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Queen Eleanor Of Aquitaine Research Paper
When someone asks about a Medieval Ages king or queen, the first person/people that come to
mind, are usually King Arthur and Queen Guinevere. But, what about Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine,
the woman that took a stand in history, along with the fact that she ruled over France and England,
as their queen, and the duchess of Aquitaine. But, who was this unknown woman? What kind of a
life did she live? How did she affect the people around her? Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine affected
this world today, but will soon be forgotten if no one knows about her. This queen will soon be
discovered, not just for being a queen, but for her character, and how she was a part of making
history. In the year of 1122, Eleanor of Aquitaine was born to William the tenth Duke of Aquitaine.
Her father the duke, gave her a well cultured education, in topics such as literature, philosophy, and
languages. Duke William the Tenth of Aquitaine aso taught Queen Eleanor about the rigors of court.
But, when she was ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In fact, during her time as a mistress Eleanor established the legend of the Court of Love. In fact,
she was given the reputation for having encouraged the culture of chivalry, literature, music,and
folklore. But in 1173, Queen Eleanor's son "Young" Henry went to France with a plot against his
father to seize the English throne. A rumor on how Eleanor supported his plot, went out, and for
sixteen years she was held in various castles due to treason. After years of rebellion and revolt had
passed, "Young" Henry caught a disease that was very deadly at the time and had no treatment.
Where on his deathbed, he begged/asked for his mother's release from the castle that she was being
held prisoner. Although King Henry agreed to release Queen Eleanor, he had one condition, which
was that she was to return to him and continue her queenly duties, for a period of time throughout
the
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Mary Stuart Research Paper
A Hard Life Rewarded Mary Stuart, also known as Mary Queen of Scots, was one of the most
fascinating people in Europe during the sixteenth century. She was born on December 8,1542. She
was the daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Mary, Queen of Scots, had a
complicated life starting with an abnormal childhood, having strong ties to three counties, and being
imprisoned for most of her life. Mary, had a peculiar childhood that consisted of things like gaining
the throne to rule a country at a young age and almost being killed. When Mary was six days old her
father died and so she became Queen of Scotland at a very young age. Due to this at the age of six
years old she was handed over to the King of France. When Mary was eight "a man named Robert
Stuart and purported to be an English spy was accused of attempting to poison Mary Stuart before
her mother's departure" (marie–stuart.co.uk). Addition to this complicated childhood Mary was
betrothed at a young age. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
She was first queen of Scotland due to her father's death and her being the heir to the throne. In
1548, she was sent to France to live with the French royal family. She was betrothed to Francis II of
France, and married him in 1558. Therefore, when he was crowned King of France in 1559, she was
made Queen of France. After a reign of seventeen months Francis II died. This ended Mary's reign
in France. Soon she left France to go back to Scotland. A couple of years later she married her first
cousin, Henry Stuart. They both had strong claims to the English throne and if they had an offspring
their claims would be even stronger. With that said they did have a son, James. Henry Stuart was
killed mysteriously in 1567. Mary was accused of being involved with his death, so she was
imprisoned. While in prison she was compelled to step down and give her position on the throne of
Scotland to her son. Her son then became King James VI of
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Marie Antoinette: The Last Queen Of France
Marie Antoinette last queen of France which born on November 2, 1755, in Vienna, Austria.
Baptized by Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna. She was the 15th and second to last child of her
mother Maria Theresa the empress of Austria and the father was Holy Roman Emperor Francis I.
Marie Antoinette loved her father more than her mother but the sad thing is that the father died at the
age of 9 so she didn't remember much of him as she grew. But she still loved her mother but also
hated her this qote proves it "I love the empress but I'm frightened of her, then at a distance; when
I'm writing to her, I never feel completely at ease" this proves it because she's frightened of her and
she also said that she loves her. The father was happy and loved by
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Queen Mary's Choices
Queen Mary did not have the nicest parents they wanted her to me a male, Did her choices change
the way people think about her,Her parents were not really good role models for her she did not
make the greatest choices. All of the people under Queen Mary did not feel like it was fair for them.
Because some of the families were getting people taking out of them because they did not like
Queen Mary. People felt like all of Bloody Marie's choices were the smartest choices. Bloody Mary
one had 300 people killed at the stake with fire, for disobeying her ruling. Some of the people she
had burned at stake were some important British leader and people in the army. People felt like she
made choices without thinking about the consequences. When
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Maria Antoine Research Paper
In the 18th century Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna, withal ken as Antoine, was the youngest
daughter of Maria Theresa, age 14. Antoine was culled to espouse her second cousin, Louis Auguste,
in order to stop the rivalry between France and Austria.Once she peregrinates to the border of
France she encounters Comtesse de Noailles. Antoine would enter France as the Dauphine of
France, but before she enters France she must leave all of her Austria's belonging behind. In that day
she meets King Louis XV and her fiancé, Louis Auguste. Her fiancé was gauche, timid, and
diffident when he first meets her. She was given time to get utilized to her circumventions before her
marriage. On the night of their marriage nothing transpired on the marriage bed,
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The Life Of Marie De Medici 's ' The Queen Of France '
The art movement was on the rise during the advent of the seventeenth century, as it was a time
when the baroque movement, which was distinguished by exaggerated dynamism and clear detail,
flourished. Art during this period aimed to embody clear detail to represent the drama and grandeur.
Rulers such as Marie de Medici sought to captivate on this new art movement by using it as a way to
promote the power they had and the legitimacy of their reign. Marie commissioned the renowned
Peter Paul Rubens to paint a series of twenty–four paintings in order to vindicate her triumph as the
queen of France. Rubens did just that, as he re–envisioned the entire style propaganda through art
during the period, using the paintings as a way to allegorize ... Show more content on
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The paintings would ultimately be hung in the Gallery of the Luxemburg palace, which would serve
as a sitting room for any courtiers who visited the palace.3 The placement of the art piece is relevant
to the implementation of the propaganda, due to the fact that its placement skillfully served to
exemplify the hyperbolic image of Marie to every person who sought an audience with the king or
the queen mother, thus extending the projection of the propagandist themes to a larger base
audience. In order to meet the lofty expectations of the queen mother Rubens worked to develop a
message in the Medici Cycle that would be embody a sense of "vero senso" or "real meaning", thus
acknowledging the existence of false or counterfeit one, and seeking to correct it through The
Medici Cycle.4 Rubens sought to divert the attention away from the scandal and turmoil that
surrounded Marie's life, and instead focus on the triumphs brought about by it. However, Rubens
realized the controversy that could arise should he extol Marie's ability to govern France without
suggestion she was a dangerously aggressive woman intent on seeking power; it was clear to him
that the commissioning of the cycle had the potential to be viewed as a blatantly hostile attack on
Louis reign. Thus Rubens presented his
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Why Was Mary Stuart Important
Mary Stuart, also known as Mary Queen of Scots, was born December 7, 1542 to King James V and
Mary Guise. Six days after her birth, her father died. Since Mary was the only surviving and
legitimate child of James V, she became Queen of Scotland. At the age of six, Mary was sent to
France for her education by her mother, who was from a very powerful French noble family. Mary
Stuart, Scottish and French Queen, is by far one of the most noteworthy European monarchs in
history because she was a major reason for conflicts between European Protestants and Catholics,
was caught up in many conspiracies surrounding the assassination attempts on Elizabeth I Queen of
England, and was queen of two countries. One of the biggest reasons for why Mary is ... Show more
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During her brief time as Queen of France, she married her childhood friend Francis II, Prince of
France, at the age of 15. Then a year later, France's king died and Francis II became king and Mary
becomes queen, though less than a year after that Francis died.Mary was no longer the Queen of
France, so she went back to Scotland. While Mary reigned over Scotland, she tried to resolve the
conflicts between Protestants and Catholics in Scotland, but both sides always pushed too far. They
rebelled, conspired against her, and even killed some of her closest
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Personal Narrative Essay: The Last Queen Of France
Continuing our stampede, we pressed towards the front of the dining hall and closed in on the sides
of each line; a tactic we had rehearsed numerous times. Legs chafing against each other and arms
jiggling at my sides, I was Marie Antoinette screaming, "Let them eat cake!" Rather than speaking
to the malnourished, I protested for a meager slice of pita pizza for my rather corpulent bunkmates
and me: an obligatory treat served only on Thursdays. With my diminutive Styrofoam plate,
juxtaposed against my one hundred and twelve pound frame, I stood on–line longing for the simple,
yet somehow exquisite sensation of crust, sauce, and mozzarella filling the cavity of my mouth. I,
like the last Queen of France herself, called for justice. My battle cry, pizza, and the kingdom I
reined, 'fat camp'. Perhaps it was the time my mother stumbled across my collection of Kraft Singles
wrappers, skeletons of the euphoric golden cheese stuff, hidden underneath my ... Show more
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This time however, I weighed forty–five pounds less– a healthy weight for a seven–year–old girl my
height. While my greatest weight change occurred during those twelve months, I still consider each
day since as part of my weight loss journey. Each day is a testament to my self–control, balance, and
persistence these all; skills I believe have defined my character. My weight loss journey, both
exciting and scary, has fueled my insatiable desire to tackle the most daunting tasks. Be it speaking
in front of hundreds at Make–A–Wish events or hiking the Inca Trail or finishing a novel by
Nabokov, I thrive on challenge. As an overweight Kraft singles loving six–year–old, I found value in
the small– two pounds loss one week, half a pound loss another. Regardless of the weight I did lose
and didn't lose, I understood the infinite importance of the celebration of the smallest of victories,
and too
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Henry Viii Wholly Surrendered Power
Do you agree with the view that in the years 1515–1525 Henry VIII wholly surrendered power in
government to Cardinal Wolsey?
To a certain extent within Source 4 (by J.J. Scarisbrick 1968) supports the idea that possibly Henry
VIII actually did surrender power over to Wolsey. The evidence within the source that suggests this
possibly for being the truth is 'a self–indulgent King had wholly surrendered the cares of the state
into the Cardinals hands'. To further support this case, it is clear that Wolsey was extremely
powerful, he had vast amounts of bishoprics (Archbishop of Canterbury, Tournai, Durham just to
name a few) and was the head of things such as the Star Chamber where Wolsey got himself heavily
involved with. This is shown ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
However, Source 5 written in 1994 by John Lotherington, appears to disagree with that of the view
of source 4. In parts it appears to actually agree with source 4, 'Wolsey held a dominant position in
government and controlled the distribution of patronage' but then the source continues to say, 'And
of course the ultimate source of all power was the King'. This quote can be proven true with
examples of Henry preventing Wolsey from doing something, such as in 1523 when Wolsey
launched a sea attack upon the French without the kings permission, this led to Wolsey having to
apologize for his actions. This shows that Henry still had control over Wolsey and that he couldn't
get away with something so easily. Also even though source 4 claims that Wolsey had very strong
control, that even with this power he couldn't prevent such things like The Amicable Grant of 1525
from being a disaster, and without aids from The Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk it could have been
an even more disastrous, this proves Henry was more in control than Wolsey because the Dukes
only subdued the rebellions on Henry's behalf, not Wolsey's. This is showing how Henry had not
wholly surrendered his government power, and could still contest Wolsey's decisions and problems.
The source was also written in 1994, therefore the historians view is likely to be more factual rather
than written in the period and being more biased, as can be the case, especially if that figure in
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Mary Queen Of Scots Research Paper
Mary, Queen of Scots, was born Mary Stuart on December 8, 1542 to King James V and Mary
Guise in Linlithgow, Scotland. Six days after her birth her father King James passed away. Because
she was the only living heir to the throne the infant Mary became queen of Scotland. Because Mary
was too young to take the throne her mother, Mary of Guise was made regent, a person who is
appointed to run the government when a king or queen is too young or ill to take the throne.
King Henry VIII of England decided to try and benefit from this temporary regent by suggesting
that Mary and his son Prince Edward be promised in marriage to unify England and Scotland. At
first this idea seemed prosperous and Mary was sworn to Edward through the Treaty of Greenwich.
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
How Did The French Revolution Lead To The American Revolution
France, 1789. Conflict was beginning to stir among the people. With famine in France, the people
starved and had to pay high taxes, as an enlightenment began, inspired by the American Revolution.
The French Government wasn't that much better, either. To begin with, the French Government was
poor since they supported the American Revolution financially and they spent money to fight the
Seven Years War (or the French and Indian War as many know it as). This lead to unrest and
uprisings. The French king at the time, King Louis XVI, called for a Convocation of the Estate
General which consisted of clergy, nobility, and those representing the common people. They
assembled at Versailles. Their debates only lead to the Third Estate to vote on a National Assembly
of France and a constitution. King Louis was threatened by this and closed the doors of the assembly
room, forcing the Third Estate to vote in a tennis court, where they took what is called the tennis
court oath. The king then allowed them to assembly, but brought in foreign troops to prevent a
rebellion and fired his financial advisor for suggesting lower taxes on the people. ... Show more
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In August of the same year, the National Assembly formed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and
of the Citizen. Women marched to Versialles in October, upon rumors of the royals hiding food,
forcing the king and his queen, Queen Mary Antoinette, to leave for Paris. In June, 1791, the royal
family tried to escape into hiding by dressing as servants, while their servants dressed as royals, but
they were captured and put in house arrest. The Jacobins then wanted to create a Republic in July.
