When you describe your favorite TVshow to friends, you probably tell themwhat happens (plot) as well as whereand when it happens (setting). Theseare essential elements of all stories.Understanding the elements of a storycan make you a better audience andstoryteller.GOAL
Plot is a chain of events that tells whathappens in a story. One event causes another to occur, andso on. When some says “Let me tell you aboutmy day,” you probably respond bysaying, “what happened?” The whathappens is the plot of the story.
This is the part of the story in which weare introduced to the characters,setting, and the basic story conflict. Insome stories, the exposition occursover several pages or even chapters; insome, the exposition is very shortmaybe a paragraph or two; and in somethe exposition is skipped as charactersdive right into the action.EXPOSITION
The time and place in which a story takesplace is called its setting. Depending on the story and the writer,setting can be a background story elementor a key part of the story. In the examplebelow the setting is mentioned in the veryfirst sentence. The dark sky, filled with angry, swirlingclouds, reflected Greg Ridley’s mood ashesat on the stoop of his building.
PROTAGONIST- The character who isviewed as the “good person” in thestory. ANTAGONIST– The character who isviewed as the “bad person” in the story.
This is also know as the problem ina story and needs a resolution. Types – There are two types of conflict: Internal – the problem lies within thecharacter External - the problem lies between twocharacters or forcesCONFLICT
Rising Action – part of the story inwhich the main character faces a seriesof conflicts on his or her journey towardreaching a goal. Climax – also known as the turningpoint. Point in the story at which welearn the outcome of the story’s mainconflict. Very often, the climax is alsothe emotional high point of the story.ACTION PARTS
Falling Action – the events that resultfrom the climax and lead to theresolution. Resolution – the closing part of thestory in which we learn how thecharacters have dealt with the outcomeof the conflict.ExpositioneventeventeventClimaxFalling ActioneventResolution
They live happily everafterCinderella & the PrincemarryThe stepsisters try to force their feetinto the slipper, but it fits CinderellaThe prince says he will marry the woman whothe slipper fits.Cinderella leaves hurriedly at midnight and loses aslipperCinderella goes to the ball and dances withthe princeA fairy godmother appears and provides Cinderellawith clothes, a coach, and footmen for the ballThe stepsisters prepare and go to the ballAn invitation the palace ball arrivesCinderella lives unhappily with her stepsistersand their mother
Theme is the life lesson the authoris trying to teach you in the story. Some examples of theme: love,courage, perseverance, empathy,goodness of mankind, honesty,loyalty, etc.THEME