Gender identity disorder pp


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Gender identity disorder pp

  1. 1. Gender Identity Disorder South Puget Sound Community College Professor Clancy Ashley Sutton
  2. 2. Gender Identity Disorder <ul><li>is characterized as a mental disorder in which people persistently feel that a vast mistake has been made—they have been assigned to the wrong sex. Such persons typically want to get rid of their primary and secondary sex characteristics; many of them find their genitals repugnant. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Six Psychological Approach <ul><li>Psychoanalytical </li></ul><ul><li>Trait </li></ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul><ul><li>Humanistic </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral/ Social Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive </li></ul>
  4. 4. Psychoanalytical Approach <ul><li>The psychoanalytical approach understands us from the point of view of our unconscious and early childhood experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Freud's psychosexual stages suggests that our behaviour is influenced by id, ego and superego. </li></ul><ul><li>If we fail to resolve conflicts associated with a particular psychosexual stage (oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital) of personality development Freud said we could develop fixations. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Psychoanalytical Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Freud was the first to develop a comprehensive theory of human behavior and personality </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Critics of psychoanalytical approach argue that Freud’s theories are not testable and that his findings may not be original </li></ul><ul><li>Biased and questionable data used to support theories </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trait Approach <ul><li>The dimension of personality used to categorize people according to the degree to which they manifest a particular characteristic </li></ul>
  7. 7. Trait Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Strong empirical base, many practical applications and vast amount of research generated </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Critics have argued that often trait theorists rely too heavily on personality test scores </li></ul><ul><li>Limited usefulness of the approach when dealing with pragmatic behaviors </li></ul>
  8. 8. Biological Approach <ul><li>The biological approach believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviours from a medical/biological, and thus physical point of view </li></ul>
  9. 9. Biological Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Based on scientific findings </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhat able to predict behavior according to heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to the trait approach, the biological approach offers few suggestions for personality change </li></ul><ul><li>Critics of this approach argue that there are inherent limits on their ability to test ideas </li></ul>
  10. 10. Humanistic Approach <ul><li>The humanistic approach consists of four cornerstones which are </li></ul><ul><li>an emphasis on personal responsibility, </li></ul><ul><li>an emphasis on the “here” and the “now,” </li></ul><ul><li>(3) a focus on phenomenology of the individual </li></ul><ul><li>(4) an emphasis on personal growth </li></ul>
  11. 11. Humanisitic Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is in control of their own destiny </li></ul><ul><li>Free will </li></ul><ul><li>Its immense popularity with clients would appear to suggest that they do not view the approaches lack of scientific support as problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism of the humanistic perspective posits that approach lacks scientific evidence and a means to measure scientifically </li></ul>
  12. 12. Behavioral/Social Learning Approach <ul><li>Behaviorism was introduced by John B. Watson in the 1920s. </li></ul><ul><li>Both emphasize the influence of differing “learning environments,” especially of children but sometimes of adults as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviorism is focused on seeking out and achieving pleasurable goals. The theory is based on the premise that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning </li></ul>
  13. 13. Behavioral/Social Learning Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Has a solid foundation in empirical research </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral/social learning approach lies in the development of some useful therapeutic procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Others criticize the behavioral/social learning approach because it gives inadequate attention to the role of heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Critics of behaviorism cite that humans are more complex than laboratory animals in which behavioral experiments were conducted </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cognitive Approach <ul><li>The cognitive approach explains disorders and behavior through cognitive processes with the belief that such processes affect the way in which we behave. </li></ul><ul><li>A person with GID has thought processes that influence behavior, thus affecting different moods that he/she experiences and ultimately impacting the way the individual responds to circumstances </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cognitive Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Strengths include that many of the findings developed due to empirical research studies </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Critics of this approach argue that it does not take into account genetic factors; for example hereditary correlations of mental disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Others argue that the cognitive approach is too complex for empirical research </li></ul>
  16. 16. References