However, Frederic Williams and Leopold II, Queen Mary Antiontte's brother declared the
Declaration of Pillnitz of royal authority in August. This enraged the French people and resulted in
Champ de Mars
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Marie Anttointe Research Paper
Marie Antoinette
Fourteen year old Archduchesses Maria Antonia Josephina Johanna of Austria, was obligated to
marry Louis the Dauphin of France in order to consolidate an alliance between this country and the
dynasty of Habsburg. Marie Antoinette did not have the capacity to rule a nation, she had an
unhappy marriage and unfortunately as she became queen she had bad reputation and was blamed
the government's financial problems, consequently revolutionaries wanted to end the absolute
monarchy. When the Revolution broke out in
1789, Marie Antoinette refused to reach an agreement with the revolutionaries and sought help from
her brother, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. During the revolution the king and queen tried to flee
... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
All these accusations and rumors emerged because the queen would be seen at Versailles late at
night as well as the queen not getting pregnant , therefore citizens started to speculate that she had
no class and was a terrible queen. Due to Marie Antoinette gambling, buying expensive clothes, hats
and jewelry that seemed extravagant and exaggerating to the citizens, the queen was blamed for the
financial crisis France was going through. The queen ignored the country's financial crisis. She
refused to make concessions to the hungry masses that stormed the palace of Versailles and sent
troops against them. Poor harvest and lack of food due to the high cost was believed to be a result of
the extravagant lifestyle of the queen. On July 14, 1789, approximately nine hundred men French
workers and peasants stormed the Bastille Prison beginning the French Revolution. On October
6, a crowd gathered outside the Palace at Versailles and demanded that the King and Queen be
brought to Paris. Marie Antoinette sought to look for help in order to save the French monarchy. The
royal family attempted to escape France in June 1791, but they were captured and returned to Paris.
In September, King Louis XVI agreed to support a new constitution drafted by the Constituent
National Assembly in return for keeping at least his symbolic power as king. Maximilien de
Robespierre called for the removal of the queen and king. After Henry
XVI execution, Marie
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Twice Queen Of France Chapter Summary
Anne was orphaned at a young age. Still she was a very capable duchess even at the age of twelve.
Anne was politically minded and yet a very good and kind leader to her people. She suffered the
death of her husband and of several children and still ruled strongly and well. It was Anne who
decided that Brittany must merge with France. I would give Twice Queen of France a seven if rating
it from one to ten. I knew from just glancing over it that it would be interesting to read. Anne's story
is not told only in bare, boring facts, but in story form mixed with information. Her political and
personal life were sad and intense, and the book portrayed this well. It dealt with passage of time
well, not allowing the writing to become distracting or choppy. For example, it never says "Anne
was now thirteen" or something like that, but rather incorporates her age into the writing, such as in
this situation: "She was nearly fourteen and must make mature decisions important to the duchy"
(Butler 71). The reason I do not give Twice Queen of France a nine or a ten is because it lacks an
index, a bibliography, pictures, maps, diagrams, and further reading suggestions. Also there are
times throughout the story when I wonder how the authoress could ... Show more content on
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Not only would she be interesting for anyone to read about, she provides an example for people
undergoing struggles. For example, Anne is an admirable example of someone who dealt very well
with an extraordinary weight placed upon their shoulders, and of someone who dealt with more grief
than anyone should have to go through. Even when Anne is grieving, she recognizes her duty and
sticks to it no matter what the circumstances. Even shortly after the death of her husband, she
remembered that "she did have something to live for –– Brittany needed her!" (Butler 130). Anne
life is also a grand example of the lifestyle and luxuries of royalty in Renaissance
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Marie Antoinette Research Paper
Marie Antoinette, the last Queen of France, played a major role in the 1789 French Revolution. As a
young woman of fourteen–years–old, Marie Antoinette was thrust into the royal spotlight and
commanded to play a significant role in European history. Marie Antoinette is perhaps widely
known as the lavish Queen of France, who, upon hearing the French people were without bread,
supposedly said, "Let them eat cake." However, the true Marie Antoinette was an intelligent woman,
and despite her own extravagant lifestyle, displayed caring attributes and sensitivity towards the
poor population of France. Furthermore, the French Revolution was an extremely difficult time for
Marie Antoinette and her family. The Queen recently lost her son as the French ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
Marie Antoinette was born 'Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna', the second last child of Maria Theresa,
Empress of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. When Marie Antoinette moved to France to
become the wife of Louis–Auguste, she was just a girl of 14 years old. Ultimately, Marie Antoinette
married Louis–Auguste in May, 1770, at the young age of 15. Louis Auguste, soon to be King Louis
XVI, was shy and withdrawn, quite the opposite of Marie Antoinette, who was an outgoing, social
butterfly. Marie Antoinette once stated: "The king... is overwhelmed by an awkward shyness,
mistrust in himself, which proceeds from his education as much as from his disposition. He is afraid
of command and above all things, dreads speaking to assembled numbers. He lived like a child and
always ill at ease..." (Campan, 1824). After Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI married, the young
couple soon came to symbolize the extravagance of the French monarchy. When she became wife of
Louis–Auguste, Marie Antoinette was first adored by the French people and then increasingly
disliked as tales of her rich lifestyle circled around France. As quoted Jeanne–Louise–Henriette
Campan, one of Marie Antoinette's ladies–in–waiting: "[Marie Antoinette] occasionally passed the
evening ... where a brilliant party of young person's met together. They introduced a taste for trifling
games, such as
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The Truth About Marie Antoinette
Sombillo 1
Alysia Sombillo
World History
Mrs. Ray
World History Research Paper Draft
3–3–16
The Truth about Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette was born on November 2, 1755, in Vienna, Austria. Marie Antoinette was a queen
that ruled with a powerful, wealthy, fist. She was a foreign wife and queen once she married King
Louis XVI of France. Throughout her rule over France, Marie Antoinette was kept under a light of
ignorance by the people, and therefore, should not be blamed for their suffering, the French
Revolution, and the failures of her husband. She was hated by the people of France the moment she
became queen, which ultimately led her to her downfall. Queen Marie Antoinette is known for her
infamous quote "let them eat cake", in a scandal where she supposedly turned a blind eye to the
famished. The people of France pointed their fingers at Marie Antoinette, and believed she frankly
participated in the scandal they accused her of: the scandal that led to her death by guillotine: the
Affair of the Diamond Necklace. Marie Antoinette was also blamed for The French Revolution and
the suffering of the poor people, but the citizens of France were already poor long before she
became queen. The French Revolution was a time of political and social disruption, and the change
of their absolute monarchy. Marie Antoinette was part of the monarchy, so she was disliked, but she
was not the cause of The French Revolution. Her husband, King Louis XVI, made known
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Essay on Marie-Antoinette
Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna, later known as Marie–Antoinette, was born on 02 November 1755.
At 13 years of age, Marie was sent to France to begin her relationship with the Dauphin of France,
Louis XVI. In 1770, at the age of 15, she and the Louis XVI were married in Vienna, then taking the
throne in 1774. Marie–Antoinette was a young, beautiful, elegant, and graceful queen whose fashion
influenced the women of France. She was very proud of where she originated, Hapsburg, and she
was very proud of how she presented herself. Marie–Antoinette was a young woman who was never
given an opportunity to be young. She married young, took over as the queen of France at a young
age, and therefore she still had much growing up to do. The queen ... Show more content on
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Unfortunately, by that time, the damage had already been done; Marie was growing tired of her
queen duties, and wanted to be out of the public eye. Finally, Marie began using her power as queen,
stopped publicly displaying herself, and spent more time with her friends. At that time, is when she
began her shopping sprees of expensive gifts for her friends, and led to her spending more time, and
money, on herself. She began to spend more of her time with her friends going to masked balls,
theatres, gambling, and late night trips to the park. Marie's free–spirited living was not comforting to
the people of France. However, she was still idolized by some for her traits. Marie was often
complimented on her beauty and style. Vigee Lebrun, Marie–Antoinette's painter, once commented
on "the translucent colour of her complexion, her long blonde hair, and her well–proportioned and
full–bosomed figure". To maintain her beautiful appearance, she would spend a great amount of
money on dresses and accessories, such as high headdresses and plumes, to go along with the
dresses, which were sometimes voluminous. She was constantly exceeding her clothing allowance,
and her husband was more than happy to cover the difference to keep his wife happy. To keep Marie
happy, Louis XVI gave her Petit Trianon, as a place for her to have to herself. She built a theatre so
she could have shows, and she
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Albert Of Austria, Queen Claude Of France And France
Through revisiting philosophy and the works circulating during Anne's time in the Netherlands and
France, it becomes easier to understand her subtle manipulation of both Henry's narcissism in link
with his scopophilia. Her young mind during her finishing met with strong female voices, which she
cultivated for herself. This pursuit of knowledge encouraged by the likes of Margaret of Austria,
Queen Claude of France, and Marguerite de Navarre. Without a doubt, she encountered Pisan's work
alongside the Reformed works she would later employ. Echoes of her raison d'être link back to
writings by Margaret, "Fiez–vous y en vos servans Dehure en avant, mes demoiselles, Et vous vous
trouverés de celles Qui en ont eu des décepvans Ils son en leurs ... Show more content on
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Each writer embraces this as survival, despite rejecting it as their modus operandi. Wollstonecraft
dedicates an entire chapter in the Vindication of the Rights of Woman. For Henry, Anne's appeal, per
Mulvey's theory of female image, came through her feeding of narcissistic and scopophilic
impulses. While the concept of Henry as a narcissist commonly enters scholarship on his reign, as
well as, his use of his courtiers to feed that impulse, arguably it is more important to consider his use
of women to feed it. In a reign troubled by legitimacy, the great disparity in public opinion, the
Church, the French opinion, and the Spanish opinion created more problems than a fertile womb
could solve. Though Henry pursued Anne for about six years, their marriage barely scraped by three.
Legitimacy and the proof of inheritance in a still relatively new dynasty plague Henry's recorded
behaviors and many of the actions of his government. His personal life needed to find no reproof, so
Anne's pregnancy pre nuptias offered dangerous results for a project round onto another year. With
his prize in sight, and Catherine stuck away in another manor, on January 25th, 1533, the couple
wed. Although the King 's first marriage remain intact, Henry's wording in the court proceedings
assumed the union never truly existed, therefore there existed nothing to impede his proper
marriage. On May 23rd, the Archbishop officially proclaimed Catherine's marriage invalid
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The French Revolution By Andre Castelot
The source's origin is of value because it was written by a prominent French writer and Historian,
André Castelot. Castelot has written numerous biographies of famous monarchs, many of them
being monarchs. The fact that the History Award was created in his honor to reward popular books
or historical novels suggests his prominent writing and importance.
This source is also valuable because its purpose is to analyze Marie Antoinette's contribution to the
French Revolution. It looks at her social life–including her expenses–and also her husband's actions
that affected her reputation as the careless and apathetic Queen.
However, the source is limited because as a French writer, his views on the French monarchy may
be unduly influential. This book was published almost two hundred years after the revolution. This
implies that the sentiment towards the monarchy may have evolved over time and would not
precisely display the true emotions of the French people from about two centuries earlier.
Finally, as a historian writing numerous novels and biographies about various subjects, Castelot may
be a limited source of information. Unlike a writer that specializes in one era of history, Castelot's
works do not all specifically target Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution.
Fraser, Antonia. Marie Antoinette: The Journey. New York: N.A. Talese/Doubleday, 2001. Print.
This source received the Enid McLeod Literary prize, which is awarded by the Franco–British
society, which attests to
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Marie Antoinette Essay
Through the history of the world, the people of Earth have seen every kind of leader. We've seen
good leaders, average leaders, and terrible leaders. Many cases in France's history they have had
many leaders go through all of these ranks. For example, Napoleon Bonaparte started out great and
slowly went down hill. But never in France's history have they seen such a terrible leader as King
Louie the XVI. Louie was not exactly king material. Louie was fat, shy, gluttonous, gentle, weak
minded, not particularly smart and unambitious . He was everything a king shouldn't be. As the
French king Louie made just about every mistake a king could possibly make. These mistakes lead
to the French Revolution and even the beheading of King Louie. ... Show more content on
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Another way that Marie loved to give away the French money was when some radicals from
America came. These radicals asked Louie for some aid in the American Revolution. The money
borrowed by these radicals was promised to be paid back. Marie thought this idea was a great
investment and urged Louie to fund these radicals. Well the radicals won and France saw no money
for their help. France was in a great depression. France was bankrupt. On top of this was a drought
in France making the cost of living skyrocket but the wages of the people stayed the same. This is a
cause of the people of France to get increasingly mad at the leaders.
For these reason tells what a terrible lady this was. To me Marie is a perfect example of the woman
stereotype. She was the materialistic queen that demanded everything from the king. The queen
would even threaten the king with divorce if the king did not give her exactly what he wanted. So
this weak minded king knowing the country was running low on money gave the queen everything
she asked for without question. This is just one of the reasons that Marie was a plague on France.
The French people were outraged. Here they are, thousands of peasants that work as hard as they
can and struggle to live, then a drought comes, the living wages rise and now their kids are starving.
