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Narrator and Voice <ul><li>The Narrator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Omniscient Point of View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First-Pe...
The Narrator When you read a story, the  narrator —the person telling the story—controls everything you know about the cha...
The Narrator A writer’s choice of a narrator determines the  point of view  of the story—the vantage point from which the ...
Omniscient Point of View When the  omniscient point of view  is used, the narrator <ul><ul><li>is not a character in the s...
Omniscient Point of View How can you tell this is an omniscient narrator? Quick Check One day a young woman looked out her...
Omniscient Point of View The narrator isn’t a character in the story. The narrator knows what multiple characters are doin...
First-Person Point of View A  first-person narrator <ul><ul><li>is a character in the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use...
First-Person Point of View Always question whether a first-person narrator is  credible,  or can be trusted.  An  unreliab...
First-Person Point of View How can you tell this is a first-person narrator? Do you think this narrator’s opinion of the m...
First-Person Point of View He uses the pronoun  I  and tells only his own thoughts and feelings.  How can you tell this is...
First-Person Point of View Do you think this narrator’s opinion of the music is reliable? Why or why not? No. He’s probabl...
Third-Person-Limited Point of View When the  third-person-limited point of view  is used, the narrator <ul><ul><li>uses th...
Third-Person-Limited Point of View How can you tell this is a third-person-limited narrator?  What is this narrator’s  rea...
Third-Person-Limited Point of View How can you tell this is a third-person-limited narrator? The story is told from the sa...
Third-Person-Limited Point of View What is this narrator’s  reaction to the dog? to the yelling man? He thinks the dog can...
Tone Tone  is the attitude a speaker or writer takes toward a subject, character, or audience. A story’s tone can be  [End...
Voice Voice  is the writer’s distinctive use of language and his or her overall style. <ul><ul><li>The writer’s tone and c...
Voice Notice how a distinctive voice can influence our views of certain characters.  <ul><ul><li>What impression do you ge...
Practice Write a paragraph telling the saxophone story from the point of view of the young woman or the big brown dog. Use...
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Narrator and voice

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Presentation accompanies Holt Lit

