul><ul><li>Much of this is because of the oil boom </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Diversification of Calgary’s Economy <ul><li>During the past two decades, the city has greatly invested into other areas such as tourism and high-tech manufacturing to keep its economy stable </li></ul><ul><li>Other modern industries include film, transportation, and services. </li></ul><ul><li>Click here for a brief video on the growth and diversification of Calgary’s economy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Breakdown of Calgary’s Economy Today <ul><li>Agriculture 6.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing 15.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Trade 15.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Finance 6.4% </li></ul><ul><li>Health and education 25.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Business services 25.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Other services 16.5% </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tourism <ul><li>Over 5 million visitors a year </li></ul><ul><li>Banff National Park nearby </li></ul><ul><li>Home of 1988 Winter Olympics </li></ul>
  11. 11. Urban Sprawl <ul><li>Due to rapid growth of city </li></ul><ul><li>Post-industrial city </li></ul><ul><li>“ Driver’s City” </li></ul><ul><li>However, the city's light rail system (the C-Train) has the highest ridership (both in total and on a per capita basis) of any North American light-rail system </li></ul>There are very few geographical barriers to growth Calgary almost takes up the same amount of land as New York City despite having 1/8 of its population
  12. 12. Ethnic Origins of Calgarians* <ul><li>Canadian 25.64% </li></ul><ul><li>English 23.13% </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish 17.76% </li></ul><ul><li>German 17.73% </li></ul><ul><li>Irish 15.10% </li></ul><ul><li>Ukrainian 13.56% </li></ul><ul><li>French 12.19% </li></ul>*Calgarians are people who live in Calgary
  13. 13. Ethnic Minorities in Calgary
  14. 14. Racial Tension in Calgary 1892- After the Chinese community was blamed for a smallpox outbreak, a race riot ensued 1940- A group of 300 white soldiers rioted in Calgary’s &quot;Harlemtown&quot; near the railway tracks east of downtown. After they invaded the home of a black band leader, military police intervened and were credited with ending the incident 1970- The Calgary Urban Treaty Indian Alliance held a demonstration over social service funding in which dozens of men, women and children occupied the Indian Affairs office in the city.
  15. 15. The Present and the Future <ul><li>Calgary was ranked the world's cleanest city by Mercer Quality of Living in a survey published in 2007 by Forbes magazine </li></ul><ul><li>The city currently has the fastest-growing economy in the country </li></ul><ul><li>As long as oil pays, Calgary will prosper </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Present and the Future <ul><li>Calgary has experienced the fastest growth of any city in the western hemisphere over the past 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the rapidly growing economy, jobs in Calgary are readily available and easy to find. </li></ul><ul><li>Calgary currently boasts the lowest unemployment rate in Canada at 3.2%. This is largely due to the employment growth the city has seen annually for the past five years. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Present and the Future <ul><li>Over the next three years, 1/3 of all jobs in Alberta are going to be created in the Calgary area. </li></ul><ul><li>An estimated 90,000 jobs will be created in Calgary over the next five years and 244,000 new jobs over the next 10 years. </li></ul>
  18. 18. It’s future growth should continue Calgary skyline in 1969 Calgary skyline today
  19. 19. *Fun Fact <ul><li>Calgary has the world’s most extensive system of elevated indoor pedestrian bridges </li></ul>