While all of these is going on, the queen is picking out
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What Is Marie De France's Lanval A New Model
Cora Orme
Kapelle
Medieval Literature
23 February 2015
Marie de France's "Lanval": A New Model for Gender Roles in the Medieval Romance Genre
Historically, Medieval women had little agency or control over their lives. Parents arranged
marriages for political alliances and while the romantic compatibility of the engaged couple was
almost never considered, Medieval society often prioritized men's sexual preferences. Marie de
France comments on women's lack of agency and the unfulfilling nature of these marital alliances in
her unconventional lai, "Lanval." Her curious inversion of power dynamics skews the traditional
gender roles and reveals flaws within the Medieval ideal of courtly romance. In particular, Marie de
France's Fairy Queen starkly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In order to fully comprehend the subversive female subject, it is imperative to explore how Lanval's
failure to fit the romantic hero archetype renders him more conventionally feminine. Despite his
noble lineage and inherent bravery that aligns him with Medieval models of knighthood, the narrator
places more emphasis on Lanval's defects and insufficiencies. In particular, Lanval is so
unmemorable that King Arthur forgets to financially support Lanval:
"Women and land / He shared out with generous hand / To all but one who'd served. Lanval heOrme
2 forgot: no man helped his recall" (Marie de France). Lanval's strong financial dependence on the
king (and later the Fairy Queen) liken him to an unmarried woman; he is reliant on powerful
alliances for monetary support and validation of status. In fact, Marie de France paints Lanval as
quite pitiable and without the capability to independently solve his hopeless situation. He is so
morose that he relinquishes his horse, his last financial asset and visible sign of status, to wander the
forest and think of "his sad plight, He saw nothing to bring delight" (Marie de France).
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Marie Antoinette: Research Paper
Melissa Arias
Alma Aguilar
Political Science 101
24 September 2012 Marie Antoinette "Let them eat cake" is probably one of the most recited quotes
around the world, which is known to be spoken by the last Queen of France, Marie Antoinette.
Although often reffered to as "The Party Queen" or in other words, the Queen who danced while her
people starved. But what many fail to recognize is the fact that Marie Antoinette was the Queen who
cared for her people. The only think she cared for more than the welfare of her people, was the
welfare of her children. In order for one to understand and have the ability to fully understand the
French ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
She describes a French Court dominated by intricate rules of etiquette and protocol and excessive
attention to fashion and grooming. In her last letter, Marie–Antoinette wrote to her sister–in–law
Madame Elisabeth: "'Happiness is doubled when shared with a friend'...." ( Campan 4 )In those
words are contained the value she placed on friendship to her happiness. The queen had a great
capacity for friendship, although she was not always smart in her choice of companions.
Conclusion The story of revolution and resistance in 18th–century France is a complicated one, and
no two historians tell the story the same way. However, it is clear that for the revolutionaries, Marie
Antoinette's significance was mainly, powerfully symbolic. "She and the people around her seemed
to represent everything that was wrong with the monarchy and the Second Estate: They appeared to
be tone–deaf, out of touch, disloyal (along with her allegedly treasonous behavior, writers and
pamphleteers frequently accused the queen of adultery) and self–interested"( Moore 17 ). What
Marie Antoinette was actually like was beside the point; the image of the queen was far more
influential than the woman herself. "Marie Antoinette was the Austrian born child bride of the future
King Louis XVI of France. It was an arranged marriage designed to
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Eleanor Of Aquitaine Research Paper
How did an orphaned girl become queen of two European countries and a prisoner? She was young.
She was confident. She was brave. Eleanor of Aquitaine, who was born in France, became a teenage
Queen to her birth country. After reigning as queen of England, she was spitefully sentenced to a
lifetime in a horrid Medieval prison. Remarkably, her story is an important part of European history.
Eleanor's life had a peaceful beginning. She was born in the serene countryside of southern France
in 1122. She had a younger brother and sister. At a young age, tragedy struck Eleanor when her
mother and brother died. The cause of their death will remain lost in history. She was well educated
as a child. She excelled in all ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Since Eleanor was only fifteen, she and her sister had to be taken under the guardianship of the
renowned King of France. Eleanor's life could no longer be described as peaceful. Eleanor soon
became a teenage queen surrounded in battle. The same year that she tragically became an orphan
she married the king of France's son Louis the seventh. Eleanor had little time to get to know her
new father–in–law before he became extremely sick and died. Because Louis's father died, Eleanor
and Louis became king and queen of France. In order to continue the holy war against Islam, the
Pope called for the 2nd crusade. King Louis responded eagerly to the crusade and fearlessly
marched into battle. Queen Eleanor intrepidly took 300 ladies in waiting, which were her assistants,
into the Crusade to attend to the wounded. The women wore amour and carried lances like Knights,
although they never actually fought. After 15 years of marriage, King Louis and Queen Eleanor got
a divorce in 1152 because they blamed each other for the failed crusade. King Louis then married
Eleanor's younger sister. Eleanor was no longer a teenager or
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Queen Elizabeth I And Mary Queen Of Scots
Battle of the Queens
Kind, intelligent, charming is just a few of many traits, one may wish to see in their Queen. The
royal feud that shook the Tudor dynasty was between Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Mary of Scots.
Elizabeth I was the queen of England and Ireland. Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, queen regnant of
Scotland and queen consort of France. A royal bloodline, religious views, and an tragic ending, are
the cause, course, and resolution of this famous vendetta. Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of
Scots were not just royal rivals but also cousins. Like most royal family rivalries the two queens
were after the throne. Mary was Elizabeth's heir nevertheless Elizabeth would not acknowledge that
her cousin was her heiress (Steinmetz). ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Betrayal, plots, and religion are all aspects of this royal feud. The need for power, is so strong that
the crown came before family. The war between these two Queens will be remembered for years to
come, from books, plays, and even television shows. Family, religion, and a execution are the cause,
course, and resolution of this famous vendetta. Works Cited
"Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots." Royal Museums Greenwich,
www.rmg.co.uk/discover/explore/elizabeth–i–and–mary–queen–scots. Accessed 11 Mar. 2017.
Esolen, Anthony. "The Tudors – Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots." The Politically Incorrect
Guide to
Western Civilization, Regnery Publishing. History on the Net, www.historyonthenet.com/the–
tudors–elizabeth–i–and–mary–queen–of–scots/. Accessed 13 Mar. 2017.
Sharnette, Heather. "Mary, Queen Of Scots." Elizabeth R, 1998,
www.elizabethi.org/contents/queenofscots/pagethree.html. Accessed 2017.
Steinmetz, Katy. "Top 10 Family Feuds."
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Main Causes Of The French Revolution
The commencement of the French Revolution arranged the country of France being at the brink of
bankruptcy. Causes for this brink are easily seen. King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette,
lavished money on themselves and residences such as Versailles. Queen Marie especially, over
spending money and was seen as a wasteful spender. The government, found that funds were
depleting due to wars in the same manner as the funding for the American Revolution. Deficit
spending, a government spending more money than it takes in from tax revenues, also played a
major role in the bankruptcy of France as well as the privileged classes not submitting to being
taxed. The New Encyclopedia describes the French Revolution as being "a period of ideological, ...
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According to Alpha History, "The cause of De Launay's death is in dispute, however the most
popular account suggests he was stabbed and beheaded by an unemployed baker wielding a small
bread knife." (Llewellyn and Thompson) Bastille day was a major turning point in the history of
France, but why did the National Assembly take over Bastille? The Third Estate wanted King Louis
XVI to give additional say in the government to the commoners. However, they heard about Louis
XVI wanting to use military force to take them out, so they armed themselves by first taking over
the Hotel des Invalides to arm themselves. The guns they stole from the Hotel des Invalides didn't
contain gunpowder so they pursued to Bastille to steal gunpowder for their muskets.
After the storming of the Bastille and Versailles, the King and Queen were forced to move to Paris
along with the National Assembly. The royal family spent several years in the Tuileries Palace as
prisoners and even attempting to escape once. A new government known as the Legislative
Assembly rose and the Convention, abolished the monarchy. But the abolishment of the monarchy
was not enough, however, since as long as the royal family lived the monarchy could be restored.
Subsequently, the royal couple was put on trial for treason and King Louis XVI along with Queen
Marie Antoinette were guillotined. "He former king was presented with 33 charges, each describing
an act of betrayal, sabotage or failure of
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Mary Queen Of Scots Research Paper
Mary Queen of scots first husband died of an ear infection and her second husband died of a
mysterious explosion. When Mary Queen of Scots was only six days old her father died and she
became queen. But she was moved to France for her own safety and to be betrothed to one of the
king's heirs. When she was about 15 she was married King Francis the II and made queen of France.
If she was still around instead of being executed a war would have not been launched. At around 6
days old she was made Queen of Scotland due to the fact that she was the only heir to King James
the V of Scotland. Due to the fact she was a young child her mother Mary of Guise acted as a regent
on her behalf. But for her safety her mother which was from a powerful political French ... Show
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As a quote from the king of France himself he said "the little Queen of Scots is the most perfect
child I have ever seen." While living in France Mary had learned Latin, French, Italian, Spanish and
Greek but already knew Scottish. At the age of 16 she married the 15 year old king of France, King
Francis the II, whom she stayed with until his tragic death from a ear infection. After King Francis
the II, Mary moved back to Scotland to act as queen. Soon as she was at Scotland she married Lord
Darnley. But as she had lived in France most of her childhood she did not realize that there was an
internal war within Scotland. It was a war against the Protestant lords and the Catholic lords. Mary
Stuart was queen of two different countries in her lifetime and if she had not gone to England she
would have probably have been queen of three. Mary was queen of France and Scotland but never
really had any power because she was more worried about getting the English throne. After the
marriage between Lord Darnley and Mary a open rebellion had awaken and the Protestants had
troops ready to fight the Catholic Queen and her troops. She goes to
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The Three Causes Of The French Revolution
Imagine a period of time of gruesome bloody executions and a lack of equality. The French
Revolution started in 1789 and lasted until 1799. The Revolution led to the end of the monarchy in
France. In 1793, during the Revolution, king Louis XVI was executed by extremist Jacobins who
represented the Third Estate. The execution led to war with several neighboring countries and
started the most violent portion of the French Revolution called the "Reign of Terror." The three
major causes for the French Revolution were; the king and queen were spending all of the country's
money (deficit spending), the upper classes were not paying their share of taxes, and the peasants
were treated poorly while also not being given the recognition they deserved for all the work that
they do. These three examples led to the French Revolution occurring and affected the short and
long term of France, as well as all of Europe's history. In current times, people wonder what caused
the execution of the king and queen, or in other words, how the 3 causes contributed to their
downfall.
The first reason the French Revolution occurred, was because the king and queen were spending too
much money on unnecessary items that the country could not afford. The king was gambling with
money that the country did not have. Also, he was staging plays while the country was 40 billion
dollars in debt. This made the people despise not only the king, but the queen too because they both
were spending money on clothes and
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Essay on Lanval and Yonec
Often times in literature the body becomes a symbolic part of the story. The body may come to
define the character, emphasize a certain motif of the story, or symbolize the author's or society's
mindset. The representation of the body becomes significant for the story. In the representation of
their body in the works of Marie de France's lais "Lanval" and "Yonec," the body is represented in
opposing views. In "Lanval," France clearly emphasizes the pure beauty of the body and the power
the ideal beauty holds, which Lanval's Fairy Queen portrays. In France's "Yonec," she diverts the
reader's attention from the image of the ideal body and emphasizes a body without a specific form
and fluidity between the forms. "Yonec" focuses on a love not ... Show more content on
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The Fairy Queen controls the dynamics of their relationship. They meet and separate whenever the
Fairy Queen feels the need to. The Fairy Queen's beauty gives her power and control over Lanval.
The concept of beauty as a method of control for women is not something new. Lori Baker–Sperry
and Liz Grauerholz discuss the concept of female empowerment through beauty in their article "The
Pervasiveness and Persistence of the Feminine Beauty Ideal in Children's Fairy Tale." Baker–Sperry
and Grauerholz state that, "women willingly engage in 'beauty rituals' and perceive being (or
becoming) beautiful as empowering, not oppressive" (712). Baker–Sperry and Grauerholz argue that
in children's fairy tales, the female characters see their beauty as their most useful tool and would
undergo "beauty rituals" to attain this beauty. By being beautiful, the Fairy Queen is able to win the
attention and loyalty of Lanval. Not only does the Fairy Queen receive power in this bond, but also
Lanval himself finds good fortune in the form of physical wealth. To further emphasize the Fairy
Queen's beauty and the power she holds over the court, France uses the series of girls prior to the
Fairy Queen's entrance. This builds a sense of suspense and the fact that the Fairy Queen easily
trumps the girls in beauty further emphasizes her superiority. By emphasizing the Fairy Queen's
bodily beauty, France is able to show the power the Fairy Queen has over Lanval and the court.
While
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Eleanor Of Aquitaine Research Paper
Eleanor of Aquitaine was known for her beauty and brains, which she used to become an influential
woman in a male dominant era. Eleanor of Aquitaine harnessed her beauty to start century long wars
between powerful kings and their countries proving her endless power. Eleanor was born into a
wealthy family her parents were the duke and duchess of Aquitaine, a fief that took up more than
half of France. Eleanor was the queen of two countries, England and France, as well as duchess of
Aquitaine and queen mother of England. She was a mother to eight children, three daughters and
five sons; two of her sons would become kings of England. Eleanor died of old age at eighty–three
years old at a convent in Aquitaine. Eleanor of Aquitaine was an influential queen and leader, rose to
become duchess of Aquitaine, and later the queen of France and of England.
