Comparative andSuperlativeAdjectives and Adverbs
Adjectives and adverbs are wordsthe modify other words. Thecomparative form of anadjective or adverb comparestwo things. The superlative formof an adjective or adverbcompares three of more things.
ExamplesAdjectiveslarge larger largestThe first apple is large.The second apple is larger than the first.The third apple is the largest of the three.
The jalopy is a fast car.The racecar is the faster car.The dragster is the fastest car.
To make comparative andsuperlative forms of adjectivessome rules must be followed.
Rule 1 tall taller tallestneat neater neatestdeep deeper deepestTo form the comparative or superlativeof one syllable words withmore than one vowel OR endingwith more than one consonant at theadd -er OR -est.
Rule 2 wide wider widestfine finer finestcute cuter cutestTo form the comparative orsuperlative of a one syllable word endingin e add -r OR -st.
Rule 3 sad sadder saddestbig bigger biggestfat fatter fattestTo form the comparative or superlative of a onesyllable word with one vowel and one consonant atthe end double the consonant, and add -er OR -est.
Rule 4 happy happier happiestjolly jollier jolliestlazy lazier laziestTo form the comparative or superlative of a twosyllable word ending in y, change the y to i, thenadd -er OR -est.
Rule 5 yellow yellower yellowestgentle gentler gentlestsimple simpler simplestTo form the comparative or superlative of a twosyllable word ending a vowel-sound that is notstressed then add -er OR -est.Adjectives ending in –le, -ow, er frequently take –erand –est.
Like adjectives some adverbs cantake comparative and superlativeforms, with -er and -est:Sally works hard.Steve works harder than SallyKathy and Sue work the hardestof all.
The bird sings loudly.The moose sang louder than thebird.Pete sang the loudest of them all.
List of Adverbs in Which-er and -est May Be AddedAdverb Comparative Superlativefast faster fastestslow slower slowestquick quicker quickestearly earlier earliestbright brighter brightesthigh higher highest
However, the majority of adverbs donot take these endings. Instead, theyform the comparative using more andthe superlative using most: Adverb Comparative Superlativerecently more recently most recentlyeffectively more effectively most effectivelyfrequently more frequently most frequently
Irregular Comparativeand SuperlativeAdjectives and AdverbsSome comparative andsuperlative forms are irregularand do not follow any rules orpatterns. These must bememorized.
Irregular AdverbsWord Comparative Superlativebadly worse worstmuch more mostlittle less leastmuch more mostwell better best
Irregular AdjectivesWord Comparative Superlativegood better bestbad worse worstmuch more mostlittle less leastfar farther farthestoldolderelderoldesteldest
Example:Nathan made good stew.Mollys stew was better thanNathans.Ezra made the best stew of all.