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Narrator and voice

  1. 1. Narrator and Voice <ul><li>The Narrator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Omniscient Point of View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First-Person Point of View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third-Person-Limited Point of View </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>Feature Menu
  2. 2. The Narrator When you read a story, the narrator —the person telling the story—controls everything you know about the characters and events.
  3. 3. The Narrator A writer’s choice of a narrator determines the point of view of the story—the vantage point from which the story is told. The three main points of view are <ul><ul><li>omniscient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>first person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>third person limited </li></ul></ul>[End of Section]
  4. 4. Omniscient Point of View When the omniscient point of view is used, the narrator <ul><ul><li>is not a character in the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knows all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>can tell us everything about every character </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Omniscient Point of View How can you tell this is an omniscient narrator? Quick Check One day a young woman looked out her apartment window and saw a man playing a saxophone. “Cool,” she thought as she swayed to his tune. A big brown dog joined the man and howled along with the music. Then a man in pajamas yelled from another window, complaining that the noise woke him up and he was going to call the police. This man, who worked the night shift and had to sleep all day, liked cats better than dogs anyway. The young saxophonist left. [End of Section]
  6. 6. Omniscient Point of View The narrator isn’t a character in the story. The narrator knows what multiple characters are doing, thinking, and feeling. How can you tell this is an omniscient narrator? Quick Check One day a young woman looked out her apartment window and saw a man playing a saxophone. “Cool,” she thought as she swayed to his tune. A big brown dog joined the man and howled along with the music. Then a man in pajamas yelled from another window, complaining that the noise woke him up and he was going to call the police. This man, who worked the night shift and had to sleep all day, liked cats better than dogs anyway. The young saxophonist left.
  7. 7. First-Person Point of View A first-person narrator <ul><ul><li>is a character in the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses first-person pronouns such as I and me </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tells us only what he or she thinks and experiences </li></ul></ul>A first-person narrator is sometimes called a persona.
  8. 8. First-Person Point of View Always question whether a first-person narrator is credible, or can be trusted. An unreliable narrator is biased and does not (or cannot) tell the truth.
  9. 9. First-Person Point of View How can you tell this is a first-person narrator? Do you think this narrator’s opinion of the music is reliable? Why or why not? Quick Check Oh, man! Just as I was finally dozing off, he starts playing that stupid saxophone. I’ve already been fired from one job because I fell asleep on the night shift. Now it’s going to happen again. I don’t know which sounds worse, that tone-deaf saxophonist or that yowling dog. I’m going to call the police. [End of Section]
  10. 10. First-Person Point of View He uses the pronoun I and tells only his own thoughts and feelings. How can you tell this is a first-person narrator? Quick Check Oh, man! Just as I was finally dozing off, he starts playing that stupid saxophone. I’ve already been fired from one job because I fell asleep on the night shift. Now it’s going to happen again. I don’t know which sounds worse, that tone-deaf saxophonist or that yowling dog. I’m going to call the police.
  11. 11. First-Person Point of View Do you think this narrator’s opinion of the music is reliable? Why or why not? No. He’s probably too concerned about getting sleep to enjoy music. Quick Check Oh, man! Just as I was finally dozing off, he starts playing that stupid saxophone. I’ve already been fired from one job because I fell asleep on the night shift. Now it’s going to happen again. I don’t know which sounds worse, that tone-deaf saxophonist or that yowling dog. I’m going to call the police.
  12. 12. Third-Person-Limited Point of View When the third-person-limited point of view is used, the narrator <ul><ul><li>uses third-person pronouns ( he, she, they ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gives one character’s thoughts and reactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tells little about other characters </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Third-Person-Limited Point of View How can you tell this is a third-person-limited narrator? What is this narrator’s reaction to the dog? to the yelling man? Quick Check He found a good spot in front of Park View Apartments and started playing soulfully on his sax. He wanted an audience and needed money. After one song, he spotted a cute girl at a window, applauding madly. A dog howled with the music, but the sax player let him stay, hoping the dog might attract some donations. Then he heard a man yelling about calling the police—clearly not a music lover. [End of Section]
  14. 14. Third-Person-Limited Point of View How can you tell this is a third-person-limited narrator? The story is told from the sax player’s vantage point using the pronoun he. We don’t know what other characters are thinking. Quick Check He found a good spot in front of Park View Apartments and started playing soulfully on his sax. He wanted an audience and needed money. After one song, he spotted a cute girl at a window, applauding madly. A dog howled with the music, but the sax player let him stay, hoping the dog might attract some donations. Then he heard a man yelling about calling the police—clearly not a music lover.
  15. 15. Third-Person-Limited Point of View What is this narrator’s reaction to the dog? to the yelling man? He thinks the dog can help him. He thinks the man hates music. Quick Check He found a good spot in front of Park View Apartments and started playing soulfully on his sax. He wanted an audience and needed money. After one song, he spotted a cute girl at a window, applauding madly. A dog howled with the music, but the sax player let him stay, hoping the dog might attract some donations. Then he heard a man yelling about calling the police—clearly not a music lover.
  16. 16. Tone Tone is the attitude a speaker or writer takes toward a subject, character, or audience. A story’s tone can be [End of Section] suspenseful gloomy humorous
  17. 17. Voice Voice is the writer’s distinctive use of language and his or her overall style. <ul><ul><li>The writer’s tone and choice of words (diction) help create the voice. </li></ul></ul>In fiction, narrators can also be said to have a voice. <ul><ul><li>A narrator’s voice can affect our view of characters and events. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Voice Notice how a distinctive voice can influence our views of certain characters. <ul><ul><li>What impression do you get of the saxophone player? Which words contribute to this effect? </li></ul></ul>[End of Section] Oh, man! Just as I was finally dozing off, he starts playing that stupid saxophone. I’ve already been fired from one job because I fell asleep on the night shift. Now it’s going to happen again. I don’t know which sounds worse, that tone-deaf saxophonist or that yowling dog. I’m going to call the police.
  19. 19. Practice Write a paragraph telling the saxophone story from the point of view of the young woman or the big brown dog. Use either the first-person or the third-person-limited point of view, and try to create a distinctive voice. Remember to show what the character is thinking and feeling. [End of Section]
  20. 20. The End

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