Most of Eleanor success as queen of two wealthy countries can be credited to childhood experiences
and education. Eleanor had many talents that were uncommon for girls during her era to possess. "A
well–educated and well–trained young girl, Eleanor excelled at studies, domestic skills, games and
extra–curricular activities. Additionally, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
They four of them were unsuccessful in their attempt and Eleanor was caught while dressed as a
noble riding a horse out of the castle. "King Henry could not believe that his wife would turn their
sons against him. In July 1174, he sent Eleanor as a prisoner to Old Sarum Castle". Eleanor was
imprisoned for fifteen years in many different castles that were heavily guarded and with no
connections to the outside world. She was unaware of the death of all of her sons except for two
Richard, and John and the death of her first husband King Louis VII. Eleanor was given the option
for release if she gave up her duties as a queen but Eleanor refused and waited for her second
husband's
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Marie Antoinette : The Last Queen Of France
Marie Antoinette was the last queen of France who was stripped of her title, put in jail, and then
executed by her own people. Archduchess Marie Antoinette was born on November 2nd, 1755 in
Vienna, Austria. She was the daughter of Francis I who was the Holy Roman Emperor and Maria
Theresa who was the ruler of the Hapsburg Empire. She lived a fairly peaceful and happy early life
at the Schonbrünn Palace in Vienna. As a child, she did not have to study hard but instead was
taught how to live a court life and how to act like a proper lady. However, when she was just
fourteen years old, an arranged marriage was created by her family which would be between Marie
Antoinette and the future King of France, Louis XVI. Marie was transported to France where she
was to be married to Louis. On May 16th, 1770, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were married in
the lavish Palace of Versailles where they began their new life. The early years of her marriage to
Louis XVI was very difficult for Marie Antoinette. She was thrust into her new life where she had
few friends and did not know much about how to live a court life in France. Her new husband, Louis
XVI, did not seem to want to have anything to do with Marie, let alone attempt to produce an heir to
the throne. However, due to the fact that Marie Antoinette had not consummated her marriage with
Louis XVI yet, her popularity had begun to plummet rapidly among the peasants and people of the
court. During this time, Marie
Kelly 2
kept
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How Did Marie Antoinette Have A Failing Economy
Infamous queen Marie Antoinette is said to be a very misunderstood girl in history (Covington).
Marie enjoyed a life of luxury, as did many other queens did in history. But during her reign, the
country of France had a failing economy. In any country if the economy is good, people generally
believe that their leaders are great, but if the economy is bad then that's when the people starts
turning against their leaders. That poor economy that France faced had to be blamed on someone,
which were blamed on Marie Antoinette. Marie Antoinette's love of fashion has gotten her killed,
but her love has kept her alive in the world of fashion.
Marie Antoinette was the 15th child to Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor
Francis 1 (Castelot).
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Why Is Louis Xiv Important In The 1600s
From 1500–1700, there were multiple European monarchs that were beneficial to their country, but
there were also many other monarchs that were detrimental to their country. During this time period,
certain European countries also had their own governmental issues, whereas other countries were
thriving. Throughout the 1600's, numerous European leaders were fighting internal and external
wars, having social and economic problems, and losing faith in their people. On the other hand,
some leaders were also providing support for their people and creating a strong government. There
are several European monarchs who were beneficial and detrimental, but five key people control the
discussion. King James I of England, Peter I of Russia, Louis XIV of France, Pierre Patel, and
Queen Elizabeth I of England are all royals who had a substantial influence over their countries.
In the early 1600's, King James I was the monarch of England. He was a member of the Stuart
dynasty, and the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
During the 1690's, France was experiencing social and economic problems, and Louis XIV was the
cause of them. In 1694, an anonymous source reported that Louis XIV had consumed half the
wealth and vitality of France on costly wars, and now France was a vast hospital, desolate and
without provisions (Document H). From the author's perspective as a French citizen, the conditions
in France were deplorable and most of it was Louis XIV's fault. The author's background as an
anonymous citizen allowed them to tell the honest truth because they wanted to inform their
monarch of the conditions in their country. In 1694, an anonymous source informed Louis XIV that
the cultivation of the earth in France is almost abandoned, the towns and the countryside are
depopulated; all the industry languishes and no longer supports the workers. (Document H). Overall,
the author was trying to explain the situation of France to Louis XIV from a citizens
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Marie: Becoming The Queen Of France
I do disagree with some things that Marie does, especially the things she does when she is about to
become a queen. Marie focuses more on luxury, for example when preparing to become a queen she
focuses more on the etiquette. Marie focuses on the dresses she has to wear or on parties and card
games. Later this behavior costs her, her life. She doesn't focus on getting an education or learning
about France. After all she is going to be the Queen of France she should be educated on the
country. But, she is not, but she can't entirely be blamed for that. The people back in Austria only
teach her about her hair or clothes. Marie's mom, the Empress of the Holy Roman Empire was a
good ruler but she didn't take the time to teach Marie about ruling.
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Marie Antoinette : Negative Aspects Of The French Monarchy
Marie Antoinette embodied the negative aspects of the French monarchy because from the start of
her reign she was a traitor. She had Austria's interests at heart by putting the country she ruled last
and putting others first even if it coincided with the those of France, the country she supposedly
ruled.
She was born princess of Austria, Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna to her mother, Maria Theresa,
empress of Austria, and father, Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, both head of the Hapsburg dynasty.
In 1770 at the young age of 15, she married a French prince who would soon come to be King Louis
XVI of France, in order to help build a stronger alliance between Austria and France, making her the
Queen of France in 1774 as a teenager.
Marie Antoinette gradually failed to fulfill her duty to the people as Queen of France, the most
important duty of the Queen was to provide the nation with an heir to the throne, but she could not
fulfill that right away due to the stress of the people of her country and how they accused her of
everything. King Louis's shyness also contributed to this because he would barely even touch her
after they got married which made it harder for them to conceive an heir. The king had a condition
known as phimosis in which the foreskin of the penis is tighter than normal which made sex for him
really painful which explains why the king would not touch his bride. The French People began to
think if he couldn't perform in the bedroom then he certainly couldn't
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Bury St. Edmunds Research Paper
My favorite place I've ever lived was Bury St. Edmunds, England. My family lived in Bury our first
year here before we moved to Mildenhall to be closer to the middle school as the bus ride from Bury
was 90 minutes each way. We still go to Bury often for shopping, the cinema, special events, and
visiting places we like.
One of my favorite things in Bury St. Edmunds is the Abbey Gardens. Our house in Bury was just a
short 15–minute walk from there. They are the ruins and grounds of what used to be one of the most
powerful abbeys in England. Today, the abbey grounds have been turned into a public park and
visitors are allowed to walk around the ruins freely. The Abbey Gardens include a beautiful flower
garden, children's play areas, a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Edmunds. There is a plaque among the ruins in the Abbey Gardens that reads, "Near this spot on the
20th of November A.D. 1214, Cardinal Langton and The Barons swore at St. Edmund's altar that
they would obtain from King John the ratification of Magna Charta." Another interesting historical
aspect of the Abbey Gardens is the Norman gate. This gate, which was built in 1347, is considered
the "new" gate because it was built to replace the original, much older gate after the town's people
burned it down. There are also various plaques around the town that highlight the town's history,
such as the plaque on the Angel Hotel saying that Charles Dickens once stayed there. The city is also
home to the final resting place of Mary Tudor, sister of King Henry VIII and Queen of France. Bury
also has many fun aspects of British culture, such as the annual Christmas tree lighting in the town
center and pantomimes in the town's Theatre Royal around Christmastime. My family goes to the
Christmas pantomime, a fun and silly British play based on a fairytale, in Bury every year. Each
year they do a different pantomime and include aspects of the local area and popular things from
that year into the
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Marie Antoinette Essay
Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette is possibly one of the most famous French Monarchs. Born an
Austrian princess, she because one of the last monarchs to rule the French, Marie Antoinette has had
a major impact on French History but, most importantly, the French Revolution. Unfortunately, she
isn't remembered as a great queen or ruler, but because of the way her and her husband died on the
guillotine. Marie Antoinette was born on November 2, 1755. Her mother was the Empress Maria
Theresa and her father was the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. Marie's childhood was vaguely
insignificant; she was raised knowing one day she would rule France. In 1770, at the age of fifteen,
the Austrian Princess Marie was married to the Dauphin Louis. He was ... Show more content on
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Their first daughter, Marie Thérèse Charlotte she was born on December 19, 1778 at Versailles.
Louis Joseph Xavier Francois who was born on October 22, 1781. He Died at the age of seven on
June 4, 1789 of tuberculosis. Their second son Louis Charles who was born March 27, 1785. He
Died on June 8, 1795 while alone in prison. Sophie Béatrix she was born in 1786, Sophie died as an
infant just before turning one year old in 1787. Marie was not the most popular queen; she had
spending habits that would lead France into a large debt. She spent large amounts of money on
dresses, hair and shoes. Her popularity among the people of France was not on good terms. France
was already in debt with its people starving on the streets and Marie continued to spend as much as
she wanted. She was often referred to as the Austrian whore; many rumors told shocking stories of a
myriad of lovers, both male and female. Though there was no evidence to Marie's affairs. The
diamond necklace affair surely didn't help her popularity among the people. One of Marie's
supposed lovers received a message telling him to buy a diamond necklace, containing 647
diamonds. So the man obtained the necklace and brought it to a woman disguised as Queen Marie.
The fake queen took the necklace to her husband who sold it in pieces for a massive profit. When
the man failed to pay for the necklace the jewelers took the claim to the Queen. She insisted they go
to trial with the
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Marie Antoinette Research Paper
oinette, (b.1755–d.1793) is recognised as a significant personality that had a lasting impact in
history throughout the ages and is remembered for her reckless attempt at reigning over France as
Queen as well as her materialistic demeanour, which was symbolic of the French monarchy and
greatly despised by French commoners. Despite her inefficient reign over France, Marie's time as
Queen was not entirely unfruitful. During her reign she was recorded as being immensely charitable
towards the destitute. Due to being of Austrian descent, she was subject to discrimination and made
a scapegoat for the failings of the France.
Antoinette was materialistic and financially irresponsible whilst positioned as the Queen of France.
Marie Antoinette was
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How Did Mary Become The Queen Of Scotland
Three countries, three husbands, one woman the amazing Mary Stuart. Queen Mary led a life like no
other. Mary had the right to simultaneously rule over three countries. Sadly, she died young and was
unable to make a bigger impact. First, she became queen of Scotland, but she was quickly shipped
off to France to marry her first husband. Once her first husband died, she moved back to Scotland,
and began her short, but sweet rule. After her second husband died, and she married her third
husband, she was kicked off the throne of Scotland, and fled to England. After one too many
unsuccessful plots against the queen of England, Elizabeth I, Mary was executed. Queen Mary's life
was split into three parts, her first marriage, reign in Scotland, and her, captivity and death in
England. From Mary's birth, to the death ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Mary was born on December 8th 1542. But it wasn't until six days later, when her father and mother
King James V, and Mary of Guise died, she became queen of Scotland. However, Mary did not
begin her reign just yet, instead, Scottish nobles took over for her. Her ruling took a backseat to the
plans for her marriage to Edward VI. Edward VI was the first, and only son of Henry VIII and Jane
Seymour. Edward was set to become king after his father died. Similarly to Mary, Edward became
king at a young age, he was only nine years old when he was given the crown of England. Even
without marrying Edward VI, Mary would still have a right to rule England due to her ancestry and
connection to the throne. Mary was the great–granddaughter of Henry VII, and was next in line for
the English throne after Henry VIII's own children. But no sooner had the plans been made, for
Edward and Mary to
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Marie Antoinette Research Paper
As queen of France, Marie Antoinette was a symbol of what the common French peasant hated of
the aristocracy. She often had a cold disinterest in the common people, however being warm and
outgoing to fellow noble aristocrats. Generally liked at first, she turned into the very thing
commoners hated of the aristocracy. Through her years, her actions as queen, what she did during
times of unrest and turmoil in France, and simply how the people viewed her attributed to her
becoming of a villain to the peasants. Born the fifteenth and final daughter of the Holy Roman
Emperor, Francis I, she entered the world an enemy of the French people. Despite being very
insignificant as a princess of the Holy Roman Empire, there was a fierce rivalry between ... Show
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Abolitionist nobles often called her annoying, brash, and rude. Her negligent use of court and
national funds for personal and superficial means was the first factor in the unbecoming of the
queen. She rarely ever took violent action, but her cold, uncaring attitude towards the problems of
the people attributed to peasants hating her. She was seen as content with the disease and famine
running rampid in France, as long as she had what she needed, she didn't care. Once she directly
started getting punished, she turned into tyrant bent on crushing revolt. After being moved from
prison to prison with her husband, the revolutionary republic decided they were to execute the ex–
monarchs. Nine months after the execution of her husband, on October 16, 1793, she was executed
via
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Queen Mary Stuart Of Scotland And Queen Elizabeth I Of...
In the renaissance period of history, there was a feud that came about that dominated Europe.
