Ethics for IT Professionals and IT Users


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Ethics for IT Pro and IT Users

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Ethics for IT Professionals and IT Users

  2. 2. IT PROFESSIONALS <br />A Professionals is a calling that requires specialized KNOWLEDGE and often long and intensive academic preparation.<br />
  3. 3. The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations defines a person “employed in a professional capacity”<br />as one who meets these four criteria:<br />One’s primary duties consist of the performance of work requiring knowledge of an advanced type in a field of science.<br />One’s instruction, study, or work is original and creative in character in a recognized field of artistic endeavor.<br />One’s work requires the consistent exercise of discretion and judgment in its performance.<br />One’s work is predominately intellectual and varied in character.<br />
  4. 4. Many Business workers have duties, backgrounds, and training that qualify them to be classified as professionals, including marketing analysts, financial consultants, and IT specialist.<br />
  5. 5. Professional Relationship That Must Be Managed<br />These various relationships are discussed in the following sections:<br /><ul><li>Relationships Between IT Professionals and Employers
  6. 6. Software Piracy
  7. 7. Trade Secret
  8. 8. Whistle Blowing
  9. 9. Relationships Between IT Professionals and Clients</li></ul>LEGAL OVERVIEW<br />Fraud, Misrepresentation, and Breach of Contract<br />
  10. 10. <ul><li>Relationships Between IT Professionals and Suppliers
  11. 11. Relationships Between IT Professionals and other Professionals
  12. 12. Relationships Between IT Professionals and IT Users
  13. 13. Relationships Between IT Professionals and Society</li></li></ul><li>“THE ETHICAL BEHAVIOR OF IT PROFESIONALS”<br />Professionals Codes of Ethics<br /> - states the principles and core values that are essential to the work of a particular occupational group.<br />
  14. 14. Professional code of ethics can produce many benefits for the individual, the profession, and society as a whole:<br /><ul><li>Improves ethical decision making
  15. 15. Promotes high standard of practice and ethical behavior
  16. 16. Enhances trust and respect from the general public
  17. 17. Provides an evaluation benchmark</li></li></ul><li>PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS<br />Four of the most prominent IT-related professional organizations are summarized in his section<br /><ul><li>Association for Computing Machinery</li></ul> - is a computing society founded in 1947 that serves more than 80,000 professionals in more than 100 countries<br />
  18. 18. <ul><li>Association of Information Technology Professionals(AITP)
  19. 19. Computer Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(IEEE-CS)
  20. 20. Project Management Institute(PMI)</li></li></ul><li>CERTIFICATION<br /> - indicates that a professional possesses a particular set of skills, knowledge, or abilities, in the opinion of the certifying organization. <br /><ul><li> Vendor Certifications
  21. 21. Industry Association Certifications</li></li></ul><li>GOVERNMENT LICENSING<br /> - is generally administered at that state level in United States.<br /><ul><li>The Case for Licensing IT Professionals
  22. 22. Issues Associated with Government Licensing of IT Professionals</li></li></ul><li>There are few international or national licensing programs for IT Professionals, for may reason:<br />There is no universally accepted core body of knowledge.<br />It is unclear who should manage the content and administration of licensing exams.<br />
  23. 23. 3. There is no administrative body to accredit professional education programs.<br />4. There is no administrative body to assess and ensure competence of individual professionals.<br />
  24. 24. IT PROFESIONAL MALPRACTICE<br />Negligence has been defined as not doing something that a reasonable man would do, or doing something that a reasonable man would not do. Duty of care refers to the obligation to protect people against any unreasonable harm or risk.<br />
  25. 25. IT USERS<br />Common Ethical Issues for IT Users<br /><ul><li>Software Piracy
  26. 26. Inappropriate Use of Computing Resources
  27. 27. Inappropriate Sharing of Information</li></li></ul><li>Supporting the Ethical Practices of IT USERS<br /><ul><li> Defining and Limiting the Appropriate Use of IT Resources
  28. 28. Establishing Guidelines for Use of Company Software
  29. 29. Structuring Information Systems to Protect Data and Information
  30. 30. Installing and Maintaining a Corporate Firewall</li></li></ul><li>