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History of theatre

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History of theatre

  1. 1. The History of Theatre
  2. 2. Earliest reference to a competition for tragedies in Ancient Greece 524 BC
  3. 3. Greek playwright Euripides born. Wrote more than 90plays; 18 still exist about 484BC
  4. 4. Greek playwright Aristophanes writes “The Frogs” about 405BC
  5. 5. Greek Drama reaches Rome about 338 BC
  6. 6. re-built in stone in Athens, Greece Theatre of Dionysus about 300 BC
  7. 7. First stone theatre built in Rome 55BC
  8. 8.   First Chinese Drama school founded 740 AD First Chinese Drama school founded
  9. 9. Mystery Play cycles emerge in Europe 1300s Mystery Play cycles emerge in Europe
  10. 10.   about 1370 N ō style of theatre starts in Japan
  11. 11. Earliest record of Commedia dell’Arte in Italy 1545
  12. 12.   Spanish playwright Lope de Vega born. Probably wrote more plays than anyone else – more than 300 1562
  13. 13. 1564   William Shakespeare born in Stratford upon Avon
  14. 14. 1567   First public theatre opens in England
  15. 15. late 1500s First indoor theatres in Western Europe
  16. 16. late 1500s   First Opera composed in Italy
  17. 17.   William Shakespeare writes “Romeo and Juliet” about 1595
  18. 18. 1598 The Globe theatre built in London. Shakespeare acted and his plays were performed here
  19. 19.   Japanese theatre style Kabuki starts 1603
  20. 20. Ben Jonson (English) writes “Volpone” 1606
  21. 21.   William Shakespeare dies in London 1616
  22. 22. 1637   First opera house opens in Venice, Italy
  23. 23.   Theatres in England were closed by the Puritans 1642-1660
  24. 24. Samuel Pepys records in his diary that he saw a Pulchinella (Punch and Judy) show in London 1662
  25. 25. 1660s Women act for the first time on the English stage
  26. 26.   French playwright Molière writes “ Le Misanthrope” 1666
  27. 27. 1671   Paris Opéra opens – and burns down two years later
  28. 28. Aphra Benn, first known English female playwright, writes “The Rover” 1677
  29. 29. English playwright William Congreve writes “The Way of the World” 1700
  30. 30.   German playwright Goethe begins the play “Faust” about 1773
  31. 31. 1788   La Scala opera house opens in Milan, Italy
  32. 32. Gas lighting first used in London’s theatres 1817
  33. 33. 1871   Giuseppe Verdi writes the opera “Aida”
  34. 34.   Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen writes “ A Doll’s House” 1879
  35. 35. 1881 First electric lights used in theatre (Savoy, London)  
  36. 36.   Swedish playwright August Strindberg writes 1888 “ Miss Julie”
  37. 37.   Russian playwright Anton Checkhov writes “The Three Sisters” 1901
  38. 38.   Romanian playwright Eugène Ionesco born. Wrote many surreal plays, such as “Rhinoceros” (1960) 1912
  39. 39. German playwright Bertolt Brecht writes “Mother Courage and Her Children” 1941
  40. 40.   English playwright John Osborne writes “Look Back in Anger” 1953
  41. 41.   Irish playwright Samuel Beckett writes “Waiting for Godot” 1953
  42. 42. American playwright Arthur Miller writes “The Crucible” 1953
  43. 43.   English playwright Harold Pinter writes “ The Caretaker” 1960
  44. 44. English playwright Tom Stoppard writes “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead” 1967
  45. 45. 1968 Stage censorship abolished in Great Britain
  46. 46. 1969 Andrew Lloyd-Webber and Tim Rice (British) write the musical “Jesus Christ – Superstar!”
  47. 47. 1973   Sydney opera house opens in Australia
  48. 48. “ Bombay Dreams” opens - the first London musical with an all-Asian cast 2002

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