Cousins, Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland and Queen Elizabeth I of England, formed an unpleasant
relationship that ended with execution. The scandalous rivalry between Mary, Queen of Scots and
Queen Elizabeth I had a profound effect on the politics of their time. Queen Elizabeth I was much
more regal than her cousin, Mary Stuart of Scotland, and ruled her kingdom with poise and
sophistication. When Elizabeth came into power, she had to rebuild the ruins that her half–sister,
Mary I, had left of England. The job proved to be difficult, but Elizabeth was successful and she
became well known for her way of ruling with determination (Smith). After her ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
Queen Elizabeth spent great amounts to build up the weak and unprepared English navy so the
soldiers could fight (Smith). Family members heavily influenced the decisions and actions in which
either queen took as it was important to account for their family's opinion, and they used family
members to get at each other. The queens themselves were cousins as Henry VIII was their uncle, so
Mary Stuart had Tudor blood in her (Sharnette 1). After Mary came back to Scotland, there were
many conspiracies surrounding her as well as Elizabeth. Mary was convicted for being involved in
the murder of her first husband, Lord Darnley ("Was Elizabeth I Justified in Having Her Cousin
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland Executed?"). When Elizabeth heard of the plan for Howard to
marry the Queen of Scots she was suspicious, and summoned Howard to appear at court. Guilty and
fearing the queen's anger, Howard repeatedly claimed illness as the reason for staying away from
court (Benson). Queen Elizabeth had many valid reasons for her decision to order the execution of
her cousin Mary. Many English Catholics held Mary to be the legitimate heir to the throne of
England ("Was Elizabeth I Justified in Having Her Cousin Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland
Executed?"). Mary was accused of murdering her second husband and was imprisoned before
escaping to England, where she thought her cousin Elizabeth would help her to gain back the
Scottish throne. Instead, Elizabeth had
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Queen Eleanor Of Aquitaine Research Paper

  • 1. Queen Eleanor Of Aquitaine Research Paper When someone asks about a Medieval Ages king or queen, the first person/people that come to mind, are usually King Arthur and Queen Guinevere. But, what about Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, the woman that took a stand in history, along with the fact that she ruled over France and England, as their queen, and the duchess of Aquitaine. But, who was this unknown woman? What kind of a life did she live? How did she affect the people around her? Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine affected this world today, but will soon be forgotten if no one knows about her. This queen will soon be discovered, not just for being a queen, but for her character, and how she was a part of making history. In the year of 1122, Eleanor of Aquitaine was born to William the tenth Duke of Aquitaine. Her father the duke, gave her a well cultured education, in topics such as literature, philosophy, and languages. Duke William the Tenth of Aquitaine aso taught Queen Eleanor about the rigors of court. But, when she was ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In fact, during her time as a mistress Eleanor established the legend of the Court of Love. In fact, she was given the reputation for having encouraged the culture of chivalry, literature, music,and folklore. But in 1173, Queen Eleanor's son "Young" Henry went to France with a plot against his father to seize the English throne. A rumor on how Eleanor supported his plot, went out, and for sixteen years she was held in various castles due to treason. After years of rebellion and revolt had passed, "Young" Henry caught a disease that was very deadly at the time and had no treatment. Where on his deathbed, he begged/asked for his mother's release from the castle that she was being held prisoner. Although King Henry agreed to release Queen Eleanor, he had one condition, which was that she was to return to him and continue her queenly duties, for a period of time throughout the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Mary Stuart Research Paper A Hard Life Rewarded Mary Stuart, also known as Mary Queen of Scots, was one of the most fascinating people in Europe during the sixteenth century. She was born on December 8,1542. She was the daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Mary, Queen of Scots, had a complicated life starting with an abnormal childhood, having strong ties to three counties, and being imprisoned for most of her life. Mary, had a peculiar childhood that consisted of things like gaining the throne to rule a country at a young age and almost being killed. When Mary was six days old her father died and so she became Queen of Scotland at a very young age. Due to this at the age of six years old she was handed over to the King of France. When Mary was eight "a man named Robert Stuart and purported to be an English spy was accused of attempting to poison Mary Stuart before her mother's departure" (marie–stuart.co.uk). Addition to this complicated childhood Mary was betrothed at a young age. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... She was first queen of Scotland due to her father's death and her being the heir to the throne. In 1548, she was sent to France to live with the French royal family. She was betrothed to Francis II of France, and married him in 1558. Therefore, when he was crowned King of France in 1559, she was made Queen of France. After a reign of seventeen months Francis II died. This ended Mary's reign in France. Soon she left France to go back to Scotland. A couple of years later she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart. They both had strong claims to the English throne and if they had an offspring their claims would be even stronger. With that said they did have a son, James. Henry Stuart was killed mysteriously in 1567. Mary was accused of being involved with his death, so she was imprisoned. While in prison she was compelled to step down and give her position on the throne of Scotland to her son. Her son then became King James VI of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Marie Antoinette: The Last Queen Of France Marie Antoinette last queen of France which born on November 2, 1755, in Vienna, Austria. Baptized by Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna. She was the 15th and second to last child of her mother Maria Theresa the empress of Austria and the father was Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. Marie Antoinette loved her father more than her mother but the sad thing is that the father died at the age of 9 so she didn't remember much of him as she grew. But she still loved her mother but also hated her this qote proves it "I love the empress but I'm frightened of her, then at a distance; when I'm writing to her, I never feel completely at ease" this proves it because she's frightened of her and she also said that she loves her. The father was happy and loved by ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. Queen Mary's Choices Queen Mary did not have the nicest parents they wanted her to me a male, Did her choices change the way people think about her,Her parents were not really good role models for her she did not make the greatest choices. All of the people under Queen Mary did not feel like it was fair for them. Because some of the families were getting people taking out of them because they did not like Queen Mary. People felt like all of Bloody Marie's choices were the smartest choices. Bloody Mary one had 300 people killed at the stake with fire, for disobeying her ruling. Some of the people she had burned at stake were some important British leader and people in the army. People felt like she made choices without thinking about the consequences. When ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. Maria Antoine Research Paper In the 18th century Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna, withal ken as Antoine, was the youngest daughter of Maria Theresa, age 14. Antoine was culled to espouse her second cousin, Louis Auguste, in order to stop the rivalry between France and Austria.Once she peregrinates to the border of France she encounters Comtesse de Noailles. Antoine would enter France as the Dauphine of France, but before she enters France she must leave all of her Austria's belonging behind. In that day she meets King Louis XV and her fiancé, Louis Auguste. Her fiancé was gauche, timid, and diffident when he first meets her. She was given time to get utilized to her circumventions before her marriage. On the night of their marriage nothing transpired on the marriage bed, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. The Life Of Marie De Medici 's ' The Queen Of France ' The art movement was on the rise during the advent of the seventeenth century, as it was a time when the baroque movement, which was distinguished by exaggerated dynamism and clear detail, flourished. Art during this period aimed to embody clear detail to represent the drama and grandeur. Rulers such as Marie de Medici sought to captivate on this new art movement by using it as a way to promote the power they had and the legitimacy of their reign. Marie commissioned the renowned Peter Paul Rubens to paint a series of twenty–four paintings in order to vindicate her triumph as the queen of France. Rubens did just that, as he re–envisioned the entire style propaganda through art during the period, using the paintings as a way to allegorize ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The paintings would ultimately be hung in the Gallery of the Luxemburg palace, which would serve as a sitting room for any courtiers who visited the palace.3 The placement of the art piece is relevant to the implementation of the propaganda, due to the fact that its placement skillfully served to exemplify the hyperbolic image of Marie to every person who sought an audience with the king or the queen mother, thus extending the projection of the propagandist themes to a larger base audience. In order to meet the lofty expectations of the queen mother Rubens worked to develop a message in the Medici Cycle that would be embody a sense of "vero senso" or "real meaning", thus acknowledging the existence of false or counterfeit one, and seeking to correct it through The Medici Cycle.4 Rubens sought to divert the attention away from the scandal and turmoil that surrounded Marie's life, and instead focus on the triumphs brought about by it. However, Rubens realized the controversy that could arise should he extol Marie's ability to govern France without suggestion she was a dangerously aggressive woman intent on seeking power; it was clear to him that the commissioning of the cycle had the potential to be viewed as a blatantly hostile attack on Louis reign. Thus Rubens presented his ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Why Was Mary Stuart Important Mary Stuart, also known as Mary Queen of Scots, was born December 7, 1542 to King James V and Mary Guise. Six days after her birth, her father died. Since Mary was the only surviving and legitimate child of James V, she became Queen of Scotland. At the age of six, Mary was sent to France for her education by her mother, who was from a very powerful French noble family. Mary Stuart, Scottish and French Queen, is by far one of the most noteworthy European monarchs in history because she was a major reason for conflicts between European Protestants and Catholics, was caught up in many conspiracies surrounding the assassination attempts on Elizabeth I Queen of England, and was queen of two countries. One of the biggest reasons for why Mary is ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... During her brief time as Queen of France, she married her childhood friend Francis II, Prince of France, at the age of 15. Then a year later, France's king died and Francis II became king and Mary becomes queen, though less than a year after that Francis died.Mary was no longer the Queen of France, so she went back to Scotland. While Mary reigned over Scotland, she tried to resolve the conflicts between Protestants and Catholics in Scotland, but both sides always pushed too far. They rebelled, conspired against her, and even killed some of her closest ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. Personal Narrative Essay: The Last Queen Of France Continuing our stampede, we pressed towards the front of the dining hall and closed in on the sides of each line; a tactic we had rehearsed numerous times. Legs chafing against each other and arms jiggling at my sides, I was Marie Antoinette screaming, "Let them eat cake!" Rather than speaking to the malnourished, I protested for a meager slice of pita pizza for my rather corpulent bunkmates and me: an obligatory treat served only on Thursdays. With my diminutive Styrofoam plate, juxtaposed against my one hundred and twelve pound frame, I stood on–line longing for the simple, yet somehow exquisite sensation of crust, sauce, and mozzarella filling the cavity of my mouth. I, like the last Queen of France herself, called for justice. My battle cry, pizza, and the kingdom I reined, 'fat camp'. Perhaps it was the time my mother stumbled across my collection of Kraft Singles wrappers, skeletons of the euphoric golden cheese stuff, hidden underneath my ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This time however, I weighed forty–five pounds less– a healthy weight for a seven–year–old girl my height. While my greatest weight change occurred during those twelve months, I still consider each day since as part of my weight loss journey. Each day is a testament to my self–control, balance, and persistence these all; skills I believe have defined my character. My weight loss journey, both exciting and scary, has fueled my insatiable desire to tackle the most daunting tasks. Be it speaking in front of hundreds at Make–A–Wish events or hiking the Inca Trail or finishing a novel by Nabokov, I thrive on challenge. As an overweight Kraft singles loving six–year–old, I found value in the small– two pounds loss one week, half a pound loss another. Regardless of the weight I did lose and didn't lose, I understood the infinite importance of the celebration of the smallest of victories, and too ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Henry Viii Wholly Surrendered Power Do you agree with the view that in the years 1515–1525 Henry VIII wholly surrendered power in government to Cardinal Wolsey? To a certain extent within Source 4 (by J.J. Scarisbrick 1968) supports the idea that possibly Henry VIII actually did surrender power over to Wolsey. The evidence within the source that suggests this possibly for being the truth is 'a self–indulgent King had wholly surrendered the cares of the state into the Cardinals hands'. To further support this case, it is clear that Wolsey was extremely powerful, he had vast amounts of bishoprics (Archbishop of Canterbury, Tournai, Durham just to name a few) and was the head of things such as the Star Chamber where Wolsey got himself heavily involved with. This is shown ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... However, Source 5 written in 1994 by John Lotherington, appears to disagree with that of the view of source 4. In parts it appears to actually agree with source 4, 'Wolsey held a dominant position in government and controlled the distribution of patronage' but then the source continues to say, 'And of course the ultimate source of all power was the King'. This quote can be proven true with examples of Henry preventing Wolsey from doing something, such as in 1523 when Wolsey launched a sea attack upon the French without the kings permission, this led to Wolsey having to apologize for his actions. This shows that Henry still had control over Wolsey and that he couldn't get away with something so easily. Also even though source 4 claims that Wolsey had very strong control, that even with this power he couldn't prevent such things like The Amicable Grant of 1525 from being a disaster, and without aids from The Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk it could have been an even more disastrous, this proves Henry was more in control than Wolsey because the Dukes only subdued the rebellions on Henry's behalf, not Wolsey's. This is showing how Henry had not wholly surrendered his government power, and could still contest Wolsey's decisions and problems. The source was also written in 1994, therefore the historians view is likely to be more factual rather than written in the period and being more biased, as can be the case, especially if that figure in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. Mary Queen Of Scots Research Paper Mary, Queen of Scots, was born Mary Stuart on December 8, 1542 to King James V and Mary Guise in Linlithgow, Scotland. Six days after her birth her father King James passed away. Because she was the only living heir to the throne the infant Mary became queen of Scotland. Because Mary was too young to take the throne her mother, Mary of Guise was made regent, a person who is appointed to run the government when a king or queen is too young or ill to take the throne. King Henry VIII of England decided to try and benefit from this temporary regent by suggesting that Mary and his son Prince Edward be promised in marriage to unify England and Scotland. At first this idea seemed prosperous and Mary was sworn to Edward through the Treaty of Greenwich. