Report Spanish Government@I-A Psych

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Report Spanish Government@I-A Psych

  1. 1. POLITICAL SYSTEM <br />IN THE PHILLIPPINES DURING <br />SPANISH PERIOD <br />
  2. 2. KING OF SPAIN<br />
  3. 3. <ul><li>rule : country of Spain and all </li></ul> colony of Spain<br /><ul><li>He lead the </li></ul>national level <br />
  4. 4. <ul><li>In 1543, Ruy López de Villalobos named the islands of Leyte and Samar Las Islas Filipinas after Philip II of Spain. Philip II became King of Spain on January 16, 1556, when his father, Charles I of Spain, abdicated the Spanish throne. Philip was in Brussels at the time and his return to Spain was delayed until 1559 because of European politics and wars in northern Europe. Shortly after his return to Spain, Philip ordered an expedition mounted to the Spice Islands, stating that its purpose was "to discover the islands to the west". In reality its task was to conquer the Philippines for Spain.</li></li></ul><li>Royal audiencia <br />
  5. 5. <ul><li>rule: colony of Spain
  6. 6. court of justice </li></li></ul><li><ul><li> the highest court of Justice in the country during the Spanish times. It was established in Manila by a Royal Decree of 1583 and began functioning in 1584. Governor-General Santiago de Vera was its first president.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> The membership of the Royal Audiencia at different times. It was at the beginning composed of the president (governor-general), three oidores (associate justices), and a fiscal (prosecuting attorney).</li></li></ul><li>VICEROY<br />
  7. 7. <ul><li>rule: </li></ul>colony, countries, provinces<br />
  8. 8. <ul><li> They collect the revenues of the country </li></li></ul><li>GOBERNADOR GENERAL<br />
  9. 9. <ul><li> rule: particular country
  10. 10. Gobernador y Capital General</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> The representative of the country.
  11. 11. He has the seat of power in the Intramuros,Manila
  12. 12. He has several duties: he head the Supreme Court (Real Audiencia),was Commander-in-chief of the army and navy, and was the economic planner of the country</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>All known executive power of the local government stemmed from him and as vice-regal patron, hehad therigth to supervise mission work and oversee ecclesiastical appointment
  13. 13. Yearly salary P40,000
  14. 14. They are usually peninsular (Spaniard born in spain)</li></li></ul><li>Alcalde <br />mayor<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li> rule:
  16. 16. province or Alcaldia
  17. 17. city or ayuntamientos</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> On provincial level : pacified provinces –headed by alcaldia
  18. 18. Provincial governor is called as alcalde mayor
  19. 19. city governments (ayuntamientos)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> rule: </li></ul>corregidor- corregidores<br /><ul><li>The unpacified military zones (Corregidor),such as Mariveles and Mindoro,were headed by corregidores</li></li></ul><li>gobernadorcillio<br />
  20. 20. <ul><li>rule: town or pueblo </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Annual salary, P24 but he was exempted from taxation.
  21. 21. Any native or Chinese mstizo,25 yrs old, literate in oral or written Spanish and has been a cabeza de baranggay of 4yrs can be a gobernadorcillo of cavite El Viejo(now Kawit)
  22. 22. The official of the pueblo were taken from the Maharlika class or noblews of pre-colonial society.</li></li></ul><li>Cabeza de baranggay<br />
  23. 23. <ul><li>rule: barangay</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Barrio government </li></ul>(village or district )rested on the barrio administrator ( cabeza de barangay)<br /><ul><li>He was the responsible for the peace and order and recruited men for communal publicworks.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Cabeza should be literate in Spanish and have good moral character and property .
  24. 24. Cabez who serned for 25 years were exempted from forced labor. This is where the sentiment heard as “Mi Barrio”, first came from.</li></li></ul><li>Guardia civil<br />
  25. 25. SUMMARY REPORT<br />POLITICAL SYSTEM IN THE PHILIPPINES DURING SPANISH PEROD<br />

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