CONTEXTS AND CONDITION IN 20TH CENTURY (AFTER 1945) AND DRAMA AFTER 1945
CONDITION IN 20TH
CENTURY (AFTER 1945)
DRAMA AFTER 1945
CONTEXT AND CONDITION IN 20TH CENTURY
WORLD WAR I
Happened in 1916, The two sides of the war consisted of the
Allied Powers (France, Great Britain, Russia, the United States, and
other smaller countries) and the Central Powers (Germany, AustriaHungary,
and Turkey/Ottoman Empire, along with other smaller
World War 2
The second world war was
a period of searching the
dominant economic and
cultural force in the world. A
strengthened by the fall of
Communist regimes in the
late 1980s and early 1990s
During the World War
The 20th century was a period of great artistic change, and it is
dominated by the impact of World War.
Several impact of this world war :
popular ideology in society (such as : nationality, imperialist
Literature After the Second World War
The changes in society in ways of though and in Literature were every
bit as deep and far reaching as they were after the First World War
The mix of realism, romance, fable , satire, parody, play with form and
The richness time of English writing
The subject is the human condition.
There are no more heroes.
There is the individual; solitary, responsible for
destiny, yet powerless when set against the
ineluctable forces of the universe.
Identity is a common theme :
All of these, and more, recur.
20TH CENTURY DRAMA
The end of the 19th and beginning
of the 20th century is quite a weak
period. The most important authors
started to appear mostly after the
Second World War.
George Bernard Shaw
(26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950)
He was born in Dublin,
but spent most of his life in
London. his main talent was
for drama, and he wrote
more than 60 plays.
Mrs. Waren’s Profession
When Shaw completed
Mrs. Warren‟s Profession in
1893, it was censored for
eight years. When it was
London stage in 1902
(12 December 1929 – 24 December 1994)
John James Osborne was born
in December 12, 1929. He was an
English playwright, screenwriter actor
and critic of the Establishment. The
success of his 1956 play „Look Back in
Anger‟ transformed English theatre. It
made this author famous as a first
“angry young man”.
Look Back in Anger
On May 8, 1956, Look
Back in Anger opened at
the Royal Court Theatre as
the third production of the
newly formed English Stage
(13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989)
He was an Irish novelist,
and poet, who lived in France
for most of his adult life and
French. He received a Nobel
Prize in 1969.
Waiting for Godot
Initially written in French
in 1948 as En Attendant Godot.
Later translated into English by
Beckett himself as Waiting for
Godot, the play was produced in
London in 1955 and in the United
(October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953)
He was born in New York.
He is a worldwide known innovator
of drama. He was an American
playwright and Nobel laureate in
Literature. Altogether he wrote 35
plays and awarded the 1936 Nobel
Prize for Literature.
THE EMPEROR JONES
was so successful in its OffBroadway
November that it moved to
Broadway by the end of 1920
and became another high
profile success for the newly
(October 17, 1915 – February 10, 2005)
He was born in New York.
Regarded as one of the major
playwrights of the 20th century.
He received the Pulitzer Prize
for Drama and the Prince of
Asturias Award, and was married
to Marilyn Monroe.
Death of a Salesman
winning both the Tony Award
and the Pulitzer Prize for drama.
honors and awards, including the
Pulitzer Prize and the New York
Drama Critics Circle Award.
(March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983)
He was an American writer
theater. Williams received a Tony
Award for best play for The Rose
Tattoo (1951) and the Pulitzer
Prize for Drama for A Streetcar
Named Desire (1948) and Cat on a
Hot Tin Roof (1955).
A Streetcar Named Desire
Desire was staged in the
Boston and New York. A film
1951, directed by Elia Kazan.
The play, first published in
book form in 1947.
(The Article of First world war : 2009)
( encyclopedia farlex : 2012)
( wikipedia )
( e-notes )
( infoplease )