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. How Did The French Revolution Lead To The American Revolution France, 1789. Conflict was beginning to stir among the people. With famine in France, the people starved and had to pay high taxes, as an enlightenment began, inspired by the American Revolution. The French Government wasn't that much better, either. To begin with, the French Government was poor since they supported the American Revolution financially and they spent money to fight the Seven Years War (or the French and Indian War as many know it as). This lead to unrest and uprisings. The French king at the time, King Louis XVI, called for a Convocation of the Estate General which consisted of clergy, nobility, and those representing the common people. They assembled at Versailles. Their debates only lead to the Third Estate to vote on a National Assembly of France and a constitution. King Louis was threatened by this and closed the doors of the assembly room, forcing the Third Estate to vote in a tennis court, where they took what is called the tennis court oath. The king then allowed them to assembly, but brought in foreign troops to prevent a rebellion and fired his financial advisor for suggesting lower taxes on the people. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In August of the same year, the National Assembly formed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Women marched to Versialles in October, upon rumors of the royals hiding food, forcing the king and his queen, Queen Mary Antoinette, to leave for Paris. In June, 1791, the royal family tried to escape into hiding by dressing as servants, while their servants dressed as royals, but they were captured and put in house arrest. The Jacobins then wanted to create a Republic in July. However, Frederic Williams and Leopold II, Queen Mary Antiontte's brother declared the Declaration of Pillnitz of royal authority in August. This enraged the French people and resulted in Champ de Mars ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. Marie Anttointe Research Paper Marie Antoinette Fourteen year old Archduchesses Maria Antonia Josephina Johanna of Austria, was obligated to marry Louis the Dauphin of France in order to consolidate an alliance between this country and the dynasty of Habsburg. Marie Antoinette did not have the capacity to rule a nation, she had an unhappy marriage and unfortunately as she became queen she had bad reputation and was blamed the government's financial problems, consequently revolutionaries wanted to end the absolute monarchy. When the Revolution broke out in 1789, Marie Antoinette refused to reach an agreement with the revolutionaries and sought help from her brother, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. During the revolution the king and queen tried to flee ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... All these accusations and rumors emerged because the queen would be seen at Versailles late at night as well as the queen not getting pregnant , therefore citizens started to speculate that she had no class and was a terrible queen. Due to Marie Antoinette gambling, buying expensive clothes, hats and jewelry that seemed extravagant and exaggerating to the citizens, the queen was blamed for the financial crisis France was going through. The queen ignored the country's financial crisis. She refused to make concessions to the hungry masses that stormed the palace of Versailles and sent troops against them. Poor harvest and lack of food due to the high cost was believed to be a result of the extravagant lifestyle of the queen. On July 14, 1789, approximately nine hundred men French workers and peasants stormed the Bastille Prison beginning the French Revolution. On October 6, a crowd gathered outside the Palace at Versailles and demanded that the King and Queen be brought to Paris. Marie Antoinette sought to look for help in order to save the French monarchy. The royal family attempted to escape France in June 1791, but they were captured and returned to Paris. In September, King Louis XVI agreed to support a new constitution drafted by the Constituent National Assembly in return for keeping at least his symbolic power as king. Maximilien de Robespierre called for the removal of the queen and king. After Henry XVI execution, Marie ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. Twice Queen Of France Chapter Summary Anne was orphaned at a young age. Still she was a very capable duchess even at the age of twelve. Anne was politically minded and yet a very good and kind leader to her people. She suffered the death of her husband and of several children and still ruled strongly and well. It was Anne who decided that Brittany must merge with France. I would give Twice Queen of France a seven if rating it from one to ten. I knew from just glancing over it that it would be interesting to read. Anne's story is not told only in bare, boring facts, but in story form mixed with information. Her political and personal life were sad and intense, and the book portrayed this well. It dealt with passage of time well, not allowing the writing to become distracting or choppy. For example, it never says "Anne was now thirteen" or something like that, but rather incorporates her age into the writing, such as in this situation: "She was nearly fourteen and must make mature decisions important to the duchy" (Butler 71). The reason I do not give Twice Queen of France a nine or a ten is because it lacks an index, a bibliography, pictures, maps, diagrams, and further reading suggestions. Also there are times throughout the story when I wonder how the authoress could ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Not only would she be interesting for anyone to read about, she provides an example for people undergoing struggles. For example, Anne is an admirable example of someone who dealt very well with an extraordinary weight placed upon their shoulders, and of someone who dealt with more grief than anyone should have to go through. Even when Anne is grieving, she recognizes her duty and sticks to it no matter what the circumstances. Even shortly after the death of her husband, she remembered that "she did have something to live for –– Brittany needed her!" (Butler 130). Anne life is also a grand example of the lifestyle and luxuries of royalty in Renaissance ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. Marie Antoinette Research Paper Marie Antoinette, the last Queen of France, played a major role in the 1789 French Revolution. As a young woman of fourteen–years–old, Marie Antoinette was thrust into the royal spotlight and commanded to play a significant role in European history. Marie Antoinette is perhaps widely known as the lavish Queen of France, who, upon hearing the French people were without bread, supposedly said, "Let them eat cake." However, the true Marie Antoinette was an intelligent woman, and despite her own extravagant lifestyle, displayed caring attributes and sensitivity towards the poor population of France. Furthermore, the French Revolution was an extremely difficult time for Marie Antoinette and her family. The Queen recently lost her son as the French ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Marie Antoinette was born 'Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna', the second last child of Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. When Marie Antoinette moved to France to become the wife of Louis–Auguste, she was just a girl of 14 years old. Ultimately, Marie Antoinette married Louis–Auguste in May, 1770, at the young age of 15. Louis Auguste, soon to be King Louis XVI, was shy and withdrawn, quite the opposite of Marie Antoinette, who was an outgoing, social butterfly. Marie Antoinette once stated: "The king... is overwhelmed by an awkward shyness, mistrust in himself, which proceeds from his education as much as from his disposition. He is afraid of command and above all things, dreads speaking to assembled numbers. He lived like a child and always ill at ease..." (Campan, 1824). After Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI married, the young couple soon came to symbolize the extravagance of the French monarchy. When she became wife of Louis–Auguste, Marie Antoinette was first adored by the French people and then increasingly disliked as tales of her rich lifestyle circled around France. As quoted Jeanne–Louise–Henriette Campan, one of Marie Antoinette's ladies–in–waiting: "[Marie Antoinette] occasionally passed the evening ... where a brilliant party of young person's met together. They introduced a taste for trifling games, such as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. The Truth About Marie Antoinette Sombillo 1 Alysia Sombillo World History Mrs. Ray World History Research Paper Draft 3–3–16 The Truth about Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette was born on November 2, 1755, in Vienna, Austria. Marie Antoinette was a queen that ruled with a powerful, wealthy, fist. She was a foreign wife and queen once she married King Louis XVI of France. Throughout her rule over France, Marie Antoinette was kept under a light of ignorance by the people, and therefore, should not be blamed for their suffering, the French Revolution, and the failures of her husband. She was hated by the people of France the moment she became queen, which ultimately led her to her downfall. Queen Marie Antoinette is known for her infamous quote "let them eat cake", in a scandal where she supposedly turned a blind eye to the famished. The people of France pointed their fingers at Marie Antoinette, and believed she frankly participated in the scandal they accused her of: the scandal that led to her death by guillotine: the Affair of the Diamond Necklace. Marie Antoinette was also blamed for The French Revolution and the suffering of the poor people, but the citizens of France were already poor long before she became queen. The French Revolution was a time of political and social disruption, and the change of their absolute monarchy. Marie Antoinette was part of the monarchy, so she was disliked, but she was not the cause of The French Revolution. Her husband, King Louis XVI, made known ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. Essay on Marie-Antoinette Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna, later known as Marie–Antoinette, was born on 02 November 1755. At 13 years of age, Marie was sent to France to begin her relationship with the Dauphin of France, Louis XVI. In 1770, at the age of 15, she and the Louis XVI were married in Vienna, then taking the throne in 1774. Marie–Antoinette was a young, beautiful, elegant, and graceful queen whose fashion influenced the women of France. She was very proud of where she originated, Hapsburg, and she was very proud of how she presented herself. Marie–Antoinette was a young woman who was never given an opportunity to be young. She married young, took over as the queen of France at a young age, and therefore she still had much growing up to do. The queen ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Unfortunately, by that time, the damage had already been done; Marie was growing tired of her queen duties, and wanted to be out of the public eye. Finally, Marie began using her power as queen, stopped publicly displaying herself, and spent more time with her friends. At that time, is when she began her shopping sprees of expensive gifts for her friends, and led to her spending more time, and money, on herself. She began to spend more of her time with her friends going to masked balls, theatres, gambling, and late night trips to the park. Marie's free–spirited living was not comforting to the people of France. However, she was still idolized by some for her traits. Marie was often complimented on her beauty and style. Vigee Lebrun, Marie–Antoinette's painter, once commented on "the translucent colour of her complexion, her long blonde hair, and her well–proportioned and full–bosomed figure". To maintain her beautiful appearance, she would spend a great amount of money on dresses and accessories, such as high headdresses and plumes, to go along with the dresses, which were sometimes voluminous. She was constantly exceeding her clothing allowance, and her husband was more than happy to cover the difference to keep his wife happy. To keep Marie happy, Louis XVI gave her Petit Trianon, as a place for her to have to herself. She built a theatre so she could have shows, and she ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Albert Of Austria, Queen Claude Of France And France Through revisiting philosophy and the works circulating during Anne's time in the Netherlands and France, it becomes easier to understand her subtle manipulation of both Henry's narcissism in link with his scopophilia. Her young mind during her finishing met with strong female voices, which she cultivated for herself. This pursuit of knowledge encouraged by the likes of Margaret of Austria, Queen Claude of France, and Marguerite de Navarre. Without a doubt, she encountered Pisan's work alongside the Reformed works she would later employ. Echoes of her raison d'être link back to writings by Margaret, "Fiez–vous y en vos servans Dehure en avant, mes demoiselles, Et vous vous trouverés de celles Qui en ont eu des décepvans Ils son en leurs ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Each writer embraces this as survival, despite rejecting it as their modus operandi. Wollstonecraft dedicates an entire chapter in the Vindication of the Rights of Woman. For Henry, Anne's appeal, per Mulvey's theory of female image, came through her feeding of narcissistic and scopophilic impulses. While the concept of Henry as a narcissist commonly enters scholarship on his reign, as well as, his use of his courtiers to feed that impulse, arguably it is more important to consider his use of women to feed it. In a reign troubled by legitimacy, the great disparity in public opinion, the Church, the French opinion, and the Spanish opinion created more problems than a fertile womb could solve. Though Henry pursued Anne for about six years, their marriage barely scraped by three. Legitimacy and the proof of inheritance in a still relatively new dynasty plague Henry's recorded behaviors and many of the actions of his government. His personal life needed to find no reproof, so Anne's pregnancy pre nuptias offered dangerous results for a project round onto another year. With his prize in sight, and Catherine stuck away in another manor, on January 25th, 1533, the couple wed. Although the King 's first marriage remain intact, Henry's wording in the court proceedings assumed the union never truly existed, therefore there existed nothing to impede his proper marriage. On May 23rd, the Archbishop officially proclaimed Catherine's marriage invalid ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. The French Revolution By Andre Castelot The source's origin is of value because it was written by a prominent French writer and Historian, André Castelot. Castelot has written numerous biographies of famous monarchs, many of them being monarchs. The fact that the History Award was created in his honor to reward popular books or historical novels suggests his prominent writing and importance. This source is also valuable because its purpose is to analyze Marie Antoinette's contribution to the French Revolution. It looks at her social life–including her expenses–and also her husband's actions that affected her reputation as the careless and apathetic Queen. However, the source is limited because as a French writer, his views on the French monarchy may be unduly influential. This book was published almost two hundred years after the revolution. This implies that the sentiment towards the monarchy may have evolved over time and would not precisely display the true emotions of the French people from about two centuries earlier. Finally, as a historian writing numerous novels and biographies about various subjects, Castelot may be a limited source of information. Unlike a writer that specializes in one era of history, Castelot's works do not all specifically target Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution. Fraser, Antonia. Marie Antoinette: The Journey. New York: N.A. Talese/Doubleday, 2001. Print. This source received the Enid McLeod Literary prize, which is awarded by the Franco–British society, which attests to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Marie Antoinette Essay Through the history of the world, the people of Earth have seen every kind of leader. We've seen good leaders, average leaders, and terrible leaders. Many cases in France's history they have had many leaders go through all of these ranks. For example, Napoleon Bonaparte started out great and slowly went down hill. But never in France's history have they seen such a terrible leader as King Louie the XVI. Louie was not exactly king material. Louie was fat, shy, gluttonous, gentle, weak minded, not particularly smart and unambitious . He was everything a king shouldn't be. As the French king Louie made just about every mistake a king could possibly make. These mistakes lead to the French Revolution and even the beheading of King Louie. