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  1. 1. Plot<br />
  2. 2. Exposition: the part that sets the scene, introduces characters, and provides antecedent action. <br />Antecedent action is what happens before the story, poem or play began or what happens offstage<br />
  3. 3. Conflict <br />(AKA complications)<br />(AKA crisis) <br />Moments of high tension. These moments can cause characters to respond and the plot to progress.<br />
  4. 4. Apex / Climax<br />The moment of highest tension at which the outcome will be decided.<br />The moment when all the conflict comes to a boil. It is a critical turning point in the play such as when a character makes a critical decision.<br />
  5. 5. Resolution<br />The End!<br />The final outcome.<br />
  6. 6. Plot<br />Crisis<br />Climax<br />Crisis<br />Crisis<br />Falling Action<br />Rising Action<br />Exposition<br />Resolution<br />This is one scholar’s visualization of plot<br />
  7. 7. Let’s use the fairy tale “Cinderella” as an example to review the different components of plot<br />
  8. 8. In Cinderella, we find out that Cinderella’s mother died and that her father remarried to a woman with two daughters.<br />But we never actually see the mother die or Cinderella’s life before.<br />Exposition:<br />
  9. 9. The rising action is the collection of smaller moments of conflict or tension, but they are not the main crisis – they are simply building up the tension and suspense.<br />Rising Action :<br />
  10. 10. In Cinderella, the rising action would be the poor treatment of Cinderella by her stepmother and stepsisters, the promise that she will be able to go to the ball, and the work she does to get to go. Then, she can’t go, but her fairy god mother helps her, and she gets to go to the ball. She meets the prince, they dance, and they fall in love, but Cinderella has to run home leaving her shoe behind.<br />Rising Action :<br />
  11. 11. In Cinderella, this is when the prince comes to Cinderella’s house, and we don’t know if Cinderella will be able to escape from her room to try on the shoe.<br />Apex / Climax:<br />
  12. 12. Falling Action (Denouement: <br />“untying the knot”)<br />The complications are resolved. The pieces all begin to fall into place.<br />
  13. 13. Falling Action<br />In Cinderella, the falling action is when Cinderella is able to escape from her room, try on the shoe, and the prince knows that Cinderella is the woman from the ball. <br />
  14. 14. The prince whisks Cinderella off to the castle, they get married, and they live happily ever after.<br />Resolution<br />
  15. 15. Did you think that the climax in Cinderella was when she thought she wasn’t going to go to the ball because her mean step-sisters had ripped her dress and left her at home?<br />Or did you think that the climax was when the bell strikes midnight and Cinderella must flee the castle?<br />Alternative Climax:<br />
  16. 16. Alternative Chart<br />Another literary scholar argued that plots can have more than 1 climax. He suggests that stories can have multiple climaxes. He proposed a different chart to help visual the plot.<br />
  17. 17. Plot<br />Climax<br />Rising Action<br />Climax<br />Rising Action<br />Falling Action<br />Climax<br />Rising Action<br />Exposition<br />Resolution<br />
  18. 18. A few more terms on plot that you should know<br />
  19. 19. Suspense<br />The pleasurable anxiety we feel that heightens our attention to the story, resides in our wondering how it will turn out.<br />Will Cinderella get to go to the ball?<br />Will the prince ever know who Cinderella was?<br />
  20. 20. foreshadowing<br />An indication of events to come<br />Often creating anticipation (suspense)<br />We know that Cinderella has to be home by midnight, and we guess that it might cause her problems later. We also know that her stepmother and sisters are mean and could also cause problems for Cinderella.<br />
  21. 21. Epiphany<br />Some moment of insight, discovery, or revelation by which a character’s life, or view of life, is greatly altered.<br />
  22. 22. Epiphany<br />Some moment of insight, discovery, or revelation by which a character’s life, or view of life, is greatly altered.<br />
  23. 23. The main character<br />This is not always a heroic person. They can have good and bad characteristics, or they can have all negative characteristics.<br />The character who opposes the protagonist<br />Characters<br />Protagonist<br />Antagonist<br />