THE POLITICAL STRUCTURE THE GOVERNOR GENERAL The Governor General and other government officials had so much power that it was commonly abused. To investigate the abuses, there were bodies created: THE RESIDENCIA THE VISITA THE ROYAL AUDENCIA
THE RESIDENCIAThis was a special judicial court that investigatesthe performance of a Governor General who wasabout to be replaced. The Residencia, of which the incoming Governor General was usually a member, submitted a report of its findings to the King.
THE VISITAThe Council of the Indies in Spain sent agovernment official called the VISITADORGENERAL to observe conditions in the colony. The Visitador General reported his findings directly to the King.
The highest court in THE ROYAL AUDENCIA the landServed as an advisory body to the GovernorGeneralHad the power to check and report on hisabusesThe Audiencia also audited the expenditures ofthe colonial government
The highest court in THE ROYAL AUDENCIA the landSent a yearly report to SpainThe Archbishop and other government officialscould also report the abuses of the colonialgovernment.
THE ROYAL AUDENCIA Despite all these checks, however, an abusive governor general often managed to escape stiff fines, suspension, or dismissal by simply bribing the Visitador and other investigators.
THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT The Spaniards created Local Government Units (LGU) for the provinces There were two types of local government units: ALCALDIA CORRIGIMIENTO Alcalde Mayor Corregidor
THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT The ALCADIA, led by the Alcalde Mayor governed the provinces that had been fully subjugated: UNDER SPANISH CONTROL ALREADY SALARY: P300 A MONTH
THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DUTIES OF THE ALCALDE MAYOR: They represented the Spanish king and the Governor-General They managed the day-to-day operations of the provincial government Implemented laws and supervised the collection of taxes
THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT The CORREGIMIENTO, headed by Corregidor governed the provinces that were not yet entirely under Spanish control.
THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT The ALCADIA and the CORREGIMIENTO Though they were paid a small salary, they enjoyed privileges such as the INDULTO DE COMERCIO or the right to participate in the
THE MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTEach province was divided into several towns orpueblos headed byGOBERNADORDCILLOS (Little Governor)MAIN DUTIES: Efficient governance and taxcollection.Four lieutenants aided the Governardorcillo:the Teniente Mayor (chief lieutenant),the Teniente de Policia (police lieutenant),the Teniente de Sementeras (lieutenant of the fields)the Teniente de Ganados (lieutenant of the livestock)
THE MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTGOBERNADORDCILLOSThey had SMALL SALARIES but were exemptedfrom PAYING TAXESQUALIFICATIONS:• Any NATIVE or CHINESE MEZTIZO• 25 years old• Literate in ORAL or WRITTEN SPANISH• Cabeza de Barangay for 4 yearsEx: Emilio Aguinaldo
THE MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTCABEZA DE BARANGAY OR (Barrio Administrator or Barangay Captain)-Responsible for the peace and order of the barrio-Recruited men for public worksQUALIFICATIONS:• Cabezas should be literate in Spanish• Have good moral character and property• Cabezas who served for 25 years were exempted from forced labor
THE CITY GOVERNMENTLarger towns became cities called: AYUNTAMIENTOIt became the center of trade and industry.The ayuntamiento had a city council called the CABILDOCABILDO is composed of: ALCALDE (MAYOR) REGIDORES (COUNCILLORS) ALGUACIL MAYOR (POLICE CHIEF) ESCRIBANDO (SECRETARY)
KING OF SPAIN THE COLONIAL GOVERNMENT THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH THE JUDICIAL BRANCH (Governor General) (Royal Audencia, Residencia, Lower Courts, Governor-General)PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT CITY GOVERNMENT ALCALDIA CORRIGIMIENTO AYUNTAMIENTO (Alcalde Mayor) (Corregidor) (Cabildo) PUEBLOS OR TOWNS CABILDO (Gobernadorcillos) City Council •ALCALDE •REGIDORES BARRIOS •AGUACIL MAYOR (Cabeza de Barangay) •ESCRIBANDO BARRIOS (Cabeza de Barangay)