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Another way that Marie loved to give away the French money was when some radicals from America came. These radicals asked Louie for some aid in the American Revolution. The money borrowed by these radicals was promised to be paid back. Marie thought this idea was a great investment and urged Louie to fund these radicals. Well the radicals won and France saw no money for their help. France was in a great depression. France was bankrupt. On top of this was a drought in France making the cost of living skyrocket but the wages of the people stayed the same. This is a cause of the people of France to get increasingly mad at the leaders. For these reason tells what a terrible lady this was. To me Marie is a perfect example of the woman stereotype. She was the materialistic queen that demanded everything from the king. The queen would even threaten the king with divorce if the king did not give her exactly what he wanted. So this weak minded king knowing the country was running low on money gave the queen everything she asked for without question. This is just one of the reasons that Marie was a plague on France. The French people were outraged. Here they are, thousands of peasants that work as hard as they can and struggle to live, then a drought comes, the living wages rise and now their kids are starving. While all of these is going on, the queen is picking out ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. What Is Marie De France's Lanval A New Model Cora Orme Kapelle Medieval Literature 23 February 2015 Marie de France's "Lanval": A New Model for Gender Roles in the Medieval Romance Genre Historically, Medieval women had little agency or control over their lives. Parents arranged marriages for political alliances and while the romantic compatibility of the engaged couple was almost never considered, Medieval society often prioritized men's sexual preferences. Marie de France comments on women's lack of agency and the unfulfilling nature of these marital alliances in her unconventional lai, "Lanval." Her curious inversion of power dynamics skews the traditional gender roles and reveals flaws within the Medieval ideal of courtly romance. In particular, Marie de France's Fairy Queen starkly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In order to fully comprehend the subversive female subject, it is imperative to explore how Lanval's failure to fit the romantic hero archetype renders him more conventionally feminine. Despite his noble lineage and inherent bravery that aligns him with Medieval models of knighthood, the narrator places more emphasis on Lanval's defects and insufficiencies. In particular, Lanval is so unmemorable that King Arthur forgets to financially support Lanval: "Women and land / He shared out with generous hand / To all but one who'd served. Lanval heOrme 2 forgot: no man helped his recall" (Marie de France). Lanval's strong financial dependence on the king (and later the Fairy Queen) liken him to an unmarried woman; he is reliant on powerful alliances for monetary support and validation of status. In fact, Marie de France paints Lanval as quite pitiable and without the capability to independently solve his hopeless situation. He is so morose that he relinquishes his horse, his last financial asset and visible sign of status, to wander the forest and think of "his sad plight, He saw nothing to bring delight" (Marie de France). ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. Marie Antoinette: Research Paper Melissa Arias Alma Aguilar Political Science 101 24 September 2012 Marie Antoinette "Let them eat cake" is probably one of the most recited quotes around the world, which is known to be spoken by the last Queen of France, Marie Antoinette. Although often reffered to as "The Party Queen" or in other words, the Queen who danced while her people starved. But what many fail to recognize is the fact that Marie Antoinette was the Queen who cared for her people. The only think she cared for more than the welfare of her people, was the welfare of her children. In order for one to understand and have the ability to fully understand the French ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... She describes a French Court dominated by intricate rules of etiquette and protocol and excessive attention to fashion and grooming. In her last letter, Marie–Antoinette wrote to her sister–in–law Madame Elisabeth: "'Happiness is doubled when shared with a friend'...." ( Campan 4 )In those words are contained the value she placed on friendship to her happiness. The queen had a great capacity for friendship, although she was not always smart in her choice of companions. Conclusion The story of revolution and resistance in 18th–century France is a complicated one, and no two historians tell the story the same way. However, it is clear that for the revolutionaries, Marie Antoinette's significance was mainly, powerfully symbolic. "She and the people around her seemed to represent everything that was wrong with the monarchy and the Second Estate: They appeared to be tone–deaf, out of touch, disloyal (along with her allegedly treasonous behavior, writers and pamphleteers frequently accused the queen of adultery) and self–interested"( Moore 17 ). What Marie Antoinette was actually like was beside the point; the image of the queen was far more influential than the woman herself. "Marie Antoinette was the Austrian born child bride of the future King Louis XVI of France. It was an arranged marriage designed to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Research Paper How did an orphaned girl become queen of two European countries and a prisoner? She was young. She was confident. She was brave. Eleanor of Aquitaine, who was born in France, became a teenage Queen to her birth country. After reigning as queen of England, she was spitefully sentenced to a lifetime in a horrid Medieval prison. Remarkably, her story is an important part of European history. Eleanor's life had a peaceful beginning. She was born in the serene countryside of southern France in 1122. She had a younger brother and sister. At a young age, tragedy struck Eleanor when her mother and brother died. The cause of their death will remain lost in history. She was well educated as a child. She excelled in all ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Since Eleanor was only fifteen, she and her sister had to be taken under the guardianship of the renowned King of France. Eleanor's life could no longer be described as peaceful. Eleanor soon became a teenage queen surrounded in battle. The same year that she tragically became an orphan she married the king of France's son Louis the seventh. Eleanor had little time to get to know her new father–in–law before he became extremely sick and died. Because Louis's father died, Eleanor and Louis became king and queen of France. In order to continue the holy war against Islam, the Pope called for the 2nd crusade. King Louis responded eagerly to the crusade and fearlessly marched into battle. Queen Eleanor intrepidly took 300 ladies in waiting, which were her assistants, into the Crusade to attend to the wounded. The women wore amour and carried lances like Knights, although they never actually fought. After 15 years of marriage, King Louis and Queen Eleanor got a divorce in 1152 because they blamed each other for the failed crusade. King Louis then married Eleanor's younger sister. Eleanor was no longer a teenager or ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44.
  • 45. Queen Elizabeth I And Mary Queen Of Scots Battle of the Queens Kind, intelligent, charming is just a few of many traits, one may wish to see in their Queen. The royal feud that shook the Tudor dynasty was between Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Mary of Scots. Elizabeth I was the queen of England and Ireland. Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, queen regnant of Scotland and queen consort of France. A royal bloodline, religious views, and an tragic ending, are the cause, course, and resolution of this famous vendetta. Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots were not just royal rivals but also cousins. Like most royal family rivalries the two queens were after the throne. Mary was Elizabeth's heir nevertheless Elizabeth would not acknowledge that her cousin was her heiress (Steinmetz). ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Betrayal, plots, and religion are all aspects of this royal feud. The need for power, is so strong that the crown came before family. The war between these two Queens will be remembered for years to come, from books, plays, and even television shows. Family, religion, and a execution are the cause, course, and resolution of this famous vendetta. Works Cited "Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots." Royal Museums Greenwich, www.rmg.co.uk/discover/explore/elizabeth–i–and–mary–queen–scots. Accessed 11 Mar. 2017. Esolen, Anthony. "The Tudors – Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots." The Politically Incorrect Guide to Western Civilization, Regnery Publishing. History on the Net, www.historyonthenet.com/the– tudors–elizabeth–i–and–mary–queen–of–scots/. Accessed 13 Mar. 2017. Sharnette, Heather. "Mary, Queen Of Scots." Elizabeth R, 1998, www.elizabethi.org/contents/queenofscots/pagethree.html. Accessed 2017. Steinmetz, Katy. "Top 10 Family Feuds." ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46.
  • 47. Main Causes Of The French Revolution The commencement of the French Revolution arranged the country of France being at the brink of bankruptcy. Causes for this brink are easily seen. King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette, lavished money on themselves and residences such as Versailles. Queen Marie especially, over spending money and was seen as a wasteful spender. The government, found that funds were depleting due to wars in the same manner as the funding for the American Revolution. Deficit spending, a government spending more money than it takes in from tax revenues, also played a major role in the bankruptcy of France as well as the privileged classes not submitting to being taxed. The New Encyclopedia describes the French Revolution as being "a period of ideological, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... According to Alpha History, "The cause of De Launay's death is in dispute, however the most popular account suggests he was stabbed and beheaded by an unemployed baker wielding a small bread knife." (Llewellyn and Thompson) Bastille day was a major turning point in the history of France, but why did the National Assembly take over Bastille? The Third Estate wanted King Louis XVI to give additional say in the government to the commoners. However, they heard about Louis XVI wanting to use military force to take them out, so they armed themselves by first taking over the Hotel des Invalides to arm themselves. The guns they stole from the Hotel des Invalides didn't contain gunpowder so they pursued to Bastille to steal gunpowder for their muskets. After the storming of the Bastille and Versailles, the King and Queen were forced to move to Paris along with the National Assembly. The royal family spent several years in the Tuileries Palace as prisoners and even attempting to escape once. A new government known as the Legislative Assembly rose and the Convention, abolished the monarchy. But the abolishment of the monarchy was not enough, however, since as long as the royal family lived the monarchy could be restored. Subsequently, the royal couple was put on trial for treason and King Louis XVI along with Queen Marie Antoinette were guillotined. "He former king was presented with 33 charges, each describing an act of betrayal, sabotage or failure of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48.
  • 49. Mary Queen Of Scots Research Paper Mary Queen of scots first husband died of an ear infection and her second husband died of a mysterious explosion. When Mary Queen of Scots was only six days old her father died and she became queen. But she was moved to France for her own safety and to be betrothed to one of the king's heirs. When she was about 15 she was married King Francis the II and made queen of France. If she was still around instead of being executed a war would have not been launched. At around 6 days old she was made Queen of Scotland due to the fact that she was the only heir to King James the V of Scotland. Due to the fact she was a young child her mother Mary of Guise acted as a regent on her behalf. But for her safety her mother which was from a powerful political French ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As a quote from the king of France himself he said "the little Queen of Scots is the most perfect child I have ever seen." While living in France Mary had learned Latin, French, Italian, Spanish and Greek but already knew Scottish. At the age of 16 she married the 15 year old king of France, King Francis the II, whom she stayed with until his tragic death from a ear infection. After King Francis the II, Mary moved back to Scotland to act as queen. Soon as she was at Scotland she married Lord Darnley. But as she had lived in France most of her childhood she did not realize that there was an internal war within Scotland. It was a war against the Protestant lords and the Catholic lords. Mary Stuart was queen of two different countries in her lifetime and if she had not gone to England she would have probably have been queen of three. Mary was queen of France and Scotland but never really had any power because she was more worried about getting the English throne. After the marriage between Lord Darnley and Mary a open rebellion had awaken and the Protestants had troops ready to fight the Catholic Queen and her troops. She goes to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50.
  • 51. The Three Causes Of The French Revolution Imagine a period of time of gruesome bloody executions and a lack of equality. The French Revolution started in 1789 and lasted until 1799. The Revolution led to the end of the monarchy in France. In 1793, during the Revolution, king Louis XVI was executed by extremist Jacobins who represented the Third Estate. The execution led to war with several neighboring countries and started the most violent portion of the French Revolution called the "Reign of Terror." The three major causes for the French Revolution were; the king and queen were spending all of the country's money (deficit spending), the upper classes were not paying their share of taxes, and the peasants were treated poorly while also not being given the recognition they deserved for all the work that they do. These three examples led to the French Revolution occurring and affected the short and long term of France, as well as all of Europe's history. In current times, people wonder what caused the execution of the king and queen, or in other words, how the 3 causes contributed to their downfall. The first reason the French Revolution occurred, was because the king and queen were spending too much money on unnecessary items that the country could not afford. The king was gambling with money that the country did not have. Also, he was staging plays while the country was 40 billion dollars in debt. This made the people despise not only the king, but the queen too because they both were spending money on clothes and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 53. Essay on Lanval and Yonec Often times in literature the body becomes a symbolic part of the story. The body may come to define the character, emphasize a certain motif of the story, or symbolize the author's or society's mindset. The representation of the body becomes significant for the story. In the representation of their body in the works of Marie de France's lais "Lanval" and "Yonec," the body is represented in opposing views. In "Lanval," France clearly emphasizes the pure beauty of the body and the power the ideal beauty holds, which Lanval's Fairy Queen portrays. In France's "Yonec," she diverts the reader's attention from the image of the ideal body and emphasizes a body without a specific form and fluidity between the forms. "Yonec" focuses on a love not ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Fairy Queen controls the dynamics of their relationship. They meet and separate whenever the Fairy Queen feels the need to. The Fairy Queen's beauty gives her power and control over Lanval. The concept of beauty as a method of control for women is not something new. Lori Baker–Sperry and Liz Grauerholz discuss the concept of female empowerment through beauty in their article "The Pervasiveness and Persistence of the Feminine Beauty Ideal in Children's Fairy Tale." Baker–Sperry and Grauerholz state that, "women willingly engage in 'beauty rituals' and perceive being (or becoming) beautiful as empowering, not oppressive" (712). Baker–Sperry and Grauerholz argue that in children's fairy tales, the female characters see their beauty as their most useful tool and would undergo "beauty rituals" to attain this beauty. By being beautiful, the Fairy Queen is able to win the attention and loyalty of Lanval. Not only does the Fairy Queen receive power in this bond, but also Lanval himself finds good fortune in the form of physical wealth. To further emphasize the Fairy Queen's beauty and the power she holds over the court, France uses the series of girls prior to the Fairy Queen's entrance. This builds a sense of suspense and the fact that the Fairy Queen easily trumps the girls in beauty further emphasizes her superiority. By emphasizing the Fairy Queen's bodily beauty, France is able to show the power the Fairy Queen has over Lanval and the court. While ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54.
  • 55. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Research Paper Eleanor of Aquitaine was known for her beauty and brains, which she used to become an influential woman in a male dominant era. Eleanor of Aquitaine harnessed her beauty to start century long wars between powerful kings and their countries proving her endless power. Eleanor was born into a wealthy family her parents were the duke and duchess of Aquitaine, a fief that took up more than half of France. Eleanor was the queen of two countries, England and France, as well as duchess of Aquitaine and queen mother of England. She was a mother to eight children, three daughters and five sons; two of her sons would become kings of England. Eleanor died of old age at eighty–three years old at a convent in Aquitaine. Eleanor of Aquitaine was an influential queen and leader, rose to become duchess of Aquitaine, and later the queen of France and of England. Most of Eleanor success as queen of two wealthy countries can be credited to childhood experiences and education. Eleanor had many talents that were uncommon for girls during her era to possess. "A well–educated and well–trained young girl, Eleanor excelled at studies, domestic skills, games and extra–curricular activities. Additionally, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... They four of them were unsuccessful in their attempt and Eleanor was caught while dressed as a noble riding a horse out of the castle. "King Henry could not believe that his wife would turn their sons against him. In July 1174, he sent Eleanor as a prisoner to Old Sarum Castle". Eleanor was imprisoned for fifteen years in many different castles that were heavily guarded and with no connections to the outside world. She was unaware of the death of all of her sons except for two Richard, and John and the death of her first husband King Louis VII. Eleanor was given the option for release if she gave up her duties as a queen but Eleanor refused and waited for her second husband's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 56.
  • 57. Marie Antoinette : The Last Queen Of France Marie Antoinette was the last queen of France who was stripped of her title, put in jail, and then executed by her own people. Archduchess Marie Antoinette was born on November 2nd, 1755 in Vienna, Austria. She was the daughter of Francis I who was the Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa who was the ruler of the Hapsburg Empire. She lived a fairly peaceful and happy early life at the Schonbrünn Palace in Vienna. As a child, she did not have to study hard but instead was taught how to live a court life and how to act like a proper lady. However, when she was just fourteen years old, an arranged marriage was created by her family which would be between Marie Antoinette and the future King of France, Louis XVI. Marie was transported to France where she was to be married to Louis. On May 16th, 1770, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were married in the lavish Palace of Versailles where they began their new life. The early years of her marriage to Louis XVI was very difficult for Marie Antoinette. She was thrust into her new life where she had few friends and did not know much about how to live a court life in France. Her new husband, Louis XVI, did not seem to want to have anything to do with Marie, let alone attempt to produce an heir to the throne. However, due to the fact that Marie Antoinette had not consummated her marriage with Louis XVI yet, her popularity had begun to plummet rapidly among the peasants and people of the court. During this time, Marie Kelly 2 kept ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 58.
  • 59. How Did Marie Antoinette Have A Failing Economy Infamous queen Marie Antoinette is said to be a very misunderstood girl in history (Covington). Marie enjoyed a life of luxury, as did many other queens did in history. But during her reign, the country of France had a failing economy. In any country if the economy is good, people generally believe that their leaders are great, but if the economy is bad then that's when the people starts turning against their leaders. That poor economy that France faced had to be blamed on someone, which were blamed on Marie Antoinette. Marie Antoinette's love of fashion has gotten her killed, but her love has kept her alive in the world of fashion. Marie Antoinette was the 15th child to Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor Francis 1 (Castelot). ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 60.
  • 61. Why Is Louis Xiv Important In The 1600s From 1500–1700, there were multiple European monarchs that were beneficial to their country, but there were also many other monarchs that were detrimental to their country. During this time period, certain European countries also had their own governmental issues, whereas other countries were thriving. Throughout the 1600's, numerous European leaders were fighting internal and external wars, having social and economic problems, and losing faith in their people. On the other hand, some leaders were also providing support for their people and creating a strong government. There are several European monarchs who were beneficial and detrimental, but five key people control the discussion. King James I of England, Peter I of Russia, Louis XIV of France, Pierre Patel, and Queen Elizabeth I of England are all royals who had a substantial influence over their countries. In the early 1600's, King James I was the monarch of England. He was a member of the Stuart dynasty, and the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... During the 1690's, France was experiencing social and economic problems, and Louis XIV was the cause of them. In 1694, an anonymous source reported that Louis XIV had consumed half the wealth and vitality of France on costly wars, and now France was a vast hospital, desolate and without provisions (Document H). From the author's perspective as a French citizen, the conditions in France were deplorable and most of it was Louis XIV's fault. The author's background as an anonymous citizen allowed them to tell the honest truth because they wanted to inform their monarch of the conditions in their country. In 1694, an anonymous source informed Louis XIV that the cultivation of the earth in France is almost abandoned, the towns and the countryside are depopulated; all the industry languishes and no longer supports the workers. (Document H). Overall, the author was trying to explain the situation of France to Louis XIV from a citizens ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 62.
  • 63. Marie: Becoming The Queen Of France I do disagree with some things that Marie does, especially the things she does when she is about to become a queen. Marie focuses more on luxury, for example when preparing to become a queen she focuses more on the etiquette. Marie focuses on the dresses she has to wear or on parties and card games. Later this behavior costs her, her life. She doesn't focus on getting an education or learning about France. After all she is going to be the Queen of France she should be educated on the country. But, she is not, but she can't entirely be blamed for that. The people back in Austria only teach her about her hair or clothes. Marie's mom, the Empress of the Holy Roman Empire was a good ruler but she didn't take the time to teach Marie about ruling. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 64.
  • 65. Marie Antoinette : Negative Aspects Of The French Monarchy Marie Antoinette embodied the negative aspects of the French monarchy because from the start of her reign she was a traitor. She had Austria's interests at heart by putting the country she ruled last and putting others first even if it coincided with the those of France, the country she supposedly ruled. She was born princess of Austria, Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna to her mother, Maria Theresa, empress of Austria, and father, Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, both head of the Hapsburg dynasty. In 1770 at the young age of 15, she married a French prince who would soon come to be King Louis XVI of France, in order to help build a stronger alliance between Austria and France, making her the Queen of France in 1774 as a teenager. Marie Antoinette gradually failed to fulfill her duty to the people as Queen of France, the most important duty of the Queen was to provide the nation with an heir to the throne, but she could not fulfill that right away due to the stress of the people of her country and how they accused her of everything. King Louis's shyness also contributed to this because he would barely even touch her after they got married which made it harder for them to conceive an heir. The king had a condition known as phimosis in which the foreskin of the penis is tighter than normal which made sex for him really painful which explains why the king would not touch his bride. The French People began to think if he couldn't perform in the bedroom then he certainly couldn't ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 66.
  • 67. Bury St. Edmunds Research Paper My favorite place I've ever lived was Bury St. Edmunds, England. My family lived in Bury our first year here before we moved to Mildenhall to be closer to the middle school as the bus ride from Bury was 90 minutes each way. We still go to Bury often for shopping, the cinema, special events, and visiting places we like. One of my favorite things in Bury St. Edmunds is the Abbey Gardens. Our house in Bury was just a short 15–minute walk from there. They are the ruins and grounds of what used to be one of the most powerful abbeys in England. Today, the abbey grounds have been turned into a public park and visitors are allowed to walk around the ruins freely. The Abbey Gardens include a beautiful flower garden, children's play areas, a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Edmunds. There is a plaque among the ruins in the Abbey Gardens that reads, "Near this spot on the 20th of November A.D. 1214, Cardinal Langton and The Barons swore at St. Edmund's altar that they would obtain from King John the ratification of Magna Charta." Another interesting historical aspect of the Abbey Gardens is the Norman gate. This gate, which was built in 1347, is considered the "new" gate because it was built to replace the original, much older gate after the town's people burned it down. There are also various plaques around the town that highlight the town's history, such as the plaque on the Angel Hotel saying that Charles Dickens once stayed there. The city is also home to the final resting place of Mary Tudor, sister of King Henry VIII and Queen of France. Bury also has many fun aspects of British culture, such as the annual Christmas tree lighting in the town center and pantomimes in the town's Theatre Royal around Christmastime. My family goes to the Christmas pantomime, a fun and silly British play based on a fairytale, in Bury every year. Each year they do a different pantomime and include aspects of the local area and popular things from that year into the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 68.
  • 69. Marie Antoinette Essay Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette is possibly one of the most famous French Monarchs. Born an Austrian princess, she because one of the last monarchs to rule the French, Marie Antoinette has had a major impact on French History but, most importantly, the French Revolution. Unfortunately, she isn't remembered as a great queen or ruler, but because of the way her and her husband died on the guillotine. Marie Antoinette was born on November 2, 1755. Her mother was the Empress Maria Theresa and her father was the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. Marie's childhood was vaguely insignificant; she was raised knowing one day she would rule France. In 1770, at the age of fifteen, the Austrian Princess Marie was married to the Dauphin Louis. He was ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Their first daughter, Marie Thérèse Charlotte she was born on December 19, 1778 at Versailles. Louis Joseph Xavier Francois who was born on October 22, 1781. He Died at the age of seven on June 4, 1789 of tuberculosis. Their second son Louis Charles who was born March 27, 1785. He Died on June 8, 1795 while alone in prison. Sophie Béatrix she was born in 1786, Sophie died as an infant just before turning one year old in 1787. Marie was not the most popular queen; she had spending habits that would lead France into a large debt. She spent large amounts of money on dresses, hair and shoes. Her popularity among the people of France was not on good terms. France was already in debt with its people starving on the streets and Marie continued to spend as much as she wanted. She was often referred to as the Austrian whore; many rumors told shocking stories of a myriad of lovers, both male and female. Though there was no evidence to Marie's affairs. The diamond necklace affair surely didn't help her popularity among the people. One of Marie's supposed lovers received a message telling him to buy a diamond necklace, containing 647 diamonds. So the man obtained the necklace and brought it to a woman disguised as Queen Marie. The fake queen took the necklace to her husband who sold it in pieces for a massive profit. When the man failed to pay for the necklace the jewelers took the claim to the Queen. She insisted they go to trial with the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 70.
  • 71. Marie Antoinette Research Paper oinette, (b.1755–d.1793) is recognised as a significant personality that had a lasting impact in history throughout the ages and is remembered for her reckless attempt at reigning over France as Queen as well as her materialistic demeanour, which was symbolic of the French monarchy and greatly despised by French commoners. Despite her inefficient reign over France, Marie's time as Queen was not entirely unfruitful. During her reign she was recorded as being immensely charitable towards the destitute. Due to being of Austrian descent, she was subject to discrimination and made a scapegoat for the failings of the France. Antoinette was materialistic and financially irresponsible whilst positioned as the Queen of France. Marie Antoinette was ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 72.
  • 73. How Did Mary Become The Queen Of Scotland Three countries, three husbands, one woman the amazing Mary Stuart. Queen Mary led a life like no other. Mary had the right to simultaneously rule over three countries. Sadly, she died young and was unable to make a bigger impact. First, she became queen of Scotland, but she was quickly shipped off to France to marry her first husband. Once her first husband died, she moved back to Scotland, and began her short, but sweet rule. After her second husband died, and she married her third husband, she was kicked off the throne of Scotland, and fled to England. After one too many unsuccessful plots against the queen of England, Elizabeth I, Mary was executed. Queen Mary's life was split into three parts, her first marriage, reign in Scotland, and her, captivity and death in England. From Mary's birth, to the death ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Mary was born on December 8th 1542. But it wasn't until six days later, when her father and mother King James V, and Mary of Guise died, she became queen of Scotland. However, Mary did not begin her reign just yet, instead, Scottish nobles took over for her. Her ruling took a backseat to the plans for her marriage to Edward VI. Edward VI was the first, and only son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour. Edward was set to become king after his father died. Similarly to Mary, Edward became king at a young age, he was only nine years old when he was given the crown of England. Even without marrying Edward VI, Mary would still have a right to rule England due to her ancestry and connection to the throne. Mary was the great–granddaughter of Henry VII, and was next in line for the English throne after Henry VIII's own children. But no sooner had the plans been made, for Edward and Mary to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 74.
  • 75. Marie Antoinette Research Paper As queen of France, Marie Antoinette was a symbol of what the common French peasant hated of the aristocracy. She often had a cold disinterest in the common people, however being warm and outgoing to fellow noble aristocrats. Generally liked at first, she turned into the very thing commoners hated of the aristocracy. Through her years, her actions as queen, what she did during times of unrest and turmoil in France, and simply how the people viewed her attributed to her becoming of a villain to the peasants. Born the fifteenth and final daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, Francis I, she entered the world an enemy of the French people. Despite being very insignificant as a princess of the Holy Roman Empire, there was a fierce rivalry between ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Abolitionist nobles often called her annoying, brash, and rude. Her negligent use of court and national funds for personal and superficial means was the first factor in the unbecoming of the queen. She rarely ever took violent action, but her cold, uncaring attitude towards the problems of the people attributed to peasants hating her. She was seen as content with the disease and famine running rampid in France, as long as she had what she needed, she didn't care. Once she directly started getting punished, she turned into tyrant bent on crushing revolt. After being moved from prison to prison with her husband, the revolutionary republic decided they were to execute the ex– monarchs. Nine months after the execution of her husband, on October 16, 1793, she was executed via ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 76.
  • 77. Queen Mary Stuart Of Scotland And Queen Elizabeth I Of... In the renaissance period of history, there was a feud that came about that dominated Europe. Cousins, Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland and Queen Elizabeth I of England, formed an unpleasant relationship that ended with execution. The scandalous rivalry between Mary, Queen of Scots and Queen Elizabeth I had a profound effect on the politics of their time. Queen Elizabeth I was much more regal than her cousin, Mary Stuart of Scotland, and ruled her kingdom with poise and sophistication. When Elizabeth came into power, she had to rebuild the ruins that her half–sister, Mary I, had left of England. The job proved to be difficult, but Elizabeth was successful and she became well known for her way of ruling with determination (Smith). After her ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Queen Elizabeth spent great amounts to build up the weak and unprepared English navy so the soldiers could fight (Smith). Family members heavily influenced the decisions and actions in which either queen took as it was important to account for their family's opinion, and they used family members to get at each other. The queens themselves were cousins as Henry VIII was their uncle, so Mary Stuart had Tudor blood in her (Sharnette 1). After Mary came back to Scotland, there were many conspiracies surrounding her as well as Elizabeth. Mary was convicted for being involved in the murder of her first husband, Lord Darnley ("Was Elizabeth I Justified in Having Her Cousin Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland Executed?"). When Elizabeth heard of the plan for Howard to marry the Queen of Scots she was suspicious, and summoned Howard to appear at court. Guilty and fearing the queen's anger, Howard repeatedly claimed illness as the reason for staying away from court (Benson). Queen Elizabeth had many valid reasons for her decision to order the execution of her cousin Mary. Many English Catholics held Mary to be the legitimate heir to the throne of England ("Was Elizabeth I Justified in Having Her Cousin Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland Executed?"). Mary was accused of murdering her second husband and was imprisoned before escaping to England, where she thought her cousin Elizabeth would help her to gain back the Scottish throne. Instead, Elizabeth had ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...